This page provides links to recent articles by faculty and graduate student members of the LINKS Center. 


Halgin, D.S., Gopalakrishnan, M.G., & Borgatti, S.P. (2015). Structure and agency in networked, distributed work: The role of work engagement. American Behavioral Scientist 59(4):457-474. [pdf]

Kim, J., Howard, M., Cox, E. P., & Boeker, W. (forthcoming) Understanding Network Formation in Strategy Research: Exponential Random Graph Models. Strategic Management Journal

Parker, A., Halgin, DS, Borgatti, SP (accepted). Dynamics of Social Capital: Effects of Performance Feedback on Network Change. Organization Studies. [pdf]


Borgatti, S. P., Brass, D. J. and Halgin, D.S. (2014). Social network research: Confusions, criticisms, and controversies. In Brass, D.J., Labianca, G., Mehra, A., Halgin, D.S., and Borgatti, S.P., (Eds.) Research in the Sociology of Organizations. Volume 40. Emerald Publishing: Bradford, UK. [pdf]

Borgatti, SP 2014. Review of FLAME software. Field Methods. [pdf]

Brass, D.J., Labianca, G., Mehra, A., Halgin, D.S., and Borgatti, S.P., (Eds.) Contemporary Perspectives on Organizational Social Networks. Research in the Sociology of Organizations. Vol. 40. Emerald Publishing: Bradford, UK. [Contents]

Dhand, A, Harp, J, Borgatti, SP (2014). Leadership in Neurology: A Social Network Analysis. Annals of Neurology. [pdf] [journal]

Everett, M. G and Borgatti, S. P (2014). Networks containing negative ties. Social Networks. Vol. 38:111–120. [pdf]

Han, J., Han, J., & Brass, D. J. (2014). Human capital diversity in the creation of social capital for team creativity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 35(1), 54-71.

Kane, G., Alavi, M., Labianca, J., Borgatti, S. 2014. Integrating Social Networks and Information Systems: A Review and Framework for Research. MIS Quarterly 38(1): 275-304 [pdf]

Liu, D., Brass, D. J., & Chen, D. (forthcoming). Friendships in online peer-to-peer lending: Pipes, prisms, and relational herding. MIS Quarterly.

Borgatti, S. P., Brass, D. J. and Halgin, D. S. (2014). Social network research: Confusions, criticisms, and controversies. In Borgatti, S.P., Brass, D.J., Halgin, D.S., Labianca, G., and Mehra, A. (Eds.) Research in the Sociology of Organizations. Volume 40. Emerald Publishing: Bradford, UK. [pdf]

Mehra, A., Borgatti, S. P., Soltis, S., Floyd, T., Ofem, B., Halgin, D. S., and Kidwell, V. (2014). Imaginary worlds: using visual network scales to capture perceptions of social networks. In Brass, D.J., Labianca, G., Mehra, A., Halgin, D.S., and Borgatti, S.P., (Eds.) Research in the Sociology of Organizations. Volume 40. Emerald Publishing: Bradford, UK. [pdf]

Obstfeld, D., Borgatti, S., & Davis, J. 2014. Brokerage as a process: Decoupling third party action from social network structure. In Daniel J. Brass, Giuseppe (Joe) Labianca, Ajay Mehra, Daniel S. Halgin, and Stephen P. Borgatti (Eds.) Contemporary Perspectives on Organizational Social Networks. Research in the Sociology of Organizations. Emerald Publishing: Bradford, UK. [pdf]

Smith, J, Halgin, D, Kidwell, V, Labianca, G, Brass, D, Borgatti, SP. 2014. Power in politically charged networks. Social Networks 36:162– 176 [pdf] [pub]

Tröster, C., Mehra, A., and van Knippenberg, D. (forthcoming). Structuring for team success: The interactive effects of network structure and cultural diversity on team potency and performance. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. [pdf]

Young, A. M. , DiClemente, R. J., Halgin, D. S., Sterk, C. E. & Havens, J. R., (2014). HIV vaccine acceptability among high-risk drug users in Appalachia: A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 14: 537. [pdf]

