Truth Commissions

_Abraham, Lionel. 1995. Vision, Truth, and Rationality. New Contrast 23 (1):64-70.

_Abrams, Jason S., and Priscilla B. Hayner. 2002. Documenting, Acknowledging and Publicizing the Truth. In Post-Conflict Justice, edited by M. C. Bassiouni. Ardsley, NY: Transnational Publishers.

_Adam, Heribert. 1998. Trading Justice for Truth. World Today, 11-13.

_Agger, Inger, and Søren Buus Jensen. 1990. Testimony as Ritual and Evidence in Psychotherapy for Political Refugees. Journal of Traumatic Stress 3 (1):115-130.

_Aldana-Pindell, Raquel. 2002. In Vindication of Justiciable Victims' Rights to Truth and Justice for State Sponsored Crimes. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 35 (5):1399-1446.

_Aldana, Raquel. 2006. A Victim-Centered Reflection on Truth Commissions and Prosecutions as a Response to Mass Atrocities. Journal of Human Rights 5 (1):107-126.

_Allen, Jonathan. 1999. Balancing Justice and Social Unity: Political Theory and the Idea of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission. University of Toronto Law Journal 49 (3):315-354.

_Allen, Jonathan. 2001. Between Retribution and Restoration: Justice and the TRC. South African Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):22-33.

_Ally, Russell, ed. 1999. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission: Legislation, Process and Evaluation of Impact. Pretoria, South Africa: Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria.

_Amnesty International. 1995. Argentina: The Right to the Full Truth. London, UK: Amnesty International Press.

_Amnesty International. 2006. Liberia: A Brief Guide to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. London, UK: Amnesty International.

_Anderson, David C. 2000. Painful Truth, Healing Truth: Commissions Help Wounded Societies Build a Future by Confronting the Past. In Ford Foundation Report: Ford Foundation.

_Andrews, Molly. 2003. Grand National Narratives and the Project of Truth Commissions: A Comparative Analysis. Media, Culture and Society 25 (1):45-65.

_Archdiocese of São Paulo. 1986. Torture in Brazil: A Shocking Report on the Pervasive Use of Torture by Brazilian Military Governments, 1964-1979, Secretly Prepared by the Archiodese of São Paulo. Translated by J. Wright. New York, NY: Random House, Inc.

_Arnson, Cynthia J. 1993. El Salvador, Accountability and Human Rights: The Report of the UN Commission on the Truth for El Salvador. New York, NY: America's Watch.

_Asmal, Kader. 2000. Truth, Reconciliation and Justice: The South African Experience in Perspective. Modern Law Review 63 (1):1-24.

_Asmal, Kader, Louise Asmal, and Ronald Suresh Roberts. 1996. Reconciliation through Truth: A Reckoning of Apartheid's Criminal Governance. Cape Town, South Africa: David Philip Publishers.

_Azar, Fabiola, Etienne Mullet, and Genevieve Vinsonneau. 1999. The Propensity to Forgive: Findings from Lebanon. Journal of Peace Research 36 (2):169-181.

_Backer, David. 2004. The Human Face of Justice: Victims' Responses to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Process in South Africa. PhD Dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

_Baker, Judith. 2001. Truth Commissions. University of Toronto Law Journal 51 (3):309-326.

_Barahona de Brito, Alexandra. 1993. Truth and Justice in the Consolidation of Democracy in Chile and Uruguay. Parliamentary Affairs 46 (4):579-593.

_Barrie, George. N. 1996. The Norgaard Principles and the Truth Commission. South Africa Now 1 (3):8-10.

_Barrie, George. N. 1997. Amnesty and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. De Rebus 354 (7):493-494.

_Baxter, Victoria. 2005. Civil Society Promotion of Truth, Justice, and Reconciliation in Chile: Villa Grimaldi. Peace and Change 30 (1):120-136.

_Beattie, Andrew H. July, 2009. An Evolutionary Process: Contributions of the Bundestag Inquiries into East Germany to an Understanding of the Role of Truth Commissions. The International Journal of Transitional Justice. Oxford University Press.

_Bell, Rose. 1996. Truth Commissions and War Tribunals. Index on Censorship 25 (5):148-151.

