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Earthquakes


Title: 5.6-Magnitude Earthquake, Strongest On Record, Strikes Oklahoma
Date:
November 6, 2011
Source:
TIME

Abstract: It wasn’t just the Cowboys fans rocking the stadium after Oklahoma State’s 52-45 win over the Kansas State Wildcats.  A day of earthquakes culminated in the state’s strongest quake on record, a 5.6-magnitude temblor that was felt in all corners of the state and into parts of neighboring Kansas, Missouri and Arkansas.

The region is prone to earthquakes, as the New Madrid Fault has proven to be a volatile one in recent years. And Saturday was bookended by quaking for many Oklahomans, beginning with a 4.7-magnitude earthquake that jolted residents awake at 2:12 a.m.

And at 10:53 p.m., the ground shook again. The 5.6-magnitude quake, strongest in Oklahoma’s history, was centered four miles east of Sparks, a small town 40 miles northeast of Oklahoma City.

There were no reports of injuries or major damage, though homeowners did report many instances of structural damage. Emergency management crews said three separate sections of U.S. Route 62 buckled in the quake and a boulder “about the size of an SUV” broke free and tumbled onto a rural road in Lincoln County.

Residents report that the ground shook for more than a minute. Assessment crews were dispatched to check on those near the epicenter. “They’re reporting that all the houses look like they’ve been ransacked,” Aaron Bennett from Lincoln County emergency management said. At least one person was taken to a hospital in Prague with minor injuries, he said. The man, according to CNN, tripped and hit his head while trying to run out of his house during the earthquake.

The U.S. Geological survey reports 11 aftershocks were recorded overnight Saturday into Sunday. The strongest quake prior to Saturday was a 5.5-magnitude temblor that struck on April 9, 1952 (TIME, 2011).

Title: Earthquake Shakes Japan Today But Inflicts No Damage
Date:
January 1, 2012
Source:
All Voices

Abstract: A strong earthquake hits eastern and non eastern japan on Sunday. The earthquake is with a magnitude of 7 was recorded and it was several hundred miles of the coast of Japan. The 7.0 magnitude earthquake, at a depth of nearly 217 miles, was recorded off Japan's southeastern Izu islands on Sunday at 0527 GMT,

The earth quake shaking the buildings in Tokyo but till now no damages or injuries have been reported. Also the officials said that there was no danger of tsunami. So no warnings of tsunami till now. The magnitude of earthquake in central Tokyo and its surroundings is 4 on the Japanese intensity scale. Due to the earthquake some high speed train services in northern japan were suspended. But soon they resumed operations.

As earthquakes are common in Japan. japan. And japan is one of the world's most seismically active areas. The country accounts for about 20 percent of the world's earthquakes of magnitude 6 or greater.

The northeast coast was struck by a magnitude 9 earthquake on march 11, 2011.the strongest quake in Japan on record, and a massive tsunami, which triggered the world's worst nuclear crisis in 25 years since Chernobyl. The disaster left up to 23,000 dead or missing (All Voices, 2012).

Title: M5.4 Quake Jolts Ibaraki, Tokyo
Date:
March 1, 2012
Source:
Japan Today

Abstract:
  An earthquake with a magnitude of 5.4 on the Richter scale jolted Ibaraki Prefecture and other parts of the Kanto region on Thursday morning, the Japan Meteorological Agency said.

The quake struck at 7:32 a.m. Its epicenter was situated 60 kilometers underground off Ibaraki, the agency said. In Saitama, Chiba and Tokyo, the quake registered 3.

No tsunami warning was issued and there were no immediate reports of injuries or damage, Fuji TV reported (Japan Today, 2012).

Title: Tsunami Advisories After M6.8 Quake Lifted
Date:
March 15, 2012
Source:
House of Japan

Abstract:
A small tsunami hit Japan's northeastern coastline on Wednesday, after a M6.8 earthquake jolted the Tohoku and Hokkaido region .   There were no immediate reports of damage at nuclear facilities in the area .

Nearly all of Japan's nuclear plants are offline for safety inspections (House of Japan, 2012).

Title: M5.9 Quake Jolts Fukushima, Kanto Regions
Date:
April 13, 2012
Source:
Japan Today

Abstract:
An earthquake with a magnitude of 5.9 jolted Fukushima and other parts of the Kanto region on Friday night, the Japan Meteorological Agency said.

The quake struck at 7:10 p.m. Its epicenter was 20 kilometers underground off Fukushima, the agency said. It registered 4 in Fukushima and northern Ibaraki, and 3 in Miyagi, Tochigi, Yamagata, Niigata, Saitama and Tokyo.

No tsunami warning was issued and there were no immediate reports of injuries or damage, Fuji TV reported (Japan Today, 2012).

Title: Quake Jolts Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba
Date:
May 29, 2012
Source:
Japan Today

Abstract:
An earthquake struck the Kanto area at 1:36 a.m. on Tuesday. The Japan Meteorological Center said the epicenter was at a depth of 80 kilometers in northwest Chiba where it registered 5.2. It measured 4 in Tokyo and parts of Kanagawa Prefecture. No tsunami warning was issued and there were no reports of injuries, police said (Japan Today, 2012).

Title: Powerful Earthquake Shakes Pacific 110 Miles From El Salvador
Date:
August 27, 2012
Source:
Red Orbit


Abstract:
A powerful 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of El Salvador Sunday night, followed by a 5.4 magnitude aftershock an hour later, according to a report by the US Geological Survey.

The quake’s epicenter was about 110 miles southeast of the capital San Salvador, and was located about 33 miles underground. Following the temblor, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued an alert, saying the quake had spawned a tsunami.

“Sea level readings confirm that a tsunami was generated,” the alert center said, stating the threat extended to all Central American countries and Mexico. The warning went up shortly after the 10:37 p.m. quake, and was later canceled.

David Walsh of the PTWC in Ewa Beach, Hawaii, said the tsunami was minor, only registering 3.94 inches off the coast of Acajutla, El Salvador. There was no immediate confirmations on where the wave landed, and there have been no reports of casualties or damage as a result of the quake and tsunami.

