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HISTORY


On 1 October 2015, the University celebrated its 85 anniversary since its establishment. The first higher education institution in Moldova, the State University of Tiraspol, was founded on 1 October 1930 in accordance with the Decision of the Secretariat of the Regional Committee of the Moldovan Communist Party of Ukraine and the Soviet of People's Commissars of the Moldovan Autonomous Republic of august 13, 1930 "Decision on People's Commissioner for Education report on vocational education network and its completion for the academic year 1930-1931".

During the eight decades of Tiraspol State University activity, the institution has changed its name several times. Since its foundation, its name was the Institute for Public Education of Moldova. This name was reorganized in 1931 and became the Moldovan Institute of Public Education, which in 1933 changed the name on Moldovan Pedagogical Institute. In 1939, the institution was given the name of Taras Shevchenko, on the occasion of the anniversary of 125 years since the birth of the poet. Until the end of forties of the last century, Tiraspol State University was the only institution of higher education that trained specialists for the national economy of the country. Over the years, the University has formed at its faculties thousands of highly qualified specialists, contributing substantially to enriching cultural heritage, socio-political and economic systems of the country.

Today practically in all localities of the Republic of Moldova, in central and local government institutions, universities and research centers work our university graduates. It should also been pointed out that the path of Tiraspol State University is quite dramatic and reflects all social phenomena, which Moldova passed and passes through. It is enough to observe that in the first 10 years of the University activity, 10 rectors (directors) has changed, 5 of them in 1937-1938 were subjected to reprisals (Avram Bihman, the first director of the University, Mikhail Holostenco, Alexander Pohinin, Dimitrie Prestesco and Tikhon Nitiuleas). All were rehabilitated posthumously. Despite all the circumstances that Tiraspol State University faced, it was constantly in development.

If early in, operated only three faculties: the agribiology, mechanics and mathematics, and philology, then in 1938 with the help of Macarie Radul, one of the first graduates of the mechanics and mathematics faculty, the geography faculty was opened. Later, in 1939 - 1940, Macarie Radul became a director of the University. During the 40s, the University became national pride, having a team of highly qualified professors and scientific researchers. It had a scientific-methodical base that allowed to prepare highly qualified teachers at all school subjects.

The 1940-1944 War led to the merging of the Pedagogical Institute of Tiraspol and of Chisinau, and their evacuation in Orenburg region (Russian Federation), where these institutions renewed work in 1942, having only one graduating class of 19 students (in 1944). After the liberation of Moldova in August 1944, the Institute returns to Tiraspol and activates as the Pedagogical Institute. As of 1 September 1952, it is reorganized into the State Pedagogical Institute of Tiraspol.

In the years 1945-1966, with a view to the opening of new institutions of higher education and research studies, the University has been dispersed. In 1954, the specialties of history, literature and languages ​​were transferred to the higher education institutions in Chisinau and Balti. A big number of professors from the University (Naum Narţov, Ivan Volcov, Andrei Gozun, Macarie Radul, Afanasie Baranovschi, Natalia Agasieva, Onufrie Andrus and others) became organizers of the foundation of the State Pedagogical Institute and the State University in Chisinau, and of the Moldovan Base of scientific research studies of the A.S. of the U.R.S.S., they also became managers in the education system in various research institutions of the country. In the meantime, by 1955, 20 PhDs were working at the University, the prerequisites were created for organizing scientific laboratories in the fields of chemistry, geography, biology, physics, pedagogy. In April 1955, the first scientific conference of collaborators (from the postwar period) took place, which became an annual tradition.

In this period, the University started the implementation of agro-biological station, where III and IV degree students of natural science faculty practiced their studies in various disciplines. In 1956, the first volume of "Scientific Annals of the State Pedagogical Institute “Taras Shevchenko” of Tiraspol" was published. This year, upon the initiative of the Director Alexei Cotorobai was organized the first scientific conference of students. In 1957, the Institute opened the Planetarium for training specialists in astronomy.

