Global Nuclear Proliferation Related to Pakistan
2. Pakistan begins Nuclear Smuggling Operation (1987): Pakistani
nuclear scientist A.Q. Khan allegedly starts an international nuclear smuggling
operation with alleged sales of designs for atomic weapons and nuclear
centrifuge technology for the enrichment of uranium to countries such as Egypt,
Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria,
North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and the UAE. Khan
alleges that the Pakistani government knew and approved of his illegal actions (International Institute for Strategic Studues, 2011).
3. Pakistan Tests Nuclear Bomb (1998): Pakistan government first began testing nuclear weapons on May 28, 1998, and May 30, 1998, with 6 tests in western Pakistan. Test yields were about 10 kilotons and 5 kilotons, according to seismic analysis (Arms Control Association, 1998).
4. Pakistani Generals Sell Nuclear Secrets to North Korea (1998): A senior North Korean official stated that a 1998 payment of $3,000,000 was given to Pakistan's former army chief, General Jehangir Karamat, and another $500,000 to Lieutenant General Zulfiqar Khan, who was involved in Pakistan's nuclear bomb tests. The Pakistani generals allegedly sold the uranium enrichment technology to North Korea in return for millions of dollars in cash and jewels (The Guardian, 2011).
5. Pakistan Proliferates Nuclear Technology to Syria
(1998): The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), allegedly has
copies of correspondence between Pakistani nuclear scientist A.Q. Khan and a
Syrian government official, Muhidin Issa, who apparently suggested
collaboration following Pakistan's successful nuclear test in 1998. The U.N. is
suspicious that Damascus collaborated with Abdul Qadeer Khan to obtain nuclear
technology for a covert weapons program (Belfast Telegraph, 2011).
6. Clinton Sanctions Pakistan over Nuclear Tests (1998): The U.S. announced broad sanctions in response to nuclear tests in Pakistan that have raised concerns about an arms race in South Asia. Clinton Administration officials say the sanctions are designed to get Pakistan to halt further nuclear tests, sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and agree not to deploy missiles with nuclear warheads (CNN, 1998).
7. Pakistani Nuclear Scientists Meet with Osama bin Laden Twice (2001): Counter Terrorism Centre Sentinel, Professor Shaun Gregory states that, "There is already the well-known case of two senior Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission scientists, Sultan Bashirrudin Mahmood and Chaudhry Abdul Majeed, who travelled to Afghanistan in 2000 and again shortly before 9/11 for meetings with Osama bin Laden himself, the content of which has never been disclosed." (The Australian, 2009).
8. Pakistani Dirty Bomb Smuggled into America? (2001): An unidentified former chief of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency is believed to be the man who coordinated Osama bin Laden's nuclear ambitions. One local intelligence source speculated that before September 11, a dirty bomb could have been smuggled all the way to Karachi, Pakistan and then shipped out in a cargo container to the United States (Washington Times, 2001).
8. Bush Waives Nuclear Sanctions on Pakistan after 9/11 (2001): On September 22, 2011, U.S. President George W. Bush lifted sanctions imposed on Pakistan for their 1998 nuclear tests. The president also removed other sanctions related to Pakistan’s development of nuclear weapons. The decision to lift sanctions on Pakistan came in large part due to the cooperation Washington received from Islamabad after the September 11 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington (Arms Control Association, 2001).
9. Pakistani Scientist Sells Nuclear Secrets to Libya,
Iran & North Korea (2004): Pakistani nuclear scientist A.Q. Khan told
investigators in an 11-page confession that he had provided nuclear secrets to
other Muslim countries - Iran and Libya - so they could become nuclear powers
and strengthen the Islamic world. Khan also stated that he transfer nuclear
technology to North Korea "to divert attention of the international
community from Pakistan" (Telegraph, 2004).
10. Pakistan Launches 3rd Sub with 2nd Strike Nuclear Capability (2006): In 1994, DCN, the government-owned company that builds France's naval vessels, agreed to help the Pakistanis build and learn to operate 3 Agosta 90B stealth submarines with a completion date of 2006. According to the Pakistani Navy Captain Iftikhar Riaz Qureshi, Pakistan purchased its Agosta 90Bs to provide itself with "second strike nuclear capability." Qureshi's words imply that from day one, Pakistan's intention has been to tip these missiles with atomic warheads (Howard Bloom, 2004).
