BNMU-BOGOMOLETS NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
O.O. BOGOMOLETS NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY (BNMU), popularly known as NMU-National Medical University, Kyiv will complete 170 years in 2012. It is one of the foremost medical universities in Ukraine, Europe and the world.The National Medical University is the premier medical university of Ukraine. 

 If you wish to directly apply directly to the data base of BNMU, click here

BNMU is the leading educational, scientific and treatment-prophylactic center of Ukraine. Approximately 1,200 high skilled specialists from independent Ukraine, countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, Middle East, South America graduate from the university every year.

The National Medical University is widely known thanks to the work of famous scientists, scientific developments, which are made at the level of the world standards and are widely introduced into the practice of health care for the population.

The university is first of all the highly skilled scientific pedagogical collective, one of the most powerful among higher schools in Ukraine, which unites 11 faculties, 80 departments, where approximately 1 200 teachers work. Among them there are 32 full members and corresponding members of State academies of Science of Ukraine and 32 members of public academies of science of Ukraine, 28 members of foreign academies, 33 members of international scientific organizations and associations, 55 Laureates of State prize of Ukraine, honored educationalists, honored doctors, honored inventors of Ukraine. Over 145 professors, 170 doctors of science, 298 assistant professors, and 683 candidates of science carry out teaching.

The Bogomolets National Medical University (BNMU) offers courses both at the Under-Graduate Level and Post-Graduate Level for international students. Being the premier medical university in Ukraine, students are advised to apply early and complete their Admission Processing at the earliest if they wish to study at BNMU. The common application form for Ukrainian Medical Universities is found here

BNMU is also a major scientific and medial research center of international standing. Some of these are outlined below.


THE CITY OF KIEV - CAPITAL OF UKRAINE

Kiev or Kyiv is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. Kiev is an important industrial, scientific, educational and cultural centre of Eastern Europe. It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks. The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including the Kiev Metro. Kiev is also one of the oldest cities of Eastern Europe and has played a pivotal role in the development of the medieval East Slavic civilization as well as in the modern Ukrainian nation.

For more details on the city and information on climate etc, please go to the bottom of this page.

ACCREDITATION

All our educational programs are regulated and approved by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. The degrees and diplomas issued to graduated foreign students by the National Medical University are legalized by the Ministry of Heath of Ukraine and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine.


National Medical University is recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO). National Medical University is recognized and listed in the International Medical Education Directory (IMED). This accreditation allows the National Medical University to be eligible to take the United States Medical Licensing Examinations (USMLE) and enter Postgraduate Medical (Residency) training in United States. IMED accreditation is recognized by the Education Commission for Foreign
Medical Graduates (ECFMG) and the Medical Council of Canada (MCC) for eligibility of graduates to obtain certification and Licensure.


The students and graduates of National Medical University are eligible to participate in the United States Medical Licensing Examination & receive ECFMG certification. The ECFMG certification requires all graduates to have passed USMLE Step 1 and Step 2 (both sections), submit a final transcript, and provide a copy of the graduate's diploma for verification. Once ECFMG certification has been granted the graduates are eligible for Postgraduate Medical education (Residency Training) in the United States. All prospective and current students who wish to practice in the United States are encouraged to educate themselves on the licensure policies in their respective states. This information can be obtained by going to the Federation of State Medical Boards of United States (FSMB) website or contacting them.

National Medical University is recognized by the Indian Medical Council, Pakistan Medical and Dental Council, European Council of Medicine and General Medical Council (limited Registration) of UK all Medical Councils around the world.

The National Medical University is not only recognized by Medical Councils around the world but is an active participant in many international research programs.

RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL STAFF
Over 1,200 highly qualified lecturers work at 80 departments :
Doctors of Sciences – 180 Professors – 163
Candidate of Sciences (PhD) – 699 Associate Professors – 330
28 Academicians and Corresponding members of National Academies of Science ;
28 Academicians of Public Academies ;
38 members of International Academies, Scientific Associations and other scientific organizations ;
36 State Prize Laureates of Ukraine ;
24 Nominal Prize Laureates ;
58 Honored scientists of Ukraine, Honored Physicians of Ukraine

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

International cooperation in educational and scientific spheres is maintained with WHO, 32 world and European Academies, Professional Associations and leading Universities worldwide. The National Medical University has international cooperation with
Kaunas University ( Lithuania )
Institute of Public Health ( Poland )
University of Alabama at Birmingham ( USA )
University of Iowa ( USA )
Karolinska Institutet ( Sweden )
NMU is also the co-founder of the Intercollegiate Eastern and South-Eastern European Centre for Science and Collaboration ( Italy ). 21 international delegations have visited NMU within the last 5 years.

INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE  OF EXPERIENCE
Every year over 80 lecturers and 20 students from NMU visit foreign universities abroad. Over the last two years 42 NMU students participated in exchange programs in European region, 37 foreign students participated in clinical exchange programs in NMU. Over 1,156 students from 53 countries are currently trained at the University.

NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION



2001, 2004, 2005 – the winner of KIYV SOFIA prize for the BEST UNIVERSITY among Ukrainian Medical Schools

The Golden medal of the 9th international exhibition of educational establishments “contemporary education in Ukraine – 2006” in nomination “Implementation of Innovations” and Diploma for great achievements in innovation development of the National Educational System

2 awards of International Exhibition “Education and career”
6 Diploma of the III National Specialised Exhibition “Health care industry-2006”


Diploma of a laureate and inclusion in 10 leading establishments among higher educational establishments of Ukraine at the 3rd exhibition – presentation “Innovation Technologies of Education”
The NMU library accounts for more than 700,000 units of scientific literature including electronic database supply and 2 computer reading halls with internet access.

SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS 

In 2008 and 2009 the University was ranked number three and four on the state rating of Ukraine's top 200 educational institutions called 'Ukraine's Top 200' and ranked first on the rating of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine amongst higher education institutions with the level of accreditation III and IV in the category Health Care.
Bogomolets National Medical University presented its 22 Departments, patent and license division and the Institute of Immunology and Allergology within its exposition at Medical Forum – 2009. The results of the NMU scientific researches have been awarded with 43 diplomas. 

NMU has been declared a winner and decorated with the golden medal, awarded in category “Integration of Science and Education – necessary condition for improved quality of specialists’ training at higher education institutions” of ХІІ International Exhibition of Educational Institutions “Contemporary Education in Ukraine – 2009” (25-27.02.2009, Kyiv) and confirmed its honorary title of “Leader in development of modern means of education”.

MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS IN HEALTH PROTECTION 


Election of Bogomolets NMU rector, corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, professor V.F. Moskalenko to complement WHO Committee, dealing with policy and coordination of the Joint Program of scientific research activities, researches and training of the scientific manpower in the field of population reproduction is a significant event not only for the University but for the entire country since it is the victory of Ukraine at the international arena, which confirms high status of native health protection experts.

Lectures of Rector, corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, professor V.F. Moskalenko, which were dedicated to modern tendencies of health protection in Ukraine and read in Oxford and Carolina University, and initiating lecturing of prominent scientists of the world at NMU became remarkable developments in the scientific life of the University and Ukraine. Professor G. Jaff from Oxford University presented two lectures “Early Epidemics of AIDS in the USA. Atlanta and Hollywood point of view” and “HIV/AIDS – world challenge” on 29 October, 2008.

Laboratory for strategic research in health protection, functioning within the structure of NMY department, established within scientific support to interdisciplinary comprehensive program “Health of the nation – 2002 – 2011” that the index, reflecting a share of expenses, financed by the public and social funds, in a total structure of expenses for health protection, which is 70% and more in the majority of the developed countries, plays the important role for ensuring proper financing of health protection industry.

Ukrainian Training Center of Family Medicine carried out the scientific and methodical support to development and implementation of the system of perpetual professional growth of the doctors of “General Medicine – Family Medicine” speciality.

In 2008/2009 the University organized and held 59 scientific forums, including 2 conferences and 6 congresses:

Conference of social medicine experts and organizers of health protection of Ukraine (23-25.10.2008, Zhytomyr);
Conference of cranial – maxillofacial surgeons of Ukraine (15-16.05.2009, Kyiv);
Congress of the Association of anesthesiologists of Ukraine (8-12.09.2008, Kyiv);
Congress of pediatrists of Ukraine “Contemporary Problems of Clinical Pediatrics” (15-17.10.2008, Kyiv);
2nd National Congress of Doctors of Internal Medicine (16-18.10. 2008, Kyiv);
(62) International Academic and Research Congress of Students and Young Scientists “Urgent Problems of Contemporary Medicine” (5-7.11.2008, Kyiv);
National Congress “Days of Gastroenterology in Kyiv” (20-21.11.2008, Kyiv);
Congress of pediatrists of CIS countries “Child and Society: Problems of Health, Growth and Nutrition” (19-21.05.2009, Kyiv);

 ACHIEVEMENTS IN EXPERIMENTAL & THEORETICAL MEDICINE
Laboratory of the Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology (headed by the corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, I.S. Chekman) carries out the researches and development of medications on the basis of nanotechnology, in particular, nanodispersed silica (medicine “Sylics”) and suspension “Akvasyl”. The mentioned medications demonstrate good adsorption characteristics in relation to proteins, exo and endotoxins, microorganisms.

