University of the Philippines Association of Karate
Having started as an art of self-defense and not for personal gain, Karate before was practiced secretly to prevent the art and its techniques from being used and abused by unscrupulous persons. Master Gichin funakoshi as a teacher and philosopher gave guiding principles to his Shotokan Karate. The guiding principles are regularly recited during practice to remind the students of the high purpose of the art of Karate. Each principle is regarded as important as the rest. Thus the word, Hitotsu, meaning One, is recited before each principle to signify that all the principles are regarded as primary and equal.
ONE! SEEK PERFECTION OF CHARACTER
(HITOTSU! JINKAKU KANSEI NI TSUTOMORO KOTO!)
(HITOTSU! MAKOTO NO MICHI O MAMORO KOTO!)
(HITOTSU! DARYOKO SEICHIN O YASHINAU KOTO!)
(HITOTSU! REIGI O OMONZORU KOTO!)
ONE! REFRAIN FROM VIOLENT BEHAVIOR.
(HITOTSU! KEKKI YO NO O IMASHIMARU KOTO!)
Master Funakoshi further expounded the five primary principles to twenty statements further emphasizing on how Karate is followed and practiced as a way of life.
By Master Gichin Funakoshi
- Karate is not only dojo training.
- Don't forget that Karate begins with a bow and ends a bow.
- In Karate, never attack first.
- One who practices Karate must follow the way of justice.
- First you must know yourself. Then you can know others.
- Spiritual development is paramount; technical skills are merely means to the end.
- You must release your mind.
- Misfortune comes out of laziness.
- Karate is a lifelong training.
- Put Karate in everything you do.
- Karate is like hot water. If you do not heat it constantly it will again become cold.
- Do not think you have to win. Think that you do not have to lose.
- Victory depends on your ability to tell vulnerable points from invulnerable ones.
- Move according to your opponent.
- Consider your opponent's hands and legs as you would sharp swords.
- When you leave home, think that millions of opponents are waiting for you.
- Ready position for beginners and natural position for the advanced students.
- Kata is one thing. Engaging in a real fight is another.
- Do not forget (1) strength and weakness for power, (2) expansion and contraction of the body, (3) slowness and speed of techniques.
- Devise at all times.