Feodosiya, Stary Krym

Staryy Krym  25 km Ny-ra Feodoszijától . The Ozbek Han Mosque is located in Staryi Krym, Ukraine. The Ozbek Han Mosque is the oldest mosque in Crimea, built during the reign of Uzbeg Khan in 1314. - History: Until the 14th century Staryi Krym was known as Solkhat, a prospering city during the reign of the Golden Horde. Early Crimean Khans had their capital in Solkhat until the first part of the 16th century, when the capital was moved to Bakhchisaray, and Solkhat gradually lost its importance as a cultural and economic center. - There is also a Madrasah of Eski Kirim (1332) next to Ozbek Han Mosque. - The Ozbek Han Mosque was built in 1314 and the madrasah, adjacent to the southern wall of the mosque, was built by Inci Hatun, daughter of Kilburun Bey, in 1332. Only the ruins of the madrasah remain today. The mosque has a square floor plan, which reveals architectural features similar to those found in Anatolia during the Seljuk period. A unique feature of the mosque is its monumental entrance with a carved wooden door. Today, Staryi Krym has a small but devoted Crimean Tatar population, and the Ozbek Han Mosque is once again functioning as a place of worship.
Місто Феодосія (Feodosiia) Feodosiya (Ukrainian: Феодо́сія, Feodosiia;  Russian: Феодо́сия, Greek: Θεοδοσία; sometimes spelled as Theodosia or Feodosia) is a port and resort city in Crimea, on the Black Sea coast. During much of its history the town was known as Caffa (Ligurian: Cafà) or Kaffa (Crimean Tatar: Kefe). Territory subordinate Feodosiia city council, includes in addition a number of Feodosiia settlements. Location: Feodosiia is situated on the southeast coast of the Crimea in Feodosiia Bay and along the slopes of the spurs of the ridge Tepe-Oba, who covers the city from the southwest. Population: 76,000 thousand people Area: 35.1 square meters. km. Waterways: River Baibuga . Theodosius a délkeleti partján, a Krímnek Feodosiya öböl mentén lejtőin Tepe-Oba félszigetek van a város dél-nyugati részén . A szikla magassága 302 m tengerszint felett és kiegészítője a Krími-hegység a fő gerincének  , Eléri a tengerpartot  Cape Aya-fok közelében Sevastopolnál , a Cape St. Elias-nákl Feodosiánál meredek párkánnyal. - A név a' gerinc' a krími tatár nyelven , illetve helyileg: Tepe-Oba, ami szó szoros értelmében - a hegy tetejént jelent. - Az északon  a Baybuga folyó  ömlik a tengerbe, nem messze az Aivazovskaya vasútállomástól  .- Városi tanács , határai :Az északi és keleti Beregovskikh községi tanács, a tengerparton a határ fut az Aranyparton Золотым пляжем és a Riverside falu Береговое , majd a Blizhnie  kerület Ближние Камыши , egy néhány kilométerre északra, a körgyűrű (Kerch út) ; -a  nyugaton Nasypnovskim Village Tanács село Насыпное , a városhatár mentén fut vissza a Kopasz-hegyig Лысой горы és a nyugati nyúlványai Tepe-Oba-hoz Тепе-Оба .A délről Ordzhonikidzevskaya községi tanács Орджоникидзевским поселковым советом, a határon fut körbe Gidropribor egykori üzemз авода Гидроприбор, jelenleg építés alatt álló üdülőfaluval a parton az Dvuyakornaya torkolat берега Двуякорной  öbölben a Nasypnovskim falusi tanács Насыпновским сельсоветом .- - Vízrajz : Feodosiya öböl (a kelet-nyugati irányban 13 km a hosszúság - 31 km) saját körkörös áramlás folyamatosan alakitja a víz partjait. A bejáratnál a mélysége öböl 20-28 méter, amely elegendő az ömlesztettáru- és tartályhajóknak is  . Ajánlott útvonalakként mély csatornákat ástak Feodoszija öbölben. Épült a háború után egy kis olajfogadó móló, a Baybugi folyó torkolatánál is  , az 1990-ben lebontotték -A projektet, hogy megteremtse egy hatalmas olaj móló elvetették a szovjet időkben a környezetvédelmi aggályok miatt :  móló építése vezethet hatásainak öbölben a víz újrahasznosításához és a  természetes öntisztuláshoz. Olaj-kőolajtermék-szállító tartályhajók igy a tengeren végeznének a part megközelítése nélkül . A jelenlegi átrakodó berendezés lehetővé környezeti károkat okoz az öbölben . Feodosia közvetlen közelében a folyók koszosak . Csak nyáron folyik a Baybuga folyoba a vizforrásból az északnyugati részen . - Aárosi területeken lényegesen táplálja livnevki számos forrásból és felszín alatti vizek területén a magánszektor, a szennyvíz. Számos utcák, a régi városrész, sugárirányban a Gulf, eredetileg kis időszakos folyók és patakok, sok megtelik vízzel során hóolvadás a hegy lejtőin Tepe-Oba, és a nyári zápor. Később ezek a folyók alá vonták a város utcáin, és most sikerrel is vihar csatornába. Íme a legfontosabbak. A régióban, valamint a modern utcai Dzerzhinsky áramló folyó, ami folyik a rekeszbe mögött védő h  llámtörő Feodosia port. Under része Rosa Luxemburg Street (admirális Boulevard), a középiskolai № 1 irányában a Knstantin Torony latt és a töltésen tengerészgyalogosok zárt árok az áramló folyó rajta. Az modern street art galéria fut egy folyó, amely a tizenkilencedik század sztválasztotta a város található, a déli, a mezőgazdasági és elővárosi villák. Kis ideiglenes patakok léteznek Elias és Theodosiusm oldalán ..-Felszínrajz  Nyereg Tepe-Oba és Kopasz-hegy között  lehetővé teszi a nyugati szél fújjon a  Klementyev hegyek (Uzun Sirt Ridge), gyorsult jelentős mértékű lehet. Mivel a jelenségről (nevezték a fő utcát Chelnokova) a legszélesebb körben ismert a szeles Feodosia. - Ugyanakkor, a légtömegek felszállnak a vízmosások és a szakadékok mentén , amely a hátsó nyugati része a Kopasz-hegynek itt sokkal több a hó, mint a többi a városrészen, a szél árnyékában. Tavasszal és nyáron, Kopasz-hegy szél árnyéka lefedi a z összes északi kerületet . -Éghajlat  Az éghajlat hasonló a légkör Feodosia Simferopol . Azonban a közelsége a Fekete-tenger a mediterrán éghajlat hozza, az átlagos hőmérséklet egész évben pozitív. Ezért a légkör Feodosia - köztes között a steppei és szubtrópusi. Azonban, ellentétben jaltai , Feodosiában egy sokkal alacsonyabb hőmérséklet. Snow egy átlagosan 23 nap egy évben, tartós hótakaró még csak nagyon súlyos tél (de nem minden évben). A telek enyhék, a nyarak melegek és szárazak.Az éves átlagos hőmérséklet 12,3 ° C,a legalacsonyabb van január (1,8 ° C) és február (1,7 ° C), a legmagasabb - a július (24,2 ° C)A legalacsonyabb átlaghőmérséklet történetében meteorológiai megfigyelések a városban volt, február (mínusz 11,5 ° C) rögzített 1954 , a legmagasabb átlaghőmérséklet januárban volt (7,9 ° C) - a 1915 .A legalacsonyabb átlagos hőmérséklet júliusban (20,7 ° C) volt megfigyelhető 1912 , a legmagasabb (27,4 ° C) - a 1938 .Az abszolút minimum hőmérséklet (mínusz 25,2 ° C) vették fel február 14-én 1911 , az abszolút maximum (38,1 ° C) - augusztus 7. ​​2010 .Az elmúlt 100 évben az átlagos éves hőmérséklet Feodosia van egy tendencia, hogy növekszik. Ezen időszak alatt nőtt mintegy 1,0 ° C- A legnagyobb hőmérséklet-emelkedés történt az időszak januártól júniusig.Egy átlagos évben Feodosia esik 495 mm csapadék , kevesebb - a július , a legtöbb az összes - a december .Minimális éves csapadék (192 mm) volt megfigyelhető 1902 ., a maximális (700 mm), - a 1997 .Maximális napi csapadék (109 mm) rögzített június 23. 1977 .Egy átlagos évben a városban van 110 nap csapadék, a legkisebb (6) augusztus , a legtöbb (14) - a december .Rain a város viszonylag kicsi, ez a legkisebb augusztus , a legmagasabb - a december . -  A leghidegebb hónap az év - február - az átlagos hőmérséklet gyakran nagyobb, mint nulla. A napsütéses órák száma évi 2265, ami több, mint Jaltáé . A tengervíz nyáron átlagosan +19,8 ° C,  július - augusztusban +21,1 ° C. Az úszási szezon , 114 nap egy évben, májustól októberig. --TÖRTÉNELEM A város alapitói görög telepesek Miletus-bó a VI. sz. - ie. 355 Theodosius része volt a Boszporusz  . Megsemmisitik a hunok az i.e. IV században .  -Ebben az időszakban a város és a környező terület lakoi az alánok és a település neve Alanian Ardabda ,(oszétok)  Az V. században a város ellenőrzése alá került a római (bizánci)Birodalomank  , a VI században a kazároké lett  majd újra a Bizánci Birodalomé .-  A következő évszázadokban egy kis falu, egy XIII századi hatása alatt az Arany Horda . Ezt követően vásárolta meg genovai kereskedők. -  A genovai időszak Genovai létre virágzó kereskedelmi kikötő város Kaffa, amely szolgált, mint a fő kikötő és a központ az összes a genovai kolónia a Fekete-tenger északi . Ebben az időszakban a város élte virágkorát . A város lakossága meghaladta a 70 ezer főt, a városban volt bankcentrum  és színház is . Volt saját pénzverde, ahol érméket verték . Genovai támogatással szövetséget kötött a Arany Horde kánjával , formálisan a legfőbb uralkodóé volt mint gyarmat, biztosítva számukra a teljes önkormányzatot a falain belül . -  
Volt egy különleges prefektus a bennszülötteknek , hogy ellenőrizzék a járást kafinskih tartományokat  . Közepére a XV századnak ,  Cuff felülmúlta méretét Konstantinápolynak , a multinacionális lakosságot uralták az örmények  . Oszmán időszak Kozák Hetman Petro Sagaidachnogo nyerni CuffA 1475 Cuff minden vagyonát Genova annektálta a török ​​csapatok, amelyek élén a parancsnok Gedik Ahmet pasa . Az oszmán hódítás összekapcsolta a nevét két hegylánc a dél-nyugati részén Feodosia - Bink és Kuchuk Yanyshary (nagy és kis janicsárok . Kef (ahogy a törökök az úgynevezett Kaffa) vált az egyik legnagyobb török ​​kikötőket a Fekete-tenger, a legnagyobb az észak-fekete-tengeri rabszolga-piac, ahol minden évben több ezer rabszolgát adtak, elfogta krími tatárok alatt razziák ukrán, orosz, lengyel földeket. A török ​​korban a város gyakran nevezik Kyuchyuk-Istanbul - Kis-és Krími Istanbulnak , 1682-ben , a város 4000 helybéli, 3200 muzulmán és 800 keresztény él . A török ​​uralom fokozatosan csökkent a jelentősége , bár továbbra is erős , de erősen elnéptelenedett  .-   közelében Kaffa volt  só kitermelése természetesen  fontos a halászat folyótorkolatokban  . Az Orosz Birodalom I.Aivazovskiy "A fekete-tengeri flotta Feodosiya" A 1771 orosz katona foglalta el  Theodosiust , 1774 -re Kucuk-Kaynarca ment Oroszországba, és 1787 -ben szerepel a Tauride régióban , ugyanabban az időben, közben híres utat a Krímben, kereste fel a császárné ll . Katalin . - A pénzverde Feodosia a nap hajtott az érem felirata a látogató a város, Catherine és Joseph .A város volt a csökkenés, és szenvedett a verseny Taganrog . Ruins tett mély benyomást a császárné.Mivel 1796 - ben Novorossiysk tartományban , és 1798 bejelentett egy 30-éves szabad-port , valamint 1802 átkerül a megyei hivatalok itt és a város kiemelt különleges városházán (megszűnt 1827 ), és 1804 a város kapta ókori nevét Theodosius  . Annak ellenére, hogy aggodalomra ad okot a kormány, Theodosia maradt jelentéktelen város és kezdett kialakulni után csomópont az orosz tartományok vasút ( 1892 ) . Alatt szervezett 1778 az orosz kormány letelepítési a keresztény lakosság a Krím az Azovi-tenger, Kef 5511 elhagyta az örmények, a görögök 1648-ban, 24 grúz. Népesség Theodosia a következő volt: az 1.829 - 3.700, a 1838 - 4500, a 1.861 - 8400 a 1874 - 10600, az 1894 - 17.000 ember  . A XIX században a városban született, élt és dolgozott nagy művész tájkép Ivan Aivazovsky .1888-ban, Theodosiusba látogatott A. Csehov .  - - A 1892 -ben megrendezésre Feodosia vasút Dzhankoy és 1899 költözött a kereskedelmi kikötő Szevasztopol [11] . Ez hozzájárult az ipari fejlődés és a növekedés a város. In 1897 , volt 27.238-ben Feodosiya rezidensek (15.995 férfi és 11.243 nő), beleértve az orosz - 16000, tatárok - 3200, zsidók - 3000, a karaiták - 1700 Népirtás - 1500, más nemzetiségű - 1800 [8] .[ szerkesztés ] forradalom és a polgárháborúMivel a mainstream a krími történelem Theodosia tapasztalt gyakori problémák (éhezés, munkanélküliség, az elnyomás, a gyakori változások a kormány) a közvetlenül csatlakozik Theodosius harci hadosztály a Szovjet Köztársaság Tavrida ellen az osztrák-német, angol-francia erők egységei a White mozgalom [11] . A 20 nap április 1918 2. Ezred Feodosia próbált ellentámadás, kötött német csapatok néhány napig. Idején Wrangel kormány cselekedett Feodosia bolsevik osztag IA Nazukin 28., a résztvevők, akik ki voltak téve elhárító és kivégezték a korai 1920 . [12] Végül a szovjet hatóságok Feodosia novemberében alapították 1920 . A polgárháború után, dokkmunkások, a tegnapi Vörös Hadsereg katonái, harcosok a krími kezdte helyreállítása kikötő Feodosiya . Az éhínség Szovjet-Oroszország gabona-és élelmiszer-ipari termékek külföldről jött át a kikötő Feodosiya. Az év folyamán, a kikötő Feodosiya mozgatói is éhes és kimerült, terheletlen 5.880.000 £ élelmiszer. E bravúr határozatot a Központi Végrehajtó Bizottság 19 március 1923 kikötőben Feodosiya elnyerte a legmagasabb díjat a Köztársaság - Rend a Vörös Banner az Orosz Föderáció  . Az első években a szovjet hatalom a város tapasztalt csökkenés (35.400 lakos 1921 28 700 1926 ). Az ötéves tervek Theodosius alakult elsősorban ipari központ. A Nagy Honvédő Háború az műveletAz első alkalommal, a német csapatok elfoglalták Theodosius 1941 novemberében [A 3] . December 26-30 kikötőjében Feodosiya ben kirakodott nagy Vörös Hadsereg csapatai. Három héttel a város újra lett szovjet. január 18. 1942-ben a várost ismét elfoglalták a német csapatok. Theodosius végül megjelent április 13-án 1944 -ben az általános offenzíva a Vörös Hadsereg.Nehéz harcok pusztulásához vezetett sok a város. A város megkapta az Order of World War I szintjét.