El Salvador’s Civil Protection Service Director Jorge Melendez said there was no tsunami threat for his country.

“The US Geological Survey has recorded a 7.4-point earthquake, but our observatory here recorded just a 5.7-point tremor,” he told the AFP. Due to the significant distance from the epicenter, Melendez said the earthquake was barely felt in El Salvador.

He noted that despite not issuing a tsunami alert, people in coastal villages and other coastal regions should maintain “a certain level of vigilance.”

The earthquake’s reading was based on the open-ended Moment Magnitude scale used by US seismologists, which measures the area of the fault that ruptured and the total amount of energy released. The USGS gave an initial estimate of magnitude 7.4, but later revised it to 7.3.

The El Salvador quake was preceded by a 4.3 magnitude tremor off the coast of Guatemala earlier Sunday. Also, a swarm of hundreds of small quakes struck southern California throughout the day on Sunday, knocking trailers off their foundations and breaking windows. The largest quake in that region was a 5.5 magnitude tremor. No injuries have been reported in any of the quakes on Sunday.

El Salvador is on the so-called Ring of Fire, an arc of fault lines circling the Pacific Basin that is prone to frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions (Red Orbit, 2012).

Title: Strong offshore Quake Kills 1 In The Philippines
Date: September 1, 2013
Source:
CNN

Abstract: A major earthquake offshore of the Philippines sent people scrambling toward higher ground, generated a small tsunami and killed at least one person Friday, authorities said.

The 7.6-magnitude quake struck Friday evening, with its epicenter about 65 miles southeast of the coastal town of Guiuan, in the Philippine province of Eastern Samar, the U.S. Geological Survey said. It was about 20 miles deep.

Tsunami waves ranging from 6 to 7 inches to a foot and a half were recorded in the province of Surigao del Norte, with waves of an inch reported near the cities of Davao and Legaspi, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council said.

Those waves did no known damage, but the earthquake triggered a landslide that killed one person and injured another, the council said.

"The quake occurred amid a strong rain, so the earth shook loose and there was a landslide," the country's civil defense chief, Benito Ramos, said, The Manila Times reported.

The quake was centered in the Marianas Trench in the western Pacific Ocean and was felt in the country's east, said Aimee Menguilla, a spokeswoman for the council.

Ed Serrano, the head of security at the Marco Polo Hotel in the city of Davao, about 250 miles south of Guiuan, said he felt the ground shake.

"The hotel guests were panicking," he said. "Most of them went outside."

Marie Elairon, working at the front desk at Hotel Dona Vicenta in the city of Borongan, said some people headed to mountainous areas and others took shelter in a church.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said tsunami waves were possible in a vast arc of the Pacific, but the alerts were soon canceled. The Philippines canceled an advisory urging people to evacuate early Saturday.

Ricky Carandang, President Benigno Aquino's press secretary, said there has been minor damage to roads in six provinces authorities were monitoring: Eastern and Northern Samar, Leyte, Southern Leyte, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur. The government also reported damage to bridges and houses.

Paul Earle, a U.S. Geological Survey seismologist, said the quake was "fairly far off the coast, so it likely won't cause severe shaking damage." But, he said, an earthquake "this large could cause a lot of damage" if it were inland.

The U.S. Geological Survey initially said the quake had a magnitude of 7.9 but later revised that figure (CNN, 2013).

Title: 6.2 Earthquake Rocks Mexico’s Baja California Coast
Date:
September 26, 2012
Source:
Fox News Latino

Abstract:
A 6.2-magnitude earthquake shook the southern part of Mexico’s Baja California peninsula on Tuesday, also rattling the fishing and resort city of La Paz.

“We are calling on the public to remain calm in case there are aftershocks,” said State Civil Defense Director Carlos Rincon, who also announced there were no immediate reports of damages or injuries.

The U.S. Geological Survey stated the earthquake occurred at about 4:45PM and was centered offshore in the Gulf of California. Twenty minutes later, a 4.6-magnitude aftershock occurred north of La Paz, as well as 4.8 temblor further out in the Gulf of California 12 minutes later.

State Governor Marcos Covarrubias declared that public schools would be closed on Wednesday, allowing experts time to evaluate any possible damages to school buildings (Fox News Latino, 2012).

Title: Seismologists Report Earthquakes In Alaska
Date:
September 27, 2012
Source:
Boston.com

Abstract:
Seismologists are reporting two aftershocks of a strong earthquake that rattled Alaska’s sparsely populated western Aleutian Islands.

There are no immediate reports the lights quakes that occurred at 7:28 a.m. Thursday and 11:16 p.m. Wednesday were felt or caused damage.

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center says the 4.5 and 4.3 magnitude quakes are aftershocks of the 6.4 earthquake that struck the area Wednesday afternoon. That quake was felt in the communities of Adak and Atka, more than 1,000 miles from Anchorage.

The three earthquakes were centered 64 to 75 miles southwest of Adak (Boston.com, 2012).

Title: 3.4 Magnitude Quake Recorded In Northern Texas
Date: September 30, 2012
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: A minor earthquake measuring a preliminary 3.4 magnitude rattled a suburban community west of Dallas during the night but there were no immediate reports of any damages or injuries, the U.S. Geological Survey said.

The quake struck at 11:05 p.m. CDT Saturday and was centered about 2 miles north of The Dallas suburb of Irving, the survey's national earthquake monitoring center in Golden, Colo., reported. Geophysicist Randy Baldwin told The Associated Press by phone from Colorado that the quake lasted several seconds and was strong enough to have been felt near the epicenter and possibly as far as15 or 20 miles away.

He says the quake's online reporting system received no reports of any damages or injuries, but there were some 1,200 online responses from people who felt it. "Of all the reports we've received there were no intensities of a damaging nature. We haven't heard of any kind of damage and it's probably too small for that," Baldwin added.

Baldwin says smaller aftershocks are a possibility over the coming day or so, noting that the region has been rattled by a number of minor quakes since 2008.

He said the quake was detected by a seismological station about 65 miles from the epicenter -- somewhat distant -- and the preliminary magnitude of 3.4 could be revised up or down once further data is obtained (Fox News, 2012).