_Bell, Terry, and Dumisa B. Ntsebeza. 2001. Unfinished Business: South Africa Apartheid & Truth. Observatory, South Africa: RedWorks.

_Berat, Lynn, and Yossi Shain. 1995. Retribution or Truth-Telling in South Africa? Legacies of the Transitional Phase. Law and Social Inquiry 20 (1):163-189.

_Beristain, Carlos Martín. 1998. Guatemala: Nunca Mas. Forced Migration Review 3:23-26.

_Beristain, Carlos Martín. 1998. The Value of Memory. Forced Migration Review 2:24-26.

_Bhargava, Rajeev. 2000. The Moral Justification of Truth Commissions. In Looking Back, Reaching Forward, Reflections on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, edited by C. Villa-Vicencio and W. Verwoerd. Cape Town, South Africa: University of Cape Town Press.

_Bhargava, Rajeev. 2000. Restoring Decency to Barbaric Societies. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Bickford, Louis. 1999. The Archival Imperative: Human Rights and Historical Memory in Latin America's Southern Cone. Human Rights Quarterly 21 (4):1097-1122.

_Bickford, Louis. 2000. Human Rights Archives and Research on Historical Memory: Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Latin American Research Review 35 (2):160-182.

_Bickford, Louis. 2007. Unofficial Truth Projects. Human Rights Quarterly 29 (4):994-1035.

_Biko, Nkosinathi. 1999. Amnesty and Denial. In Looking Back/Reaching Forward: Reflections on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, edited by C. Villa-Vicencio and W. Verwoerd. Cape Town, South Africa: Cape Town Press.

_Bilbija, Ksenija, Jo Ellen Fair, Cynthia Milton, and Leigh A. Payne, eds. 2005. The Art of Truth-Telling about Authoritarian Rule. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

_Bonnet, Francis. 1926. Truth: A Path to Justice and Reconciliation. London, UK: Palmer.

_Boraine, Alex. 1995. Truth and Reconciliation. South African Outlook 55:55-56.

_Boraine, Alex. 2000. A Country Unmasked: Inside South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press.

_Boraine, Alex. 2000. Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa: The Third Way. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Boraine, Alex, Janet Levy, and Ronel Scheffer, eds. 1994. Dealing with the Past: Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Institute for Democracy.

_Borer, Tristan Anne. 2006. The State of the Truth About the Truth of the State: An Overview of Lessons, Trends and Challenges in the Field of Truth Telling. In International Studies Association Annual Convention. San Diego, CA.

_Borer, Tristan Anne, ed. 2006. Telling the Truths: Truth Telling and Peace Building in Post-Conflict Societies. West Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.

_Botha, Belinda. 1998. Truth Commissions and their Consequences for Legitimacy. PhD Dissertation, University of Houston, Houston, TX.

_Bozzoli, Belinda. 1998. Public Ritual and Private Transition: The Truth Commission in Alexandra Township, South Africa 1996. African Studies 57 (2):167-195.

_Brahm, Eric. 2005. Getting to the Bottom of Truth: Examining Truth Commission Success and Impact. In International Studies Association Annual Convention. Honolulu, HI.

_Brahm, Eric. 2005. Truth and Rights: Truth Commissions and Human Rights Practice in a Cross-National Context. In Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, D.C.

_Brahm, Eric. 2006. The Moment of Truth? In International Studies Association Annual Convention. San Diego, CA.

_Brahm, Eric. 2006. Truth and Central American Peacebuilding: El Salvador and Nicaragua. In International Studies Association Annual Convention. San Diego, CA.

_Brahm, Eric. 2007. Uncovering the Truth: Examining Truth Commission Success and Impact. International Studies Perspectives 8 (1):16-35.

_Bronkhorst, Daan. 1995. Truth and Reconciliation: Obstacles and Opportunities for Human Rights. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Amnesty International-Dutch Section.

_Bronkhorst, Daan. 1998. Naming Names: Identity and Identification in Human Rights Work. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 16 (4):457-474.

_Brooks, Peter. 2000. Troubling Confessions: Speaking Guilt in Law and Literature. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

_Brysk, Alison. 2003. Recovering from State Terror: The Morning After in Latin America. Latin American Research Review 38 (1):238-247.