In the late 50s, the new directions of scientific research of the following collaborators were determined: B. Matienco, P. Craciun, M. Kozlovsky, I. Burdian, V. Gurov, I. Procopeţ, E. Natanzon, G. Şişcanu, N. Mihai, V. Zapadaev, E. Feldman, N. Rimbu, A. Lungu, A. Frenk, I. Valuta; I. Cioban, G. Verşigora. In 1960, the Institute has organized the II Republican conference of young scientists, where the future academics and university teachers presented the first scientific results: B. Matienco, G. Şişcanu, I. Ganea B. Melnic, P. Targon, G. Simonov, A. David, N. Gusca, etc. On 26 July 1960, the Council of Ministers adopted decision on foundation of the USSR Academy of Sciences, its first president was Iachim Grosul, academician, elected in 1961 from the university graduates. Between the years 1960 and 1970, the University had a rapid development. The following new specialties were opened: "Biology and Chemistry", "Physics and Chemistry", "Pedagogy and Methodology of primary education", "German language", "French and German languages", "Physics and Astronomy", “Biology and bases of agricultural production". New classrooms, science labs in the fields of crystallography, semiconductor physics, physiology, chemistry, geography, geology and paleogeography, pedagogy and psychology were created.

In 1968, Miroslav Kazlovski defended the first thesis of habilitated doctor realized on the basis of research studies performed in the University laboratories. In 1969, the University established the first Student Bureau of Construction in the country, where with the help of students and teachers were created different automated classes for students' knowledge assessment that were installed in 38 schools and three higher education institutions in the country.

The scientific and teaching potential accumulated in the years 1960-1970, caused a great growth of the institution in the years 1971-1991. During this period, an essential contribution to the University development was made by rectors Anton Novac and Andrei Hariton. They contributed to the development of the material and technical base of the University, to the construction of a new building for studies with modern rooms and library, to the opening of new faculties (Pedagogy), new specialties, departments, to the equipping laboratories with modern equipment.

In 70-80’s of XX century, the University becomes a regional didactic-methodical and scientific center. Within its activity operate the School of Physics and Mathematics for Youth, the Scientific Society of students, the Geographical Club of travelers, the faculty of the future school teacher, etc. In this period, the State Pedagogical Institute "Taras Shevchenko" of Tiraspol has become a scientific center known not only in the country but also outside its borders. In 1980, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in relation to the successes obtained in the public education training, the State Pedagogical Institute "Taras Shevchenko" of Tiraspol was awarded with the Order of the Badge of Honour.

From May 1992, the Institute received a university status, and in July 1992, following the outbreak of military conflict by anti-national forces, Tiraspol State University was evacuated in Chisinau in accordance with the Government Decision no. 480 of 9 July 1992. The academic year of 1992-1993 begins in Chisinau under extremely heavy conditions. Being without financial support accumulated over a half of century, the University manages to operate in stable rhythms, being helped by the Moldovan Government and by the universities and scientific centers of Chisinau.

During the years 1992-1996, an own infrastructure sufficient to continue the education and research was created. Despite the adverse circumstances for the University development, it continues its activity in a stable regime, and contributes in the most obvious way to the highly qualified teaching staff training, to the formative education modernization in the context of the European integration, and to the process of national revival and rehabilitation of the national identity.

Recent Announcements

  • International Conference ”Changing roles and impact of teachers in the modern society” International Conference Changing roles and impact of teachers in the modern society Chisinau, Republic of Moldova, September 20, 2018     The modern society permanently undergoes social, cultural, and economical changes. As ...
    Posted Aug 2, 2018, 12:33 PM by Universitatea Tiraspol
  • The Scientific Conference with International Participation TIRASPOL STATE UNIVERSITY (Chişinău, Republic of Moldova)FACULTY OF PHYLOLOGY, Department of Romanian Language and LiteratureInformational letterDear Colleagues,The department of Romanian Language and Literature, Faculty of Philology ...
    Posted Jun 30, 2017, 5:34 AM by Universitatea Tiraspol
  • NATIONAL SCIENTIFIC-PRACTICAL CONFERENCE WITH INTERNATIONAL PARTICIPATION TIRASPOL STATE UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF PEDAGOGY organizes NATIONAL SCIENTIFIC-PRACTICAL CONFERENCE WITH INTERNATIONAL PARTICIPATION RECONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE INITIAL AND CONTINUOUS FORMATION OF THE TEACHERS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE INTERCONEXITION ...
    Posted May 13, 2017, 12:15 AM by Universitatea Tiraspol
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