Title: M6.3 Quake Jolts Japan's Sea Off Sanriku
Date:
October 2, 2012
Source:
Xinhua News

Abstract:
A magnitude 6.3 earthquake jolted Japan's sea off Sanriku at around 7:22 a.m. local time, said Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).

The epicenter was initially measured at 39.8 north latitude, 143.4 east longitude, with a depth of 10 km, according to JMA.

No tsunami alert was issued. No damage has been reported so far (Xinhua, 2012).

Title: Strong Earthquake Shakes Philippines, No Injuries
Date:
November 3, 2012
Source:
Fox News

Abstract:
A strong earthquake rattled the southern Philippine island of Mindanao early Saturday, but there were no reports of any injuries or damage and no tsunami warnings were issued.

The quake, which hit at 2:17 a.m., had a magnitude of 6.4, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology measured the magnitude at 6.5.

The institute said the quake's epicenter was 13 miles northeast of southern Tandag city, and 517 miles southeast of Manila, the capital. It hit at a depth of 48 miles.

"There was no damage, no casualties," Civil Defense chief Benito Ramos said hours after the temblor hit. "The earthquake was strong, but its source was deep and far."

The institute recorded several aftershocks, but Ramos said they were hardly felt in the area. He said no tsunami warnings were issued.

Surigao del Sur provincial administrator Efren Rivas said about 1,000 Tandag residents fled to the elevated grounds of the provincial capitol when the quake struck but returned to their homes shortly after.

The Philippine archipelago is located in the Pacific "Ring of Fire," where earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. A magnitude-7.7 quake killed nearly 2,000 people on the northern island of Luzon in 1990 (Fox News, 2012).

Title: Small Earthquake Rattles NJ Towns In Wake Of Sandy
Date:
November 5, 2012
Source:
Fox News

Abstract:
Some residents in northern New Jersey awoke to a small earthquake early Monday.

The temblor, with a magnitude of 2.0, struck at 1:19 a.m. and was centered in Ringwood, a community that's still dealing with downed trees and power outages from Sandy.

Geophysicist Jessica Turner at the National Earthquake Information Center says some people reported hearing a loud boom. Turner says those on upper floors of a home might have felt shaking or saw objects on walls vibrate.

The quake was 3 miles below ground and could also be felt in Mahwah, Wanaque, Oakland, Franklin Lakes, West Milford and Paterson.

Ringwood police say there are no reports of damage.

Turner says the last earthquake in New Jersey had a 2.2 magnitude and was recorded in February 2010 (Fox News, 2012).

Title: Magnitude-7.4 Earthquake Strikes Off Coast Of Guatemala, Killing At Least 48
Date:
November 7, 2012
Source:
Fox News


Abstract:
A 7.4-magnitude earthquake rocked Guatemala on Wednesday, killing at least 48 people in two provinces as it toppled thick adobe walls, shook huge landslides down onto highways, and sent terrified villagers streaming into the streets of this idyllic mountain town near the border with Mexico. One hundred people were missing, and hundreds were injured.

The quake, which hit at 10:35 a.m. in the midst of the work day, caused terror over an unusually wide area, with damage reported in all but one of Guatemala's 22 states and shaking felt as far away as Mexico City, 600 miles to the northwest.

President Otto Perez Molina said at a news conference that 40 people died in the province of San Marcos and eight more were killed in the neighboring province of Quetzaltenango.

San Marcos, where more than 30 homes collapsed, bore the brunt of the temblor's fury.

More than 300 people, including firefighters, policemen and villagers, tried to dig through a half ton of sand at a quarry in the commercial center of town in a desperate attempt to rescue seven people believed buried alive. Among those under the sand was a 6-year-old boy who had accompanied his grandfather to work.

"I want to see Giovanni! I want to see Giovanni!" the boy's mother, 42-year-old Francisca Ramirez, frantically cried. "He's not dead. Get him out." She said the boy's father had emigrated to the U.S. and there was no way to reach him.

Perez flew to San Marcos to view the damage in this lush mountainous region of 50,000 indigenous farmers and ranchers, many belonging to the Mam ethnic group.

"One thing is to hear about what happened and another thing entirely is to see it," Perez told The Associated Press. "As a Guatemalan I feel sad ... to see mothers crying for their lost children."

The president said the government would pay for the funerals of all victims in the poor region.

Efrain Ramos helped load a tiny casket carrying the body of his 6-year-old niece from San Marcos' morgue to a waiting pickup truck.

"She is my niece. The little girl died when a wall fell over her," a shocked Ramos told a reporter. He said the girl was playing in her room when the quake hit.

The girl's mother hugged the coffin wrapped with white lace and tulle while sobbing uncontrollably.

Ramos said the family would escort his niece Rosa's body back home for a viewing.

Many of the colorful adobe buildings in the 10-square-mile center of San Marcos were either cracked or reduced to rubble, including the police station and the courthouse. The temblor left a large gash in one of the streets, and hundreds of frightened villagers stood in the open, refusing to go back inside.

Hundreds of people crammed into the hallways of the small town hospital waiting for medical staff to help injured family members, some complaining they were not getting care quickly enough.

Ingrid Lopez, who went to the hospital with a 72-year-old aunt whose legs were crushed by a falling wall, said she had waited hours for an X-ray.

"We ask the president to improve conditions at the hospital," she said. "There isn't enough staff."

The quake, which was 20 miles deep, was centered 15 miles off the coastal town of Champerico and 100 miles southwest of Guatemala City. It was the strongest earthquake to hit Guatemala since a 1976 temblor that killed 23,000.

Officials said most of 100 missing were from San Marcos. The mainly indigenous inhabitants farm corn and herd cattle, mostly for their own survival.

Hospital officials in San Marcos said they had received 150 injured.

"I've been in Guatemala for almost two years and I am used to earthquakes. This was a lot more severe, a lot more shaky," said Peace Corps volunteer Adam Baker, 27, of Carmel, Indiana, who tweeted a picture of a small landslide behind his house in the nearby state of Quetzaltenango. "Things fell in my kitchen."

