Jakarta Homepage: Introduction

Global Cities 2008: Walking between Slums and Dreamworlds of Neoliberalism 

Kimberly Reedy


 Hello Global City Explorer! 

Here I would like to give you some basic information regarding Jakarta, bits and pieces of its history, population, transportation, temperature and cutlture. However, I encourage you to explore my other pages about Jakarta that will allow you to explore the other sides of Jakarta, their slums and glamour-zones. I would like to thank you ahead of time for taking the time to explore my web page as it has been quite an adventure for me as well. Enjoy and please feel free to email me any comments or questions you may have!

Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. It was formerly known as Sunda Kalapa (397-1527), Jayakarta (1527-1619), Batavia (1619-1942), and Djakarta (1942-1972). Located on the northwest coast of the Java Island, it has an area of 661.52 km² and an official population of 9,341,400 in city and 12,804,730 in metro (2). Jakarta currently is the eleventh largest city in the world. Its metropolitan area is called Jabodetabek and contains more than 23 million people, and is part of an even larger Jakarta-Bandung megalopolis (1).

Jakarta is served by the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. Since 2004, Jakarta, under the governance of Sutiyoso, has built a new bus system known as "TransJakarta" or "Busway" and is planning to increase the number of Busway routes. The city had hoped to establish its newest transportation system, the Jakarta Monorail, in 2007, but the project has been delayed and its completion date is uncertain. Jakarta also is the location of the Indonesia Stock Exchange and the National Monument 'Monas'  (picture below transportation) (1).

Image:Transjakarta Busway Map February 2007.png




Picture By: Glen Beanlan-Lonely Planet Images

Standing at 132 meters and topped with 35 kilograms of gold, this imposing obelisk is Jakarta's most famous landmark. Construction started in 1961 under President Soekarno but was not completed until 1975, under President Soeharto. The monument houses a couple of museums. The Freedom Hall depicts Indonesia's struggle for independence through a series of dioramas, whereas the Hall of Contemplation displays the original Declaration of Independence document and a recording of the speech. An elevator takes one to the observation platform, which commands a bird's-eye view of the cityscape.

Jakarta is located on the northwestern coast of Java Island, at the mouth of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay, which is an inlet of the Java Sea. The northern part of Jakarta is constituted on a plain land, approximately eight meters above the sea level. This contributes to the frequent flooding. The southern parts of the city are hilly. There are about 13 rivers flowing through Jakarta, mostly flowing form the hilly southern parts of the city northwards towards the Java Sea. The most important river is the Ciliwung river, which divides the city into the western and eastern parts (1).  Ciliwung River RideJakarta's climate is very hot and tropical with a max temp of 43.8C and a minimum temp of 21.5C. Ciliwung River RideSee picture of Ciliwung River Ride below.

Ciliwung River Ride http://www.wcities.com/node/69134

 Culture in Jakarta tends to be very cosmopolitan (mulit-cultural) However, in Jakarta, the religion of choice is mainly Muslim and one of the popular places for the worship of Islam is in the Mosque (a place of worship). The Istiqulal Mosque is the largest Mosque in Southeast Asia. (see pictures below).

 Flickr: By Abdoallah

Their are multiple languages that make their way through Jakarta, however, the Batawi language remains the most frequently used dialect.