_Buergenthal, Thomas. 1994. The United Nations Truth Commission for El Salvador. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 27 (3):498-544.

_Byrne, Catherine. 2004. Benefit or Burden: Victims’ Reflections on TRC Participation. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. APA Journals Publisher. 

_Cardenal, Rodolfo. 1992. Justice in Post-Cold War El Salvador: The Role of the Truth Commission. Journal of Third World Studies 9 (2):313-338.

_Cassel, Douglass W. Jr. 1993. International Truth Commissions and Justice. Aspen Institute Quarterly 5 (3):77-90.

_Chapman, Audrey R. 2009. Truth Finding in the Transitional Justice Process. In Assessing the Impact of Transitional Justice: Challenges for Empirical Research, edited by H. Van Der Merwe, V. Baxter and A. R. Chapman. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press.

_Chapman, Audrey R., and Patrick Ball. 2001. The Truth of Truth Commissions: Comparative Lessons from Haiti, South Africa, and Guatemala. Human Rights Quarterly 23 (1):1-43.

_Cherry, Janet. 2000. Historical Truth: Something to Fight For. In Looking Back, Reaching Forward, Reflections on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, edited by C. Villa-Vicencio and W. Verwoerd. Cape Town, South Africa: University of Cape Town Press.

_Chicuecue, Noel Muchenga. 1997. Reconciliation: The Role of Truth Commissions and Alternative Ways of Healing. Development in Practice 7 (4):483-486.

_Cohen, Stanley. 1995. Denial and Acknowledgement: The Impact of Information About Human Rights Violations. Jerusalem, Israel: Center for Human Rights, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

_Cohen, Stanley. 2001. States of Denial: Knowing About Atrocities and Suffering. Malden, MA: Polity Press.

_Colson, Charles. 1998. Truth, Justice, Peace: The Foundations of Restorative Justice. Regent University Law Review 10:1-10.

_CONADEP. 1984. Nunca Más (Never Again) Report of CONADEP (National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons).

_Connolly, Christopher K. 2006. Living on the Past: The Role of Truth Commissions in Post-Conflict Societies and the Case Study of Northern Ireland. Cornell International Law Journal 39 (2):401-434.

_Crang, Mike. 1994. Spacing Time, Telling Times and Narrating the Past. Time and Society 3 (1):29-45.

_Crocker, David A. 2000. Truth Commissions, Transitional Justice, and Civil Society. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Cuevas, Victor Espinoza, María Luisa Oritz Rojas, and Paz Rojas Baeza. 2002. Truth Commissions: An Uncertain Path? Geneva, Switzerland: Association for the Prevention of Torture.

_Dale, Richard. 2002. The Politics of the Rainbow Nation: Truth, Legitimacy and Memory in South Africa. African Studies Review 45 (3):39-44.

_Daly, Kathleen. 2002. Restorative Justice: The Real Story. Punishment and Society 4 (1):55-79.

_Dancy, Geoff, and Steven C. Poe. 2006. What Comes Before Truth? The Political Determinants of Truth Commission Onset. In International Studies Association Annual Convention. San Diego, CA.

_De Riddeer, Trudy. 1997. The Trauma of Testifying: Deponents' Difficult Healing Process. Track Two 6 (3-4):30-35.

_Dimitrijevic, Nenad. 2006. Justice Beyond Blame: Moral Justification of (the Idea of) a Truth Commission. Journal of Conflict Resolution 50 (3):368-382.

_Dobell, Lauren. 1997. Silence in Context: Truth and/or Reconciliation in Namibia. Journal of Southern African Studies 23 (2):371-382.

_Du Bois, Francois, and Antje Du Bois-Pedain, eds. 2008. Justice and Reconciliation in Post-Apartheid South Africa. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

_Du Toit, André. 2000. The Moral Foundations of the South African TRC: Truth as Acknowledgment and Justice as Recognition. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Duffy, Aoife. March, 2010. A Truth Commission for Northern Ireland?. The International Journal of Transitional Justice. Oxford University Press.