Perez said more than 2,000 soldiers were deployed from a base in San Marcos to help with the disaster. A plane had already made two trips to carry relief teams to the area.

The president urged people to stay put as emergency crews try to reach victims on the few roads not blocked by landslides or debris. He also encouraged people in the affected areas to stay outside and away from tall buildings.

David de Leon, spokesman for civil protection, told radio station Emisoras Unidas that officials were working on evacuations and relief. There were four strong aftershocks by late afternoon.

Perez said 150 people had been evacuated by air from the San Marcos area.

The country's minister of communications and infrastructure told Emisoras Unidas that landslides had blocked several highways in the west of the country, and it would take at least 24 hours to re-establish transport links to San Marcos.

A spokesman for El Salvador's Red Cross branch told The Associated Press that the quake had been felt throughout the country, sending people fleeing their homes in the capital, but there had been no immediate reports of injuries or serious damage.

The mayor of Mexico City said no serious damage or injuries were reported in the city, although many people fled their offices and homes during the quake.

In San Marcos, 91 inmates, including five women, were huddled to one side of the adobe makeshift jail that had floor-to-ceiling cracks and threatened to collapse. Police told the prisoners they were to be moved.

"We'd rather stay here and reconstruct the jail than be displaced. That will be hard for our families," said inmate Benjamin Tomas Gomez (Fox News, 2012).

Title: 4.2-Magnitude Quake Reported Off Oregon-California Coast
Date:
November 7, 2012
Source:
Fox News


Abstract:
A 4.2-magnitude earthquake has struck in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Oregon and California.

The U.S. Geological Survey says the quake struck early Wednesday roughly 140 miles west of Gold Beach, Ore., just north of the California border.

The sheriff's office in Curry County says there are no immediate reports of shaking or damage (Fox News, 2012).

Title: At Least 12 Feared Dead After Strong Earthquake Strikes Burma
Date:
November 10, 2012
Source:
Fox News


Abstract:
A strong earthquake of magnitude-6.8 struck northern Myanmar on Sunday, collapsing a bridge and a gold mine, damaging several old Buddhist pagodas and leaving as many as 12 people feared dead.

A slow release of official information left the actual extent of the damage unclear after Sunday morning's strong quake. Myanmar has a poor official disaster response system, despite having lost upward of 140,000 people to a devastating cyclone in 2008.

Myanmar's second-biggest city of Mandalay reported no casualties or major damage as the nearest major population center to the main quake Mandalay lies about 117 kilometers (72 miles) south of the quake's epicenter near the town of Shwebo.

Smaller towns closer to the main quake's epicenter were worse hit.

The area surrounding the epicenter is underdeveloped, and casualty reports were coming in piecemeal, mostly from local media. The region is a center for mining of minerals and gemstones, and several mines were reported to have collapsed.

The evening news on state television showed Vice President Sai Maul Hkam visiting the town of Thabeikyin, where the report said damage included 102 homes, 21 religious buildings, 48 government offices and four schools. The town, a gold-mining center, is near the quake's epicenter and had casualties of three dead and 35 injured. The report brought total officially confirmed casualties to six killed and 64 injured.

Independently compiled tallies suggested a death toll of about a dozen.

An official from Myanmar's Meteorological Department said the magnitude-6.8 quake struck at 7:42 a.m. local time.

The U.S. Geological Society reported a 5.8-magnitude aftershock later Sunday, but there were no initial reports of new damage or casualties.

State television warned residents that aftershocks usually follow a major earthquake and told people to stay away from high walls, old buildings and structures with cracks in them.

The biggest single death toll was reported by a local administrative officer in Sintku township -- on the Irrawaddy River near the quake's epicenter -- who told The Associated Press that six people had died there and another 11 were injured.

He said some of the dead were miners who were killed when a gold mine collapsed. He spoke on condition of anonymity because local officials are normally not allowed to release information to the media.

Rumors circulated in Yangon of other mine collapses trapping workers, but none of the reports could be confirmed.

According to news reports, several people died when a bridge under construction across the Irrawaddy River collapsed east of Shwebo. The bridge linked the town of Sintku, 65 kilometers (40 miles) north of Mandalay on the east bank of the Irrawaddy, with Kyaukmyaung on the west bank.

The website of Weekly Eleven magazine said four people were killed and 25 injured when the bridge, which was 80 percent finished, fell. The local government announced a toll of two dead and 16 injured. All of the victims appeared to be workers.

However, a Shwebo police officer, also speaking on condition of anonymity, said just one person was confirmed dead from the bridge's collapse, while five were still unaccounted for.

Weekly Eleven also said two monasteries in Kyaukmyaung collapsed, killing two people.

"This is the worst earthquake I felt in my entire life," Soe Soe, a 52-year-old Shwebo resident, told The Associated Press by phone.

She said that the huge concrete gate of a local monastery collapsed and that several sculptures from another pagoda in the town were damaged.

Other damage was reported in Mogok, a major gem-mining area just east of the quake's epicenter. Temples were damaged there, as were some abandoned mines.

"Landslides occurred at some old ruby mines, but there were no casualties because these are old mines," Sein Win, a Mogok resident, said by phone.

State television reported that more than a dozen pagodas and stupas in five townships were damaged, and many of them had their so-called "umbrellas" atop the dome-shaped structures crash down.

The uppermost parts of the domes usually contain encased relics of the Buddha and small Buddha images, and sometimes jewels. Damage to them is taken as an especially bad omen.

Sein Win said police were guarding a damaged stupa in Mogok and its exposed relics.

Many people in Myanmar are superstitious, and it is likely that local soothsayers will point out that the quake occurred on the 11th day of the 11th month.

State television also reported that the tremors shifted the Mingun Bell, which people in Myanmar claim is the world's largest functioning bell, off its base. The nearly 4-meter-high (12-foot-high) bell, which weighs in at 90 metric tons (200,000 pounds), was installed in 1810 and is a popular tourist attraction at a pagoda outside Mandalay.

A resident of Naypyitaw, which is 365 kilometers (225 miles) south of the quake's epicenter, said several windowpanes of the parliament building had broken.

