Eminent Personalities of Vakkom & Kerala

                                            VAKKOM MOULAVI ( 1873 - 1932 )

Born in 1873 at Vakkom near Thiruvananthapuram. Vakkom Moulavi was an ideal journalist and valiant social refrmer. He was an Islamic Scholar also. He was the founder of daily, Swadeshabhimani. Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai was the editor of this daily. The criticism against the Diwan of Travancore that appeared in the daily irritated the authorities and eventually resulted in the confiscation of press during 1910. Being the owner of the daily, Vakkom Moulavi stood like a rock behind Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai. Ramakrishna Pillai was banished from Travancore. After the confiscation of press, Moulavi concentrated in the social and cultural activities. He gave leadership for the development of Muslim society from its backwardness. In last days,iDeepika, he serialized the Malayalam translation of the Quran, together with his brief commentary and the original text written in an elegant calligraphic style by Maulavi himself. It was his life's ambition to produce a translation of the Quran in Malayalam with his own commentary, but he died on 31 October 1932 before the work was completed.

                                                             VAKKOM MAJEED ( 1909 - 2000 )
S. Abdul Majeed, (December 20, 1909 – July 10, 2000) known as Vakkom Majeed, was a veteran Freedom fighter and a former member of Travancore-Cochin State Assembly.Vakkom Majeed (S. Abdul Majeed) was a politician-extraordinary in the socio-political realm ofKerala in the 20th Century. He was a veteran Freedom Fighter and a former member of theTravancore-Cochin State Assembly. A great nationalist that he was, Vakkom Majeed belonged to a tradition of politics that was intrinsically value-based, secular and humanistic.Vakkom Majeed was born on December 20, 1909, at Vakkom village near Chirayinkil, (ThiruvananthapuramKerala) in a well-known Poonthran Vilakom family. Vakkom Majeed was the nephew of Vakkom Abdul Khader Moulavi, a visionary, a social reformer, an educationist, a prolific writer, a fearless journalist and, above all, a patriot. He did his primary education at St. Joseph High School, Anjengo. He was married to Suleha Beevi, the niece of Vakkom Moulavi. They had two daughters, Fathima and Shameema.

                                                KUMARAN ASAN. N. ( 1873 - 1924 )

Born on April 1873 at Kaikkara near Chirayinkil in Thiruvananthapuram District. Father: Sri.Narayanan. Mother: Smt.Kaliyamma. Kumaran Asan was a great poet, scholar, philosopher, and a radical social reformer. He is one of the poet-trios who represented the poetic revolution in the first quarter of the 20th century. Kumaran was the name given to him by his parents. On completion of his secondary education, Kumaran employed as a teacher in a school near to his native place. Since he was a teacher, people began to call him as Kumaran Asan. Later he gave up the employment and underwent Sanskrit education at Varkala. It was then Sree Narayana Guru happened to note Kumaran Asan and sent him to Dr.Palpu, who at that time was serving to the Mysore Government, for higher studies. After completing studies at Bangalore, Dr.Palpu sent Kumaran Asan to Calcutta. Asan spent two years in Calcutta. In 1903 he returned to native place and according to the directions of Sree Narayana Guru, Kumaran Asan took over the Secretaryship of SNDP Yogam. The year 1907 saw a poet in Kumaran Asan when his first poem Veenapoovu was published. The popularity and recognition gained by Veenapoovu, encouraged Kumaran Asan to write new and new poems. Nalini, Leela, Karuna, Duravastha, Chandalabhikshuki, Duravastha, Budhacharitham and so many other poems were started flowing from the pen of this genius poet one after other. The beauty, radiance and magnificence of his poems were a new experience to the readers. His two poems Nalini and Leela are love stories depicting human relationships. He stressed the ultimate victory of love over life through these poems. Chintaavishtayaaya Sita is considered as one of the best poem in Malayalam. His Duravasta tells is the love story of a Namboothiri girl and a Pulaya youth. His Chandaalabhikshuki portrays the sphere of love and humanity. Kumaran Asan passed away on January 16, 1924 in a boat accident held at Alappuzha.

