Types of Ageism

Negative Ageism:
Prejudice and discrimination against the aged
Example: forcing elders to retire after age 65 regardless of their ability to perform their job duties

Positive Ageism:
Prejudice and discrimination in favor of the aged
Example: assuming most elders are affluent and few live in poverty

Institutional Ageism:
Expressing discrimination in some type of institution including:
-housing
-employment
-mandatory retirement
-inappropriate care in institutional settings


References:
Age discrimination. (2015). Retrieved from: http://www.workplacefairness.org/age-discrimination#1
Ageism hurts. Retrieved from: http://ageismhurts.org/what-is-ageism/1-ageism-definitions/2-implicit-
    ageism
Bergman, S.Y., Bodner, E., Cohen-Fridel, S. (2013). Cross-cultural ageism: Ageism and attitudes toward 
    aging among jews and arabs in israel. International Psychogeriatrics, 25(1), 6-15
Levy, B.R., Banaji, M.R. (2002). Implicit Ageism. In T.D.Nelson (Ed.), Ageism: Stereotyping and        
    Prejudice against Older Persons.Cambridae. MA:The MIT Press.
Malinen, S., Johnston, L. (2013). Workplace ageism: Discovering hidden bias. Experimental Ageing
    Research, 39: 445-465.
Palmore, E. (1999). Ageism: Negative and positive. Springer Publishing Co.

Implicit Ageism:
Person is unaware they are displaying attitudes of ageism and it is done unintentionally.
Example: Speaking loudly to a senior in fear that their hearing may not be as sharp as a younger individuals

Explicit Ageism:
Having a conscious awareness of one's attitudes and biases toward a specific age group. Acts of ageism done intentionally.
Example: Firing an elderly individual because they don't fit the "look" of your business
Example: Making snark remarks to elderly individuals such as "you are ancient", "you're too old for that"


Societal Ageism:
-Ageist language
-Age discrimination
-Age norms
-Age segregation