Early modernism in art, design, and architecture
, which began at the turn of the century, continued through to 1940 and the war. In cities, Skyscrapers
(first in 1870s) were erected and hundreds of architects competed for the work. The first successful design was the Woolworth Building
in New York. In Chicago, the Wrigley building
was designed by Graham, Anderson, Probst, and White
while the Chicago Tribune Tower
was designed by Howells and Hood. The Art Deco design
was exemplified by the Chrysler
and Empire State Building
s (depression projects - the Empire State Building completed early 1931.) Frank Lloyd Wright
was prolific during this period, designing homes in California and in Japan. The term Art Deco
(1925-1950) is derived from the International Art Exposition in Paris
in 1925. In the 20s and 30s art of that style was referred to as modern. Designers included Karl (Kem) Weber
and Eliel Saarinen
- 1939 - The 1939 World's Fair in New York includes the Finnish Pavilion by Alvar Aalto and the Brazilian Pavilion by Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer.
- 1938 - Frank Lloyd Wright purchases 800 acres (3.2 km2) of land 26 miles away from Phoenix, and begins to build Taliesin West, his winter home, in Scottsdale, Arizona, USA
- 1937 - Wright completes his house Fallingwater, at Bear Run, Pennsylvania.
- 1936 - Frank Lloyd Wright designs his monumental inward-looking Johnson Wax Headquarters in Racine, Wisconsin, USA.
- 1935 - Cass Gilbert's United States Supreme Court Building is posthumously finished.
- 1934 - Frank Lloyd Wright draws up plans for his Broadacre City, a decentralized urban metropolis.
- 1933 - The Bauhaus closes under Nazi pressure.
- 1932 - The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York holds its exhibition on modern architecture, coining the term "International Style."
- 1931 - The Empire State Building, designed by Shreve, Lamb and Harmon, becomes the tallest building in the world.
- 1930 - William Van Alen completes the Chrysler Building, an Art Deco skyscraper in New York, USA.