       VAKKOM PURUSHOTHAMAN               Shri Vakkom B. Purushothaman, veteran Congress leader and Advocate, was born at Vakkom on April 12, 1928 as the son of Shri Bhanu Panicker and Smt. Bhavani .

Beginning his political life as an active worker of students Congress in 1946, he became a member of Vakkom Panchayat in 1953. Later, he served as President, DCC, Thiruvananthapuram, General Secretary, KPCC and Vice – President, KPCC. He has been a member of AICC for over 25 years.

Shri Vakkom Purushothaman became elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1970, 1977, 1980 and 1982 from Attingal Constituency. Holding the portfolio of Agriculture and Labour from 25-9-1971 to 25-3-1977 in the Ministry headed by Shri. C. Achutha Menon, Shri Vakkom Purushothaman was also the Minister for Health and Tourism from 25.1.1980 to 16.10.1981 in the Nayanar Ministry.

Shri Vakkom adorned the Chair of Speaker of the Assembly from 24.6.1982 to 28.12.1984.

Subsequently he served as a member of the Lok-Sabha during 1984-89 and 1989 – 91 .

He had served also as Chairman, Committee on Public Undertakings and Committee on Subordinate Legislation of Parliament besides being the Chairman of the Consultative Committee of Experts to the CIDP of Inter Parliamentary Union, Geneva for five years.

Shri Purushothaman has had a remarkable stint also as the Lt. Governor of Andaman and Nicobar Islands for three years from March 1993. He was the leader of the Indian delegation to the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States held at Barbados in 1996.

In 2001, he was again elected to the 11th KLA from Attingal constituency, and served as Speaker for the Second time from 6.6.2001 to 4.9.2004. He has been holding the portfolio of Finance and Excise, since 5.9.2004, in the Ministry headed by Shri. Oommen Chandy.

Shri. Vakkom Purushothaman has also had the charge of Chief Minister in the absence of Shri. Oommen Chandy in connection with the meeting of World Economic Forum at Davos in January 2006, and for sometime therafter, and has acted as Leader of the House during the 14th Session of
the XI KLA during February, 2006. Now he is appointed as Governor of Mizoram

Dr. Lilly Purushothaman is his wife, and they have two sons and one daughter.

                   VARKALA RADHAKRISHNAN


Radhakrishnan was elected to the Lok Sabha thrice from Chirayinkil constituency and made a mark as an able Parliamentarian.

Radhakrishnan, who was elected to the Kerala Assembly four times from Varkala segment, served as Speaker of the House between 1987 and 1991 when the LDF government led by E K Nayanar was in power.

A lawyer by profession, Radhakrishnan was an expert on Constitution and Parliamentary rules and conventions. As Assembly Speaker, he took great care to safeguard the rights and privileges of the House and members whenever they required to be defended from Judicial and Executive interventions.

In the Lok Sabha also, his services were utilised on panel of Chairpersons of the House.

For the CPI-M, he was a vocal member and staunchly defended the stance taken by the party during its face-off with former Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee.

                                      SREE NARAYANA GURU (1856 - 1928 )

