Now available in paperback
Roberta Ulrich, former UPI reporter, is the author of two books chronicling the American Indian experience.  Her latest book is  American Indian Nations from Termination to Restoration, 1953-2006.   In it she writes of the personal stories of men and women who lived through the US government's termination of Indian tribes in the 1950s, their subsequent restoration  and struggles into the 21st century.  Not all of them made it.

Below is an excerpt from the prologue:


What I remember growing up was going to a lot of funerals.”

With that one sentence Klamath Indian Gerald Skelton summed up the effects of the federal government’s massive mid-twentieth Century social experiment known as termination. Skelton was not yet born when Congress voted in 1954 to terminate the Klamath Tribes of southern Oregon. However, his family story is a searing example of the traumatic and long-lasting effects of the policy under which the government ended its relationship with dozens of Indian tribes and bands. In the name of “freeing” the Indians from government restrictions Congress removed the tribal status of more than nine dozen tribes with nearly 13,000 members from Oregon to South Carolina and from Wisconsin to Texas. The result was thousands of Indians from rich tribes plunged into poverty and despair and thousands more from poor tribes sinking even deeper into hopelessness.  More...



Ulrich is also the author of Empty Nets: Indians, Dams and the Columbia
River
, which takes
a  close look at the destruction of the way of life amongst the people living along the Columbia River in Oregon in the 1950's.