HbA2 test will let Your know Your Thalassemia Status


What is Thalassemia Major? 

What is Thalassemia Minor? 

What is Thalassemia Intermedia? 

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Growth Retardation in Thalassemics 

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Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder, in which a Thalassemic Major child has to take blood transfusions every 2-3 weeks depending on the individuals consumption of the R.B.C's (blood). A Thalassemic Major child is blood transfusion dependent for life. There is just one cure and that is the Bone Marrow Transplant. The transplant itself costs 10-12 lacs of Rupees. And then there is no surety that the child will get cured. If the transplant is unsuccessful the patient may die or become a Thalassemic Major again and will have to take blood for rest of his life.

Because of regular blood transfusions, Iron which is a component of blood rises and there is iron overload on the important body organs like liver, heart, pancreas etc... Iron overload will lead to organ failure and this will lead to death of the patient. So to remove the excess iron from the body there is a drug named Desferal. This needs to be administered using a syringe pump and needs to be injected in the skin using a needle. The medicine takes 10-12 hours to finish. Mostly Thalassemics prefer to inject themselves during the night.

To avoid your child from being a Thalassemic Major you and your partner, before getting married have to get one test done. The test is called HbA2 Test. This test is done to check what thalassemia trait you have. PLEASE REQUEST HEMOGLOBIN ELECTROPHORESIS (HbA2) blood test from your doctor
before marriage, One needle prick to you and your partner will save your child from getting a thousand pricks.

Any queries, doubts on Thalassemia, please feel free to ask. And share this piece of knowledge with your friends, relatives, family members. Because "Knowledge is the only cure for preventing Thalassemia.