Norwegian Sentence Construction

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Lesson 1

Words to use:  jeg (I), du (you), han (he), hun (she), they (de)

Present verbs to use:  bor (live), eat (spiser), liker (like), arbeider (work), snakker (speak), leser (read)

a)  Pronoun and verb combination:

Jeg bor

Han spiser

Du liker

De arbeider

Hun snakker

Jeg leser

That is easy.  Now you can form a pronoun-verb combination.  Soon you can form sentences.  Just keep on practicing using the different verbs and noun combination.

b)  Noun and verb combination:

Use the same principle.  Refer to definite and indefinite nouns and use them to form sentences.  Add the verb, and voila! You have a noun and verb combination.

Lesson 2


a) Words to use:  hete (infinitive form), heter (present), het/hette (past tense), har hett (present perfect tense), hva (what), navn  (name), mitt (my)

Hva heter du?

What is your name? (Literally: What are you called, what are you named?)

Mitt navn er Linda.  (My name is Linda.)

Jeg heter Erik.  

Han het/hette Bjørn

b)  Words to use:  Hvor (where), fra (from), jeg (I), du (you), er (is), bo/bor/bodde, har  bodd (live)

Hvor er du fra?

Jeg er fra Australia.

Du er fra Berlin.

Hvor bor du?

Jeg bor i Australia.

Du bor I Berlin.

c)  Words to use:  Hvem (who), det (that,this,it), dette (it,this),

Hvem er det?

Hvem er dette?

Det er Monika.

Dette er Lise.

Dette er Hilde.   This is Hilde.

Detter er Anita.  This is Anita.

d)  Words to use: du (you), jeg (I), hun (she), han (he), bor (live), ikke (not)

Sentence practice:

Jeg heter ____.

Jeg er fra ____.

Du er fra ____

Han er fra____.

Hun er fra____.

Du heter ____.

Du er fra ____.

Hun heter ___.

Han heter ___.

Han er fra ___.

Jeg bor i ____.

Jeg bor ikke i ___.

Practice what you've learned with the help of Language Translator Tool.

Lesson 3

Using adjectives to describe nouns

Review your lessons in definite and indefinite nouns.  Increase your vocabulary knowledge by looking up words in the dictionary that you wish to use as examples in your sentence formation practice. Try it, it’s fun. If you make a mistake, so what?  You can have it corrected later as you move along.  It is important that you gain confidence and interest in learning the Norwegian language. 

Words: Rød (red), blomster (flowers)

En rød blomst     (indefinite noun, singular)

Blomsten er rød  (definite noun, singular)

Røde blomster    (indefinite plural)

Blomstene er rød  (definite plural)


Lesson 4

I suggest you keep a vocabulary list that you have learned in the past lessons.  Write them on a notebook or piece of paper and review them when you are not busy.  This way, you get to remember the words by heart.


Observe the formation of the sentence.  Analyze its construction.The subject’s position is changed (jeg). 

Words to use:  (kommer-come, nå – now, spurte (asked), først (first), hvilte (rested), etterpå (afterwards)


Jeg kommer nå.            

Nå kommer jeg.            


Jeg spurte først.

Først spurte jeg.


Jeg hvilte etterpå.

Etterpå hvilte jeg.  

Lesson 5

Forming complete sentence.

The lessons will not be spoon-fed, meaning you have to analyze it yourself for better comprehension and understanding. That way, what you learn will not be easily forgotten.

subject + verb + object

a) Object – can be a noun in the definite or indefinite form.

Words to use:  kjøpe (buy/purchase), hun (she), hest (horse)

Hun kjøper hest.

In this case, it is better to use the past tense of kjøpe because we refer to something that has been bought.


Hun kjøpte hest.

Hun kjøpte en hest.  (indefinite noun-object)

Hun kjøpte hesten.   (definite noun-object)

Hun kjøpte hester.    (indefinite plural-object)

Hun kjøpte den hasten.  (definite plural-object)


b)  You can also combine adjective with the object:


Hvit hest

Den hvite hesten

Hvite hester

Mange hvite hester.

c)  An object can start with the word å (to) followed by an infinite verb.

Lese (read), spise (eat), bo (live), komme (come), le (laugh), liker (like), slutter (end/finish) begyner (begin/start), prøver (try)

Example: å lese, å spise, å bo, å komme, å le 

Let’s form the sentence now:

Jeg liker å lese.

Jeg slutter å le.

Du begyner å le.

Jeg prøver å komme.

Form your own sentence using the words that you’ve learned in the past lessons using this format.

Subject   +  verb   +   object

d) Pronoun as an object.

Vocabulary:  legen (the doctor), undersøke(examine), undersøkte (examined), meg (me), deg (you)

Jeg elsker deg. 

Legen undersøkte meg.


Finishing note:  There are other ways objects are represented.  The lessons here are just a few.  I try to minimize the data for easier absorption. Let’s do it one step at a time.   This is enough for now. 

Now, you can form sentences using what you’ve learned and try to learn new words Use the IM Translator on the left for vocabulary enrichment.