Drought: Causes and Consequences

University of Idaho, Spring Semester 2016

Mondays 2:30-5:00, TLC 148

Scope of Course: Drought is a complex natural hazard that was widespread impacts across nearly all sectors of society and the environment. This discussion based course will review both recent and seminal papers on a range of topics related to drought including climate dynamics that shape drought, environmental impacts of drought on hydrologic resources and ecology, and societal impacts of drought.  We will also review strategies for coping with drought from both environmental and societal aspects and drought related policies.  

Class Readings (read in advance for each weeks discussion)
Readings expected to change w/suggestions by class

Introduction
Jan 25: What is Drought?
    1. Redmond, K. T. (2002). The depiction of drought: a commentary. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 83(8), 1143-1147.
    2. Wilhite, D.A. and M.H. Glantz (1985) Understanding the Drought Phenomenon: The role of definitions, Water International, 10, 111-120
    3. Wilhite, D. A., & Buchanan-Smith, M. (2005). Drought as hazard: understanding the natural and social context. Drought and water crises: Science, technology, and management issues, 3-29. 
    4. Pozzi, W., et al. (2013). Toward global drought early warning capability: expanding international cooperation for the development of a framework for monitoring and forecasting. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(6), 776-785.

Climate Processes

Feb 1: Paleoclimate [John Abatzoglou leads]
    1. Diamond, J. (2005). The Maya Collapses, Chapter 5 of Collapse
    2. Haug et al., (2003). Climate and the Collapse of Maya Civilization, Science
    3. Cook, E.R., Woodhouse, C.A., Eakin, C.M., Meko, D.M. and Stahle, D.W., 2004. Long-term aridity changes in the western United States. Science,306(5698), pp.1015-1018.
    4. Griffin, D., & Anchukaitis, K. J. (2014). How unusual is the 2012–2014 California drought?. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(24), 9017-9023.
Feb 8: Climate dynamics [Ted Jeckering + Lauren Parker co-lead]
    1. Sheffield, J., Wood, E. F., & Roderick, M. L. (2012). Little change in global drought over the past 60 years. Nature, 491(7424), 435-438.
    2. Swain, D. L., Tsiang, M., Haugen, M., Singh, D., Charland, A., Rajaratnam, B., & Diffenbaugh, N. S. (2014). The extraordinary California drought of 2013-2014: Character, context, and the role of climate change. Bull Am Meteorol Soc,95(7), S3-S7.
    3. Cook, B. I., Ault, T. R., & Smerdon, J. E. (2015). Unprecedented 21st century drought risk in the American Southwest and Central Plains. Science Advances,1(1), e1400082
    4. Williams, A. P., Seager, R., Abatzoglou, J. T., Cook, B. I., Smerdon, J. E., & Cook, E. R. (2015). Contribution of anthropogenic warming to California drought during 2012–2014. Geophysical Research Letters.

Water resources

Feb 22: Water scarcity [Paris Edwards and Chris Featherston co-lead]


Feb 29: Approaches for local water conservation and culture [Danielle Gentry and Mark Clytus co-lead]
  1. Christian-Smith, J., Levy, M.C. and Gleick, P.H., 2015. Maladaptation to drought: a case report from California, USA. Sustainability Science10(3), pp.491-501.
  2. Stoutenborough, J.W. and Vedlitz, A., 2014. Public Attitudes Toward Water Resources and Drought in the United StatesWater resources management28(3), pp.697-714.2014
  3. Treaty Talks: Paddling Up the Columbia River for People and Salmon, Voyages of Rediscovery


Ecological impacts and responses

Mar 7: Ecosystem response: mortality, regeneration and insects [Seth Gorelik leads]
    1. Allen, C. D., et al. (2010). A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 259(4), 660-684.
    2. Williams, A. P., et al. (2013). Temperature as a potent driver of regional forest drought stress and tree mortality. Nature Climate Change, 3(3), 292-297.
    3. Ukkola, A.M. et al., (2015) Reduced streamflow in water stressed climates consistent with CO2 effects on vegetation, Nature Climate Change
    4. McDowell, N., et al. (2008). Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought: Why do some plants survive while others succumb to drought? New Phytologist 178:719 - 739.