 A háború utáni időszak .A 1954 Theodosius a krími térségben került át az ukrán SSR . A korai 1970-es években, a város megkapta az állapotát a központban.A háború utáni években (1948-1990) a város létrehozott egy hatalmas potenciális katonai-ipari komplexum (MIC). In Feodosia - 13 volt a fekete-tengeri flotta nukleáris arzenálját. Miután Feodosia kikitöből küldték az árukat Kubába a kubai rakétaválság idejen . A városban űrhajóskiképző  1. űrhajós. 57%-a munkaerő dolgozott a védelmi iparban. Visszaállított iparágak: Tobacco Factory (alapítvány év - 1861 ), Oil Terminal ( 1938 ), az új erőművek építése: hajógyártás - FGC "tenger" és a KTB "Sudokompozit" , csak az Ukrajnában, ahol építeni egy egyedülálló fórum, Hajógyár ( 1946 ), Eszköz, Mechanikus ( 1952 ), optikai gyárak, az OAO "Plant Theodosia pálinkák és borok." A mai napig a cég VPK itt vagy pénzügyi bajban van: a legtöbb közülük gyakorlatilag nem működik. Népesség Antik Theodosius volt a második legfontosabb városa európai részének a Bosporuszi Királyságnak , ahol a lakosság a 6-8 ezer fő . Nem szenvednek a Hun invázió, hogy elpusztította a tengerparton, a Kerch-szoros, Theodosius még lassan csökkent, ami egy sor tűz és pusztítás, nyúlik a második negyedévben a VI században. Tartott IX századi módon Andrew szerzetes Epiphanius azt mondta: "És most Feodosia van még a nyomát az emberiség"  .A XIII században a helyszínen az ókori Theodosia történik genovai kolónia Kaffa, a második felében a XV században, a város lakossága elérte a 70.000 ember, ez a mutató meghaladta Konstantinápoly és sok európai város  . A népesség növekedése folytatódott a török ​​időszakban a prefektus a város 1634-ben Dortelli Cuff le, mint egy hatalmas város (7km kerületű), ahol a lakosság a 180 ezer fő, amely a törökök, g
Founded: 6. BC. er. Historical note: Feodosiia founded by Greek settlers from Miletus in 6. BC. er. as a trading post, then the policy. In 355 BC. er. incorporated into the Bosporus. In 4. Town destroyed by the Huns, in a 5-6 cc. Alan appeared settlement. Two centuries called Kafa city was ruled by the Genoese. In the 16-17 centuries. - The main slave market. In 1616, the Ukrainian Cossacks, led by Hetman G. Konashevych-Sagaydachnyi Cafa attacked and destroyed the Turkish fleet, and liberated many captives. In 1667 it also carried a detachment headed by Ivan Sirko. According to the annexation of Crimea to Russia Feodosiia more than 50 years remained in ruins. The subsequent history is connected with the names of Ivan Aivazovskyi, A. Green, has been here Pushkin. - Main Attractions: Gallery Aivazovskyi, Museum Green, Fortress Kafa (Quarantine). http://www.feodosiya-online.ru
1 b Дом отдыха "Вымпел" (Vympel Resting house), Chernomorskii tupik, 6. (6562) 7-31-98,+ (6562) 3-22-04
2 Клуб воздухоплавания"Дельф"(Del'f)Organizetors of outdoor activities)Garnaeva str.,85
3 a Катерининська церква (St. Catherine church)Feodosiia, Fed'ko str., 95
 St. Catherine church continued its architectural traditions of 17 th century. The basis of the plan - a Greek cross, the walls on a high pedestal in the corners are separated by columns. Framed by a portico entrance is located on the west side, above the entrance - elegant belfry. The top of a building surrounded kokoshniks system and the dome is made up of five small domes. In 1937 the church was closed and converted into a warehouse. 4 years later rediscovered by German occupation authorities. Since one of the few functioning churches in the Crimea.-Church of St. Catherine - Orthodox church late 19th century in Feodosia .[ Ed. ] HistoryThe temple was built at the expense of residents Theodosia initiated Lapshin Vasily Ivanovich . Church founded 21 April 1892 , the birthday of the Empress Catherine II .In 1937 the church was closed by the Soviet authorities and "in the spirit of the time" turned into a warehouse. After 4 years returned believer German occupation administration. Since then, the church was one of the few operating in the Crimea in the Soviet times .In 2002 he started the repair and construction of a complex that includes Sunday school, methodical study, library and hotel , and a new church with a baptistery .Near the church are Feodosia bus station and railway station "Aivazovsky" . Architecture the temple was built in psevdorosiyskomu style. The basis of the plan - a Greek cross, a wall on a high base, separated by columns at the corners. Adorned portico entrance is located on the west side, above the entrance - belfry .The top of the building straddles system kokoshniks decorated with carvings. Above the church towering five small domes , painted in blue and "studded" stars. - -  3 b Дом отдыха"Айвазовская"(Aivazovs'ka Resting house)Chernomorskaya emb.,12,(6562) 3-01-13 - -
5 a Пляж "Динамо" (Dinamo Beach)Feodosiya, Lenina ave., 12. - -  5 b Пам'ятник Івану Федько (Monument to Ivan Fedko Statue)Komsomolsk Park . August 2, 2006 in Komsomolsk Park - a favorite vacation spot in Feodosiia a monument to warlord-army commander Ivan Fedko. - -  5 cПам'ятник Воїнам-інтернаціоналістам (Monument to soldiers-internationalists)Feodosiia,Starshinova blvd. The monument is a boulder, marks where the bullets left. On the stone inscription: "May you perish in Afghanistan, but Homeland remembers you." In Afghanistan, killing ten feodosiitsev, on the monument table with their names. - -  5 d Дом отдыха "Светлая" (SvetlayaResting house) Starshinova blvd., 1.(6562) 7-15-53, (6562) 7-18-81 - - 5 e Дом отдыха "Ай-Петри" (Ai-Petri Resting house,  Medical centre)Lenina ave., 4 - - 9 aДом отдыха "Феодосия" (Feodosiia Resting house). Lenina ave., 49, (6562) 3-30-65 - - 9 b Дача Стамболі (Cottage Stamboli). Feodosiia, Lenina ave., 47. - -  Is an asymmetrical composition of two-story volumes, culminating in domes. Quirkiness of the structure highlighted by arched galleries and chetyrehyarusnoy tower, has successfully combined with Moorish motifs of building design. Cottage Stamboli appeared in Feodosia in 1914. Until 1917 she was in possession of tobacco manufacturer Stamboli, and currently holds a health resort "Voskhod".----Villa Stamboli - building in Feodosia on Avenue Aivazovsky , 47, built from 1909 to 1914 year project Petersburg architect Oscar Emilyevycha Wegener.Two-story building was built on a hill in Moorish style (host country - tobacco industrialist Joseph Stamboli was Karaites ). Extensive cellars, caves and outbuilding, a variety of motifs and textures in handling all sorts of towers, covered galleries and terraces give it oriental flavor and majesty. In the interior and exterior harmoniously marble and sandstone , engraving , sculpture and woodcarving. Stone cutting work done masters Theodosia J. Fock, A. Borisov, take Brekhov, I. Ladonkin, A. Vasiliev, A. Schmidt, A. Medvedev, Yu Holonos. In the design of the lobby and conservatory - conservatory used elements of classicism. Construction cost manufacturers at 1.1 million rubles.Dacha intended as a gift to his wife , Rachel Ilinichna to decades of living together. However, started the First World War in 1916 , the J. Stamboli sold his tobacco factory and extensive tobacco plantations and along with his family left for Turkey .After the October Revolution in 1921 was placed in the home health establishment with 100 seats. resort called the name of I. Stalin . With the start of World War II the building was the hospital for the wounded Red Army . During the occupation, he is still taking casualties, but German. Lower Park, which adjoins the country, was brought to the cemetery for the soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht .In 1944 , after the liberation of the city, the building was a summer camp . In 1952 , the house was fully restored, it housed the 9 th sanatorium "Sunrise." And the 60's years of XX century Villa Stamboli considered the northern limit of Feodosia.From 1985 to 1988 years of giving was in office drug centers AR Dovzhenko. Since the early 90-ies of the 20 century a few years building occupied commercial bank . Presently  here is a restaurant and hotel complex of the same name---
11 a Церковь свидетелей иеговы (Jehovah's Witnesses church),Chkalova str., 73(6562) 3-14-26 - - 11 b Музей скульптора Мухиной В.И. (Museum Sculptor Mukhina)Fed'ko str., 1.
