Tiếng Anh 11
OâN TAÄP HOÏC KYØ II LÔÙP 11 CHÖÔNG TRÌNH CHUAÅN
UNIT 9: THE POST OFFICE
/sp/ : speak, speech, speedy, crisp, spacious
/st/: Stanley, stand, stop, best, text
/sk/: ask, disk, dusk, skill, school
1. Defining relative clauses ( meänh ñeà quan heä xaùc ñònh)
Ex: I saw the man. He stole your bicycle.
" I saw the man who/that stole your bicycle.
2. Non-defining relative clauses ( meänh ñeà quan heä baát ñinh).
Tröôùc vaø sau meänh ñeà coù daáu phaåy vaø khoâng ñöôïc thay theá baèng that.
Ex: Mr Obama is the president of the U.S. He is very talented.
" Mr Obama, who is the president of the U.S, is very talented.
UNIT 10: NATURE IN DANGER
/sl/: slave, sleep, slim, slowly
/sm/: small, smart, smell, smoke
/sn/: snack, sneeze, snooker, snowy
/sw/: swallow, swim, swing, switch
Relative clause after prepositions ( meänh ñeà quan heä sau giôùi töø)
Prepositions (after, about, in, at, on, with,…) + which (vaät), whom (ngöôøi)
Ex: My younger sister is innocent. My family is worried about her.
" My younger sister who/that/whom my family is worried about is innocent
" My younger sister about whom my family is worried is innocent
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY
/∫r/: shred, shrill, shrimp, shrine
/spl/: splash, split, spleen, splutter
/spr/: spring, spray, spread, sprightly
Relative clauses replaced by participles and to infinitive
1. Present participle phrase: which/that/who + clause " (ving)
Ex: The man who gave me a diamond ring was a director.
" The man giving me a diamond ring was a director.
2. Past participle phrase: which/that/who + clause " (v3/-ed)
Ex: The ideas that are presented in that book sound great.
" The ideas presented in that book sound great.
3. An infinitive phrase: which/that/who + clause " to V
Ex: Yuri Gagarin was the first man who flew into space.
" Yuri Gagarin was the first man to fly into space.
UNIT 12: THE ASIAN GAMES
/str/: street, strong, strange, strength
/skr/: sream, screen, screw, scratch
/skw/: square, squeeze, squeak, squeal
Omission of relative pronouns ( boû ñaïi töø quan heä khi noù laøm tuùc töø)
Ex: I am thinking of the woman who/that/whom I met at the park last Sunday.
" I am thinking of the woman I met at the park last Sunday.
UNIT 13: HOBBIES
/pt/: stopped, jumped, stepped, trapped
/bd/: robbed, stabbed, grabbed, bribed
/ps/: stops, steps, maps, shops
/bz/: robs, bribes, rubs, clubs
Cleft sentences : It + is/was + S/O/Adverbialphrase + that/who ………………
1. Nhaán maïnh chuû töø
Ex: Mary sang very well at the party.
" It was Mary who sang very well at the party.
2. Nhaán maïnh tuùc töø
Ex: I learned Spanish last year.
" It was Spanish that I learned last year.
3. Nhaán maïnh traïng töø
Ex: I’m highly-respected in this organisation.
" It is in this organisation that I’m highly-respected.
UNIT 14: RECREATION
/ts/: sits, eats, meets
/dz/: reads, friends, kids
/t∫t/: marched, watched, reached
/dƷd/: bridged, raged, managed
1. Cleft sentences : It + is/was + S/O/Adverbialphrase + that/who + be + V3/ed
(nhaán maïnh daïng bò ñoäng)
Ex: It is the girl who they really admire.
" It is the girl who is really admired.
2. Conjunctions (lieân töø keát caâu)
Not only + s/v/o/adv + but also + s/v/o/adv
Either + s/v/o/adv + or + s/v/o/adv
Neither + s/v/o/adv + nor + s/v/o/adv
Ex1: Jack doesn’t live in New York. Jim doesn’t live in New York, either.
" Neither Jack nor Jim lives in New York.
Ex2: Jane sings very beautifully. She also plays the guitar well.
" Jane not only sings very beautifully but also plays the guitar well.
UNIT 15: SPACE CONQUEST
/nt/: went, rent, tenant, didn’t
/nd/: end, remind, warned, friend
/nz/: phones, learns, Barnes, tonnes
A. Could/ couldn’t; was/were (not) able to.
1. Caû hai ñöôïc duøng ñeå noùi leân ngöôøi naøo ñoù coù theå laøm ñöôïc gì trong quaù khöù
Ex: My granmother loved music. She was able to/could play the piano very well.
2. Duøng was/were able to, khoâng duøng could, noùi leân ngöôøi ta laøm ñöôc vieäc gì vaøo moät dòp naøo ñoù trong quaù khö.
Ex: Sue wasn’t at home when I phoned but I was able to contact her at her office.
B. Tag question (caâu hoûi ñuoâi)
1. Caâu khaúng ñònh + caâu hoûi ñuoâi phuû ñònh.
Ex: You will go with us, won’t you?
2. Caâu phuû ñònh + caâu hoûi ñuoâi phuû ñònh.
Ex: Mary isn’t a student, is she?
Chuù yù: Nhöõng traïng töø chæ söï phuû ñònh
Ex: Bill never smoke, doesn’t he?
3. Moät soá daïng ñaëc bieät:
a. caâu meänh leänh
Ex: Listen to this, will you?
b. Let’s work together, shall we?
c. I’m stupid, aren’t I or am I not?
d. noone, nobody, someone, somebody
Ex1: No one has arrived at the restaurant, have they?
Ex2: Somebody left the village early, didn’t they?
UNIT 16: THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD
/ft/: gift, lift, soft
/vd/: arrived, loved, moved
/fs/: coughs, laughs, roofs
/vz/: behaves, loves, knives
Special passive voice
S(1) + V(1) (say, think, find, believe, expect, …..) + that + S(2) + V(2) chuyeån thaønh hai daïng
1. It + is/was + V(1) ôû daïng quaù khöù phaân töø (V3/ed) + that + S(2) + V(2)
Ex: People say that he is rich.
" It is said that he is rich.
2. S(2) + be (is,am, are, was, were) + V(1) ôû daïng quaù khöù phaân töø + to V(2) ôû daïng nguyeân maãu khi ôû hieän taïi hoaëc + to V(2) ôû daïng Have + V3/ed khi ôû quaù khöù.
Ex1: People say that he is rich.
" He is said to be rich .
Ex2: They thought that the chairman left the meeting early.
" The chairman was thought to have left the meeting early.