_Dyzenhaus, David. 2000. Survey Article: Justifying the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Journal of Political Philosophy 8 (4):470-496.

_Eisnaugle, Carrie J. Niebur. 2003. An International 'Truth Commission': Utilizing Restorative Justice as an Alternative to Retribution. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 36 (1):209-242.

_Eltringham, Nigel. 2009. “We Are Not a Truth Commission”: Fragmented Narratives and the Historical Record at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Journal of Genocide Research (11.1) 55-79.

_Ensalaco, Mark. 1994. Truth Commissions for Chile and El Salvador: A Report and Assessment. Human Rights Quarterly 16 (4):656-675.

_Esterhuyse, Willie. 2000. Truth as a Trigger for Transformation: From Apartheid Injustice to Transformational Justice. In Looking Back, Reaching Forward, Reflections on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, edited by C. Villa-Vicencio and W. Verwoerd. Cape Town, South Africa: University of Cape Town Press.

_Felman, Shoshana, and Dori Laub. 1992. Testimony: Crises of Witnessing in Literature Psychoanalysis, and History. New York, NY: Routledge.

_Garton Ash, Timothy. 1997. True Confessions. New York Review of Books, 33-38.

_Gibson, James L. 2004. Does Truth Lead to Reconciliation? Testing the Causal Assumptions of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Process. American Journal of Political Science 48 (2):201-217.

_Gibson, James L. 2004. Overcoming Apartheid: Can Truth Reconcile a Divided Nation? New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

_Gibson, James L. 2006. The Contributions of Truth to Reconciliation: Lessons from South Africa. Journal of Conflict Resolution 50 (3):409-432.

_Gibson, James L., and Amanda Gouws. 1999. Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa: Attributions of Blame and the Struggle Over Apartheid. American Political Science Review 93 (3):501-517.

_Godwin Phelps, Teresa. 2004. Shattered Voices: Language, Violence and the Work of Truth Commissions. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

_Goldstone, Richard J. 1995. Exposing Human Rights Abuses - A Help or Hindrance to Reconciliation? Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly 22 (3):607-622.

_Goldstone, Richard J. 1996. Justice As a Tool for Peace-Making: Truth Commissions and International Criminal Tribunals. New York University Journal of International Law and Politics 28 (3):485-503.

_Goldstone, Richard J. 1997. Healing for Wounded People: War Crimes and Truth Commissions. Word and Action 37 (360):17-23.

_Goldstone, Richard J. 1998. Ethnic Reconciliation Needs the Help of a Truth Commission. International Herald Tribune.

_Govier, Trudy, and Wilhelm Verwoerd. 2004. The Promise and Pitfalls of Apology. In To Repair the Irreparable: Reparation and Reconstruction in South Africa, edited by E. Doxtader and C. Villa-Vicencio. Cape Town, South Africa: David Philip.

_Govier, Trudy, and Wilhelm J. Verwoerd. 2001. The Promise and Pitfalls of Apologies. Journal of Social Philosophy 33 (1):67-82.

_Graybill, Lyn S. 2002. Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa: Miracle or Model? Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

_Graybill, Lyn S., and Kimberly Lanegran. 2004. Truth, Justice and Reconciliation in Africa: Issues and Cases. African Studies Quarterly 8 (1):1-18.

_Greenwalt, Kent. 2000. Amnesty's Justice. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Grodsky, Brian. 2008. Justice Without Transition: Truth Commissions in the Context of Repressive Rule. Human Rights Review 9 (3):281-297.

_ Grodsky, Brian. 2009. Beyond Lustration: Truth-Seeking Efforts in the Post-Communist Space. Taiwan Journal of Democracy.

_Gugelberger, Georg M., ed. 1996. The Real Thing: Testimonial Discourse and Latin America. London, UK: Duke University Press.

_Gutmann, Amy, and Dennis Thompson. 2000. The Moral Foundations of Truth Commissions. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Hamber, Brandon. 2001. Healing Through Remembering? The Search for Truth and Justice. Social Affairs Magazine.

_Hayner, Priscilla B. 1994. Fifteen Truth Commissions - 1974-1994: A Comparative Study. Human Rights Quarterly 16 (4):597-655.