(6562) 3-92-52, (6562) 4-30-00 -  - 11 c Музей Віри Мухіної (Museum of Vera Mukhina) Fed'ko str., 1
Museum of Vera Mukhina is open April 12, 1985. He is on the site of the house where she lived future celebrity. Creative heritage Mukhina is very diverse: in addition to the monumental sculpture she created unique sculptures in glass, theatrical costumes and sets, collections of women's apparel, designed the interiors of the pavilions at international exhibitions. Exposition of the museum consists of two halls. Recreated two memorial rooms: the room the girls Faith, furnished home Mukhin, and a fragment of a workshop of the sculptor, which presents her original works, personal belongings and tools.
11 c Пам'ятник загиблим під час аварії на Чорнобильській АЕС (The monument to the victims in the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant), Gorbacheva generala str. 
Fortunately, the consequences of the accident is not overtaken by resort areas of the Crimea, and no harm to Feodosiia - resort. However, there feodosiitsi who died in an accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. They were in Feodosiia in the park opposite the cinema "Ukraine" is a monument. This is a complex two-tone composition consisting of 26 elements of granite and labradorite. - - 15 Казанський собор (Kazan Cathedral)Karla Marksa str., 52 -  In 1907, the project architect G. Keil at the courtyard of the monastery Toplov instead of the wooden church was erected a stone cathedral in the name of Our Lady of Kazan in the tradition of Russian-Byzantine style. Consecration of his place in 1911, the Cathedral seems easy, graceful, aspiring to heaven. This impression is created semi-circular end walls, thin graceful columns on the corners of the building, the dome-like helmet of Russian soldiers, light drum with ten arched windows. Above consists of three interconnected arches, the two sides - the windows are arranged, and in the middle part - temple icon.
15 b Пам'ятник Андрію Первозванному (Monument to St. Andrew) Karla Marksa str. - The Apostle Andrew laid the foundation of Christianity in the Crimea, and Feodosiia was one of the first cities in the Crimea, enlightened light of Christian faith. Fished on the lake Genisaret Andrew was the first of the people whom Christ has called to his disciples, and so for him for ages stuck the name "First-Called." Andrew has lived about 95 years and ended his life a martyr's death, being crucified in Patras (Greece) on the cross, reminiscent of the letter X. Since then, the cross of this form became known as St. Andrew's. This is the cross depicted on the monument reminds us of the man who brought the light of Christ's teachings in ancient Feodosiia. --str. Fyodor opposite Kazan Cathedral - Monument to the Apostle Andrew set in June 2006 year.
16 a Феодосийский центр санаторного лечения (Feodosian resort centre)Sanatorium boarding-house) Gorbacheva generala str., 2,(6562)33000,(6562)33001  - - 16 b Концертный зал "Зоряный" (Zoryanyi Concert hall), Gorbacheva generala str., 5.(6562) 3-56-81. -  18 a "Вилла Милос" (Villa Milos) Дача "Мілос" (Villa Milos)Feodosiia, Lenina ave.,/Avenue Aivazovsky  33. - - The neoclassical building is interesting terrace with columns, caryatids, complex plan and the architectural and spatial solution volume, seasoned proportions and decoration of the facade in the style of ancient Greek architecture. Manor is decorated with marble fountains, caryatids, replicas of ancient statues, including the Venus de Milo, which gave the name of the cottage. An elegant manor was built for merchant I. Krym, --built in 1911 year, ,.Cottage belonged Feodosiya Kommersant I. S. Crimea. Nowadays it is building number 6 sanatorium "Sunrise. - - 18 c Памятник архитектуры "Вилла Виктория" (Villa Victoryia)Feodosiya, Lenina ave., 31.- - 18 d Дача "Отрада" (Cottage Otrada)Feodosiia, Lenina ave., 29. - Built in 1914 by the famous Yalta architect N. Krasnov. Farmstead owners were members of the Karaite kind Krymov. Building problem holds in the Spanish-Moorish style of the medieval period, with exquisite and intricate decoration on the facade of the buildings and various cottages. In addition to the name "Otrada" in the sources say, and give another name - "Victoria". During the Great Patriotic War, the building is badly damaged and its restoration was carried out by architects A. Kolomiichenko, Yu. Kolomiichenko. - - 22 Пам'ятник Феодосії і феодосійкам (Monument Feodosiia and feodosian) Simferopol'skoe highway...On the square formed by the intersection of Simferopol highway  and streets, Volodarskogo, Krymskoi, there is a small park with lovely flower beds and a playground. Its entrance is framed by a colonnade (arch), with the inscription: "With gratitude to Feodosia and feodosiykam. VAS. Over the arch is a sculpture - a woman who holds the baby in her arms. Put an arch in 2005 by order of the measure of Theodosius, V.A. Shaiderov (from 1998 to 2008. - Mayor). Arch beautifully illuminated at night. - - 23 a Церковь "Сурб-Саркис"(Surb-Sarkis Church,Feodosiya,~Andrievsky ln..Surp Sarkis (St.-Sarkiz, Church of St. Sergius ) - architectural monument of national importance , the medieval Armenian church in Feodosia . Tomb Aivazovsky Surp Sarkis (St.-Sarkiz, Church of St. Sergius ) - architectural monument of national importance , the medieval Armenian church in Feodosia . Tomb Aivazovsky --Built in 1330 , the  Gregorian-Armenian community in the city's citadel. Traditionally considered the oldest Armenian church Theodosia .In the 14 - 16 centuries Surp Sarkis has been a hotbed of Armenian learning and culture. The church operated one of the largest contemporary Armenian Scriptorium , developed the art of miniatures and engravings . It worked well-known artists, philosophers, poets and historians Simeon, Baberdetsi, Stepanos, Karnetsi, Avetis, Arakel, Kristosatur, Avraments.Manuscripts from the scriptorium Surp Sarkis stored in the National Library in Paris , the libraries of the Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem and the Armenian mhytarystiv in Vienna , funds Matenadaran (including 29 manuscripts signed Nikohayosa Tsahkarara († 1693 ), the poem "History of country Crimea" poet of the 18th century Martrosa Krymetsi , handwriting Gospel 1649 years .19 - 20 centurySince 1811 year (since the formation of Feodosia Museum of Antiquities) in the church accumulated stone slabs with inscriptions that were in the 20th century foundation lapidariyu Feodosiiski museum . Due to the flooding of the church in autumn 1986 , the exhibits taken to the main museum building.In 1888 , the church was damaged by fire restored at the expense of its parishioners Hovhannes Aivazian . Life is great seascape painter closely related to a house - here he was baptized in 1817 year, where he was married, then his hymn, and was buried in the church fence in 1900 year. Bequest Aivazovsky church and school when it received 50,000 rubles .When Soviet power was restored throughout in 1965 - in 1970 years. During the construction of residential buildings in the surrounding area in 1970 was broken old drainage system, resulting in the temple began pidtoplyuvaty groundwater, causing the death remains of fresco painting . In late 1980 began a new permanent restoration that is actually still pending--Architecture Street Church Surp SarkisAs a result of numerous rearrangements Surp Sarkis quite complex internal layout and spatial resolution.Rectangular central portion with three papivkruhlymy concha , the altar is oriented to the east. From the west wide arch leading to the rectangular porch. The room, which is adjacent to the central part of the north, consists of two parts - the smaller square and larger trapezoid. Most of volume temple complete semicircular arches on pidpruzhnyh arches (except the northern part of the square room, covered vault with ribs ).The walls are built of large blocks of limestone . Outside and inside they embedded marble and limestone cross stone , some of which are much older than the church . Construction joints carefully preserved. Roof covered with tiles .Entrance to the temple is decorated with two Gregorian crosses. Above him a commemorative plate with Armenian inscription that in 1888 the church was rebuilt after a fire in the funds allocated Aivazovsky . Antique walnut doors Surp Sarkis Church, divided into two parts, are in showrooms Hermitage and Feodosia museum . Interior was painted with frescoes, but even saved as the second half of the 20th century fragments lost due to flooding in 1970 year. The altar is kept baptistery font, decorated with stone carvings. Belfry Before the church is belfry , organized during the reconstruction in 1888 , in the intact part of the entrance portal, which previously was the temple together.---"Bell-portal" built in the 15th century in Armenia and Asia Minor style. It is made ​​as a gazebo- kyvoriya . Four massive pillars connected by lancet arches and covered with cross vault. Frieze from the north and south sides are united in decorated with carved rosettes.  Cemetery > Near the church since the Middle Ages buried worthiest representatives of the Armenian community. Preserved tombstone miniaturist painter 17th century Nikohayosa Tsahkarara . Near the western wall of the temple are crypts Aivazovsky and his wife Anna Mykytivna († 1944 )..  24 Дом отдыха "Роза ветров" (Roza vetrov Resting house), Kuibysheva str., 28A,(6562) 3-15-30 - - 25 Светомузыкальный фонтан (Lightmusical fountain) Lenina ave., 19 - - 26 a Турфирма "Агро" (Agro Organizetors of outdoor activities)Galereinaya str., 13. (6562) 2-48-04
27a
Пам'ятник депортованим татарам (The monument to the deported Tatars), Galereinaya str.
April 18, 1997 in the park at the intersection of streets Galereina and Kuibyshev Feodosiia was a monument to the deported Crimean Tatars. A monument in the form of boulders. On it is engraved crescent and a five-pointed star and the inscription: "Eternal memory to the victims of deportation of Crimean Tatars, 1944. . -  - 27 b Феодосійський літературно-меморіальний музей О. Гріна (Feodosiia Literary and Memorial Museum of the Grin) Galereinaya str., 10 (6562) 3-21-08. - - Literary Memorial Museum novelist A. Grin opened in one of Feodosiia homes where he lived from 1924 to 1930 Its exterior design and interior style of old sailing ship. Exposition of the museum recreates not only the details of everyday life and working room of the writer, but also a fantastic world of his literary heroes.
27 c Панно "Бригантина" (Panels Brigantine) Galereinaya str., 10. -  The image of the world's Green - a beautiful brigantine - imprinted on the wall of the house where the writer lived in the years 1924-1929. In July-August 1981 to Feodosiia brought panel "Brigantine", made blocks in Moscow in the feature combine them. Ucheticha. "Brigantine" never gets old and is a favorite place for visitors to the city.
30 a Галерея Айвазовского И.К. (Aivazovski I.K. gallery) Galereinaya str., 2 (6562300-06,(6562)30279
30 b Пам'ятник І. Айвазовському (Monument to Ivan Aivazovskyi) Galereinaya str.  Monument artist Ivan Aivazovsky installed in Feodosia in 1930 to an art gallery named Aivazovsky. The author is a sculptor I. Ginzburg, who personally knew Ayvazovskogo. Artist was the first honorary citizen of Feodosia. Actively participate in the life of the city, no significant event did not take place without his participation....Established in 1930 , near the gallery Aivazovsky ( author of the project sculptor I. Ginzburg ). Aivazovsky displayed with palette and brush in hand. His eyes look toward the sea. On the pedestal are carved the words "Theodosius - Aivazovsky" - - 30 c Феодосійська картинна галерея І. Айвазовського (Feodosiia art gallery Ivan Aivazovskyi)Galereinaya str., 2. (6562) 3-13-09.