The regularities of the connective tissues’ alterations in case of different pathologic processes (chronic intoxication with lead, primary arterial hypertension, hyperhidrosis, healing of infected wounds) have been determined due to the results of experimental and clinical research “Scientific and Research Work “Morphofunctional alteration of connective tissue as the basis of development and the criterion of pathologic processes’ reversibility”. They have studied the possibility of pharmacologic correction that prevents from development of non-reversible pathology.

Methods for suppression of degenerative processes in brain were developed while fulfilling Scientific and Research Work “Neurodegenerative processes in brain at decrease of hemocirculation and correction of its inducing and supporting mechanisms”. They proved anti–oxidant action of Immunofan in a cerebral hemisphere that suffered from ischemia under condition of previous sensibilization with brain antigen, accompanied with decrease in neurodegenerative processes’ expressiveness.

Results of the researches, done by the Department of Bioorganic, Biological and Pharmaceutical Chemistry (headed by the corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, professor Gubsky Y.I.), showed that if rats are poisoned with 1,2 – dichloroethane, tetrachloroethene and cadmium chloride, the processes of lipid peroxidation in plasma, red blood cells, lymphocytes, mitochondria and post mitochondrial fraction of a rat’s lever definitely become more active. At the same time both NADPH-dependent and ascorbate-dependable and uninitiated lipid peroxidation get activated; erythrocyte membranes’ penetration significantly reduces, condition of anti-oxidant system and fatty acid composition of mitochondrial lipids and post mitochondrial fraction of hepatic cells changes.

Administration of tocopheryl acetate into rats causes normalization of lipid peroxidation processes in lymph cells of blood. Administration of enterosorbents (“Enterosgel” and “Sylics”) significantly normalizes functional status and fatty acid composition of biomembranes, which shows expediency of use of anti-oxidant complexes for prevention of toxic influence of environmentally unfriendly factors on a human.

Within Scientific and Research Work “Development and Implementation of New Technologies of Effective Treatment of Arterial Hypertension” under supervision of the corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine, professor I.S. Chekman abnormal changes in cardiac myocytes and vessel smooth muscles of the rats with spontaneous arterial hypertension were discovered by an experiment; antihypertensive action of “Korvazan”, “Biprolol”, “Lipril” and “Amlodipin” was studied.


MOST IMPORTANT SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHES - RESULTS IN CLINICAL MEDICINE 

In 2008 the State Prize was awarded to the chairman of Children Surgery Department, Doctor of Science (Medicine), Professor Kryvchenya D.U., for development and implementation of modern methods of surgical treatment and prevention of complications of cirrhosis of the liver and portal vein diseases.

Shevchuk Veronika Oleksandrivna, senior lab technician of Dermatology and Venereology Department, was honored for work “Fundamental regularities of virus - cellular interaction for diagnostics and treatment of herpetic and papillomavirus infection” with the Young Scientists’ Prize of the President of Ukraine.

Due to the results of Scientific and Research Work “Development and substantiation of the methods of surgical treatment of people, suffering from chronic pancreatitis with preservation of pancreatic gland’s functional status”, ordered by the state and carried out under supervision of professor V.G.Mishalov, they proved that usage of pancreato – duodenostomy instead of standard methods does not cause loop of internal secretion’s function. It serves grounds for more effective insulin therapy towards these people.

Under supervision of the corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Professor Zhaboedov G.D. the nonmedicamentous, noninvasive method of programmed pneumatic and vacuum compression for eyesight recovery by means of physiotherapeutic pneumomechanical exposure of vessels of frontooccipital and parietal division of visual apparatus to light and color was developed. This method helps to improve visual acuity of people suffering from age-dependent macular dystrophy on 76,2%.