Born on August 20, 1856 at Chembazhanthy, near Thiruvananthapuram. Father: Sri. Kochuvila Madanasan. Mother: Smt. Vayalvarathu Kutty. Sree Narayana Guru was one of the social reformers who laid the foundation stone of the modern Kerala. He was the prophet of a new era and a great saint. His philosophical thoughts eradicated the malevolent rituals and customs prevailing in the contemporary society and wiped out the caste system. His philosophical thoughts were of reformation and restructure. Born in an Ezhava family, Narayanan underwent his initial studies under the guidance of Kannankara Narayana Pillai. Later he studied Ayurveda from his maternal uncle Krishnan Vaidyan. At the age of 21 he became the disciple of Kammampallil Raman Pillai who taught him all branches of Sanskrit. On his return to native place he started a primary school. At that time he happened to meet Chattambi Swamikal and they became close friends. He underwent penance at the Maruthwan hills near Cape Commerin and it is believed that he gave shape to his future programmes there. In 1888, he established a temple at Aruvippuram near Neyyattinkara and installed an idol of Lord Siva. When conservative upper class questioned his action, Narayana Guru proclaimed that he installed Ezhava Siva and not a Lord Siva that worshipped by them. Subsequently he established several temples throughout Kerala. In 1898 Narayana Guru formed Aruvippuram Kshethra Yogam mainly for the administration of temples and for the conduct of temple festivals. This organization prompted the formation of Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam (SNDP Yogam). It was on May 15, 1903 that SNDP Yogam was registered. Famous poet Kumaran Asan was the first secretary of SNDP Yogam. In the next year SNDP Yogam started a journal, Vivekodayam. SNDP Yogam propagated the philosophies of Sree Narayana Guru and to eradicate malevolent rituals and evil customs from Ezhava community. It could eliminate the custom of pre-puberty marriage prevailing among Ezhavas known as Kettukalyanam. In 1909 he established a Mutt at Varkala. Ther Mutt is the famous Sivagiri Mutt. Sree Narayana Guru was a renowned litterateur also. Atmopdesashathakom, Daivasathakom, Kundalinippattu, Anukambalakshanam, Jathilakshanam, Sivashathakom, Adwaithadeepika, Naratnamanjari, Darshanamala, Nirvruthiprapancham, Vinayakashtakom, Thevappathika, Jnanadarshnam, Kalinatakom, Indriavyragyam, Thirukkural (translation from Tamil) are some of his important works. Sree Naryana Guru passed away on September 20, 1928..


NAMBOOTHIRIPPAD. (EMS) ( 1909 - 1998 )

Born in June 13, 1909 at Perinthalmanna, Malappurm District. Father:Parmeswaran Namboothiri. Mother: Vishnudatha Antharjanam. E.M.Sankaran Namboothirippad (EMS) was an internationally renowned Marxian philosopher, author, orator, administrator and great leader of communist and socialist movement. He was the first Chief Minister of Kerala State and the first Chief Minister of the Communist Government elected through democratic process. He is a great personality who created history and who walked along with the history. There are no other leaders in Kerala who influenced the modern Kerala than EMS. During his younger age, he associated with Yoga Kshema Sabha, an organisation found by radical Brahmin youths to eradicate malevolent rituals and practices of the community. Deeply influenced by the national movement, he joined Congress party and plunged into the independence struggle. In 1932 he was imprisoned along with other congress leaders. In 1934 he was elected as the All India Joint Secretary of Congress Socialist Party. In 1937 he along with P.Krishna Pillai, K.Damodaran and N.C.Sekhar found the Kerala Chapter of Communisty party secretly. In 1938, leftists and socialists captured the leadership of Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee (KPCC). In 1940 the national leadership dismissed KPCC owing to it 
allegiance to communist movement. Then EMS and his friends declared the formation of Communist Party of India (CPI) and he gave leadership to several 
agitations and reformative movements for the uplift of poor and oppressed class of people despite the resistance from every corner. When the party was banned during 1939 to 1942 and 1948 to 1952 he went underground and gave leadership to the party. While EMS was acting as the General Secretary of CPI, the State of Kerala was formed in 1956. When the first election to the state legislature was declared in 1957 February, CPI decided to contest in the elections. CPI won 65 out of 126 seats and formed the first Government of Kerala under the leadership of EMS. His Government took several radical measures especially in the field of land reforms and education sector. This provoked the religious and communal forces, who were holding monopoly in land and educational institutions. They joined together and started struggle against the policies of the new Government known as Vimochana Samaram (liberation struggle). Succumbed the pressure of the communal forces, the Government of India dismissed EMS Government on July 31, 1959 by invoking Article 356 of the Constitution of India. In March 1967 he again became the Chief Minister of Kerala. But he resigned on October 24 due to difference of opinion with coalition parties. He was a member of the Legislative Assembly from 1957 to 1977 and from 1970 to 1977 he was the Leader of Opposition. EMS dedicated his life to the Communist Party. He contributed all his properties to the party. He became a member of the party’s Central Committee in 1841 and elected to the Polit Bureau of the party in 1950. When Communist Party faced a split in 1964, he stood with Communist Party of India (Marxist). He was the General Secretary of the CPI (M) for the 13 years from 1978. Politics was only the one side of his personality. The other side of his individuality was that of a philosopher and littérateur. He wrote 77 books in Malayalam and 20 in English in addition to numerous essays. His works can be classified under politics, history and literature. EMS passed away on March 18,