aivazovsky.chat.ru A unique museum marine painting, the largest in the world collection of works by Ivan Aivazovskyi. Exposition of the outstanding Russian marine painter who was born and lived for a long time in Feodosiia, posted in the exhibition hall, which he has attached to his studio during his lifetime. Currently, the collection includes 417 paintings by Aivazovskyi and his disciples. In a nearby building - a house the artist's sister, you can see a collection of paintings by Aivazovskyi on mythological and Biblical themes, the works of other masters . - - 30 d Кафе "Аркадия" (Arkadiia)F ast Food Galereinaya str., 1 (6562) 3-13-67 - -  30 e Краеведческий музей (Museum of Local Lore) Lenina ave., 11(6562) 3-09-06 .  - - 30 f Феодосійський Музей Старожитностей (Feodosiia Museum of Antiquities) Aivazovskogo ave., 11, (6562) 3-09-06. -- Museum of Antiquities - the oldest museum in the Crimea, one of the oldest museums in Ukraine and Europe. The museum was opened in 1811 on the initiative of Mayor C. Feodosiia Theodosia Bronevskyi as a museum of antiquities. The Museum contains unique exhibits. They are familiar with the nature of the south-eastern part of the Crimean peninsula, life and culture of the peoples of the Crimea, history, Feodosiia, Crimea. A significant part of the museum collections - archaeological collections. The exposition is deployed in nine rooms, which are five sections of the permanent exhibition and a variety of exhibitions.-Feodosia Museum, opened in 1811, is now one of the oldest museums in Europe. The founder of the museum was the SM Bronevsky while Feodosia mayor. In Feodosia the time it was collected a very large number of different monuments, so the creation of the museum was a great necessity.Currently, the museum has over 70,000 exhibits. Now available in the exhibition building of the late XIX - early XX centuries - in the house Lagorio.In the five rooms of the museum are available not only archaeological sites, but a lot of ethnographic and documentary materials, old maps, a collection of vintage postcards, fossils, minerals, there is a herbarium.Dioramas Hall Nature can provide insight about landscapes southeast Crimea. Part of the rich collection of ancient monuments (35 ancient and medieval) is available in the open air museum in the original courtyard, paved with tiles and paving stones authentic XIX - first half of the XX century.The museum work various exhibitions, including imported from various cities. - - 30 g Детский драматический театр (Children's drama theatre) Lenina ave., 9(6562) 2-72-26. - - 30 h Клуб пешеходного туризма "Кара-Даг" (Kara-Dah Organizetors of outdoor activities)Lenina ave., 9,(6562)31654. - - 39Пам'ятник Феодосійському десанту (Monument Feodosiia landing) Desantnykiv nab. - There once were fierce battles for the liberation of the city from the Nazis. These events have been devoted to the monument to the heroic soldiers of the Kerch-Feodosiia landing. This image of two warriors on a pedestal, at their feet, an inscription: "Feodosiia landing, in 1941." At the spot where now stands a monument, standing 37-millimeter antiaircraft gun.- - 40 a Дельтапланеризма музей (Hang-glidering museum)Kuibysheva str., 12(6562) 21433 (6562)22044. - - 40 b Музей грошей (Museum of money) Kuibysheva str., 12 (6562) 9-50-95,www.museum-of-money.org     Private museum collector A. Oleshchuk is housed in the museum gliding. Its mint existed in Feodosiia in the time of Bosporus, in history, there are 12 periods of issuing money. All of them are represented in the exhibition. The most important exhibits - a coin tatraobol ", dated 4. BC, which has been preserved in a single copy.---Museum of money of Feodosia - the first museum of its kind in Ukraine, opened in 2004. It introduces coin business Theodosius, with a history of domestic and international currency. Home Museum gave a private collection, collected over forty years.Theodosius has twelve periods different issue of money. Even in ancient times there has arisen banking, and the halls of the museum fascinating story about the history of its development.The museum presents the coin 200 countries, money, minted and printed in Feodosia from ancient times to the present day, the money in circulation on the territory of Ukraine and Crimea for two thousand years, and other numismatic exhibits. Some of them are unique and are not represented in any other collection in the world.- 42 Церква Всіх Святих (All Saints Church)Nazukina str., 15.In 1884, the city's Christian cemetery at Theodosia was built All Saints Church. The temple, built in the tradition of old Russian church architecture, was consecrated on 29 April (11 May) 1885. Architect of the temple was a retired engineer and captain Russian Black Sea Fleet M. Nych. In 1961, by decision of city authorities Feodosiia temple was closed as unsafe buildings. And that "crash house" could not break down at once so attracted to this case military sappers who blew up the temple at night to avoid attracting the attention of citizens. In 1999, work began on the construction of a new church, and April 28, 2001 was established the main dome and a cross on it. Temple painting done Severodonetsk artists under the direction of E. Makovei. Gilded walls of the church, in the subjects used the motif of Botticelli paintings and Ivanov. - - 43 =48 c Фонтан Айвазовского (Fountain of Ayvazovskiy)Lenina eve. - - 43 b Пам'ятник О. Пушкіну (Monument to Pushkin), Voikova str. In 1974, on the street Voykova in the park, named after Alexander Pushkin's monument was erected. This bronze statue of the poet, cast in a full-length and mounted on a granite pedestal. Height of figures 2,5 m, pedestal 2 m. The poet is depicted without a hat, a frock coat, with a neck scarf. Alexander turned face towards the sea, the beauty and grandeur which so enraptured him during a trip to the Crimea. - - 43 c Пам'ятник В. Леніну (Monument to V. Lenin), Gor'kogo str. - Originally, this monument was -  erected in 1930, later destroyed during the Nazi occupation. In 1944 (six months after the release of Theodosius from invaders) to the 27 anniversary of the October Revolution in Moscow brought concrete statue of Lenin, who in 1978 was replaced by cast in bronze.  - - 43 d Башня Константина (Bashnya Konstantina) Feodosiya -  - 43 e Башта Святого Костянтина (St. Constantine Tower), Gor'kogo str.  - - Hallmark of the city, the best-preserved tower, logon city fortifications. Tower of Constantine built in the 14 th century, named after the Roman Emperor Constantine (306-337 during the reign). The city was encircled by two lines of walls of thickness up to 2,5 m and a height of 12 meters, 26 fortified guard and defensive towers. Tower of Constantine is popular among tourists because of favorable location in the park on the waterfront. - - 48 a Пам'ятник І. Назукіну (Monument to Nazukin)Gor'kogo str.The monument to the leader of the Bolshevik underground since the Civil War. November 7, 1980 in front of the park "Yuvileinyi", near the fountain, a monument was unveiled by Aivazovskyi Nazukin. During the Civil War was the underground, chairman of Revolutionary Committee of Feodosiia. Tried to organize an armed uprising against Denikin, but in 1920 was captured and white shot. - - 48 b Меморіал загиблим у Великій Вітчизняній війні 1941-1945 рр.. Вічний вогонь (Memorial to the victims of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. Eternal Flame), Gor'kogo str. High in the sky shining takes 16-meter column of stainless steel. In the upper part of strengthened bronze image of the Order of World War I level. At the foot of the monument is lit "Eternal Flame" as a symbol of eternal memory of the brave Soviet soldiers who liberated the city from Nazi invaders. The right of the column - horizontal stela with a plaque, which lists the names of commanders of units and formations involved in the liberation of the city. - - 48 c Фонтан Айвазовського (Aivazovskyi Fountain)Korobkova str. - Monument-Fountain - an ornament of the city, associated with the name of the great marine painter, who was also a great philanthropist, a benefactor to the townspeople. Construction of water was conducted in the spring and summer of 1888. At the official opening day of running water, there was a launch of a fountain at the Novo-Piazza. The Fountain being constructed under the project and the means of Ivan Aivazovskyi. Their shape is rectangular structure of oriental style with a large canopy on the roof. Built of local stone, shell, partially preserved stone cladding.----Fountain Aivazovsky - architectural monument in Feodosia in Jubilee Park. Built in 1888 , with the project and the means of Ivan Aivazovsky .[ Ed. ] HistoryTheodosius always lacked water , especially after being on the nearby mountains were carved wood . In the dry summer of 1887 , the water in the city brought in barrels steamers of Sevastopol . autumn of that year Aivazovsky decided to donate the city Subaske source that was found in his estate near the town of Stary Krym . Bookmark the fountain took place on September 12 1887 , after worship at the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Feodosia.Construction of water was conducted in the spring - summer 1888, its construction city spent 231,689 rubles, a very large sum for those times.Official opening of the fountain took place on October 1 1888. In water laid length of 25 km with iron pipes Theodosius was getting daily 50 000 buckets of clean drinking water .Initially, the City Council was going to be called fountain named Alexander III , were prepared and sent to judicial review relevant documents. Without waiting for a decision city officials prepared collateral slab on which were carved the words "Emperor Alexander." However, given the merits Aivazovsky, High Decree, which followed in September 1888, was the date of the fountain poveleno name of the great artist. In this regard, the mortgage plate fountain instead of the words "Emperor Alexander" knocked out "I. K. Aivazovsky ". Money for the new stove was gone, so it was decided to cut its center labeled block and insert the new text. If you look at the mortgage plate, before the first letter in the name IK Aivazovsky clearly shows details of the letter "S" larger the word "emperor", and named after the details of the letter "A" from the word "Alexander."The shape is rectangular fountain oriental style building with large eaves of the roof , built of local stone, shell, partially preserved stone cladding. In pre-revolutionary times the fountain was a silver cup with the inscription "For health IKAivazovsky and his family."In 1993 he completed the reconstruction of the fountain. - -  48 d Памятник Слави и Вечный огонь(Monument of glory and the eternal flame)Nazukina str., 1 - - 48 e Фонтан-пам'ятник"Доброму генію"(Fountain-monument to the Genius of the Good)Korobkova str. - In 1890, on the streets of Italy (now Gorkyi Street) was built a memorial fountain, which became the ornament of Feodosia. Fountain-monument was installed feodosiytsami in gratitude the family Aivazovskyi. However, due to improperly organized system of water flow adjacent to the fountain area was soon submerged, and the fountain is closed. In 2004, the Day of the city opened the reconstructed fountain near the site of the initial installation - in a picturesque park, which immediately became the best recreation in Feodosiia. Monument restored on the old cards.---Fountain "demon" - the fountain -monument in Feodosia opened in 2004 , to the date of the city.[ Ed. ] BackgroundIn 1890 , on the streets of Italy (now Gorky) was constructed fountain memorial ornament becoming Theodosia. Decision fountain was original. On the pedestal was installed a bronze female figure, holding a shell from which flowed the water in a stone bowl, overwhelming her through the land subsided into the pool, which ascended above the ground. From the figure was placed Laurelled palette labeled "demon." In the stories of old-timers, the bronze figure piznavalasya Mykytivna Anna - wife of artist I. Aivazovsky .In gratitude, the family Aivazovsky feodosiytsi and installed this fountain-monument. In the 30's 's bronze figure was moved and installation at the center of a round concrete pool in an urban garden and stone constructions former fountain dismantled. Fountain-monument largely lost its original value.During World War II monument disappeared. The fate of the monument is not known. Today this place be a monument to pioneer guerrillas Viti boxed .[ Ed. ] New monumentNew monument built by the Feodossia . Restorer - sculptor Valery Zamehovskyy Theodosia. Fountain sculpture cast in Dnipropetrovsk .Crowned composition arcade labeled in the center of Russian "Big Aivazovsky and his students appreciate Theodosius" and the names of the sides: Faessler, Latri, Hansen, Lagorio. - 48 g Пам'ятник адміралу Соковніну (Monument to Admiral Sokovnin)Korobkova str. - -
In 2002, Admiral Boulevard, a monument to Admiral Sokovnin. Vice-admiral, a member of the Crimean War, he served on the Black Sea Fleet, took part in the first defense of Sevastopol, has long been the commandant of the naval port of Feodosiia.Bust Nicholas Sokovnin established in 2002 , near the fountain "demon." -  - 48 h Пам'ятник В. Коробкову (Monument to Korobkov), Gor'kogo str.
This monument to the pioneer-partisan Vitia Korobkov was established in June 1959. Made of bronze statue on a pedestal of polished dark-gray granite. Carefully worked out all the details, down to the smallest folds of clothing. The monument depicts a pioneer-guerrilla who sneaks along the wall with folded leaflet in hand. - - -55 Церква Св. Георгія (Вірменська) (St. George's Church (Armenian)) Nakhimova str., 32 .