Young, A. M. , DiClemente, R. J., Halgin, D. S., Sterk, C. E. & Havens, J. R., (2014). Drug users' willingness to encourage social, sexual, and drug network members to receive an HIV vaccine: A social network analysis. AIDS and Behavior. [pdf]

Young, A. M. , Halgin, D. S., DiClemente, R. J., Sterk, C. E. & Havens, J. R., (forthcoming). Will HIV vaccination reshape HIV risk behavior networks? A social network analysis of drug users' anticipated risk compensation. PLOS ONE. [link]


Borgatti, SB, Everett, MG & Johnson, JC. 2013. Analyzing Social Networks. Sage Publications UK. [website]

Andrevski, G., Brass, D. J., & Ferrier, W. J. (2013). Alliance Portfolio Configurations and Competitive Action Frequency. Journal of Management, 0149206313498901.

Rushmore, Julie; Caillaud, Damien; Matamba, Leopold; Stumpf, Rebecca; Borgatti, Steve; Altizer, Sonia. (accepted). “Social network analysis of wild chimpanzees provides insights for predicting infectious disease risk.” Journal of Animal Ecology. Pre-publication manuscript [pdf]

Halgin, D.S., Gopakumar, M., Borgatti, S.P. (in press). Voluntary Turnover in a Distributed Work Setting: An Examination of the Role of Spatial Propinquity and Role Similarity in Project Affiliation Networks. Proceedings of the Computer-Supported Cooperative Work Conference (CSCW 2013), February 23-27, 2013.

Everett, MG, and Borgatti, SB (in press). The dual-projection approach for two-mode networks. Social Networks.

Everett, MG and Borgatti, SB. 2012. Categorical attribute based centrality: E–I and G–F centrality. Social Networks 34(4): 562–569

Grosser, T., Lopez-Kidwell, V., Labianca, G., & Ellwardt, L. (In press). Hearing it through the grapevine: Positive and negative workplace gossip. Organizational Dynamics.

Kane, G.C., Alavi, M., Labianca, G., & Borgatti, S.P. (forthcoming). “What's Different About Social Media Networks? A Framework and Research Agenda.” Management Information Systems Quarterly.

Sterling, C.M., Kidwell, V.L., Labianca, G., & Moon, H. (forthcoming). “Managing Sequential Task Portfolios in the Face of Temporal Atypicality and Task Complexity.” Human Performance.

Soltis, S., Agneessens, F., Sasovova, Z., & Labianca, G. (forthcoming). “A Social Network Perspective on Turnover Intentions: The Influence of Social Support and Distributive Justice.” Human Resources Management, special issue on Networks and HRM.

Lopez-Kidwell, V., Grosser, T.J., Dineen, B.R., and Borgatti, S.P. (forthcoming). What matters when: A multistage model and empirical examination of job search effort. Academy of Management Journal.

Grosser, T.J, & Borgatti, S.P. (forthcoming). Network Theory/Social Network Analysis. In R.J. McGee and R.L. Warms (Eds.), Theory in Social and Cultural Anthropology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Borgatti, S.P. & Grosser, T.J. (forthcoming). Structural Equivalence: Meaning and Measures. In The International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd Edition. Oxford, UK: Elsevier. 


Ofem, B., Floyd, T., Borgatti, S.P. (2012) “Social networks and organizations.” In D.D. Caulkins, A Jordan (Eds.), A Companion to Organizational Anthropology. Blackwell Publishing.

Ellwardt, L., Labianca, G., & Wittek, R. (2012). “Who Are the Objects of Positive and Negative Gossip at Work? A Social Network Perspective on Workplace Gossip.” Social Networks, 34:193-205.2

Young, A., Jonas, A., Mullins, U., Halgin, D., Havens, J. (2012). “Network Structure and the risk for HIV transmission among rural drug users”. AIDS and Behavior. Epub ahead of print 1-11.

