3. Transatlantic Encounters and Colonial Beginnings



European contact with the American continent began as a brief exploration by the Vikings. Knowledge of their new-found land became legend. European desire for spices and contact with Asia allowed intrepid explorers the opportunity to re-discover the American Continent. Christopher Columbus, incorrectly calculating the size of the earth, undertook a voyage around the world. His legacy was not to find a new route to Asia, as he hoped, but to find a new continent. This continent was named America, after another early explorer, Amerigo Vespucci.

Other countries apart from the Spanish began to explore and establish settlements in the New World. Jacques Cartier undertook a northern voyage for the French. There they began the settlement of New France, developing the Fur industry and fostering a more respectful relationship with many of the inhabitants. The Spanish conquistadors invaded the new world looking for riches. While some Spanish invaders destroyed the powerful Aztec and Incan cultures, others chased legends, such as the fountain of youth and the hidden city of gold. With the Spanish empire spanning much of the South and New France situated in the North, there was still room for the English to exploit. As English nationalism rose in the 16th century, The English began to colonize the mid-Atlantic region of the Continent.

Wikibooks Textbook
IHA Textbook
  1. Early Ventures Fail
  2. Joint-Stock Companies
  3. Jamestown Settlement and the "Starving Time"
  4. The Growth of the Tobacco Trade
  5. War and Peace with Powhatan's People
  6. The House of Burgesses
U.S. History.org Textbook

  1. Britain in the New World
    1. Early Ventures Fail
    2. Joint-Stock Companies
    3. Jamestown Settlement and the "Starving Time"
    4. The Growth of the Tobacco Trade
    5. War and Peace with Powhatan's People
    6. The House of Burgesses


Online Highways U.S. History
  1. The Spanish
  2. The French
  3. The English
  4. Roanoke Island
  5. Jamestown
  6. Christopher Columbus
  7. John Cabot
  8. Sir Francis Drake
  9. Jacques Cartier
  10. Henry Hudson
The Outline of American history

  1. The First Europeans
  2. Early Settlements
  3. Jamestown
  4. Massachusetts
  5. New Netherland and Maryland
  6. Colonial-Indian Relations
  7. Second Generation of British Colonies
  8. Settlers, Slaves and Servants
  9. The Enduring Mystery of the Anasazi

Library of Congress

Primary Sources

Lesson Plans

Discovery: Age of Discovery PDF
Introduction to the 'Age of Discovery'PDF
United Learning - The Age of Discovery (1400 - 1550) PDF

Webquests

Age of Exploration Webquest
Webquest: The Ag of Discovery: "The Tale of Two Explorers"
Webquest: European Exploration


Video

YouTube Video


YouTube Video



Games

Interactive

Additional Resources

A People's History of the United States - "Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress"     (Alternate Link)
A People's History of the United States - "Drawing the Color Line"      (Alternate Link)
The History Guide - Lecture 2: The Age of Discovery

Timeline



 








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