The church belongs to the Armenian-Gregorian iconic buildings of 15 century. Rectangular structure built of rubble and plastered both outside and inside. The church building has three floors: the western part - the vaulted, average - is covered with a dome tent on the octagonal drum, and the oldest - Conch and semicircular arches on arches. ----Church of St. George (Armenian) - a monument of architecture of the Armenian Catholic Church 14th century in Feodosia . Former kafolikon eponymous George Monastery. -Constructed in 1385 , was the main church of the great Armenian Monastery of St. George. Rebuilt in the 19th century Orthodox .Architecture The plan - elongated rectangle. The peculiarity of the appearance because the building consists of several convergence of different sizes.Ancient eastern part is composed of rubble and covered with semicircular arches on arches . Completed in the 19th century, middle and western parts are constructed of treated stone. Second temple tent dome in the traditions of Russian architecture in the octagonal drum. West has sklepinchaste overlap. Window and door openings ncet. - -57 a Введенська церква (Presentation Church) Krasnoarmeiskaya str., 11. - As evidenced by historical and archaeological materials, the Greek Church dates from 9.7 cc. Consists of the temple from different parts of the building over time. The most ancient - the Byzantine part - in the form of a small church hall type. By the later time is the lower part of the bell tower, consisting of four pillars, covered with a dome on the sails, which served as entrance portico. In the 30 years, like other churches, the church was closed and disfigured - shot down an elegant stone carving that decorated the altar, painted murals, dome and bell tower demolished. Now - it's operating temple of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. HE returned to the faithful in 1993. - - 57 b Пам'ятник героям-підводникам (Monument to the heroes-submariners), Gor'kogo str. - A monument in honor of the 100 th anniversary of Russia's submarine fleet. Represents a Stella with a picture of a submarine. On the monument two inscriptions: "The Knight of the sea depths 1906-2006" and below "From 1956 to 1996 in the town of Feodosiia Sevastopol based Red Banner connect the Black Sea Fleet submarines. - - 57 c Меморіальний комплекс "Алея героїв" (Walk of Heroes Memorial Complex) Gor'kogo str. - -
The idea of ​​creating the Mall with the busts of feodosiitsev - heroes of the Great Patriotic War and the Crimean (1854-1856) War, belongs to the mayor of Feodosiia V. Shaiderov (from 1998 to 2008 - the Mayor). Busts are made of granite, 2 m 40 cm Portraits of the heroes created by the photos from the archives of Feodosiia Museum. Bust 12 heroes whose names are linked to Feodosiia.  - - 57 d Пам'ятник екіпажу броненосця "Потьомкін" (Monument to the Battleship Potemkin crew) Gor'kogo str. - This historic event took place June 14, 1905, when the crew of the newest ship royal navy battleships "Prince Potemkin Tauride"off the coast of Theodosius declared his craft revolution. It was the first uprising against the czarist regime. The monument consists of four bas-relief of soldiers, sailors, below - the image of the ship. Side of the monument inscription: "June 22 (5 July) 1905 at the Feodosiia raid was in revolt against the autocracy Battleship Potemkin." - - 57 f Пам'ятник лікарю О. Довженку (Monument to the doctor Dovzhenko), Gor'kogo str. The monument is located near the medical clinic Dovzhenko Feodosiia sea trading port. Massive figure Dovzhenko grows out of granite blocks. Deployed in a characteristic gesture of palms Healer and hypnotist, as it were sent to the patient kind and strong impulses. There is a legend that he visited the monument Dovzhenko, paused beside him, many feel calm and relieved. - -  62 Церква aрхангелів Гаврила і Михайла (Archangels Gabriel and Michael Church) Timiryazeva str., 11. -  Armenian Church of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel in Feodosiia was built in 1408, using as a material common in the Crimea rubble stone adze places. Outside the temple walls are plastered with a solution of tsemyanki. The church was built in the spirit of Armenian religious architecture of 12 century. At the north side is hexagonal bell tower, decorated with stone carving. Restoration of the Armenian Church was held from 1967 to 1970.-----Church of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel - architectural monument, Armenian Catholic 15th century in Feodosia , near the church of S. Sarkis . History :Built in 1408 year. One of the first Armenian Catholic Church - its priests participated in the Coun cil of Florence , which recognized the union.Temple renovated 1,967 - 1 970 years.-- Architecture : The building was built in the tradition of Armenian religious architecture of the Middle Ages with elements of Romanesque . Material - local rubble stone, angles - of cut. The temple is crowned with a dome on an octagonal drum. Decorated carved hexagonal bell tower is located on the north side of the church. Interior : Preserved fragments of frescoes and ancient tiled floor.- -  63 a Могила І. Айвазовського (Grave of Ivan Aivazovskyi) Timiryazeva str.The great Russian seascape painter. During his lifetime, wrote more than 6000 pictures. Gained worldwide fame emotional excitement of his paintings, with their tendency towards pathos and heroics. Died I. Aivazovskyi April 2, 1900, buried in Feodosiia, in the courtyard of an old Armenian church of St. Sergius. On one side of a marble sarcophagus inscription: "Born a mortal, he left on his immortal memory." Headstone (sarcophagus from a single block of white marble) made the Italian sculptor Biodzholi. - - 63 b Церква Св. Сергія (Саркіса) (St. Serge (St. Sarkis) Church)Feodosiia, Timiryazeva str., 1. - Armenian Church of St. Serge (St. Sarkis) refers to the monuments of 14-15 centuries. The building was reconstructed several times and is original layout, as well as an interesting space-spatial solution. The central part of the building with three semicircular apses under semicircular arch on podpruzhnyh arches. Temple walls are built of blocks of local limestone and marble slabs (cross-stones). The interior of the church was decorated with ornaments in the art murals (the fragments).- - -  65 Мечеть Муфті-Джамі (Mufti-Dzhami mosque), Karaimskaya str.,1. - Square in terms of the temple was built of rubble stone with alternating brick. The entrance to the mosque is flanked by niches as a mihrab. The windows of buildings located on two levels, the dome is made as dvenadtsatigrannogo light drum, which is based on spherical sail. Adjacent to the mosque minaret, built of hewn limestone. In the late 18 th century - early 20 th century mosque in the building of the Catholic Church of the Assumption. In 1975 was carried out restoration of the building in which to restore the lost part of the minaret, eliminate cracks, replace windows, doors, floors, roof and interior plaster.---Mufti Jamil (Mufti Jamil, Yuldyz Jam and Crimea. Müfti Cami) - congregational Friday Mosque in Feodosia ( Crimea ). The only preserved historic Muslim religious building of the city and suburbs.During the late 18 - early 20 th century was the Armenian Catholic Church of the Assumption.Content - History : Built during 1623 - one thousand six hundred and thirty-seven years Feodosiysky Turks modeled on medieval Istanbul mosques. In the 17 - 18 centuries before Mufti Jamil located dyurbe not preserved to our time. After joining the Crimea to the Russian Empire transferred Armenian Catholics.In 1975 he conducted not too successful restoration, during which the monument returned to its original form (restored the lost part of the minaret, fix cracks, replaced windows, doors, floors, roof and interior plaster). At the end of the Soviet era building mosques gave the Muslim community, and in 1998 it was held every Friday prayer Juma Namaz. Architecture  Quadrangular plan mosque built of rubble stone with alternating brickwork. Log Mufti Jamil flanked by niches- mihrab . Windows buildings located on two levels, finished high dome with a 12-sided drum light, based on spherical sails.In the mosque adjoining octagonal minaret , made ​​of hewn limestone . Nearby mosque fragments of old stones and ruins of Turkish baths .- - - 66 Пам'ятник на честь 30-річчя перемоги у Великій Вітчизняній війні (A monument in honor of 30 anniversary of victory in World War II) Gor'kogo str.The monument is the anchor of the cruiser "Krasnyi Kavkaz". Anchor weight - 3 tons. On the inscription: "Anchor cruiser "Krasnyi Kavkaz", left them at the time of landing Feodosiia landing in January 1942. On a dais in front of the anchor two bas-relief of soldiers: soldiers and sailors, a number of - a five-pointed star.  - -  67 a Вірменський фонтан (Armenian Fountain) Feodosiia, Aivazovskogo str. - Armenian fountain was opened at the foot of Mithradates in 16 century, far from appearing before the church of the archangels Gabriel and Michael. The fountain, built of rubble stone, bonded with lime mortar, is made in the form of a prism. Its eastern part is decorated with lancet and three niche carved rosettes on it. Above the water cannon is a marble slab with an inscription in Armenian and the date construction of the fountain. These fountains were built in Armenia from 11 to mid-19 th centuries. - - - -68 a Докова башта (Dock Tower)Feodosiia Dock Tower, referring to the buildings Genoese fortress, was built in 14 century and its purpose was not only protective, but shipbuilding function. This is evidenced by the building architecture, in particular, Korobova arch and the entrance from the ground. Despite the fact that the Dock Tower is washed by the sea and standing in the sand, it is well preserved, since its base is 68 a Докова башта (Dock Tower)Feodosiia Dock Tower, referring to the buildings Genoese fortress, was built in 14 century and its purpose was not only protective, but shipbuilding function. This is evidenced by the building architecture, in particular, Korobova arch and the entrance from the ground. Despite the fact that the Dock Tower is washed by the sea and standing in the sand, it is well preserved, since its base is filled with clay, gives the building "effect of the float. "  - - 68 b Пам'ятник Афанасію Нікітіну (Monument to Nikitin), Portovaya str. Author - sculptor Valery Zamehovskyy.July 27, 2008 in Feodosiia the opening of the monument to the Russian merchant and explorer Nikitin. The sculpture is installed in the area quarantined at the foot of the medieval Genoese fortress and the ancient church of the Iberian Icon of the Mother of God, which is said to have prayed to Nikitin, when in 1474 landed a medieval Feodosiia (in those days Kafa), returning from a trip to faraway India . Monument to 3,2 meters tall, made of cast iron and mounted on a pedestal, laid out from the rough stone. - -  68 c Церква Св. Георгія (St. George Church)Feodosiia, Rabochii gorodok str. - the temple belongs to the complex of buildings Genoese fortress, is a construction, typical of Armenian religious architecture. Was built in the 14 th century, but with the 19 th century was used as a repository for archived documents. Restored during the restoration work in 1968. Church of St. George is a rectangular building, covered semicircular arch on podpruzhnyh arches. Refers to the hall-type facilities, and built of rubble (some parts are faced with hewn limestone). The roof of the Armenian Church of St. George and the gable is covered with tiles.
68 d Генуэзская крепость (Genoese fortress ruin ) Feodosiya. -  - 68 e Башта Кріско (Христа) (Crisco Tower (Christ)Feodosiia, Portovaya str  - This two-level structure, which belongs to the towers open, ie has only three walls. On the first floor housed loopholes, the second one is the window-embrasure. The upper portion of the tower, namely its fighting platform, defended the teeth-merlon. On the northern and southern side of the tower continued to fortifications. Tower of Crisco, but their defensive role, has become famous by the fact that in the 13 century, one of the walls were installed to strengthen Europe's first mechanical clock. On the face of them there was only one shooter. - - 68 g Церква Йоана Предтечі (St. John the Baptist Church), Portovaya str. Is one of the most ancient churches, preserved on the territory of Crimea. The construction, with its characteristic architectural appearance of the Armenian churches, belong to the 13-14 centuries. The temple is a square in terms of building which is crowned by an octagonal drum with windows, turrets and cupolas. The main hall had been decorated with stone statues of John the Baptist and Nicholas, and decorated with original frescoes, but survived, only fragments of frescoes, and the figures of saints were gone. With the arrival of Cafu Turks in 1475, St. John the Baptist Church was renamed the Quarantine church and abandoned. Only in 1875 the temple was re-consecrated and was named in memory of the Iberian Mother of God. Full restoration was completed by 1996 and the church gave the Orthodox Church.+ Only in 1875 the church was re-consecrated by the Russian Orthodox Church in honor of the Iberian Icon of the Mother of God.In Soviet times, the church was closed. Was ruined frescoes , sculptures disappeared. During the Bolshevik terror territory near the temple was a place of mass executions.In 1996 he completed the restoration under the direction of architect and sculptor Valery Zamyehovskoho. After this church again became Orthodox Architecture .The building consists of two parts that were built at different times. An earlier volume - square in plan, topped by an octagonal drum with windows, battlements and dome . Located by the main entrance later completion - an elongated rectangular in plan, divided into three Stovba aisles with semicircular arches .At the entrance - Khachkar and several ancient Armenian headstones - the remains of the cemetery.-- Interior:The main hall was decorated with frescoes (fragments survived). Back in the 1920 's in the altar of the preserved medieval reliefs with images of John the Baptist , St.. Nicholas and scenes Eucharist (disappeared in Soviet times ). - - 68 h Церква Йоана Богослова (St. John the Divine Church), Portovaya str.
