Flooding is considered to be an ‘inundation of land adjacent to a river caused by a period of abnormally large discharge or encroachment by the sea’ but can occur from other sources such as lakes (Davie, 2008, p.93).
Flooding is a major natural hazard in the UK, with more than 5 million people in England and Wales alone living or working in flood prone areas (Environment Agency, 2012) and causing extensive damage to infrastructure with £3.5 billion paid out by the insurance industry between 1998-2005 for flood damage (Ecclestone, 2007).
In the UK, there have been several major floods in recent years, with some localised such as Boscastle in 2004, whilst others have affected large areas of the country such as in 2007 and 2009.
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Introduction to Flooding in the UK