The epicenter is in a region frequently hit by small temblors that usually cause little damage. Myanmar suffered a quake of similar size in March last year near the northeastern border town of Tachileik. Last year's 6.8 magnitude quake killed 74 people and injured 111.

Residents of Mandalay contacted by phone said they were fearful of more aftershocks because the city has modern high-rise buildings that could trap people, unlike the mostly small structures in the areas worst hit on Sunday.

"We are afraid that another earthquake might shake at night," said Thet Su, a journalist in Mandalay. "I told my parents to run out of the house if another earthquake shook."

The quake was felt in Bangkok, the capital of neighboring Thailand.

It comes just a week ahead of a scheduled visit to Myanmar by President Barack Obama. He will be the first U.S. president to visit the one-time pariah nation, which is emerging from decades of military rule.

The disaster is the second to strike the area in three days. On Friday, a tanker train derailed about 128 kilometers (80 miles) north of Shwebo, and at least 25 people were killed when overturned carriages burst into flames as they were trying to skim fuel from them (Fox News, 2012).

Title: 6.5-Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Off Guatemala's Coast; Days After Major Quake
Date:
November 11, 2012
Source:
Fox News


Abstract:
A 6.5-magnitude earthquake shook Guatemala's Pacific coastline on Sunday, four days after a major quake killed dozens in the Central American country.

People fled buildings and homes in panic in various cities along Guatemala's Pacific coast near its border with Mexico on Sunday, but there were no immediate reports of deaths or major damage.

Eddy Sanchez, director of Guatemala's National Institute of Seismology, Vulcanology and Hydrology, urged residents to avoid returning to buildings and homes with structural damage from the last quake.

The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake's epicenter was 19 miles (30 kilometers) west-southwest of Champerico, Guatemala, and 185 kilometers (115 miles) southwest of Guatemala City. It had a depth of 27 kilometers (17 miles) and was centered off the country's coast.

Seismologists say it was the strongest aftershock yet from a 7.4-magnitude earthquake that killed 52 people in western Guatemala on Wednesday.

That quake, the country's strongest in 36 years, left thousands of people without homes, electricity or water; and emotionally devastated one small town by wiping out almost an entire family.

It was felt as far as Mexico City. It affected as many as 1.2 million Guatemalans and was followed by 70 aftershocks in the first 24 hours.

Guatemalan President Otto Perez Molina had deployed more than 2,000 soldiers to the region to help with the disaster. The U.S. State Department said it was sending some $50,000 in immediate disaster relief, including clean water, fuel and blankets (Fox News, 2012).

Title: Geologists: Kentucky Earthquake Too Deep To Be Spurred By Region's Mining, Blasting
Date:
November 12, 2012
Source:
Fox News

Abstract:
Geologists say the 4.3 magnitude earthquake that shook eastern Kentucky over the weekend was too deep to be induced by the region's underground mining activity.

The epicenter was about 10 miles west of Whitesburg, in the heart of Kentucky's coal country, where underground mining and surface blasting are common.

The head of the University of Kentucky's Geologic Hazards Section, though, says Saturday's quake occurred about 12 miles below the surface, far too deep for underground mining to have been a factor.

Zhenming Wang says it came near the Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone. That area receives a 4-magnitude quake every five to 10 years.

Horton says mining and hydraulic fracturing — used by the natural gas industry — can possibly be a contributor to earthquakes but not in this case (Fox News, 2012).

Title: Magnitude 6.4 Earthquake Struck Gulf Of Alaska
Date:
November 12, 2012
Source:
The Watchers

Abstract:
Strong earthquake with recorded magnitude 6.4 struck Gulf of Alaska on November 12, 2012 at 20:42 UTC according to USGS. Epicenter was located 289 km (180 miles) SW (221°) from Yakutat, AK and 370 km (230 miles) SSE (153°) from Cordova, AK at coordinates 57.544°N, 142.889°W. Recorded depth was 55.2 km (34.3 miles). EMSC also reported magnitude 6.4 but depth of only 2 km.

No tsunami warning was issued (The Watchers, 2012).

Title: Mexico Rattled By 6.0-Magnitude Earthquake
Date:
November 15, 2012
Source:
Fox News

Abstract:
Mexico City and surrounding areas have been rattled by a 6.0-magnitude earthquake.

There have been no immediate reports of damages or injuries.

The U.S. Geological Survey said the 6.0 quake occurred around 3:20 a.m. local time (0920 GMT).

The quake was centered about 105 miles (169 kilometers) south of the capital, at the border of the State of Mexico and the Pacific coast state of Guerrero.

Mexico's National Seismological Service estimated the magnitude at 6.4 (Fox News, 2012).

Title: Magnitude 6.1 Quake Hits Central-North Chile, No Damage
Date:
November 15, 2012
Source:
GMA News

Abstract:
A magnitude 6.1 earthquake hit central-north Chile on Wednesday, the US Geological Survey said, causing buildings to sway in capital Santiago but causing no damage.

The USGS said the quake struck on the coast, 54 miles (88 km) north of Coquimbo, at 4:02 p.m. (1902 GMT). It was initially reported as a magnitude 6.0 quake.

Chile's state emergency office, Onemi, said there were no reports of injuries, disruptions to basic services or infrastructure damage as a result of the tremor.

The navy said the quake did not meet the conditions needed to trigger a tsunami.

World No.1 copper producer Codelco said its operations were normal, and no mines in the metal-producing country reported damages.

Seismically active Chile was battered in February 2010 by an 8.8 magnitude quake and ensuing tsunami, which caused billions in damage and killed hundreds (GMA News, 2012).

Title: Earthquake Shakes Camden County
Date:
November 23, 2012
Source:
NBC Philadelphia

Abstract:
A loud boom that shock homes in Camden County very early Friday was actually an earthquake.

The U.S. Geological Survey reports that the 2.1 magnitude quake hit near Clementon, N.J. at 12:13 a.m.

The epicenter was near W. Atlantic Avenue and Oak Lane -- a short distance from Clementon Park, according to the USGS.