_Hayner, Priscilla B. 1996. Commissioning the Truth: Further Research Questions. Third World Quarterly 17 (1):19-29.

_Hayner, Priscilla B. 1996. International Guidelines for the Creation and Operation of Truth Commissions: A Preliminary Proposal. Law and Contemporary Problems 59 (4):173-180.

_Hayner, Priscilla B. 1998. Truth Commissions. NACLA Report on the Americas 32 (2):30-32.

_Hayner, Priscilla B. 1999. In Pursuit of Justice and Reconciliation: Contributions of Truth Telling. In Comparative Peace Processes in Latin America, edited by C. J. Arnson. Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.

_Hayner, Priscilla B. 2000. Past Truths, Present Dangers: The Role of Official Truth Seeking in Conflict Resolution After the Cold War. In International Conflict Resolution After the Cold War, edited by P. C. Stern and D. Druckman. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

_Hayner, Priscilla B. 2000. Same Species, Different Animal: How South Africa Compares to Truth Commissions Worldwide. In Looking Back, Reaching Forward, Reflections on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, edited by C. Villa-Vicencio and W. Verwoerd. Cape Town, South Africa: University of Cape Town Press.

_Hayner, Priscilla B. 2001. More Than Just the Truth. UNESCO Courier 54 (5).

_Hayner, Priscilla B. 2002. Unspeakable Truths: Facing the Challenge of Truth Commissions. New York, NY: Routledge.

_Human Rights Watch. 2005. Morocco's Truth Commission: Honoring Past Victims During an Uncertain Present. New York, NY: Human Rights Watch.

_Humphrey, Michael. 2003. From Victim to Victimhood: Truth Commissions and Trials as Rituals of Political Transition and Individual Healing. Australian Journal of Anthropology 14 (2):171-187.

_Ignatieff, Michael. 1996. Articles of Faith. Index on Censorship 25 (5):110-122.

_Jowdy, Gregory. 1997. Truth Commissions in El Salvador and Guatemala: A Proposal for Truth in Guatemala. Boston College Third World Law Journal 17 (2):285-330.

_Kaminski, Marek M., and Monica Nalepa. 2006. Judging Transitional Justice: A New Criterion For Evaluating Truth Revelation Procedures. Journal of Conflict Resolution 50 (3):383-408.

_Kaye, Mike. 1997. The Role of Truth Commissions in the Search for Justice, Reconciliation and Democratization: The Salvadorian and Honduran Cases. Journal of Latin American Studies 29 (3):693-716.

_Kelsall, Tim. 2005. Truth, Lies, Ritual: Preliminary Reflections on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Sierra Leone. Human Rights Quarterly 27 (2):361-391.

_Kenney, Charles D., and Dean E. Spears. 2005. Truth and Consequences: Do Truth Commissions Promote Democratization? In Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association. Washington, D.C.

_Kim, Hunjoon. 2005. Expansion of Truth Commissions: Comparative Analysis of 90 Countries between 1974 and 2004. In American Political Science Association Annual Meeting. Washington, D.C.

_Kulkarni, Anupma Logani. 2005. Demons and Demos: Violence, Memory and Citizenship in Post-conflict States. PhD Dissertation, Political Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.

_Lalu, Premesh. 1996. Journeys From the Horizons of History: Text, Trial and Tales in the Construction of Narratives of Pain. Current Writing 8 (2):24-38.

_Landsman, Stephan. 1996. Alternative Responses to Serious Human Rights Abuses: Of Prosecution and Truth Commissions. Law and Contemporary Problems 59 (4):81-92.

_Lanegran, Kimberly. 2005. Truth Commissions, Human Rights Trials and the Politics of Memory. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 25 (1):111-121.

_Laplante, Lisa J. & Roxana Castellon. 2005. Expanding the Definition of the Right to Mental Health: Attending to Victims of Political Violence and Armed Conflict in their Communities of Origin, 2(1). Essex Review of Human Rights 38. 

_Laplante, Lisa J. Marie Dembour and Tobias Kelly, eds. 2007. Entwined Paths to Justice:  The Inter-American Human Rights System and the Peruvian Truth Commission in Paths to International Justice: Social and Cultural Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.