The church belongs to the buildings Genoese fortress (Quarantine) in Feodosiia, the existing data was built in 14-15 centuries. The temple is the Armenian religious facilities, and created in the spirit of similar churches in Armenia and Crimea. The Church does not differ significant amount of decorative elements - they are preserved only on the patio doors (ornaments, crosses). Thanks to unique architecture, the temple has very good acoustics. At present the temple is closed to public access. - - 68 j Церковь Иоанна Богослова (John Bogoslov church) Vodostochnaya str., 44
68 k Церква Св. Стефана (St. Stephen Church) Feodosii .

greek church Stephen's Feodosiia is a monument of architecture of 14 century and resembles the Armenian Church of St. George, located nearby. It also represents a rectangular building, covered in podpruzhnyh korobov vault arches. Composed of the church from processed rubble and outside is not plastered. Entrance is located on the west, and above it is constructed lancet niche. Gable roof and is covered with tiles. Previously, the temple walls inside were all decorated with frescoes, but so far remain only fragments thereof. Restoration of the monument was carried out from 1955 to 1956.--- 68 l Пам'ятник Кесарю Беліловському (Monument to Kesar Belilovskyi)(Top, Rabochii gorodok str.In 1916 a monument was erected doctor quarantine Kesar Belilovskyi. Designed the monument in the form of rocks,built of local gray limestone. Location of the monument is no accident: it was here in the years 1911-1913 Belilovskyi discovered the source of mineral water "Crimean seltzer".
77 Генуезька фортеця (Карантин) (Genoese fortress (Quarantine)), Portovaya str.
   

Medieval fortifications in the city of Feodosiia, built by the Republic of Genoa in the 14 century for the defense of its largest holdings in the Crimea - Kafa. The fortress had two lines of fortifications: the citadel and the outer part. The Citadel was built in 1340 - 1343 years around the Quarantine of the hill and still being  completed within ten years. Citadel built of limestone in the mortar with carefully erased sutures. The length of the walls of the citadel was 718 m, of which 469 m. The walls have survived to reach a height of 11 m and 2 m in width. In the 19 century, most buildings were dismantled. So far, survived the southern wall of the citadel with two towers, part of the western wall, gate piers, several towers in different parts of the city.---Genoese fortress - fortress in the city of Feodosia ( Crimea , Ukraine ), built by the Genoese in the 14th century .Located on the shores of Feodosiya Bay in the southern part of the city was a stronghold of the medieval Kafi . Now the remains of the castle is a historical and architectural reserve.--History:Citadel built around Quarantine hill on steep slopes towards the sea, which could serve as the primary obstacle to the enemy. Construction was carried out from 1340 to 1343 year, full completion lasted for over ten years. Consisting of limestone to lime mortar with a thorough wipe seams. Special quarries Kafa had - building materials for the strength usually mined in places of the surface rocks on the slopes of the surrounding mountains or the ocean floor.The fortification consisted of walls , reinforced by twelve towers . The walls reach the height of 11 m and 2 m wide. Medially were six gates . Length walls of the citadel was 718 m Fortress also has several marinas . During the fortress walls ran deep ditch filled with water . It was not only fortification - channel also vidsikav Cafu from the slopes of the mountains and led the storm drains into the sea.In the citadel housed the consular palace , the Treasury , the residence of the Latin bishop , Courthouse with a balcony for the announcement of consular decisions, offices to check balances , warehouses and shops especially valuable commodities - precious stones, furs , silks .In the 19th century most buildings were dismantled. To this day preserved southern (two towers - St. Clement and Crisco) and part of the western wall of the citadel, and piers main gate. The total length of surviving walls - 469 m . ---Attractions :There are the monuments of antiquity, including the church:John the Baptist ( 13 - 14 centuries )St.. John the Theologian ( 14th century. )St.. George ( 14th c. )St.. Stephen ( 14th c. )and towers:Saint Clement ( 1348 year)Crisco ( 14th c. )others..-------Genoese fortress - fortress in the city of Sudak ( Crimea , Ukraine ), built by the Genoese from 1371 to 1460 year.The fortress is situated on an ancient coral reef , which is a cone-shaped mountain ( Kiz-Kull-breaker or Serf), near Sudak Bay of the Black Sea . Area fortress almost 30 hectares .Content [сховати]  1 History2 The device 2.1 Lower (protective) layer2.2 Upper (Consular) tier2.3 City3 Present4 Links[ Ed. ] HistoryThe first fortifications built the Byzantines in 6-7 centuries. Then fortress captured Khazars , in 10-12 centuries - again Byzantines. In the 13th century Sugdea becomes the center of the Venetian colony, but gradually Genoese ousted their rivals from the Crimea . In 1365 , they captured Soldayyu (Genoa name Sudak), and then the whole southern coast . Most buildings Sudak fortress, which survived until our days, are Genoese period, so it is called "Genoese".Remains Kirillov barracksIn 1475 , on the coast near the fortress troops landed sultan. Because they knew that impregnable fortress, they resorted to trickery. With catapults they threw the corpses through the walls of the fortress disguised died of plague . Nobody dared them clean and in panic. Consul of mercenary troops fled by sea, and the inhabitants of the fortress decided to surrender to the invaders, and opened the gate. The same day, the entire population of the fortress was cut. After the fall of the fortress of Sudak Crimea and some went to the Ottoman Empire and governed by the Turkish governor Sultan.After the annexation of Crimea to Russia there was a regiment stationed Kirillov and ordered Potemkin built two barracks (7, 27), the ruins of which have survived. Before one left two iron cannon , abandoned Russian troops off.Fortress stood for centuries. It was not subject to natural elements as stone buildings were sealed with a special solution, which had elastic and therefore its walls were not terrible earthquake . Destroyed its people stretching as building material for their buildings.In the 1960 's there was an attempt to restore the original appearance of the fortress. Was done a lot of work, but it was not finished. Eventually one of the walls built by Soviet builders collapsed.Panorama Genoese fortress. The deviceFrom the east and south of the citadel was impregnable, from the west - hard to reach, from the northeast access perehorodzhuvav deep ditch. Fortress has two tiers of defense between yaks was located city .Outside the walls is another tower - Frederico Astahverra (Port). During the Genoese it was connected by a wall with corner towers of the fortress and the tower, which stood on Mount Palvani-two. This defense line protecting the territory of the old port Soldayi.Lower (protective) layerLower defensive zone stretching about a kilometer is a massive outer wall height of 8.6 meters and a thickness of 1.5-2 meters. The wall was reinforced by fourteen combat 15-meter towers and complex Main Gate. Most of the towers were named after Genoese consuls in which they were built. This report embedded in the walls of the towers plates with inscriptions in medieval Latin and heraldic symbols: emblem of Genoa , on the left - the emblem of the ruling doge, right - the emblem consul Soldayi.All towers lower tier, except one, Arsenal, trohstinni. Out of the inner wall. This has several explanations:In order to save time and money. Appointed Consul of Genoa for one year and during this time he had to build a tower, or whether part of the fortified wall;In order to control construction. With Consular tower was clearly visible what do builders through the open wall;For safety purposes. If the enemy managed to capture a tower, through the open wall, it could easily destroy fire from the city.Entrance to the castle - main gate - protected by two towers (2.3). Before the gates restored Barbican  - semicircular wall. The area between the walls and the main gate barbican served as customs, where traders took duty for imported goods. Constructing the Barbican front of the gate was the moat and entrance gates served as a bridge across it, which closed after sunset, and after its construction have vertical lift gate. Bararbakan built and rebuilt several times in the 15th century. Above the entrance to his image of the Virgin Hodegetria and inscription in Latin'In 1469 this building ordered to build a noble lord Bernardo di Amiko Honorable Consul Soldayi.'Upper (Consular) tierWall of Consular to WatchtowerThe top tier consists of Consular Castle  and towers, connected with it by a wall that runs along the very ridge and watch tower complex  on top of the mountain. Patrol storey tower in terms of forming an irregular quadrangle. From the tower there were only three walls - the fourth collapsed into the sea. There are traces of a fireplace , niches, stone staircase. At the end of the XIX century on one of the walls clearly loomed mural , depicting the Catholic Madonna, the heart of which penetrated Sim swords . Apparently, it was home chapel dedicated to the Holy Virgin Mary . Along with the Sentinel is angular tower . The inscription on the stove, built-in wall allows you to accurately date the construction of 1386 year. In the wall of the tower let into another 27 plates with crosses of different shapes. Aside of it carved into the rock two pools that fill with water from a small stream .Consular castle - a complex of buildings consisting of the main tower - donjon, and the tower in the northeast corner of the castle. Both towers connected by thick walls, between which there is a courtyard.On the ground floor of this tower is a niche with a rounded top. A small plate on it once decorated with a bas-relief image of George , whence comes the name of the tower - George. During the war consul Soldayi had no right to leave the castle, so there were living quarters.City In the city there were houses and warehouses of weapons , churches , taverns, official institutions. Inside the fortress a few preserved buildings from different historical periods. This rectangular tank  and a round pool  - Deep in the ground water storage, storage provisions , the temple of the arcade :rectangular tank - a building for storing water in case of drought or siege. Capacity 185 m ³. The water in the tank came conduit (ceramic pipes) from sources on the mountain Perchem 3 km north of the fortress. Built in 1375 , the consul at Genoa Lodisio di Montaldo. The walls of the tank mounted on a foundation built in the Khazar period in the 9th century ;Mosque Sultan Cami - located in the eastern part of the fortress. Probably built Seljuk Turks in the 20 years of the XIII century . Then it was rebuilt in the Orthodox church, and then the Genoese - in the Catholic church. After taking Sudak Turks it again into a mosque. After the annexation of Crimea to Russia, there were consistently Orthodox church architecture, German kyrha, the Armenian Catholic Church. Now there is a historical and archaeological museum
77 b Башта Климента (Папи римського) (Clement Tower (Pope))Portovaya str.,Tower of Clement VI - this three-level, rectangular building. Angle inside the citadel is open. In the lower tier of the tower has six embrasures, which went on all four sides. In the top tier are the window-embrasure. Top military site protected teeth-merlon. In the south wall of the tower there is a niche in which the construction of the building was mounted marble slab with the date of construction of buildings.
78 Памятник архитектуры"Башня Джованни ди Скаффа"(Bashnya Djovanni di Skaffa) Feodosiya
78 b Башта Джованні Діскаффа(Кругла Вежа)(Dzhovanni Diskaffa Tower (Round Tower)),Bol'shevistskaya str.,2
Was built simultaneously with the citadel of the fortress in 1342, and before the construction of the outer defensive wall stood apart, 400 meters from the citadel. Tower guarded the city from the south-east and was a huge circular structure, built of large blocks of raw limestone to lime mortar. The tower was a three-tiered, inner diameter - 22 meters, the thickness of the walls - 2 meters. The narrow gate leading into the round tower was pierced in the wall at an oblique angle, making the attackers storm the tower. To the present day from the tower foundations are preserved, and two fragments of walls.
80 Винзавод "Коктебель" (Winery Koktebel)Koktebel', Lenina str., 97.(6562) 2-43-57,www.doroga.ua
The history of industrial winemaking in Koktebel originates since 1879 Its founder was a scientist-ophthalmologist E. Yunge, who laid the vineyards on the local fertile lands. His son, Alexander, studied winemaking in France, Italy, Germany and France, has completed construction of his father's estate winery with large cellars. They are also a con. 19. laid the foundations of scientific winemaking. State Farm-factory Koktebel created in 1944 Now this is one of the largest wineries in the Crimea, which has a complete production cycle. Products are not just awarded to international exhibitions.      
81 Памятник природы "Тиха бухта" (Tykha bukhta (Quiet Cove))KoktebelSeveral years ago, the Supreme Soviet of Crimea gave the monument to nature "Tykha bay" status of the regional landscape park local area of ​​1,508 hectares. On the territory of "Tykha bay," were 27 red-listed species of flora and 15 species of terrestrial fauna from the Red Book of Ukraine. 64 species of flora "Tykha bay" are rare endemic species in the Crimea. Two animal species - swamp tortoise and leopard runner - made to the International Red Book
82 Гора Клементьєва (Хребет Узун-Сирт) (Mount Klementieva (Uzun-Syrt Ridge))10kmW . Koktebel.Gore is a huge eight-shoe with a flat top. Inside this horseshoe on a deep trough Barykol which constantly arise rising air currents, washing the top of the mountain. The elongation of the mountain is defined direction stretch its constituent species. Uzun-Syrt consists of unequal density interbedded limestone and marl. Mount Uzun-Syrt - the cradle of the domestic aviation - gliding, hang gliding and paragliding. There are only two mountains with strong upstream: Uzun-Syrt in Europe and the Harris Hill in America next to the eponymous town in the U.S. state of New York.