The whole floor just started shaking really hard, said MaryLou Gicker of nearby Sicklerville.

Residents reported to NBC10 feeling the quake in nearby Pine Hill, Erial and Lindenwold -- some calling and e-mailing the station to say they believe something may have exploded.

"We went outside in the backyard we were looking in the sky to see if there were any fires," said Sicklerville's Bill Chalef. "We were listening for sirens going off to see if there was an accident or explosion."

There was no explosion though, just the movement of the earth.

There were no reports of injuries or damage from the 3.2-mile deep quake (NBC Philadelphia, 2012).

Title: Magnitude 4.9 Quake Jolts Tokyo, No Tsunami Warning
Date:
November 24, 2012
Source:
Reuters


Abstract:
An earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 4.9 jolted Tokyo and nearby areas on Saturday, but no tsunami warning has been issued, Japan Meteorological Agency said.

Some trains were temporarily halted but are now back to normal service, public broadcaster NHK said. There were no immediate reports of damage.

The depth of the tremor was 80 km (50 miles) in Chiba prefecture, east of Tokyo, the Meteorological Agency said (Reuters, 2012).

Title: At Least 8 Killed As 5.6-Magnitude Quake Hits Near Iranian Provincial Capital
Date: December 5, 2012
Source:
RT

Abstract: A 5.6-magnitude earthquake has been reported 42 miles (68 kilometers) north-northeast of Birjand, a regional capital city in eastern Iran. At least eight people have been killed and several injured, state TV reports.

Iran’s Fars news agency reported people fleeing their homes in panic in Birjand. The quake was severe enough to damage some property, Fars added.

Rescue teams were dispatched to an area where 12 villages were affected by the quake.

Birjand is located close to the border with Afghanistan, and is home to about 158,000 people.­

The quake struck at 17:08 GMT, the USGS said.

Twin earthquakes measuring 6.4 and 6.3 on the Richter scale struck north-western Iran in August, inflicting heavy damage in the cities of Tabriz, Ahar and Varzaqan and leaving more than 300 dead, some 3,000 injured and 100,000 displaced.

More than 1,800 aftershocks have been reported in the area since August, the last one being a 5.1-magnitude November quake near Varzaqan.

In 2003 a 6.6-magnitude earthquake hit the southeastern Iranian city of Bam, destroying most of the city and killing 26,000 people, with more than 30,000 injured.

More than 126,000 people have lost their lives in catastrophic earthquakes on Iran’s territory in the last century, according to Encyclopaedia Iranica. The earthquake-prone Iranian plateau dominates much of the region, making Iran one of the most seismically active countries in the world (RT, 2012).

Title: 7.2 Quake Hits Off Coast Of Indonesia
Date: December 10, 2012
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: The U.S. Geological Survey reports a magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck Monday about 125 miles northwest of Indonesia’s Tanimbar Islands.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center has no immediate tsunami warning following the quake, located northwest of Saumlaki, Indonesia. The NOAA website reports the earthquake was located too deep inside the earth to create a tsunami in the Indian Ocean.

Since 1900, there have been more than 22 earthquakes with a magnitude of 7.5 or greater recorded in the New Guinea region, according to USGS.com. The largest was in 1938 in the Banda Sea, which registered 8.5 but did not cause significant loss of life.

Indonesia is located in the Pacific "Ring of Fire," where earthquakes and volcanic activity are common (Fox News, 2012).

Title: 2 Large Earthquakes Strike Off California Coast
Date: December 14, 2012
Source:
Guardian

Abstract: The U.S. Geological Survey says two large earthquakes have struck in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of southern California and Mexico.

The first quake, with a preliminary magnitude of 6.4, was recorded at 2:36 a.m. (1036 GMT) Friday, 163 miles (262 kilometers) south southwest of the California city of Avalon and 167 miles west southwest of Rosarito, Mexico.

Only seconds later, a second quake with a magnitude of 6.1 struck 88 miles (142 kilometers) from Avalon. Both were recorded at relatively shallow depths.

No tsunami warning has been issued (Guardian, 2012).

Title: Strong Earthquake Jolts Alaska, Sparks Tsunami Warning
Date: January 5, 2013
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: A powerful earthquake sparked a tsunami warning for hundreds of miles of Alaskan and Canadian coastline, but the alert was canceled when no damaging waves were generated.

The magnitude 7.5 quake did generate a tsunami, but the Alaska Tsunami Warning Center said the waves didn't pose a threat.

The temblor struck at midnight Friday (1 a.m. PST Saturday) and was centered about 60 miles west of Craig, Alaska, the U.S. Geological Survey said.

The tsunami followed minutes later and was eventually expanded to include coastal areas from Cape Fairweather, Alaska, to the northern tip of Vancouver Island, Canada -- an area extending more than 700 miles.

A center had warned that "significant widespread inundation of land is expected," adding that dangerous coastal flooding was possible.

 In its cancellation statement, the center said that some areas were seeing just small sea level changes.

"A tsunami was generated during this event but no longer poses a threat," the center said.

After one community reported seeing just a small wave, the police in the coastal town of Cordova said they had no reports of any problems.

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center said the quake was widely felt but it received no reports of any damage.

In addition to the warning, a tsunami advisory was briefly in effect for some Alaska coastal areas to the north of the warning zone, as well as to the south of the zone, from the Washington state border to the northern tip of Vancouver Island.

A tsunami warning means an area is likely to be hit by a wave, while an advisory means there may be strong currents, but that widespread inundation is not expected to occur (Fox News, 2013).

Title: Magnitude 6.7 Quake Shakes Northern Chile, Sways Buildings In Capital
Date: January 30, 2013
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: A magnitude-6.7 earthquake has shaken northern Chile but authorities say there are no reports of injuries or damage.

The U.S. Geological Survey says Wednesday's quake at 4:15 p.m. (3:15 p.m.; 2015 GMT) was centered 27 miles (44 kilometers) north of Vallenar.

The quake shook Chile' (Fox News, 2013).

