The Southern Christian Leadership Conference started from the Montgomery
Bus Boycott on December 5, 1955. The year 1955 marked a painful history for many African Americans, including
Rosa Parks. Ms. Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white man
on the bus. The boycott lasted for 381 days and ended on December 21,
1956, with the desegregation of the Montgomery bus system. The boycott
was carried out by the newly established Montgomery Improvement
Association (MIA). Martin Luther King, Jr. served as President and
Ralph David Abernathy served as Program Director. Dr. King and Rev. Abernathy fought, not only for African Americans; but, for all working Americans living in poverty.
The boycott was also a signal to Black America to begin a new phase of the long struggle, a phase that came to be known as the modern civil rights movement. As bus boycotts spread across the South, leaders of the MIA and other protest groups met in Atlanta on January 10 – 11, 1957, to form a regional organization and coordinate protest activities across the South.
Despite a bombing of the home and church of Ralph David Abernathy
during the Atlanta meeting, 60 persons from 10 states assembled and
announced the founding of the Southern Leadership Conference on
Transportation and Nonviolent Integration. They issued a document
declaring that civil rights are essential to democracy, that
segregation must end, and that all Black people should reject
segregation absolutely and nonviolently.
At its first convention in Montgomery in August 1957, the Southern Leadership Conference adopted the current name, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Basic decisions made by the founders at these early meeting included the adoption of nonviolent mass action as the cornerstone of strategy, the affiliation of local community organizations with SCLC across the South, and a determination to make the SCLC movement open to all, regardless of race, religion, or background.
In Spring 2009, under the direction of Anne Carswell, Associate Director of the Nyumburu Cultural Center, the University of Maryland College Park chapter was birthed. From the three founding members, J'aime Elskoe-Drayton, Tara Brown, and Kashanda Lawrence, SCLC is now a volunteer organization with many members. We have won many awards for leadership