Offer alternatives for visual information

Images, Graphics, Animations, Video, or Text (see below) are often the optimal way to present information, especially when the information is about the relationships between objects, actions, numbers, or events.  But such visual representations are not equally accessible to all learners, especially learners with visual disabilities or those who are not familiar with the type of graphic being used. Visual information can be quite dense, particularly with visual art, which can have multiple complex meanings and interpretations depending on contextual factors and the viewer’s knowledge base. To ensure that all learners have equal access to information, it is essential to provide non-visual alternatives.

Tell Me More!
  • Provide descriptions (text or spoken) for all images, graphics, video, or animations
  • Use touch equivalents (tactile graphics or objects of reference) for key visuals that represent concepts
  • Provide physical objects and spatial models to convey perspective or interaction
  • Provide auditory cues for key concepts and transitions in visual information
  • Speak directions for tasks (Echevarría, Vogt & Short, 2012)
  • Use recorded text (Echevarría, Vogt & Short, 2012)