Grosser, T., Lopez-Kidwell, V., Labianca, G., & Ellwardt, L. (2012). “Hearing It Through the Grapevine: Positive and Negative Workplace Gossip.” Organizational Dynamics, 41(1): 52-61.

A. Jonas, A. Young, C. Oser, and C. Leukefeld, and J. Havens. (2012) “OxyContin® as Currency: OxyContin® Use and Increased Social Capital among Rural Appalachian Drug Users.”. Social Science and Medicine. Vol. 74(10): 1602 – 1609)

Li, J., Weeks, M., Clair, S., Borgatti, S. 2012. A Social Network Approach to Demonstrate the Diffusion and Change Process of Intervention from Peer Health Advocates to the Drug Using Community. Substance Use & Misuse, 47:474–490

Brass, D. J. (2012). A social network perspective on organizational psychology. In S. W. J. Kozlowski (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of organizational psychology, 667-695. New York: Oxford University Press. [pdf] 

Brass, D. J. & Halgin, D. S. (2012). Social networks: The structure of relationships. In L. T. Eby & T. D. Allen (Eds.), Personal relationships: The effect on employee attitudes, behavior, and well-being, 367-381.. SIOP Frontier Series: Wiley.

Halgin, D.S., & Borgatti, S.P. (2012). An introduction to personal network analysis and tie churn statistics using E-NET. Connections. vol. 32 1.

Brass, D. J. & Labianca, G. (2012). A social network perspective on negotiation. In D. Shapiro & B. M. Goldman (Eds.), The psychology of negotiations in the 21st century workplace. SIOP Organizational Frontier series. New York: Psychology Press/Routledge. [pdf]

Brass, D. J. & Krackhardt, D. (2012). Power, politics, and social networks in organizations. In G. R. Ferris & D. C. Treadway (Eds.), Politics in organizations: Theory and research considerations, 355-375. New York: Routlege. [pdf]

Halgin, D.S., & Borgatti, S.P. (2012). Introduzione alla personal network analysis e alle statistiche tie churn attraverso l'uso di E-NET. Sociologia e Politiche Sociali. Vol 2.

Sasidharan, S., Santhanam, R., Brass, D. J., & Sambamurthy, V. (2012). The effects of social network structure on Enterprise system success: A longitudinal multilevel analysis. Information Systems Research.(forthcoming). [pdf]


Sasovova, Z., Mehra, A., Borgatti, S.P., Schippers, M. Network Churn: The Effects of Self-Monitoring Personality on Brokerage Dynamics. Administrative Science Quarterly 55(4): 639-670. [pdf

Kilduff, M., Mehra, A., and Dunn, M. B. From blue sky research to problem solving: A philosophy of science theory of new knowledge production. Forthcoming in Academy of Management Review. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. and Halgin, D. 2011. On network theory. Organization Science. 22(5): 1168 - 1181. [pdf] 

Brass, D.J. 2011. A social network perspective on organizational psychology. In S. W. J. Kozlowski (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Psychology. New York: Oxford University press. [pdf]

Mehra, A., Borgatti, S.P., Brass, D., Labianca, G. In Press. “The Social Network Perspective”. In Stanley D. Brunn (Ed.) Engineering Earth: The Impacts of Megaengineering Projects. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media

Borgatti, S.P. and Kidwell, V. In Press. “Network Theorizing”. In Carrington, P. and Scott, J. (eds) The Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis. Sage Publications. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. and Halgin, D. 2011. “Analyzing Affiliation Networks”. In Carrington, P. and Scott, J. (eds) The Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis. Sage Publications. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. and Halgin, D. 2011. “Consensus Analysis”. In Kronenfeld, D. DeMunck, V., Fischer, M., and Bennardo, G. (eds) Blackwell's Companion to Cognitive Anthropology. Blackwell. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. and Halgin, D. In Press. Elicitation Methods for Cultural Domain Analysis - Revised. in J. Schensul & M. LeCompte (Ed.) The Ethnographer's Toolkit, Volume 3. Walnut Creek: Altamira Press. [pdf]