                                           E.K NAYANAR. ( 1919 - 2004 )
Born on November 19, 1919 at Kannur. Father: Govindan Nambiar. Mother: Narayani Amma. The word “Nayanar” means one who leads and virtually he became the leader of the communist party and Kerala. He escaped from the clutches of ultimate penalty in connection with the famous Kayyur struggle and led a life of exile for six years. His life was a story of struggles and adventure. He became the State Secretary of Communist Party of India (Marxist) in 1972. He was also the Chief Editor of “Deshabhimani” daily and “Chintha” weekly. He was also a Member of Parliament. He was the Chief Minister of Kerala for three terms in 1980, 1987 and 1996. He was the Chief Minister who was in the office for the longest period in Kerala. Nayanar belongs to the Kallyassery Tharavad, a noble family of Kolathiri royal line of Kannur. He lived and died as a leader in every respect. He died on May 19, 2004.

                                                      K.R NARAYANAN. (Kochery Raman Narayanan) 
Born on February 4, 1921 at Uzhamalakkal in Kottayam District. K.R.Narayanan was the eleventh President of Indian Union. Before became the President of India, K.R.Narayanan held a vide variety of career and professions. He started his career as a teacher. Then be accepted the job as a journalist in The Hindu. While working in The Hindu he was fortunate to interview Mahatma Gandhi. Having won scholarship, he went for higher studies in England. Prime Minister Pandit Jawarlal Nehru, who understood the capabilities of Narayanan, inducted him into Indian Foreign Service. He was appointed as Indian Ambassador to Thailand, Turkey and to China. In 1978 he was appointed as the Vice-Chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University. In 1980 he was appointed as the Indian Ambassador to the U.S.A. He contested to the Parliament in the 1984 general elections and won from the Ottappalam constituency. He was inducted to the Central Cabinet as a Minister of Foreign Affairs, Science & Technology and Space. He was elected as the Vice-President of Indian Union in 1992 and held office till he was elected to the highest office of the President of India in 1997.

GOPALAN.( AKG ) ( 1904 - 1977 )

Born in July 1904 at Kannur. Father: Rairu Nambiar. A.K.Gopalan, known as AKG was a national leader who was loved by the people all over India. He maintained close relations with other political parties also. AKG was a great man loved and respected by people belonging to different walks of life. He was one of the leaders of freedom movement. He joined Congress in 1927. He led Hunger Jatha against Madres Government in 1937. He was subjected to imprisonment for 16 years. Later he became one of the prominent leaders of the Communist Party of India. He stood with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) when party was separated. AKG was the Member of Parliament from 1952 to 1977 and he was the Leader of Opposition in Parliament for several years. He was the volunteer captain of Guruvayoor Sathyagraha. He led innumerable struggles against Central Government as well as State Government for getting the just and legitimate rights of the public protected. He always stood for the uplift of poor and down trodden of the society. He died on March 21, 1977.

