A. Thesis'

 By:Emily Lipps

On the morning of December 29, 1890, the climax of the long term “Indian Wars” began. The tribe of the Lakota Sioux had compromised with the US; they signed treaties, gave them their land, and even moved onto a reservation. Yet they were still brutally massacred by the US. The Wounded Knee massacre left around 270 Native Americans dead and around 30 injured. The massacre marked the end of the struggle between the Indians and the relentless invasion of the white man. I believe that the United States was not justified in the vicious attacking at Wounded Knee Creek because the Lakota Sioux tribe posed no threat to the United States government or their people, the Americans were unnecessarily strict with the Lakota, and the United States was savage with the Indians, and intended on violence.

            The Lakota Sioux Native American tribe did not want violence, but peace instead. They were just going on their own ways practicing their religion, and the United States started to accuse them of desiring war. Sitting Bull once said, Is it wrong for me to love my own? Is it wicked for me because my skin is red? Because I am Sioux? Because I was born where my father lived? Because I would die for my people and my country?” The Lakota had also not once harmed the United States. All they had wanted was for their land, which they had owned since before their ancestors, to stay their own. And then this strange “white man” barges in and claims that HE deserves the land that the Native Americans had rightfully owned. Sitting Bull also said, “They claim this mother of ours, the Earth, for their own use, and fence their neighbors away from her, and deface her with their buildings and their refuse.”

The United States was excessively strict when dealing with the Lakota Sioux Indian tribe. They forced them to live on a reservation with little food and supplies. With little hope of survival, the tribe turned to religion. They began practicing the Ghost Dance, but the American soldiers soon tried to suppress the ghost dancers. After Sitting Bull was killed, his followers turned to his half brother Big Foot for refuge. They escaped to the Pine Ridge reservation, but never made it there alive. On December 28, 1890 the Seventh Calvary attempted to disarm them, although the Lakota had never threatened to attack the Americans.

"I did not know then how much was ended. When I look back now, from this high hill of my old age, I can still see the butchered women and children lying heaped and scattered all along the crooked gulch as plain as when I saw them with eyes still young.”-Black Elk. When the Seventh Calvary of the U.S army came to disarm the Native Americans, they did not intend on doing so peacefully. In fact, they had already mounted their cannons before approaching the Indians to compromise. The reason they shot at the Lakota in the first place was because they believed that the Native Americans were planning to attack them; they believed that their religion, the Ghost Dance, was actually a war dance. But when you handle situations with violence, there are consequences. Around 300 Native Americans were killed and 25 US soldiers killed.

I believe that the United States acted in an inhumane manner and caused the death of many innocent Native Americans. The Lakota Sioux presented no threat nor need for violence, but the violence came anyways because of the bloodthirsty military. In conclusion, the United States is not justified in the battle at Wounded Knee creek, 1890.







By:Ali Leonard

     I believe that it was wrong for the US to attack the Lakota Sioux in such a violent way at wounded knee creek because the Indians did nothing bad to deserve such a cruel punishment. In result of the Wounded Knee Massacre 153 innocent men women and children were killed. If the US would have been willing to work out and follow a treaty then all of this would not have happened. I think the US should have talked to the Indians before they started fire and tension. It could have saved several peoples lives. This essay will inform you on a few of the reasons I thought it was wrong for the US to attack the Indians. 

    First of all, I think that the US should have talked to the Indians before opening fire on them. This massacre started all because the US saw the Lakota Sioux doing a dance they thought was a “war dance.” Unfortunately the US was wrong in their thinking and several people were killed because of that decision. The “Ghost dance” was a religious movement that many tribes did. The US thought that the “Ghost dance” was a war dance, therefore they opened fire and killed innocent people. If the US would have talked to the Indians before then this would not have happened. The following quote is from Daniel F. Royer, he was an agent at Pine Ridge who telegraphed the Commissioner of Indian Affairs and said “Indians are dancing in the snow and are wild and crazy... We need protection and we need it know.” Five days later the Calvary and Infantry invaded wounded knee creek starting the massacre. That is my first reason I think it was wrong for the US to attack the Indians.


    Second of all I think that the Indians did nothing to harm the US to deserve such punishment. The US could have gone about this a different way then violence. A treaty could have been worked out or even just a verbal agreement.  When Black Coyote refused to give up his firearm it was not because he intended to shot them it was because he did not want to give up his prized possession. The military then began shooting and from there it went downhill. The Infantry and Calvary were so careless with their weapons that they even killed 25 of their own men. Along with those men several innocent men women and children were killed because of their careless actions. That is my second reason why the US was wrong in attacking the Native Americans.


    In conclusion I believe it was wrong and unjustified for the US to attack the Indians in such a violent way. The US could have talked to the Indians before open firing on them and killing several people. I also believe that the US had no acceptable reason to fight with the Indians especially because the Indians had done nothing to harm the US. That is why I think the US was wrong in attacking the Lakota Sioux in such a violent way at wounded knee creek because the Indians did nothing bad to deserve such a cruel punishment.