11. Terrorists Attack Pakistan's Nuclear Facilities Twice (2007): Pakistan's nuclear facilities were attacked twice in 2007 by alleged Pakistani home-grown extremists and terrorists that are compromising the safety and security of the nuclear weapons in Pakistan. The incidents, tracked by Shaun Gregory, a professor at Bradford University in UK, include an attack on the nuclear missile storage facility at Sargodha on November 1, 2007, an attack on Pakistan's nuclear airbase at Kamra by a suicide bomber on December 10, 2007 (Times of India, 2009).
12. Terrorists Attack Pakistan's Nuclear Facilities Again (2008): Pakistan's nuclear facilities were attacked for a third time on Aug. 20, 2008, by the Pakistani Taliba when homicide bombers blew up several entry points to a main armament complex at the country's main nuclear facility, the Wah Cantonment Ordnance Complex, which is associated with the weaponization of Pakistan's nuclear devices and reportedly the main storage and maintenance site of the Pakistani nuclear weapons (Fox News, 2009).
13. Pakistani Nuclear Scientist A.Q. Khan Freed from House Arrest (2009): A Pakistani court freed Pakistani nuclear scientist A.Q. Khan from unofficial house arrest after Khan confessed in 2004 to providing sensitive nuclear technology to rogue regimes around the world. The Pakistani government never formally acknowledged Khan was under house arrest and Khan has been unrepentant, saying the Musharraf and the Pakistani government was aware of his activities and that he had been made a scapegoat (LA Times, 2009).
14. Pakistani Terrorists Target Indian Nuclear Plants (2009): The Pakistani terror group Lashkar-e-Taiba allegedly ordered terrorist and CIA double-agent David Headley to conduct surveillance of a nuclear weapons fuel plant in Tromboy, India. According to U.S. officials, the Pakistani-born American citizen travelled to Mumbai 5 times between 2006 and 2008, posing as an American Jew with a new video camera, . (ABC News, 2009).
15. Elite U.S. Troops Deployed to Combat Hijacked Pakistani Nukes (2010): The U.S. is putting in place "a crack unit" of its elite troops to seal off Pakistan's nuclear weapons to ensure they do not fall into the hands of militants. The special forces unit is trained to seal off and snatch back nuclear weapons in the event that militants, "possibly from inside the country's security apparatus", get their hands on a nuclear device or materials that could make one. The specialized unit would be charged with recovering the nuclear materials and securing them. The move follows a series of attacks on sensitive military installations over the past two years, several of which housed nuclear facilities (Daily Star, 2010).
16: Pakistan Rejects U.S. & U.N. Nuclear Disarmament Attempts (2010): Pakistan informed world powers that it cannot accept the start of global negotiations to halt production of nuclear bomb-making fissile material. The move represents a potential setback for efforts by both the Obama administration and U.N. to forge ahead with what is widely seen as the next step in multilateral nuclear disarmament (Reuters, 2010).
17. Lashkar-e-Taiba Targets Pakistani Nuclear Scientists (2010): The Pakistani terror group Lashkar-e-Taiba is allegedly planning to target Pakistani nuclear scientists and Pakistan's nuclear infrastructure. Security has reportedly been tightened around several of the alleged targets since the reports that terrorists plan to strike (The Diplomat, 2010).
18. Pakistan Sells Nuclear Technology to Iran & Iraq (2010): The Washington Post published a report that Pakistani nuclear scientist A.Q. Khan had tried to help Iran and Iraq develop nuclear weapons. The nuclear deals allegedly occurred with the knowledge of the Pakistani government (Reuters, 2010).
19. Hijacked Plane tried to Attack Pakistani Nuclear Weapons Facility (2010): An Air Blue Airbus 320 that crashed July 28, 2010, outside Islamabad, Pakistan, was a terrorist hijacking tied to rogue American security forces operating inside Pakistan. Sources indicate that the plane crash was an unsuccessful hijacking attempt intended to crash into the nuclear weapons facility at Kahuta, just outside Islamabad. Suspicions were raised inside Pakistan’s military and intelligence organizations when American military contractors employed by Blackwater/Xe showed up on the scene immediately after the crash, seizing the black box and “other materials” (Veterans Today, 2010).