_Laplante, Lisa J. 2007. The Process of the Peruvian Truth Commission’s Historical Memory Project: Empowering Truth Tellers to Confront Truth Deniers, 6. Human Rights Journal 433. 

_Laplante, Lisa J. 2007. Women as Political Participants:  Peru’s Approach to Psychosocial Post-Conflict Recovery, 13 Peace & Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 313.

_Laplante, Lisa J. 2008. Transitional Justice and Peace Building:  Diagnosing and Addressing the Socioeconomic Roots of Violence through a Human Rights Framework, 2. International Journal of Transitional Justice. 

_Laplante, Lisa J. & Kimberly Theidon. Kamari Clarke & Mark Goodale, eds. 2009. Commissioning Truth, Constructing Silences: The Peruvian Truth Commission and the Other Truths of 'Terrorists' in Justice in the Mirror: Law, Culture and the Making of History. Cambridge University Press. 

_Laplante, Lisa J. and Kelly Phenicie. July, 2010. Media, Trials and Truth Commissions: ‘Mediating’ Reconciliation in Peru’s Transitional Justice Process. The International Journal of Transitional Justice. Oxford University Press.

_Laplante, Lisa J. 2011. Evaluating Truth Commissions and Reparations through the Eyes of Victims, 28 L'Observateur des Nations Unies 167. 

 _Lapsley, Michael. 1998. Confronting the Past and Creating the Future. The Redemptive Value of Truth Telling. Social Research 4 (65):741-758.

_Lerche, Charles O., III. 2000. Truth Commissions and National Reconciliation: Some Reflections on Theory and Practice. Peace and Conflict Studies 7 (1):1-20.

_Levinson, Sanford. 2000. Trials, Commissions, and Investigating Committees: The Elusive Search for Norms of Due Process. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_ MacKenzie, Megan and Mohamed Sesay. May 2012. No Amnesty from/for the International: The Production and Promotion of TRCs as an International Norm in Sierra Leone. In International Studies and Perspectives (Vol. 13). International Studies Association.

_Maier, Charles S. 2000. Doing History, Doing Justice: The Narrative of the Historian of the Truth Commission. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Mattarollo, Rodolfo. 2002. Truth Commissions. In Post-Conflict Justice, edited by M. C. Bassiouni. Ardsley, NY: Transnational Publishers.

_Mendeloff, David. 2004. Truth-Seeking, Truth-Telling, and Postconflict Peacebuilding: Curb the Enthusiasm? International Studies Review 6 (3):355-380.

_Mertus, Julie. 2000. Truth in a Box: the Limits of Justice Through Judicial Mechanisms. In The Politics of Memory: Truth, Healing and Social Justice, edited by A. An-Na'im and I. Amadiume. New York, NY: Zed Books.

_Minow, Martha. 2000. The Hope for Healing: What Can Truth Commissions Do? In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Nalepa, Monika. 2005. The Power of Secret Information: Transitional Justice After Communism. PhD Dissertation, Columbia University.

_Nance, Kimberly. 2006. Can Literature Promote Justice? Trauma Narrative and Social Action in Latin American Testimonio. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

_Ntsebeza, Dumisa B. 2000. The Use of Truth Commissions: Lessons for the World. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Nwogu, Nneoma V. July, 2010. When and Why It Started: Deconstructing Victim-Centered Truth Commissions in the Context of Ethnicity-Based Conflict. The International Journal of Transitional Justice. Oxford University Press.

_Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. 2006. Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Truth Commissions. New York, NY: United Nations.

_Olsen, Tricia D, Leigh A. Payne, Andrew G. Reiter, and Eric Wielbelhaus-Brahm. November, 2010. When Truth Commissions Improve Human Rights. The International Journal of Transitional Justice. Oxford University Press.

_Orentlicher, Diane F. 1990. Bearing Witness: The Art and Science of Human Rights Fact-Finding. Harvard Human Rights Journal 3 (1):83-136.

_Paris, Erna. 2000. Long Shadows: Truth, Lies and History. Toronto, Canada: Knopf.

