What needs to be upgraded?
What Breaks ?
1) Oil - 7.5W-30 recommended in Japan. A good 10-30W synthetic is a good start for a street car.Oil Change /Filter change. Keep it happy. We use Redline 15/50w or 10/30w full synthetic. Oil Filter - OEM 15208-60U00 , Fram PH3682 ,OEM(R34) 15208-9E000
2) Fuel - 91 PON in California. Higher some places . You don't want to run anything less than the highest octane pump gas available.
3)Air filter. If you are using the stock box you can put a K& N part # 33-2031-1 OEM –16546 –V0100 or 16546-V0100 , Fram CA4309 ,. Fits R32,R33 ,R34. Part of making power is Air in /Air out.
4) Spark plugs - PFR6A-11 stock. PFR7A-11 are one heat range cooler You may want to tighen the plug gap up if you are going to up the boost. Stock gaps on these plugs are 1.1mm which is pretty wide for a spark plug. Iridiums work well. They are expensive but they work well. We have had a problem with the Denso iridium plugs breaking the ceramic around the electrode. With the NGK's we havent had a problem.
5) Fuel filter - Same as a 1996 Infiniti J30. Its a good idea to change it when you get the car.
6) Transmission fluid - Don't try and fill it though the gearshifter. Though the gearshifter is the transfer case GL4 75-90
7) Front Differential - GL5 85-90
8) Rear Differential - LSD GL5 80-90
9) Transfercase - Nissan Automatic Fluid Type D
10) Attesa System - Nissan Automatic Fluid Type D
Fuel injectors - 444cc. Lets just say that each cc of injector - on a 6 cylinder car is good for 1 hp... So with the stock injectors we can make 444 hp at the motor.... its just an approximation , but its pretty close.
Fuel pump - 195 L/hr . If its 15 years old, it might be a good idea to change it Nismo replacement is 276 l/hr . Apex'i Replacement is 276 l/hr.
Turbo's - Above about 1.1 bar they have a tendency to break the exhaust wheel off. People have gone low 12's, high 11's on the stock turbos, but not for long. Stock peak boost R32 is about 0.8 , R33 0.9, R34 1.0. Need to go to a full metal turbo. HKS GT series are good turbos.
We have also run Apex'i AX series turbos. The 2530's are the way to go with
the small GT series for about 450-500 whp on pump gas.
Oil pump - Early R32 has a narrow oil pump drive. Late R32/R33/R34 has a wider drive. The oil pump should be replaced if you plan on reving above 8,000 rpms
Clutch - The stock clutches have gone low 12's, but in an R32. R33/R34 they give up pretty quickly. High 12's, slip them a few times, and they are done.At least a sturdy single plate. Nismo twin plate works well. HKS twin plate is fairly hard to drive , but you get used to it. It also makes a bit of noise. A triple plate is very difficult to drive.
MAF - The stock 65mm MAFs are good for about 400 whp. Above then they run out of range and max out their voltage. Stock ones max out at around 400 horsepower to the wheels. A popular replacement is the 300ZX meters. A 300ZX uses one - we double up for the GT-R.They are physically larger. 80mm vs 70 mm
Oil Cooler - The stock cars run an oil/water heat exchanger. Its a good idea if you are going to go on a track, or do any high speed driving with the car to put an external oil cooler on the car. On a track, it only takes a few laps in cool outside temps to get the oil temps above the 110C range.
Camshafts - Stock they are 240/236 duration 8.58/8.28 mm. More than 9.1 mm of lift needs clearancing around the bucket due to the height of the camshaft lobe. Small cams will generally see at least 20 whp, and will generally also pickup response.
Brakes -Stock R32 brakes are an upgrade for 300ZX's.Stock Vspec R32 brakes are Brembos. Stock R33 /R34 are Brembos. For most people these are adequate . We have used a couple of different styles of pads in the US.
Clutch- Lots of power and AWD . The fuse in the driveline is the clutch. You have a lot of possibilities here. My favorite "normal" clutch is the Nismo twin plate clutch - along with a Nismo Slave Cylinder The twin plate clutch will work until around 600 hp at the wheels. It has a very nice feel , plus its a sprung hub , for that extra give in the driveline. We have used HKS/Tilton twin and triple plate clutches. They are non -sprung hub. The HKS/Tilton twins are fairly difficult to drive. Or as Sport Compact Car called one "the clutch from hell". The triple could not be recommended for a street car. It was extremely difficult to drive on the street. Carbon clutches are great but very expensive. The Tilton true carbon/carbon clutch costs around $5000.
Transmission - In R32 ,R33 making over 500hp to the rear wheels , 3rd gear has had some issues while drag racing. The synchros are also not all that durable. The internals of the R32,R33 are the same as the 300ZX twin turbo. Redline Shockproof Heavy Gear Oil. We used it in our 10.7 drag car with a stock transmission and it seems to really help with transmission durability. The Getrag in an R34 requires its own special oil.The oil is available from Toyota dealerships and its $40 a liter. The Getrag does not like Shockproof Heavy, so don't use it in it.. OS Giken transmission internal upgrades for the R32-R33 seem to be good up to 700 hp.
Turbo - The stock R32,R33 ,R34 turbos have ceramic exhaust wheels . Detonation has caused more than one of these to break off , thereby causing a normallyaspirated GT-R. Don't detonate on the stock turbos. In Japan they say the limit is 1.1 bar.You can run more, just be prepared to change the turbos.
Early R32's have an oil pump drive that is about half the width of the
late R32/R33/R34 crankshaft. That combined with an 8000 rpm
factory redline leads to the occasional misshift over rev and the oil
pump gears break. The N1 oil pump is a stock pump with a stiffer
spring. Many aftermarket companies make upgraded pumps. The motor has
to come out, they cost $1000 and up.
#6 cylinder - #6 cylinder is the lean cylinder. Every motor has a lean cylinder. Its also at the back of the motor, last to get coolant flow. The stock intake manifold design forces air to stack up at #6. The Nismo inlet plenum was designed to balance flow though the motor. This is not really a basic, rather something just good to know. Just know that if you ever run the car lean, you will probably hurt #6 first. Also if you arechecking compression or leak down, try out #6 first.Why you shouldn't use a Japanese market tuned ECU..
Japanese market premium fuel is rated at 100 octane.They use a different method of determining octane in Japan. Here in the US -Southern California our premium fuel is 91 octane (RON+MON/2) . Of course you can buy 104 unleaded from VP. You can also buy 100 octane uleaded out of the pump at some 76 stations. But for all pratical purposes 91 is as high as you will get here in Southern California. Some places in the US you can get up to 94 out of the pump at "normal" gas stations.
Oil Catch Can - GT-R's rev high . They have oil squirters , run under boost , and generally move a lot of air/oil around in the motor. Oil lowers the effective octane of the fuel .
Gasket mismatch - Check out this page for some pics of the turbo mismatch.
Hard turbo inlet piping - The stock intake piping can collapse under boost