The physical observations that light exerts pressure on objects and light is bent by gravity can be considered as evidence that photons do indeed have mass. The requirement for mass to be convertible to radiant energy which is net electrically neutral yet has alternating positive and negative potentials and an alternating magnetic field leads to the consideration of a photon as an electron and positron joined in a two body orbital union traveling through space. This simple mechanical model comes directly from conservation of matter and observations of electron-positron annihilation and electron-positron pair production. Since electrons and positrons are generally considered to be fundamental particles, we should believe the electron and positron to be conserved throughout the process of photon creation and destruction. Most interpretations of the mathematics of special relativity would lead one to believe that mass cannot travel at the speed of light because the mass or momentum would be infinite at that velocity. However, under the influence of an inverse square force, speed of light particles are actually predicted using accepted mathematical models. Furthermore, the equations of motion of charged particle interactions can be rearranged and interpreted so that the force varies with velocity instead of the mass. This change in perspective makes the concept of speed of light particles entirely plausible and allows a renewed appreciation for the concepts and definitions of classical mechanics. Randy T. Dorn, "The Two Body Photon", Proc. SPIE 8832, The Nature of Light: What are Photons? V, 88320K (October 1, 2013); doi:10.1117/12.2023683;Copyright 2013 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited. The High Velocity Version of Classical MechanicsA good understanding of the actual mechanism for
the attraction between an electron and positron is necessary for the effective
study of electron – positron phenomenon such as annihilation and pair
production. This “action at a distance”
force has mathematical descriptions, but the underlying phenomenon is really
not well understood. Our intuitive
understanding of how force is delivered through the action of an impulse comes
from our everyday experience and is described by Newton’s
Laws. If we extend this classical
mechanical line of reasoning to these more mysterious forces, it leads to the
derivation of a high velocity version of F = ma. The basis of this model is Newton's
notion that gravity could be attributed to multiple impacts of invisible
bodies. In this model it is assumed that
such an acceleration field is made up of tiny bodies that travel at the speed
of light and that these bodies deliver energy to accelerated particles by
elastic collisions. The result is a
mathematical model comparable to relativistic equations. This similarity leads to the conclusion that
it is reasonable to rearrange and interpret the relativistic equations as a velocity
dependent force. There is no reason to
change the classical definition of mass, momentum and energy for the physics
that has heretofore been described by relativity. Randy T. Dorn, "The High Velocity Version of Classical
Mechanics", Proc. SPIE 8121, The Nature of Light: What are Photons? IV, 812107 (September 28, 2011); doi:10.1117/12.892928;Copyright 2011 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited. SPIE Link: The High Velocity Version of Classical Mechanics Free Link: The High Velocity Version of Classical Mechanics |

### The Two Body Photon

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