Pediatrics Department №4, working under supervision of the corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine, V.G. Maidannyk, and in cooperation with the staff of the Institute of Physiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, was the first to discover the genetic marker of early manifestation of juvenile arterial hypertension, introduce pharmacogenetic approaches in treatment.

Technology for preparation of antimycotic ointment “Theobonum-ditiomycocidum” was developed at Dermatology and Venereology Department under supervision of the chairman, corresponding member of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, professor V.G. Kolyadenko and in cooperation with the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry (IBONCh) of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, test samples of the ointment were prepared under workshop conditions, it was shown that the offered substance in not inferior as to its effectiveness to the well – known medicine “Triderm”, however in contrast to the medicine it does not contain corticosteroids.

Due to the results of Scientific and Research Work “Peculiar features of Secondary Immunodeficiency at Pathological Conditions of Different Origins” it was determined that 97.5% of people suffering from bronchial asthma have symptoms of secondary immunodeficiency.

It is worth to make special mention of the following efforts amongst other scientific researches of NMU scientific staff: they contribute to improvement of electric welding technologies for connection of tissues, sphincter-preserving operations, endoscopic clipping of vessels at GI tract bleeding. Minimally invasive operations have come to their use in cases of acute pancreatitis and operations at urinary system. The method of fine-needle aspiration biopsy of lever was improved. Nasolabial gauntlet graft is used for reconstruction of nasal defects.

ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE FIELD OF SECTORAL, INTER-BRANCH & INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC INTEGRATION

International scientific cooperation has been significantly intensified. The University has signed 6 bilateral treaties regarding cooperation with foreign education institutions ( Azerbaijan, the Russian Federation, the USA, Brazil, France, Italy), strengthened interaction within the framework of bilateral and multilateral agreements with the European Universities. NMU has joined the consortium of the European Universities and become a member of EU project “Erasmus mundus”, joint scientific and educational program of Ukraine and Sweden.

Scientific divisions of NMU have continued fruitful cooperation with the scientific institutions of Ukraine and foreign countries regarding fulfillment of all types of scientific and research works. Scientific integration is confirmed by the agreements with 64 scientific and educational institutions, including 13 institutes of the Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine, 12 institutes of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 3 institutes of the Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, 13 national sectoral scientific and educational institutions.

ACHIEVEMENTS IN HYGIENE & ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION


Staff of the Institute of Hygiene and Ecology fulfill significant amount of scientific researches for the sum of more than 3 million UAH per annum, working in close cooperation with the Scientific and Research Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine, the Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine (Institute of Ecohygiene and Toxicology named after L.I. Medved, Institute of Occupational Medicine, National Agrarian University, Institute of Plant Protection, Institute of Sugar Beet, Institute of Horticulture).

PROGRESS IN FIELD OF IMPLANTOLOGY

Traumatology and Orthopedics Department of Bogomolets National Medical University, headed by the chairman, professor Bur’yanov O.A., has been carrying out together with the Institute of Physics of Metals, named after G.Kurdyumov, and NTU “KPI” the complex researches in course of the recent years. These bench-to-bedside researches are devoted to creation of new materials and modalities of treatment of the sick, suffering from orthopedic and trauma problems. The recent developments, made for last 4 years, are covered with 18 patents of Ukraine. As of today 2 constructions for internal osteosynthesis, set of instruments and external fixators are being clinically implemented.

Department of Prosthetic Dentistry of Bogomolets National Medical University, being led by the chairman, Professor Nespryadko V.P., is one of the founders of dental implantology in Ukraine. Employees of the Department have published about 100 works related to issues of implantation, implant-retained prosthesis; received about 20 author’s certificates and patents; developed sets and kits for operations and further prosthesis.

The Department is a medical co-executor, developing material “Kergan” for modeling the alveolar bone’s form, creation of implants and coating for the implants. As of current moment the employees of the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry are fulfilling two doctoral dissertations and it is planned to approve the topics of the doctoral dissertation to be related to the problems of material science and clinical aspects of dental implantology.

Comprehensive diagnostic evaluation of dentofacial structure’s condition and individual reconstruction of functional occlusion of a patient by means of modern constructions of dentures subject to joint and muscle function in case of implant -retained prosthesis is an outcome of longstanding work of the Department in the foregoing academic and scientific direction.