ACHUTHA MENON.C. ( 1913 - 1991 )

Born on January10, 1913 at Thrissur. Mother: Lekshmykutty Amma. Achutha Menon was a stalwart of freedom movement, prominent leader of Communist Party of India, renowned ruler, eminent economist, noted writer and a leader with spotless clean public life. He was the first Chief Minister of Kerala for about seven years (1969-1977). After obtaining Law degree, he accepted legal profession. But he gave up the profession and joined a full time worker of freedom movement. He joined Indian National Congress in 1935 and led the party as the Secretary of Cochin State Congress Committee. Soon he associated with Congress Socialist Party and then the Communist Party in 1941. He participated in freedom struggle, temple entry struggle etc. In the wake of Quit India movement, he was imprisoned for more than a year. He went underground for more than three years when the Government prohibited the functioning of Communist Party. He was elected to the Travancore State Legislature in 1952. He was elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1957, 1960, 1969 and 1970. He was the Minister of Finance and Agriculture in the first communist ministry led by E.M.S.Namboodirippad in the year 1957. In 1968 he was elected to the Rajya Sabha. He resigned his membership in the Parliament in 1969 to become the Chief Minister of Kerala. He implemented several basic reform measures in the State such as Land Reform Act; take over of private forest without compensation, law on agriculture labour, one lakh housing scheme, establishment of a number of scientific and research institutions. Even his opponents admit that he was the best Chief Minister of Kerala has ever seen. He enriched the field of literature too through his writings on literary criticism, reviews. He wrote many books. He died on August 16, 1991.


Born in 1925 at Punnappra, Alappuzha. V.S.Achuthanandan (Velikakathu Sankaran Achuthanandan) is the 20th Chief Minister of Kerala. He had sworn in as Chief Minister on May 18, 2006. He is one of the prominent leaders of Communist Party and most powerful man in Kerala politics. He is the leader of common man and working class. He involved in politics even when he was a student. He entered into politics through trade union movement. He participated in the Punnappra-Vayalar rebellion held in 1946 and imprisoned. He was imprisoned in 1962, 1963 and 1965. When Communist Party split, he stood with Communist Party of India (Marxist). In 1965, 1967 and 1991 he was elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly. He was elected as the State Secretary of CPI (M) in 1980. From 1985 onwards, he is the member of the Polit Bureau of the CPI (M). He was the opposition Leader from 1991 to 1996. 1996 - 2011 he was the Chief Minister of Kerala and from 2011 he is again the Opposition Leader of Kerala Assembly.

                                ULLOOR S.PARAMESWARA IYER ( 1877 - 1949 )

Born on June 6, 1877. Father: Subramonia Iyer. Mother: Bhagavathy Ammal. Ulloor S.Parameswar Iyer was a multifarious genius. He was a learned poet, research scholar, favorite teacher, and ablest administrator. He started his career as a teacher in the Fort High School, Thiruvananthapuram and later became the Head Master of the school. Later he was appointed as Tahsildar and held various offices such as Assistant Secretary to the Government, Curator of the Archeology Department, Private Secretary to Diwan, Diwan Peshakar and Chief Secretary to the Government. He started writing poems even while he was a student. His contribution to the Malayalam literature is precious. His Sahithya Charithram (8 vols.) is the result of Ulloor’s research work. No Indian language has such a work as that of Sahithya Charitram. His poetical works elevated Malayalam literature to the newer heights. He wrote more than 25 poems known as Khanda Kavyams. Umakeralam, Karnabhushanam, Pingala, Bhakthi Deepa, Gadhyamalika, Sadachara Deepika, Bhasha Sahithyam, Bhasha Chambukkal are his prominent works. His mahakavyam (long poem) Umaakeralam illustrates a phase in the political history of Kerala of 17th century. He passed away on June 15, 1949.