+Church of Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary - architectural monument of
8 - 19th centuries , the oldest church in Feodosia .45 ° 01'28 .6 "Mon. w. 35 ° 23'15 .5 "east. d w.--It consists of two parts - a small Byzantine church basement type and completion of the bell 19 century .[ Ed. ] InteriorThe church was decorated with frescoes and exquisite stone carvings.-
+2 Church of St. Stephen (another name - St. Demetrius) - architectural monument of the 14th century in Feodosia (complex Genoese fortress ).Content [сховати]  1 History2 Description 2.1 Architecture2.2 Painting3 Notes4 Sources[ Ed. ] HistoryBuilt in the 14th century Greek community [1] in the city's citadel . Maybe later belonged to the Armenians . Renovated in 1955 - 1956 years.[ Ed. ] Description[ Ed. ] ArchitectureOdnoabsydna rectangular basilica , blocked Korobov vault on pidpruzhnyh arches. Differs harsh architecture, simple shapes and modest size (7h8 m ). Summary of quarry stone, not outside plastered. Log in - from the west. Portal login profiled hewed stones, over which is strilchata niche. Gable roof covered with tiles .Near the temple are Armenian fountain 1491 , and rock memorial opened in 1913 - 1915 years physician K.Belilovskym mineral springs "Kafa".[ Ed. ] PaintingThe interior remains of frescoes . In the best condition are painted altar apse :Christ on the throne (the figure of Christ, which is to the right of John the Baptist , and the left - Virgin ).Eucharist (left - Christ with a bowl and six apostles , right - Christ with bread and six students).Virgin Mary with child.On the western wall - fragments of Judgment. Today the painting is almost lost. Part frescoes containing inscriptions in Greek , thus interpreted as a Greek temple.
+3 Monument Viti boxed-  Pioneer - Partisan Viti boxes ,  in Feodosia in the park on Gorky Street. Authors - sculptor V. M. Podolsky and architect V. S. Kupriyanov.Raising funds for the construction of the monument was organized on the initiative of the Komsomol in 1957 year. Active participation in this event has youth Feodosia, Crimea and all Ukraine . Opened in June 1959 , on a citywide rally .The monument is made ​​of bronze on a pedestal of polished dark gray marble and settled traditional 1950s compositionally -plastic methods. Carefully worked all the details, down to the finest collections of apparel.
+4 Tower of St. Constantine -45.028611 °, 35.385278 ° Built in 1382 year, rebuilt in 1443 and was later - the Turks.[ Ed. ] HistoryAmong the many tower defense system Kafi, this was one of the key. She locked the outer zone of the defensive line. From the tower of St. Constantine she went to Mount Mithridates, then descended to the sea, bypassing semicircles city. Before fortress wall ran deep trench through which the gates were thrown bridges . During the siege , or any danger bridges raised and fastened to the powerful iron gate. At dusk gates were closed, and life in the city faded. In the morning they open to the sounds of Mohammedan prayer .Tower has named Arsenal, because it kept stocks of weapons - halberds, swords , crossbows , spears , arrows, stone core and more. Not far from the main tower housed the gates that were at the Genoese named George , and when the Turks from 1475 year - Ahly-Kapu (Gate rider).Opposite the gate over the moat, filled with water , the bridge, which was built as gates in 1467 , the consul at Kalochero where Hvizalfi. In 1890 he was found a stone slab with the arms consul of Genoa , which extols this act consul in strengthening areas of the fortress and building fountain .Emblem Theodosia 19th century tower of ConstantineTower of Constantine had bunk, chotyrystinnoyu, topped triple arcature belt and teeth - Merloni, covering the shooters, archers and crossbowmen while protecting the fortress. Collapsed tower with local limestone, wall thickness reaches up to 2 meters . East side has not survived as well as the intermediate joists with solid wood- oak and beech .Tower of Constantine repeatedly rekonstruyuvalasya in XV - XVII centuries . In coastal wall (tower situated near the cutoff coast) was attached to the stone slope that protecting it from erosion and storm waves hammering the wall that also served as a protection from cannonballs. In the XV century, the Turks built a tower near the semicircular bastion - Barbican , at the gate of the fort was built.-- In 1898 , the restoration when the towers were restored teeth - Merloni with bricks . During World War II, towers and battlements affected by the fire. Some teeth had been destroyed.In 1958 he was another restoration.Picture of towers is the old emblem on Theodosia, common on stamps and envelopes , badges.
-+5 In the Museum of Nature Kara Dag practically all species of animals and plants found in the Kara Dagh. Create a collection of the museum began more than 90 years ago. The museum of stuffed birds and 203 species of mammals, 167 species of butterflies, 246 specimens of amphibians and reptiles, various minerals Kara Dagh. Of the 305 kinds of minerals on the Crimean Kara Dagh contains 100 species. Among them - agate, carnelian, amethyst, a form of calcite, quartz, chalcedony, opal. - -

 Május 1.-től nyitva áll a közönség számára Karadag Nature Reserve :• tanösvény tartalék hegy,

• tanösvény tartalék tengeri útvonalat , • Karadag Nature Museum, • Delfinárium, • tengeri akvárium.

Az egész évben nyitva ingyenes látogatásra Memorial Park Estate . - - - Ökológiai „ösvények” :- Hegyi utak

Időpontok : május - szeptember. Vezetés a területen amely része a "Big Karadag"term.véd.ter.-nek csoportok (20-25 fő).

-Biológiai Vasútállomás (Estate Reserve) - Parti-hegység - pos. Koktebel (vagy Biological Station). -hossza - 7 km. időtartama - 4 óra . – Kezd a Museum of Nature Karadag –tól .: Parti sziklaperem tanösvény, komplex agyagos sziklák , lávafolyások, szubvulkáni részek pl. mállási vulkáni kőzetek . Az útvonal áthalad a szelíd kontinentális lejtőn a parti hegység hegygerincén , a Déli Hágón (340 m tengerszint feletti magasságban). Kilátótól teljes Karadagi területre fantasztikus a kilátást . Az útvonal része : az Ivan Szikla , Rogue sziget , Arany Kapu , Szfinx kiszögellés, Szt. György hegy, Gyaur öböl és a term.véd.ter. központja . Változatos a növény-és állatvilág . Az útvonal biztonságos a látogatóknak . Igényel némi fizikai megterhelést és nem ajánlott a betegeknek elhízás , szív-és érrendszeri betegség . - Kötelező - sportcipők. Ajánlott – ivóvízellátás . -Fogadása egy csoportoknak telefonon: +38 06562 26287 .- A tengeri útvonal 7 km hosszú, 1 órás. Kezdődik a mólón és a Karadag tartalék partjai mentén halad  . Utazás hajóval történik a látogatókat beviszik a sziklák és öblök közé a parti hegyvonulat lábánál . Arany Kapu boltív , ordítozó barlang stb . Különösen érdekes a belső szerkezete a Hob-Tepe paleovolcano-nak .A parti term.véd.ter. ad otthont néhány ritka és veszélyeztetett madárfajnak .Időpontok : május-október . - Telefonon +38 06562 26287 - - -Museum of Nature KARADAG :Alapították az első éveiben a Karadag tudományos állomások létrehozásakor . A múzeumban Karadag történelme tudományos és környezetvédelmi szempontokból , a táj és a biológiai sokfélesége a dél-keleti Krímnek , a természete Karadag hegyvidéki és tengeri területeinek ,  a legújabb fejlesztések a biológia, ökológia területén , a természet-és környezetvédelmi politikák Ukrajnában láthatók . A múzeum vesz látogatókat egész évben . Míg dolgozik a tavasszal és nyáron, 8,00-16,00. ,Day off - hétfőn. ,Fogadja telefonon +38 06562 26287 - -Karadag Delfinárium Karadag Delfinárium on épült kísérleti bázis tudományos munka a tengeri emlősöket 1977-ben. Tavasszal és nyáron a látogatók Karadag Nature Reserve tartott tudományos bemutató és előadás program, amely az egyedi trükköket, hogy nem a delfinek - delfinek és Észak medvefókák alatt maior zenét. A cél a program célja, hogy támogassák a tudományos információkat a biológiát és viselkedését tengeri emlősök, valamint a környezetvédelmi kérdések, a védelem és a szaporodás a fekete-tengeri delfinek . Fogad: tavasszal és nyáron . telefonon +38 06562 26204 - - Marine Aquarium Karadag Aquarium nyitotta meg kapuit 1995-ben. Két kiállítótermek és specializálódott bemutatása fauna a Fekete-tenger mellett. A kijelző körülbelül 40 halfaj, beleértve a sugarak, makréla, márna, tengeri ló, stb A gyűjtemény ember él mélytengeri: garnélarák, rákok, medúzák, kagyló, bambusz cápa, stb Látogatás az akvárium magyarázatot szakértők. Különös figyelmet fordítanak a környezetvédelmi kérdésekre és környezeti problémák, a Fekete-tenger mellett. -Fogadja látogatók tavasszal és nyáron 9,00-18,00. -: +38 050 3972351, +38 097 7971231 - - -

Karadag Term.Véd.-i Park - az egyik leggazdagabb flórájú dél-keleti Krímben (több mint 100 faj a fák és cserjék). Az első díszfák és cserjék 1915.-ből származnak.- V.N. Vucetic ig.hely., nagy lelkesedéssel ültetett cserjéket és virágokat a kis kertjében, a ház körül (jelenlegi igazgatási épület) és  "ápolta" kis fákat ,mivel sokat szenvedteek az állandó vízhiány miatt . Ezek a fák lettek az alapja a jelenlegi kertnek  . Valódi dekorációja a modern parknak az ősi fenyők a közigazgatási épület előtt . Ezeket  1917-ben és 1921-ben ültették  .  A.F.Sludskim tiszteletére nevezték el a gyerekek a "Shura"-nak és az "EAL"-nak . Évszázados fái a parknak a Krím dél-keleti partján nagyon ritkák , ezért különleges védelmet élveznek . Parkban együtt nőtt a tudományos állomás és új típusú és formájú fák kerültek ide .
+6 The Museum gliding Feodosia displayed real gliders and their models. It will be interesting to people who have so far kept the thrust to the coast and romance Planerskoe sport.The museum presents the history of the origin and development of the "small aircraft" in Crimea. The collection is stored archives of famous aviators, unique exhibits on the history of aviation. Museum gliding is in the same building with the Museum of money.