Kilduff, M. & Brass, D.J. (2010). Organizational social network research: Core ideas and key debates. In J.P. Walsh & A.P. Brief (Eds.), Academy of Management Annals Vol. 4, 317-357. Routledge. [pdf]

Grosser, T., Kidwell-Lopez, V., & Labianca, G. (2010). A social network analysis of positive and negative gossip in organizational life. Group and Organizations Management. 35(2): 177 - 214. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P., Ofem, B. (2010). “Overview: Social network theory and analysis.” In A. Daly (Ed.), Social Network Theory and Educational Change. Boston, MA: Harvard Education Press.

Kilduff, M., & Brass, D. J. (2010). Job design: A social network perspective.Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(2‐3), 309-318.


Mehra, A., Marineau, J., Lopes, A., & Dass, T. 2009. The coevolution of friendship and leadership networks in small groups. In Graen, G., & Graen, J., (Eds), LMX leadership: The Series, Vol. VII. Information Age Publishing, Charlotte, N.C. [pdf]

Jeffrey C. Johnson, Joseph J. Luczkovich, Stephen P. Borgatti, Tom A.B. Snijders. 2009. Using social network analysis tools in ecology: Markov process transition models applied to the seasonal trophic network dynamics of the Chesapeake Bay.Ecological Modelling 220 (2009) 3133-3140. [pdf]

Brass, D. (2009). "A Social Network Perspective On Industrial/Organizational Psychology." Industrial/Organizational Handbook. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P., Mehra, A., Brass, D. and Labianca, G. (2009). “Network Analysis in the Social Sciences.” Science. Vol. 323. no. 5916, Feb 13, pp. 892 - 895. [abs] [published version] [pdf of full version]

Borgatti, S.P., Li, X. 2009. "On network analysis in a supply chain context." Supply Chain Management. 45(2):5-22. [pdf]

Collins, S., Yassine, A., Borgatti, S. (2008) "Evaluating Product Development Systems Using Network Analysis," Systems Engineering Journal, 12(1): 55 – 68. [pdf]

Zhou, J., Shin, S.J., Brass, D.J., Choi, J., & Zhang, Z. (2009) Weak ties, conformity, and creativity. Journal of Applied Psychology. [pdf]

Liu, D., Ray, G., Whinston, A. (2009) The Interaction between Knowledge Codification and Knowledge Sharing Networks. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. (2009). 2-Mode Concepts in Social Network Analysis. Encyclopedia of Complexity and System Science. [pdf]

Molina, H., Fabian, F., & Labianca, G. (2009). "Understanding Small- and Medium-Sized Firms' Decisions to Internationalize." Management International Review [link removed at publisher's request]

Brass, D.J. (2009) Connecting to brokers: Strategies for acquiring social capital. In V. Bartkus & J. Davis (eds.), Social Capital: Reaching Out, Reaching In, 260-274, . Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Press. [pdf]


 Leonard, S.A., Mehra, A., & Katerberg, R. 2008. The social identity and social networks of ethnic minority groups in organizations: A crucial test of distinctiveness theory. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 29, 573–589. [pdf]

Shapiro, D., Brass, D.J., & Labianca, G. 2008. Examining justice from a social network perspective. Research in Social Issues in Management: Justice, Morality, and Social Responsibility (Vol. 6), 201-225. Age Publishing. [pdf]

Mehra, A., & Schenkel, M. 2008. The price chameleons pay: Self-monitoring, boundary spanning, and role conflict in the workplace. British Journal of Management , 19: 138-144. [pdf]


Y. Chen, G. Paul, R. Cohen, S. Havlin, S. P. Borgatti, F. Liljeros, and H. E. Stanley, 2007. "Percolation Theory and Fragmentation Measures in Social Networks", Physica A 378, 11-19. [pdf]