                                      BALAMANI AMMA ( 1909 - 2004 )

Born in 1909. Father: Chittannur Kunhunni Raja. Mother: Nalappat Kochukutty Amma. Balamani Amma was an illustrious poetess who had unflinching image in the minds of people of Kerala. Following the path of Nalappat Narayana Menon she took the field of poetic literature from early ages itself. She published her collection of poems in more than 10 volumes. Her important works are Koopukai, Amma, Sopanam. Died on 29 September 2004



Born on 21 April 1924. P. Bhaskaran is a renowned lyrist, great poet and multifarious genius. Through his poetry Vayalar Garjikkunnu (Vayalar roars), he depicted the historic revolution of Punnappra-Vayalar and become a notable writer and blessed poet. His touching poetic collection is Orkuka Vallappozhum (Remember Occasionally). P.Bhaskaran is a freedom fighter also. He participated in ‘Quit-India’ movement and imprisoned in his teen age. Later, he became follower of communist philosophy and contributed for its growth through his lyrics and other literary works. He was the Editor of Deshabhimani, and Jayakeralam journals. He was the Secretary, Sangeetha Nataka Academy and the Chairman, Kerala State Film Development Corporation. He directed a number of good Malayalam films. His film “Neelakuyil” won the first medal (silver) for Malayalam film. He has written lyrics for more than 100 films.

                                        P.K.VASUDEVAN NAIR.( 1926 - 2005 )

Born on March 2, 1926 at Kottayam. Father: V.N.Kesava Pillai. Mother: Nanukutty Amma. P.K.Vasudevan Nair became famous as an eminent parliamentarian and as the State Secretary of Communist Party of India. He was the Chief Minister of Kerala for a short period. He rose to the leadership through Students’ and Youth Federations. He attained national repute as a Member of Parliament and as the Panel of Chairman of the Lok Sabha. He was elected to the Parliament from Thiruvananthapuram constituency in 2004 elections also. He died on July 12, 2005


Born in 1919. Father: K.A. Raman. Mother: Parvathi. K.R.Gouri is one of the senior most political leaders of Kerala who has stamped a role in State politics. She is the only politician who has completed 50 years as a legislator in Kerala Assembly. She graduated from Maharajas College, Ernakulam and obtained law degree from Law College, Ernakulam.. She started her public life through trade union and peasant movements. She became an active worker of the Communist party and was soon elevated to its leadership She was an unrelenting supporter for the oppressed. She participated in numerous agitations and imprisoned for several years. She suffered lot of physical and mental torture in her jail days, but such torments did not dissuade her from her social and political activities. She has contested in 16 elections held from the year 1948 to 2006 (1948 to 1954 to the Travancore Legislative Assembly and from 1957 to 2006 to the Kerala Legislative Assembly) and won 13 of them. She lost in the elections held on 1948, 1977 and 2006. She became Revenue Minister in the first EMS ministry in 1957. She was also a member of cabinet in the second EMS ministry (1967), Nayanar ministry (1987), A.K.Antony ministry (2001) and Oommen Chandy ministry (2004). Consequent on the split of Communist party in 1964, she stood along with the CPI (M); while her husband, T.V.Thomas, stood with the CPI. The ideological dispute in politics reflected in their personal life also which ultimately led to their separation. In 1994 KR Gouri was expelled from CPI (M) on charges of anti-party activities. Subsequently, she formed a new political party named Janadhipathya Samrakshana Samithi. (JSS)

                                                           SUGATHA KUMARI

Born in January 1934. Father: Bhodeswaran. Mother:Karthyani Amma. Sugatha Kumari is a fighter for the cause of women. She stood to uphold the rights and privileges of the suffering of people. She is shining star of modern Malayalam poetry. She enriched it by making her own valuable contributions. She portrayed the ending suffering of people through her poetries and made it bold, sweet and melodious. She is an ardent social worker and eminent environmentalist also. She was the Chairperson, Women’s Commission. She is the Editor of‘Thaliru’, children’s journal. She won Odakkuzhl Award and Vayalar Award. He important works are Ambalamanikal, Paathirapookal, Swapnabhoomi, Muthuchippy.


Born in 1952. Father: Krishnan Nair.M. Mother: Sulochana Devi. K.Jaya Kumar, IAS is a known poet, lyrist, orator and an excellent administrator. He joined IAS in 1978 and now serving at the Central Secretariat. He enriched Malayalam films through his meaningful songs. He translated Rabindranatha Tagore’s poems and works of Khaleel Jibran into Malayalam.He is also a good painter and his paintings are exhihited in New Delhi.