+7 Green Museum--A great writer and a dreamer, Alexander Greene, who gave the world the "Scarlet Sails", lived in Feodosia five years - from 1924 to 1929. These years of his life were the most productive and happiest.One of the houses where he lived and worked A. Green, where they were born to light novels "Golden Chain," "Running on Waves", "The Road Nowhere" and dozens of short stories, in 1970, became a memorial museum.The exposition of the museum recreates Alexander Green details of everyday life and a study of the writer, and a fantastic world of his literary heroes. This is a museum-ship, which went to Green invented Grinlandiyu country.At the entrance to the Museum Green - ship anchor, oak doors, and instead of the usual museum rooms - Hold frigate captain's cabin Geza, Klipernaya, Rostral, cabin travels ... Facade House Museum decorated with large relief panel "Brigantine".Green Museum - one of the best known and most visited museums in the city, it is an interesting exhibition opening, held creative meetings with writers, artists, musicians
м.Феодосія:    Ayvazovsky Museum Feodosiya, paintings• vul Galereyna 2 • 06562 309 29 • 15uah
 •Hours 10am-6pm Thu-Mon, 10am-1pm Tue,  •Dacha Stamboli ,pr Ayvazovskogo 47, The Ottoman-style •Ayvazovsky Fountain . small central park.1887 drought.•Statue of Alexander Pushkin .•Sergiya Church /Tomb of Ayvazovsky,  14thC. Armenian, vul Armyanskaya Feodosiya •  Генуезька фортеця (карантин)      13-16 ст., erőd --2 •церква архангелів Гавриїла і Михаїла .1408 р. вул.Тимірязєва, 11 templom  • мечеть Муфті-Джамі 1623 р. вул.Караїмська,1 mecset • дача Стамболі  1909-14 рр., мавританський   пр.Айвазовського (Леніна), 47 •  церква Св.Сергія (Саркіса) + могила  , 14 ст.  , вул.Тимирязева, 1 ,    Szergej templom +sir    дача "Отрада"   1914 р.   пр.Айвазовського  (Леніна), 29,    •фонтан Айвазовського   1888 р.    пр.Айвазовського (Леніна)  Szökőkút   Катерининська церква,  1904 р. вул.Федько, 95 Katalin templom , •Введенська церква   8-10 ст., 19 ст. вул.Червоноармійська, 11 templom   картинна галерея ім.І.Айвазовського.,1845., вул.Галерейна, 2.Képtár,-Караїмський фонтан,17ст. пл.Фонтанна, вул.Айвазовського,18 . kút    •будинок-музей О.Гріна       вул.Галерейна, 10 Казанський собор + брама   1907 р.         Kazanyi székesegyház+kapu   •вокзал               vasútáll.          •фонтан вірменський  1586 р. пров.Айвазовського   örmény Szökőkút  • дача "Мілос"    1909-1911 рр.    неокласицизм ,  вул.Набережна, 6  ,   víkendház •міська фортеця 14-15 ст. városierőd  •Генуезький міст 14 ст. вул.Старокарантинна,26  Genovai város? --19 церква Георгія    1385 р., 19 ст.  вул.Нахімова, 32 György templom чаша та колодязь Зібольда , ул.Виноградна -21 (Пушкінська) грот-альтанка садиби С.Броневського , 1812 р., территорія санаторію.(Puskin)barlang-szőlőlugas lakásстарожитностей     1811 р. пр.Айвазовського (Леніна), 11    Régiség   Múzeum водонапірна вежа  --------------------------------    víztorony •дача "Флора"       на території санаторія "Волна"     víkendház 25 вілла "Вікторія" на території санаторія "Волна"víkendház    •брама цвинтаря ,   неоготика         35.377583, 45.027033  temető kapu  27 комплекс церкви Усіх Святих  вул.Назукина, 15 Mindenszentek • • •BUS station, serving long-distance destinations, is 4km north of the centre. Buses go to/from Simferopol (24uah, 2½ hours), Sudak (15uah, 1¾ hours, departing hourly) and Kerch (18uah, two hours, departing hourly).---There’s also a bus station downtown where marshrutky and smaller buses leave for nearby resorts such as Koktebel (3.50uah), the Kara-Dag (bio-station, 5uah), Ordzhonikidze (2.50uah) and Zolotoy (4uah).--Local bus 2, or indeed any marshrutka leaving from just outside the main outlying bus station (same side of the road), will take you into the centre…Train Rail services are less useful, although in summer there are services to Moscow ( two daily) and Kyiv (115uah to 145uah, 18 to 19 hours, up to four daily) running either via Khersones (five hours) and up the centre of the country, or up east via cities like Kharkiv (85uah, 12 hours). Local trains travel to Dhzankoi (four hours) from where you can change for Simferopol.
- - Залізнична станція "Айвазовська" (Aivazovs'ka Railway station)Feodosiia, str. Fed'ko, (6562) 3-12-91
- - Междугородняя автостанция (Intertown Bus Station) Engel'sa str., 28, (6562) 7-10-52
- - Залізничний вокзал "Феодосія" (FeodosiiaRailway station)ave. Aivozovskogo ( Lenina ), 2, (6562) 3-02-91
- - Морской порт "Феодосия" (Feodosiya Port) Gor'kogo str., 14, (656) 39-34-14. (6562) 3-09-6
HOTELS>Hotel U Sestry /Гостиница У сестры 27 €/ сутки : Mid-range , Vul russkaya (formerly vul sverdlova), -- Hotel Lidiya***/Лидия 40 €/---Rentmyflatinfeodosia.com . Vul revolutsionnaya 16/7. Tel 8-097 375 1552 www.rentmyflatinfeodosia.com --- Rosa Vetrov flat .7rooms. Vul kuibisheva 28a, Feodosiya,Tel.06562 315 30 , fiord06@mail.ru --Частная гостиница Пальмира*. Черноморская наб., 38д +380 (66) 677-66-55 vpalmi.ru-однокомнатные номера DBL 300грн.máj.13.-ig !! - -Ассоль
Крым АР, Феодосия г.,
Черноморская наб., 30
Феодосии : Гостиница Валентина 144 грн / сутки ул. Щебетовская, 50 по 15.06 >> Катюша 16 €/ сутки Керченское шоссе, 7-б, V.30-IG >>Подсолнухи 36  €/сутки >>Мини-гостиница На Украинской 23 €/ сутки ул.Украинская ,26 ,V.30-IG
>>> Гостиница Затерянный мир 19 € / сутки ул. Корабельная, 34а V.30-IG > Гостиница На Революционной 26/ сутки, ул. Революционная, 3..по 15.06 >>> Гостиница На Черноморской набережной 20 €/ сутки ул. Черноморская набережная, 36 , V.30-IG >>> Гостиница Бульварная горка 242 грн / сутки , ул. 3-го Кавалерийского корпуса, 5А. V.30-IG >> База отдыха ТОК Золотой пляж 260 грн / сутки, Керченское шоссе, 74, по 15.06 >> >.>>. Сан Сити 30  €/ сутки >>> Глициния 35 €>  http://bookit.marshruty.ru/search?p[target]=c-48&p[name]=Ялта&p[start]=31.05.2012&p[end]=01.06.2012&f[prices]=1
Гостиница (кемпинг) "Золотой пляж" (Zolotyi pliazh)NE5km : Hotel and motel, Camping ,Feodosiya, Kerchenskoe highway,33, (6562)4-74-74 ;
2 Гостиница "Хижина Робинзона" (Hizhina Robinzona) Hotel ,Feodosiya, Kerchenskoe highway, 64, (6562) 4-72-64, (6562) 4-75-81 ;
3 a Гостиница "На Черноморской Набережной" (Na Chernomorskoy Naberezhnoy Hotel)Chernomorskaya emb., 38I, (50)604-26-81.
feootdih.com
3 b Частный отель "Валентина" (Valentina hotel )Chernomorskaya emb., 36b(50)453-81-03,(6562)2-39-99
3 c Гостиница "Ассоль" (Assol') Hotel, Chernomorskaya emb., 30, 30А ,+(66)236-32-00 ,
3d Отель "Милета" (MiletaHotel)Chernomorskaya emb.,22А,(98)4554590,(6562)57550,(6562)57555,
mileta-hotel.com ;51 €
6 a Гостиница "Феерия" (Feeriay Hotel and motel) , Fed'ko str., 54, (50) 766-43-50. (6562) 2-69-12 ,
6 b Отель "Атлантик" (Atlantik Hotel ) Chernomorskaya emb., 6, (6562)2-61-40.(66)735-03-33.
atlantik.net.ua ;
8 Гостиница "Подсолнухи" (PodsolnuhiHotel) Fed'ko str.,59, (6562) 9-12-88 ;
9 Гостевой дом "Натали" (NataliHotel ), Shevchenko str., 41, 161 грн / сутки ,Шевченко, 41 по 15.06
9 b Кафе "Кампари" (Kampari Cafe, Hotel)Shevchenko str., 46,(6562) 9-13-51
10 Гостиница "Подсолнухи" (Sunflower Hotel:budget, Billiards) Feodosiya, Fed'ko str., 59,  (6562) 9-12-88 .---
12 a Гостиница "Взлет" (VzletHotel)  Kalinina str., 33,(6562) 7-11-31
12 b Гостиница "Солнышко" (Solnyshko Hotel ), Tankistov ln., 5,  (6562) 7-44-09
12 c Гостевой дом "Sun City
" Hotel) Tankistov ln., 17, (66) 698-39-56,+ (67) 628-08-46, (50) 054-08-47,feodosia-hotel.com.ua15 Медицинский центр "Здоровье" (Zdorov'ia Hotel ) Krymskaya str., 1A, (6562) 2-55-22, (6562) 4-18-47
16 aСпортивно-оздоровительный комплекс"Атлант"(Atlant)Fed'ko str., 23/1,(6562) 9-14-44
17Феодосийский центральный военный клинический санаторий (Theodosia Central Military Clinical Sanatorium boarding-house)Feodosiia, Gorbacheva generala str., 5, (50) 982-94-82,+380 (97) 415-08-15,www.f-vcs.com
17 bСанаторій дитячий "Хвиля" (Volna)Sanatorium, boarding-house) ,Feodosiya, Lenina ave., 37, (6562) 3-13-75(6562) 3-13-77 ;
17 cГостевой дом "Глициния" (Hlitsiniia Hotel)Revoliutsionnaya str., 1а,(50) 320-05-77(6562) 2-25-88
17 d Гостиница"На Революционной"(Na Revoliutsionnoy), Revoliutsionnaya str.,3,
17 e Гостиница "Золотой пляж"(Zolotyi pliazhHotel and motel, Sanatorium, boarding-house)3-go Kavaleriiskogo korpusa str., 7, (6562)3-0401 (6562) 3-1298.(6562) 3-0225
17 f Отель "Феодосия" (Feodosiia Hotel )Feodosiia, Pushkina str., 11,  (6562) 3-14-14,(66) 377-81-00.feo-hotel.com
17 g Гостинично-ресторанный комплекс "Бульварная горка" (Bulvarnya gorka Hotel and motel, Restaurant) (67) 6508191.(95) 566-76-47
22 Гостиница "Киви" (Kivi)Feodosiya, Sverdlova str., 42, (6562) 2-21-01
23 Частная гостиница (Private Hotel)Feodosiya, Kochmarskogo str., 12, (6562) 3-57-93
24 Комплекс отдыха "FORT-NOX" (Fort-noxHotel and motel, Restaurant)(6562) 2-20-66,fortnox.biz
24 b Гостиница "У сестры" (U sestry Hotel)Sverdlova str.,2,(6562) 2-19-40,(6562) 3-02-35
24 c Кафе "Ассоль" (Assol'Hotel) Karla Libnekhta str., 2/5, (6562)3-00-25.(6562)3-02-08
24 d Гостиница "Астория" (AstoriiaHotel)Lenina ave., 9,(6562) 3-23-16,6562) 3-23-43,+(6562) 3-23-03,astoria-hotel.com.ua
24 e Гостиница "Хелена" (helena Hotel)Karla Libnekhta str., 8,(6562) 2-14-26+(6562) 2-14-28
24 f Гостиница "Отдых на Земской" (Vidpochynok na Zems'kii Hotel)Feodosiya, Karla Libnekhta str., 9A, (6562) 3-22-63
24 g Гостиница "Лидия" (Lidiia Hotel  Karla Libnekhta str., 13, (6562) 2-11-11.(6562) 3-15-49
30 Гостиница "Виста" (VistaHotel and motel)Feodosiya, Kuiby sheva str., 17A, (6562) 2-47-91.www.vista.crimea.ua
31 Мини-гостиница"На Украинской"(On the UkrainianHotel),Voikova str.,26,(67)9143071,(67)9240949,(6562)93716, www.feohotel.chat.ru
32  Гостиница "Адмиральский пансион" (Admyral's'kyi pansion Hotel)Rozy Liuksemburg str.,6A,(6562)31686
33 Гостиница "Георгиевская" (Heorhiivs'kyi hotel), 8-go Marta str., 3, (6562) 3-01-41
34 Гостиница "Левадия" (Levadiia Hotel)Chekhova str., 33, (6562) 2-15-36,(6562) 3-04-56
35 Гостиница "Моряк" (Moriak hotel)Feodosiya, Lenina str., 8, (6562) 3-24-14
36 Гостиница "64 УНРС" (64 UNRS Hotel)Gor'kogo str., 25, (6562) 3-14-27
37 Гостевой дом "Крепость Кафа"(Затерянный мир) (Krepost' KafaHotel)Korabel'naya str., 34а,(50)9134520.(95) 383-64-33(99)1112479zatereniymir.ucoz.com 
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