Chen, Y., Paul, G., Cohen, R., Havlin, S., Borgatti, S. Liljeros, F., Stanley, H.E. 2007. Percolation theory applied to measures of fragmentation in social networks.Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2007 Apr ;75 (4 Pt 2):046107 17500961. [pdf]


Borgatti, S.P. 2006. Identifying sets of key players in a network. Computational, Mathematical and Organizational Theory. 12(1): 21-34. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P., Carley, K., and Krackhardt, D. 2006. On the Robustness of Centrality Measures under Conditions of Imperfect Data. Social Networks 28: 124–136. [pdf]

Bowler, M. & Brass, D.J. 2006. Relational correlates of interpersonal citizenship behavior, A social network perspective.Journal of Applied Psychology, 91:70-82, 2006. [pdf]

Labianca, G., & Brass, D.J. (2006). “Exploring the Social Ledger: Negative Relationships and Negative Asymmetry in Social Networks in Organizations.” Academy of Management Review,31: 596-614. [pdf]

Oh, H., Labianca, G., & Chung, M-H. (2006). “A Multilevel Model of Group Social Capital.” Academy of Management Review, 31: 569-582. [pdf]

Fairbank, J.F., Labianca, G., Steensma, H.K., & Metters, R.D. (2006). “Information Processing Design Choices, Strategy and Risk Management Performance.” Journal of Management Information Systems, 23: 293-319. [pdf]

Mehra, A., Dixon, A., Brass, D.J., & Robertson, B. 2006. The social networks of leaders: Implications for group performance and leader reputation. Organization Science, 17: 64-79. [pdf]

Mehra, A., Smith, B., Dixon, A., & Robertson, B. 2006. Distributed leadership in teams: The network of leadership perceptions and team performance. Leadership Quarterly, 17: 232-245. [pdf]

Borgatti, S. P. and Everett, M.G. 2006. A graph-theoretic framework for classifying centrality measures. Social Networks 28(4): 466-484. [pdf].


Borgatti, S.P. 2005. Centrality and network flow. Social Networks. 27(1) : 55 - 71. [pdf]

Everett, M.G., and Borgatti, S.P. 2005. Ego-Network Betweenness. Social Networks.27(1): 31-38. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. and Molina, J.L. 2005. Toward ethical guidelines for network research in organizations. Social Networks. 27(2): 107-117. [pdf]

Labianca, G., Moon, H., & Watt, I. (2005) “When Is An Hour Not Sixty Minutes? Deadlines,Temporal Schemas, and Individual and Task Group Performance.” Academy of Management Journal, 48: 677-694. [pdf]

Labianca, G., & Fairbank, J.F. “Interorganizational Monitoring: Process, Choices, and Consequences.” (2005). Advances in Strategic Management, vol. 22: 117-150. G. Szulanski,Y.Doz, & J. Porac (Eds.). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. [pdf]

Mehra, A. 2005. A review of L. C. Freeman's "The development of social network analysis." Administrative Science Quarterly, 50: 148-151. [pdf]


Oh, H., Chung, M-H., & Labianca, G. (2004) “Group Social Capital and Group Effectiveness: The Role of Informal Socializing Ties.” Academy of Management Journal, 47: 860-875. [pdf]

Brass, D.J., Galaskiewicz, J., Greve, H.R., & Tsui, W. Taking stock of networks and organizations: A multilevel perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 47:795-819, 2004. [pdf]


Nyblom, J., Borgatti, S., Roslakka, J., and Salo, M. 2003. Statistical analysis of network data: An application to diffusion of innovation. Social Networks. 25 (2003) 175–195. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. and Cross, R. 2003. A Social Network View of Organizational Learning.Management Science. 49(4): 432-445. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. and Cross, R. 2003. A Relational View of Information Seeking and Learning in Social Networks. Management Science. 49(4): 432-445. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. and Molina, J-L. 2003. Ethical and strategic issues in organizational network analysis. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science. 39(3): 337-349. [pdf]