                                              R.SANKAR. ( 1908 - 1972 )

Born in 1908.Father: Raman Vaidyar. He was the Chief Minister of Kerala. He was an eminent parliamentarian, able administrator, and one of the courageous leaders of Indian National Congress. He was the Secretary of Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana (SNDP) Yogam for quite a long period. He also served as the Secretary of Sree Narayana Trust, which runs many educational and other social institutions in the State. After taking law degree, he started his career as an advocate. In 1938 he joined independence movement and gave leadership to several agitations. Soon he found a key position in the social and political field of the state and elected as the General Secretary of State Congress. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1948. In 1949 he was nominaed as a member in the Travancore Devaswom Board. In association with Mannathu Padmanabhan, Sankar formed Hindu Mahamandalam, an organisation for the unity of Hindus, but it was dissolved in 1952. He was one of the zealous leaders of the Liberation Movement, which ultimately led to the dismissal of first Communist Government of Kerala. He was the Deputy Chief Minister of Kerala in 1960 and became the Chief Minister in 1962. He passed away on November 7, 1972.

                                     THAKAZHY SIVASANKARA PILLAI. 

Born on 17 April 1912. Father: Sankara Kurup. Mother: Parvathy Amma. Thakazhy Sivasankara Pillai was world famous in the field of literature especially novels and short stories. From the field of an advocate he rose to the highest position of a world famous novelist. He won the Jnapeeth award and placed himself in the forefront of all writers. No other novels other than that of Thakazhy got so many translations to other languages. Important novels: Randidangazhy, Chemmeen, Enipadikal, Thendyvargam, Anubhavangal Palichakal, Thottiyude Makan, Kayar. Chemmeen was translated to all Indian languages and English. The film based on Chemeen won President’s Gold Medal.


Historians differ on the life period of Srimad Sankaracharya. Some of them are of opinion that he was born in 655 AD. Max Muller said that his year of birth was 788 AD. It is believed that he was born between 600 and 841 AD. Father: Vidhyadhirajan. Mother Aryamba. It is reported that young Sankaran started speaking at his age of one year. His upanayana was held at the age of 5 years. He completed his studies of Veda, Upanishads and other related sciences before he attained the age of 8 years. Sankaran decided to became a saint. After getting permission from her mother he became disciple of Gowdapadan, a great saint and continued his further education on Adwaitha. Srimad Sankaracharya is one of the greatest philosophers of India who revived the Hindu religion. Shankaracharya developed Advaita Vedanta, a system of philosophical thought within Hinduism. He traveled throughout India propagating the principles of Advaita philosophy. He established four mutts (religious centres) in four parts of India at Puri(in east), Dvaraka (in west), Shringeri (south) and Badarinath (north). Shankaracharya is believed to have died at Kedarnath, high in the Himalayas. Though he lived for only thirty-two years, his achievement was unparalleled. He promulgated the vedantic theory that men are of one essence and that all people should endeavor to develop this vision of oneness.

                                          G.SANKARA KURUP.( 1901 - 1978 )

Born 3 June 1901. Father: Sankara Varier. Mother: Lekshmykutty Amma. G.Sankara Kurup was a great personality who rendered valuable contribution to the growth and development of Malayalam poetry and who created unique form of illustrated verse. The early poems of G depicted the nature, god, and soul as portrayed by Rabindranatha Tagore. In the later stages he penetrated to the field of mysticism, humanism, nationalism and internationalism. He exalted imagination and lofty thinking found its echo in all his poems. His poems reached the varying depth of human soul. He is the first Jnanapeeth laureate of Malahyalam. He was Professor in Maharajas College, Ernakulam. He also served as producer of All India Radio, editor of Sahithya Parishad, Fellow of Sahithya Academy. His important works are Odakkuzhal, Innu Njan Nale Nee, Sooryakanthi, Ente veli, Siva Thandavam, Chandrakkala, Nizhalukal Neelunnu. Died on 2 February 1978