New original comprehensive evaluation of dentoalveolar stability’s factors, influencing dental implantation efficiency improvement, has been developed in the Department. Methods of implant-retained prosthesis to be controlled by the software and Condylocomp device have been suggested (professor Nespryadko V.P., assistant professor Kuts P.V.). They have stated modern principles of restoration of individual functional occlusion in case of applied implant-retained prosthesis, physiologic neuromuscular and articulate balance, and for protection of an implant against functional overwork (Professor Nespryadko V.P., assistant professor Los V.V., assistant professor Klitynsky Y.V.).

The issues, related to implantation in case of the patients, suffering from functional diseases of dentition with disk dysfunction, slipped disk, displaced jaw bone, myofascial pain-dysfunction syndrome, bruxism, have been studied. Results of the researches allow stating that implantation in case of the sick with joint and muscle dysfunction is justified and can be successfully applied provided that a patient’s dentition has received some previous functional treatment (Professor Nespryadko V.P., assistant professor Los V.V., assistant professor Klitynsky Y.V.).

Department of Ophthalmology, led by the chairman, corresponding member of the Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine, professor Zhaboedov G.D. and working in cooperation with LLC “Children’s Neurosurgical Center”, has been developing the models of draining devices and implants for surgical treatment of different stages of glaucoma, the models have passed successful approbation at laboratory animals and received the permit of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine for study under clinical conditions. Microdraining device with directed program has been created. The device is implanted into an eye for reduction of opthalmotonous pressure in case of organic blockades of eye drainage system that occur if there are refractory forms of primary and secondary glaucoma.

SCIENTIFIC SUPPORT TO ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES

Department of Medical and Biological Physics, chaired by the correspondent member of the Academy of Pedagogic Sciences of Ukraine, professor Chaly O.V., has extended theoretic, methodological, world view and practical trends in the contents of physico-mathematical subjects; interdisciplinary connections as case-hardening fundamentals of general-theoretical basis of professional training have been established; optimum relationship between fundamental – academic and professional – practical training of doctors has been suggested.

General and Medical Psychology and Pedagogy Department, led by the chairman, academician of the Academy of Pedagogic Sciences of Ukraine, Maksymenko S.D., has researched into development of medical students’ affection within their professional training. All of the foregoing creates the grounds for intensification of integration into the European educational area under principles of the Bologna process.


Youth Science 

In 2008 the students of Bogomolets National Medical University gained 11 medal places (diplomas, I degree – 6, diplomas, II degree – 1, diplomas, III degree – 4) in II round of Student Scientific Works’ National Contest.

A student and a young scientist have won in the contest of the scientific and research works among the students and young scientists of Kyiv Higher Educational Institutions with III – IV accreditation level “Intellect of the Youth – for Service to the Capital” (16.04.2008).

Election of the chairperson of the Board of AYS of NMU named after Bogomolets to the position of Head of the Young Scientists Board of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine (October 2008), member of Community Board of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine (February 2008) and member of the Presidium of Kyiv Division of Ukrainian Association “Znannya” and a delegate of V congress of this Association (26 – 27 September, 2008) was a remarkable occasion.

It is impossible not to highlight the medal places (2) at VI International Conference of Student Research Groups of Medical University of Warsaw «Medical Problems in the year 2008» (Starogard Gdanski, Poland) and victory in the international mind game “Dental Brain – Ring” (17 April, 2008) among the other achievements.

Excellent arrangements and holding of International Scientific and Academic Conference of Students and Young Scientists “Pressing Problems of Modern Medicine” (5-7 November, 2008), International Conference of Representatives of Student Scientific Associations of Higher Medical Education Institutions (5-7 November, 2008), which was participated by 35 representatives from 10 Higher Education Institutions of Belorussia, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, workshops of the students and young scientists within International Science and Academic Conference, devoted to World Health Day – 2008, 60 years of WHO and protection of health against climate changes, participated by 173 representatives from 7 countries of the world and working with three workshops (English – speaking, medical and social problems and clinical medicine) are worthwhile of notice.

Delegation of NMU, consisting of the representatives of Students Scientific Society, has initiated in Vilnyus University a new direction of SSS work, related to extension of international cooperation.