Borgatti, S.P. and Foster, P. 2003. The network paradigm in organizational research: A review and typology. Journal of Management. 29(6): 991-1013. [pdf]

Dahlstrom, Robert and Rhea Ingram (2003), “Social Networks and the Adverse Selection Problem in Agency Relationships” Journal of Business Research (56), 767-775. [pdf]

Umphress, E.E., Labianca, G., Brass, D.J., Kass, E., & Scholten, L. (2003). “The Role Of Instrumental And Expressive Social Ties In Organizational Justice Perceptions.” Organization Science, 14: 738-753. [pdf]


Cross, R., Borgatti, S.P. & Parker, A., 2002. Making Invisible Work Visible: Using Social Network Analysis to Support Strategic Collaboration. California Management Review. 44(2): 25-46. [pdf]


Labianca, G., Fairbank, J.F., Thomas, J.B., Gioia, D.A., & Umphress, E.E. (2001). “Emulation in Academia: Balancing Structure and Identity,” Organization Science, 12: 312-330. [pdf]

Cross, R., Parker, A., Prusak, L. & Borgatti, S.P. 2001. Knowing What We Know: Supporting Knowledge Creation and Sharing in Social Networks. Organizational Dynamics 30(2): 100-120. [pdf]

Mehra, A., Kilduff, M., and Brass, D.J. 2001. The social networks of high and low self-monitors: Implications for workplace performance. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46: 121-146. [pdf]

Cross, R., Borgatti, S.P., & Parker, A. 2001. Beyond Answers: Dimensions of the Advice Network. Social Networks 23(3): 215-235. [pdf]

Johnson, J., Borgatti, SP, Luczkovich, J. & Everett, M.G. 2001. Regular coloration & food webs. Journal of Social Structure. 2(3): 1-15.


Cross, R.L., Parker, A. and Borgatti, S.P. 2000. A birds-eye view: Using social network analysis to improve knowledge creation and sharing. Knowledge Directions. 2(1): 48-61. [pdf]

Labianca, G., Gray, B., & Brass, D.J. (2000). “A Grounded Model of Organizational Schema Change During Empowerment,” Organization Science, 11: 235-257. [pdf]

Kilduff, M., Angelmar, R., & Mehra, A. 2000. Top management-team diversity and firm performance: Examining the role of cognitions. Organization Science, 11: 21-34. [pdf]


Borgatti, S.P. and Everett , M.G. 1999. Models of Core/Periphery Structures. Social Networks 21: 375-395. [pdf]

Everett, M. G., & Borgatti, S. P. 1999. The centrality of groups and classes. Journal of Mathematical Sociology. 23(3): 181-201. [pdf]

Everett, M.G. and Borgatti, S.P. 1999. Peripheries of Cohesive Subsets. Social Networks 21: 397-407. [pdf]

Snijders, T.A.B. and Borgatti, S.P. 1999. Non-parametric standard errors and tests for network statistics. Connections, 22(2): 61-70. [pdf]


Labianca, G., Brass, D.J., & Gray, B. (1998). “Social Networks and Perceptions of Intergroup Conflict: The Role of Negative Relationships and Third Parties.” Academy of Management Journal, 41: 55-67. [pdf]

Mehra, A., Kilduff, M., & Brass, D. J. 1998. At the margins: A distinctiveness approach to the social identity and social networks of underrepresented groups. Academy of Management Journal, 4: 441- 452. [pdf]

Jones, C., Hesterley, W. S., Fladmoe-Lindquist, K., & Borgatti, S. P. 1998. Professional service constellations: How strategies and capabilities influence collaborative stability and change. Organization Science, 9(3): 396-410. [pdf]


Kilduff, M., Funk, J., & Mehra, A. 1997. Engineering identity in a Japanese factory. Organization Science, 8: 579-592. [pdf]

Steve Borgatti,
May 30, 2012, 2:04 PM
Steve Borgatti,
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Steve Borgatti,
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Steve Borgatti,
Mar 21, 2015, 2:00 PM
Roberta Chase,
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