Mar 21: Ecosystem response: wildfire [Devin Yeatman leads]
  1. North, M.P., S.L. Stephens, B.M. Collins, J.K. Agee, G. Aplet, J.F. Franklin, and P.Z. Fulé. 2015. Reform forest fire management. Science 349: 1280 - 1281, California Public Radio piece
  2. Westerling, A.L., H.G. Hidalgo, D.R. Cavan, and T.W. Swetnam. 2006. Warming and earlier spring increase forest wildfire activity. Science 313: 940 - 943.
  3. Clifford, M.J. and R.K. Booth. 2015. Late-Holocene drought and fire drove a widespread change in forest community composition in eastern North America. The Holocene 25: 1102 - 1110
  4. Kolden, C.A. and T.J. Brown. 2010. Beyond wildfire: perspectives of climate, managed fire and policy in the USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 19, 364-373

           Mar 28: Ecosystem response: wildlife [Jamie Jarolimek leads]
    1. Duncan, C., Chauvenet, A.L., McRae, L.M. and Pettorelli, N., 2012. Predicting the future impact of droughts on ungulate populations in arid and semi-arid environments. PloS one7(12), p.e51490.
    2. Facka, A.N., Roemer, G.W., Mathis, V.L., Kam, M. and Geffen, E., 2010. Drought Leads to Collapse of Black-Tailed Prarie Dog Populations Reintroduced to the Chihuahuan DesertThe Journal of Wildlife Management74(8), pp.1752-1762
    3. California DFG Monitors Drought Impact on Wildlife, https://cdfgnews.wordpress.com/2016/03/10/cdfw-monitors-effect-of-severe-drought-on-wildlife/

Societal Impacts

Apr 4: Agriculture, Food Security and Economics [Brendan Gordon, Mark Clytus and Michael Foushee co-lead]
  1. Conway, D. and Schipper, E.L.F., 2011. Adaptation to climate change in Africa: Challenges and opportunities identified from Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change, 21(1), pp.227-237
  2. Economist News Articles [Coffee], [Somalian economy]
  3. Banerjee, O. et al., 2013, An ecosystem services approach to estimating economic losses associated with drought, Ecological Economics

Apr 11: Human conflict and migration [Brendan Gordon and Chris Featherston co-lead]
    1. Kelley et al., 2015, Climate change in the Fertile Crescent and implications of the recent Syrian drought, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Economist Article
    2. Gray, C. and Mueller, V., 2012. Drought and population mobility in rural EthiopiaWorld Development40(1), pp.134-145.


Apr 18: 
Human health and water quality [Courtney Cooper and Michael Foushee co-lead]
  1. Shaman, J., Day, J.F. and Stieglitz, M., 2005. Drought-induced amplification and epidemic transmission of West Nile virus in southern Florida. Journal of Medical Entomology42(2), pp.134-141.
  2. Yusa, A., Berry, P., J Cheng, J., Ogden, N., Bonsal, B., Stewart, R. and Waldick, R., 2015. Climate change, drought and human health in Canada. International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(7), pp.8359-8412.

May 2: Management and Resilience [Courtney Cooper, Danielle Gentry and Ted Jeckering co-lead]
  1. D'Odorico, P., Laio, F. and Ridolfi, L., 2010. Does globalization of water reduce societal resilience to drought?Geophysical Research Letters,37(13).
  2. Cosens, B.A. and M.K. Williams, 2012, Resilience and Water Governance: Adaptive Governance in the Columbia River Basin, Ecology and Society, 17
  3. Tompkins, E.L. and Adger, W., 2004. Does adaptive management of natural resources enhance resilience to climate change?Ecology and society9(2), p.10.




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