NMU undertakes extensive scientific work in the following areas
 
Innovations in Surgery and Orthopedics
Solving Pressing Problems of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology (problems of habitual noncarrying of pregnancy, prevention of birth complications, mother child care)
Studying Issues of Pathogenesis, Diagnostics, Treatment and Prophylaxis of Main Dental Diseases (caries, parodentium, tunica mucosa of mouth diseases); Development and Implementation of Implantology, Osseointegration and Prosthetics in Dentistry
Environment and Health Protection and Prophylaxis of Infectious Diseases of the Public in Ukraine
Development and Pathogenetic Substantiation of New Medical Technologies in Cardiology and Rheumatology (ischemic heart disease, essential hypertension, chronic erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis etc).
Working out Techniques of Diagnostics, Treatment and Prophylaxis of GI tract’s and Organs of Hepatobiliary System’s Diseases (gastric ulcer, cholelithiasis, acute pancreatitis and etc).
Solving Separate Problematic Issues Connected with Infectious Diseases, Phthisiology, Urology, Eye, Skin and Nervous System Diseases, etc.
Development and Implementation of Optimization Procedures for Training and Upbringing of Students in Higher Medical Education Institutions

Formulation of Medical Drugs for Treatment of Pancreatic Diabetes, Asthma, Cardiovascular, Oncological and Infectious Diseases.

Geographically, Kiev belongs to the Polesia ecological zone (a part of the European mixed woods). However, the city's unique landscape distinguishes it from the surrounding region.

Kiev is located on both sides of the Dnieper River, which flows south through the city towards the Black Sea. The older right-bank (western) part of the city is represented by numerous woody hills, ravines and small rivers. It is a part of the larger Dnieper Upland adjoining the western bank of the Dnieper in its mid-flow. Kiev expanded to the Dnieper's lowland left bank (to the east) only in the 20th century. Significant areas of the left-bank Dnieper valley were artificially sand-deposited, and are protected by dams.

The Dnieper River forms a branching system of tributaries, isles, and harbors within the city limits. The city is adjoined by the mouth of the Desna River and the Kiev Reservoir in the north, and the Kaniv Reservoir in the south. Both the Dnieper and Desna rivers are navigable at Kiev, although regulated by the reservoir shipping locks and limited by winter freeze-over.

In total, there are 448 bodies of open water within boundaries of Kiev, which include Dnieper itself, its reservoirs, and several small rivers, dozens of lakes and artificially created ponds. They occupy 7949 hectares of territory. Additionally, the city boasts of 16 developed beaches (totalling 140 hectares) and 35 near-water recreational areas (covering more than 1000 hectares).



KIEV, THE CITY

KIEV Climate

Kiev has a humid continental climate . The warmest months are June, July, and August, with mean temperatures of 13.8 to 24.8 °C (57 to 77 °F). The coldest are December, January, and February, with mean temperatures of -4.6 to -1.1 °C (24 to 30 °F). The highest ever temperature recorded in the city was 39.4 °C (102.9 °F) on 31 July 1936. The coldest temperature ever recorded in the city was −32.2 °C (−26.0 °F) on 7 & 9 February 1929. Snow cover usually lies from mid-November to the end of March, with the frost-free period lasting 180 days on average, but surpassing 200 days in recent years.

Local transportation

Kiev Metro, Zoloti Vorota Station

Public transportation in Kiev includes the metro (underground), buses, trolleybuses, trams and funicular. The publicly owned and operated Kiev Metro system is the fastest, the most convenient and affordable network that covers most, but not all, of the city. The metro is continuously expanding towards the city limits to meet growing demand. 


The Kiev funicular.

One unusual mode of public transportation Kiev has is the funicular, that climbs up the steep right bank of the Dnieper River. It transports 10,000–15,000 passengers daily.

All public road transport in Kiev is operated by the united Kyivpastrans   municipal company. It is heavily subsidized by the city as large groups of passengers (pensioners, etc.) are granted free service on its lines. The Kiev public transport system uses a simple tariff system regardless of distance travelled: tickets for ground transportation must be purchased each time a vehicle boarded. Discount passes are available for grade school and higher education students. Pensioners use public transportation free. Monthly passes, which are sold at the price of 60 rides, are also available in all combinations of public transportation: metro, bus, trolley and tram. Recently, privately owned minibuses, marshrutkas, have appeared on Kiev streets. They provide good coverage of smaller residential streets and have convenient routes. Minibuses take fewer passengers, run faster, stop on demand and are more available, although with an increased frequency of accidents. Ticket price and itinerary of private minibuses are regulated by the city government, and the cost of one ride, while higher than on public buses, is still far lower than in Western Europe.

Suburban transportation

A Kiev Metro train on approach toChernigivska station.
A Kiev municipal bus runs along Khreschatyk Street in the city centre.