Title: Strong Earthquake Rattles Southern Alaska, But No Tsunami Danger
Date: January 31, 2013
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: A strong earthquake has shaken southeastern Alaska, but officials say there is no danger of a tsunami and there are no immediate reports of damage.

The U.S. Geological Survey says the magnitude 6.0 quake struck about 1 a.m. Thursday and was centered in the ocean, about 200 miles south of the capital, Juneau.

The Tsunami Warning Center says there is no danger of a tsunami.

The quake was widely felt across the region, according to the Alaska Earthquake Information Center. But it had no immediate reports of any damage.

The center says the quake is an aftershock to a magnitude 7.5 temblor that struck on Jan. 4. That quake sparked a tsunami warning for hundreds of miles along the Alaska and Canadian coasts, but it was cancelled after a few hours when no damaging waves were generated (Fox News, 2013).

Title: Solomon Islands Hit By 8.0 Quake And Tsunami, At Least 5 Dead
Date: February 6, 2013
Source:
RT

Abstract: An 8.0-magnitude earthquake struck the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific on Wednesday. At least five people died as the disaster reportedly flattened several coastal villages.

Five people were confirmed dead in the disaster. They were two elderly men, two elderly women and a boy aged between 10 and 12, local medics said.

The epicenter of the tremor was located at a shallow depth of 5.8 km in the area of the Santa Cruz Islands, the US Geological Survey initially reported. It later revised it to a much greater depth of 28.7 km. The first tremor was followed shortly after by two strong aftershocks – one rated at magnitude 6.4 and another at 6.6 – and dozens smaller ones over the next few hours.

At least three villages along the Lata coast have been reported destroyed, Director of Nursing Augustine Bilve at Lata Hospital told New Zealand’s One News. He said up to 700 people lived in the affected villages and the hospital was expecting many casualties.

“It's more likely that other villages along the coast of Santa Cruz would also be affected," Bilve added.

A tsunami wave measuring 0.9 meters reportedly hit the Solomon Islands. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued a tsunami warning for the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu, New Caledonia, Kosrae, Fiji, Kiribati, and Wallis and Futuna islands.

"Sea level readings indicate a tsunami was generated," the Hawaii-based Pacific centre said. "It may have been destructive along coasts near the earthquake epicentre and could also be a threat to more distant coasts."

The warning prompted residents in Honiara, the Solomons’ coastal capital, to flee for higher ground to the hills outside the city. But the situation mostly remained calm with no signs of panic, according to local media.

"People around the coast and in the capital are ringing in and trying to get information from us and the National Disaster Office and are slowly moving up to higher ground," said Atenia Tahu, who works for the Solomon Islands Broadcasting Corp. in Honiara. "But panic? No, no, no, people are not panicking."

A medical official on the main Santa Cruz island of Ndende said that there were reports of destruction. "The information we are getting is that some villages west and south of Lata along the coast have been destroyed, although we cannot confirm this yet," the director at Lata Hospital, told AFP.

The Solomons comprise more than 200 islands and are home to about 552,000 people. The archipelago lies on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an arc of seismically-active zones stretching around the Pacific Rim, making quakes common there. A magnitude 8.1 quake that hit Solomon Islands in April 2007 killed more than 50 people and left thousands without homes (RT, 2013).

Title: Magnitude 6.2 Aftershock Strikes Near Solomon Islands: USGS
Date: February 7, 2013
Source:
Yahoo News

Abstract: An earthquake with a preliminary 6.2 magnitude struck near the Solomon Islands on Thursday, the U.S. Geological Survey said, the latest in a series of aftershocks following a major tremor that sparked a tsunami which killed at least five people.

The latest quake was measured 10 km (6 miles) deep, 362 km east southeast of Kira Kira, near the epicentre of the 8.0 magnitude quake that hit on Wednesday.

There was no immediate tsunami warning or word of any further damage in the remote region. Houses were destroyed and an airport damaged by floodwaters in the Lata region on Wednesday after a series of tidal surges (Yahoo News, 2013).

Title: Magnitude 6.9 Quake Hits Colombia
Date: February 9, 2013
Source:
RT

Abstract: A massive 6.9 magnitude earthquake has rocked southwestern Colombia, the US Geological Survey says. The quake, centered 10km southwest of Pasto, was felt as far away as the capital Bogota.

The 129km-deep quake struck at 14:16 GMT and was originally reported by USGS as a 7.0 magnitude.

Pasto, the nearest Colombian city to the quake, has a population of more than 400,000 people. The town of Yacuanquer is just 3km away the quake’s center.

Local media in Colombia and Ecuador, where the quake was also felt, say that there have been no immediate reports of damage to infrastructure.

"Authorities said the quake was deep and ask people to stay calm," Colombian media network Caracol reported in a Tweet (RT, 2013).

Title: Magnitude 5.2 Quake Hits Western Nevada, No Injuries Reported
Date: February 12, 2013
Source:
Yahoo News

Abstract: A magnitude 5.2 earthquake struck western Nevada on Tuesday, close to the California border, the U.S. Geological Survey said, and there was no immediate word of any injuries or significant damage.

The Geological Survey said the earthquake had a shallow depth of 4.4 miles and was centered 16 miles south of Tonopah Junction, Nevada, between Reno and Las Vegas.

An Esmeralda County Sheriff's office dispatcher said she was not aware of any injuries or damage from the quake.

"We had minimal shakes but nothing damaging," said the dispatcher, who did not wish to be identified (Yahoo News, 2013).

Title: 6.2-Magnitude Earthquake Rattles Southern Philippine Island
Date: February 16, 2013
Source:
CNN

Abstract: A 6.2-magnitude earthquake struck Saturday near the southern Philippine island of Mindanao, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries, the state-run Philippines News Agency (PNA) reported.

The temblor hit at 12:37 p.m. local time, 149 kilometers (93 miles) south of Davao, the USGS said.

It struck at a depth of about 98 kilometers. No tsunami warning or watch has been issued (CNN, 2013).

Title: Earthquake Strikes Near Rome
Date: February 16, 2013
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: A strong earthquake has rocked a rural area about 50 miles southeast of Rome, but authorities say reports from residents indicate no damage or injuries.