_Parlevliet, Michelle. 1998. Considering Truth: Dealing with a Legacy of Gross Human Rights Violations. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 16 (2):141-174.

_Pasqualucci, Jo M. 1994. The Whole Truth and Nothing But the Truth: Truth Commissions, Impunity, and the Inter-American Human Rights System. Boston University International Law Journal 12 (2):321-370.

_Payne, Leigh A. 2003. Perpetrators' Confessions: Truth, Reconciliation, and Justice in Argentina. In What Justice? Whose Justice? Fighting for Fairness in Latin America, edited by S. E. Eckstein and T. P. Wickham-Crowley. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

_Payne, Leigh A. 2004. Confessional Performances: Perpetrators' Testimonies to the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission. In Violence, edited by N. L. Whitehead. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research.

_Payne, Leigh A. 2004. In Search of Remorse: Confessions by Perpetrators of Past State Violence. Brown Journal of World Affairs 11 (1):115-124.

_Payne, Leigh A. 2005. Humor That Makes Trouble. In The Art of Truth-Telling About Authoritarian Rule, edited by K. Bilbija, J. E. Fair, C. Milton and L. A. Payne. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

_Payne, Leigh A. 2007. Unsettling Accounts: Neither Truth nor Reconciliation in Confessions of State Violence. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

_Payne, Leigh A. 2009. Confessional Performances. In Assessing the Impact of Transitional Justice: Challenges for Empirical Research, edited by H. Van Der Merwe, V. Baxter and A. R. Chapman. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press.

_Peterson, Trudy Huskamp. 2005. Final Acts: A Guide to Preserving the Records of Truth Commissions. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

_Phelps, Teresa Godwin. 2004. Shattered Voices: Language, Violence, and the Work of Truth Commissions. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

_Pigou, Piers. 2003. Degrees of Truth: Amnesty and Limitations in the Truth Recovery Project. In The Provocations of Amnesty: Memory, Justice and Impunity, edited by C. Villa-Vicencio and E. Doxtader. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press.

_Popkin, Margaret, and Naomi Roht-Arriaza. 1995. Truth as Justice: Investigatory Commissions in Latin America. Law and Social Inquiry 20 (1):79-116.

_Quinn, Joanna R. 2003. The Politics of Acknowledgement: Truth Commissions in Uganda and Haiti. PhD Dissertation, McMaster University.

_Quinn, Joanna R. 2004. Constraints: The Un-Doing of the Ugandan Truth Commission. Human Rights Quarterly 26 (2):401-427.

_Quinn, Joanna R., and Mark Freeman. 2003. Lessons Learned: Practical Lessons Gleaned from Inside the Truth Commissions of Guatemala and South Africa. Human Rights Quarterly 25 (4):1117-1149.

_Robinson, Darryl. 2003. Serving the Interests of Justice: Amnesties, Truth Commissions and the International Criminal Court. European Journal of International Law 14:481-505.

_Roht-Arriaza, Naomi. 1999. Truth Commissions and Amnesties in Latin America: The Second Generation. Contemporary International Law Issues 92:313.

_Rolston, Bill. 2002. Why Truth? Why Now? Race and Class 44 (1).

_Rotberg, Robert I. 2000. Truth Commissions and the Provision of Truth, Justice, and Reconciliation. In Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions, edited by R. I. Rotberg and D. Thompson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Rotberg, Robert I., and Dennis Thompson, eds. 2000. Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

_Sadat, Leila. 2003. Universal Jurisdiction, National Amnesties, and Truth Commissions: Reconciling the Irreconcilable. In Universal Jurisdiction: National Courts and the Prosecution of Serious Crimes, edited by S. Macedo. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

_Schabas, William A., and Shane Darcy, eds. 2005. Truth Commissions and Courts: The Tension between Criminal Justice and the Search for Truth. New York, NY: Springer-Verlad New York.

_Scharf, Michael P. 1997. The Case for a Permanent International Truth Commission. Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law 7 (2):375-410.

_Schey, Peter A., Dinah L. Shelton, and Naomi Roht-Arriaza. 1997. Addressing Human Rights Abuses: Truth Commissions and the Value of Amnesty. Whittier Law Review 19 (2):325-344.

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