Suburban transportation is provided by buses and short-range trains (elektrichkas). There are a few bus stations inside the city providing suburban transportation. Private minibuses (marshrutkas) provide faster and more frequent suburban service, currently winning the competition against large buses.

Elektrichkas are serviced by the publicly owned Ukrzaliznytsia company. The suburban train service is fast, and unbeatably safe in terms of traffic accidents. 

Railways

Kiev Railway Station
Railways are Kiev’s main mode of intercity transportation. The city has a developed railroad infrastructure including a long-distance passenger station, 6 cargo stations, depots, and repairing facilities. However, this system still fails to meet the demand for passenger service. Particularly, the Kiev Passenger Railway Station is the city's only long-distance passenger terminal (vokzal).

Construction is underway for turning the large Darnytsia Railway Station on the left-bank part of Kiev into a long-distance passenger hub, which may ease traffic at the central station. Presently, only one rail bridge out of two is available for intense train traffic. A new combined rail-auto bridge is under construction, as a part of Darnytsia project.

In 2011 the Kyiv city administration established a new 'Urban Train' for Kiev. This service runs at standard 4-10 minute intervals throughout the day and follows a circular route around the city centre, which allows it to serve many of Kiev's inner suburbs. Interchanges between the Kiev Metro and Fast Tram exist at many of the urban train's station stops.

It is said that one can walk from one end of Kiev to the other in the summertime without leaving the shade of its many trees.
Kiev is known as a green city with two botanical gardens and numerous large and small parks. The World War II Museum is located here, which offers both indoor and outdoor displays of military history and equipment surrounded by verdant hills overlooking the Dnieper river
.

The monument to Bogdan Khmelnytsky onSt Sofia's Square, with St Michael's Golden-Domed Cathedral in the background.
Among the numerous islands, Venetsianskyi (or Hidropark) is the most developed. It is accessible by metro or by car, and includes an amusement park, swimming beaches, boat rentals, and night clubs. The Victory Park (Park Peremohy) located near Darnytsia subway station is a popular destination for strollers, joggers, and cyclists. Boating, fishing, and water sports are popular pastimes in Kiev. The area lakes and rivers freeze over in the winter and ice fishermen are a frequent sight, as are children with their ice skates. However, the peak of summer draws out a greater mass of people to the shores for swimming or sunbathing, with daytime high temperatures sometimes reaching 30 to 34 °C (86 to 93 °F).[
Lilacs in the National Botanical Garden, with the Vydubychi Monastery, Darnitskiy Rail Bridge and left-bank Kiev visible in the background.
The centre of Kiev (Independence Square and Khreschatyk Street) becomes a large outdoor party place at night during summer months, with thousands of people having a good time in nearby restaurants, clubs and outdoor cafes. The central streets are closed for auto traffic on weekends and holidays. Andriyivskyy Descent is one of the best known historic streets and a major tourist attraction in Kiev. The hill is the site of the Castle of Richard the Lionheart; the baroque-style St Andrew's Church; the home of Kiev born writer, Mikhail Bulgakov; the monument toYaroslav the Wise, the Grand Prince of Kiev and of Novgorod; and numerous other monuments.
A wide variety of farm produce is available in many of Kiev's farmer markets with the Besarabsky Market located in the very centre of the city being most famous. Each residential region has its own market, or rynok. Here one will find table after table of individuals hawking everything imaginable: vegetables, fresh and smoked meats, fish, cheese, honey, dairy products such as milk and home-made smetana (sour cream), caviar, cut flowers, housewares, tools and hardware, and clothing. Each of the markets has its own unique mix of products with some markets devoted solely to specific wares such as automobiles, car parts, pets, clothing, flowers, and other things.

At the city's southern outskirts, near the historic Pyrohiv village, there is an outdoor museum, officially called the Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine It has an area of 1.5 square kilometres (1 sq mi). This territory houses several "mini-villages" that represent by region the traditional rural architecture of Ukraine.

Kiev also has numerous recreational attractions like bowling alleys, go-cart tracks, paintball venues, billiard halls and even shooting ranges. The 100-year-old Kiev Zoo is located on 40 hectares and according to CBC "the zoo has 2,600 animals from 328 species".
A panoramic view of the area surrounding St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery at Mykhailiv Square (central Kiev)

 

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BOGOMOLETS NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

01601, c. Kyiv, T. Shevchenko Boulevard, 13

UKRAINE