Italy's National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology said the quake struck about 10:20 p.m., local time, Saturday and had a 4.8 magnitude.

Seismologists pinpointed the epicenter near the town of Sora, about 20 kilometers (13 miles) from Frosinone, the largely rural area's biggest town.

Frosinone fireman Bruno Levanti told Sky TG24 TV that many residents called authorities seeking reassurances but that there were no reports of damage or injuries.

The area is earthquake-prone.

A somewhat stronger 5.0 magnitude quake can do considerable damage (Fox News, 2013).

Title: Earthquake Hits Off Eastern Indonesia, Causing Panic In Neighboring East Timor
Date: February 23, 2013
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: An undersea earthquake has rocked eastern Indonesia, causing panic among residents in neighboring East Timor. There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.

The U.S. Geological Survey says the magnitude-5.7 quake that struck Saturday evening was centered 202 kilometers (126 miles) east of East Timor's capital, Dili, at a depth of 35 kilometers (22 miles).

Witnesses in Dili say residents ran out of their houses in panic, with many staying outside in fear of aftershocks.

Indonesia's Meteorology and Geophysics Agency put the quake's magnitude at 6.2 with a depth of 10 kilometers (6 miles).

Indonesia and East Timor are prone to seismic upheaval due to their location on the Pacific "Ring of Fire," an arc of volcanoes and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin (Fox News, 2013).

Title: Strong Quake Reported In Pacific
Date: February 28, 2013
Source:
CNN

Abstract: A 6.9 magnitude earthquake has been reported near the Kuril Islands, the U.S. Geological Survey said Thursday.

The location, in the Pacific, is more than 50 miles southeast of Ozernovskiy, Russia.

The depth was recorded at 52 kilometers, the survey said (CNN, 2013).

Title: Moderate Earthquake In Southwest China Destroys 700 Homes, Injures More Than 20 People
Date: March 3, 2013
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: A moderate earthquake in southwest China has caused hundreds of homes to collapse and injured more than 20 people.

The earthquake bureau in Yunnan province, where Sunday afternoon's quake occurred, says three of the injuries were serious.

The official Xinhua News Agency says the quake damaged 2,500 houses and that 700 others collapsed.

The U.S. Geological Survey says the magnitude-5.5 quake struck 51 kilometers (32 miles) from Dali city at a depth of 33 kilometers (20 miles) (Fox News, 2013).

Title: 5.6 Earthquake Strikes Northeastern Taiwan
Date: March 7, 2013
Source:
CNN

Abstract: A 5.6-magnitude earthquake struck northeastern Taiwan on Thursday, the U.S. Geological Survey said.

The quake hit at a depth of about 10 kilometers (6 miles), the USGS said.

Its epicenter was 36 kilometers north-northwest of the city of Hualian, according to the USGS (CNN, 2013).

Title: Authorities Say Light Alaska Earthquake Felt In Anchorage, Towns To The Northwest
Date: March 10, 2013
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: Authorities in Alaska say an earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 4.0 was felt in Anchorage and areas to the northwest.

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center reports that the quake struck shortly after 1 p.m. on Sunday. It was centered 28 miles northwest of Anchorage.

The quake was felt throughout the Cook Inlet region. There were no reports of damage (Fox News, 2013).

Title: Three Earthquakes Hit Southern California
Date: March 11, 2013
Source:
Fox News

Abstract: Three earthquakes have shaken Southern California, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

The USGS's monitoring system places the epicenter of the earthquakes in the desert near Anza, about 100 miles southeast of Los Angeles.

One quake struck at 9:55 a.m. Monday and was initially estimated at magnitude 5.1 but that was quickly downgraded to 4.7. The other two were magnitude 4.6 and 3.0, according to the USGS.

The earthquakes were felt sharply in the local area and also rolled through downtown Los Angeles, San Diego and in Orange County. There are no immediate reports of damage in the region.

Susie Bride, a cashier at Cahuilla Mountain Market and Cafe in Anza, said the quake seemed to last awhile but didn't do any damage to the business.

"It kind of shook and then I thought, `God, is that an earthquake?' It kind of shook and then it rolled a little bit and then it shook again," she said.

About 25 miles north of Anza, Palms Springs police Sgt. Harvey Reed said his department received no reports of damage or injuries. There were no other immediate reports of damage in the region.

Earthquakes of such magnitude are unlikely to do much harm in regions with modern building standards.

"It's extremely unlikely that there's damage from this earthquake," said Lucy Jones, a seismologist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Pasadena.

Jones said there would be strong shaking directly on top of the epicenter but not much farther away.

"At most, there might be some places where things were thrown off shelves, but that might be the extent of the damage," she said.

The temblor was a strike-slip earthquake on the San Jacinto Fault, the most active fault in Southern California, Jones said.

"It has historically the largest number of damaging earthquakes in the 20th century," Jones said.

In the past two decades there have been five quakes of magnitude 4.7 or greater, she said, and in the 20th century there were eight quakes of magnitude 6 and above.

Rachelle Siefken was at home in the Riverside County town of Aguanga with her 4-year-old daughter and 16-month-old son when the shaking started. It was the first earthquake experience for both children, and her son was scared, she said, although the temblor did no damage to her house.

"I grabbed him up in my arms and I stood in the doorway with him," said Siefken, who teaches English online for the California Virtual Academy (Fox News, 2013).

Title: 19 Polish Miners Trapped Deep Underground After Quake But Rescued After 7-Hour Search
Date: March 20, 2013
Source: Fox News


Abstract: A Polish TV station is reporting that 19 coal miners were trapped underground in a mine after an earthquake but that a rescue effort succeeded in getting them all out after a seven-hour search.

TVN24 said the quake struck Tuesday evening with a magnitude of 4.7. That caused rocks to fall, trapping the miners about 950 meters (3,120 feet) underground at the Rudna copper mine in Polkowice, in southern Poland. Four others were able to get out early.

A team of 25 worked seven hours to reach the men.

One suffered minor injuries to his head but all the others are in good shape and are going home. They will be able to return to work on Thursday (Fox News, 2013).