Focal point for the Child Poverty Study in Uzbekistan: Oyunsaihan Dendevnorov 
Study Abstract
The report finds that in 2007, 5.9 million people, who comprise 26.3% of the population, live in poverty. Disparities in the prevalence of poverty exist, with 70% of poor families living in rural areas and families with 3 or more children being at greater risk of poverty. The study notes that three fourths of children are exposed to deprivation by at least one characteristic. Furthermore, every fifth child has no complete set of winter clothes or footwear, 39% of children are deprived by housing conditions and 22% deprived of access to health services. The recommendations from the study emphasize the comprehensive protection of family, maternity and childhood, for both the current and future generations. 

Study Policy Recommendations
The Uzbekistan Child Poverty and Disparities Study recognizes the need for government policies to directly address the protection of children’s interests in the transition period. Furthermore, it is essential for child rights and interests to be made a top policy priority. More specific Recommendations from the study include:
  • Improving legislation on child rights through critical amendments to the core normative documents on child rights;
  • Focusing policy on pre-school education:
    •  By 2015, increase pre-school enrolment 1.5 times for 3-4 year olds, that is from 23.7% to 32.8%, and even more for 5-6 year olds.
    • Ensuring a high quality pre-school education through: formulation and implementation of state standards, improving the system of training, retraining and qualification enhancement for teachers, and improving the food supply and medical aid provided to pre-schools;
  • Launch a system of continuous medical care for children from birth till 5 years through two packages of medical services: in-patient treatment focused on the survival of newborns with neonatal resuscitation, and high quality services aimed at ensuring the survival of children under 5 years old;
  • Optimizing public expenditure through new tools and approaches to social budgeting.