Robert II

Robert II. first king of the House of Stewart, was born 2 March 1315-16, and was declared hair-presumptive to the throne on 3 December 1318.

He fought at Halidon Hill in 1333 at the age of seventeen, and was the first to raise the standard of freedom after that disastrous battle. Encouraged by his example other leaders joined him in his efforts to expel the English, and in 1338 he was chosen Guardian of Scotland during the absence of King David II. in France. He was present in the ill-advised raid into England, which resulted in the battle of Durham, 17 october 1346, where the king was taken prisoner. The High Stewart commanded one of the divisions of the Scots army, and after routing the force opposed to him was overwhelmed by numbers and compelled to withdraw. He succeeded in saving the wreck of the army, with which, as Guardian for a second time, he continued to maintain and assert his country's independence. On the death of his uncle David II. he succeeded to the throne as Robert II., 22 February 1370-1. In this reign the succession to the crown of Scotland was definitely settled by Parliament. King Robert died at Dundonald, 19 April 1390, and was buried at Scone. He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan (dispensation by Pope Clement VI., 22 November 1347), and had by her:-
  • 1. John, who succeeded him on the throne as Robert III.
  • 2. Walter, married Isabella, Countess of Fife, and died about 1362.
  • 3. Robert, Duke of Albany. (See that title).
  • 4. Alexander, Earl of Buchan. (See that title).
  • 5. Margaret, married (dispensation by Pope Clement VI. dated at Avignon 18 Kal. July 1350, as they were related in the third and fourth degrees of affinity) John, Lord of the Isles.
  • 6. Marjorie, married (dispensation by Pope Urban V., 11 July 1371) to John, brother of George of Dunbar, Earl of March. They were created Earl and Countess of Moray, March 1371-2. (See that title.)
  • 7. Elizabeth, married to Thomas Hay, Constable of Scotland.
  • 8. Isabella, was married first (by dispensation 24 September 1371), to James, Earl of Douglas; second, between 1388 and 1390, to Sir John Edmonstone, ancestor of the family of Duntreath.
  • 9. Jean, was married first, to Sir John Keith, eldest son of the Marischal; second, to Sir John Lyon, by whom she became ancestress of the Earls of Strathmore; and third, to Sir James Sandilands of Calder, and became ancestress of the Lords Torphichen. (See these titles.)
King Robert II. married secondly, Euphemia, daughter of Hugh, Earl of Ross, and widow of John Randolph, third Earl of Moray (dispensation by Pope Innocent VI., 2 May 1355). By her he had:-
  • 10. David, Earl of Strathearn. (See that title).
  • 11. Walter, Lord of Brechin and Earl of Atholl. (See that title).
  • 12. Egidia, 'a werey beautifull lady,' who in 1387 was married to Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale with issue. (See titles Douglas and Orkney.)
Robert II. had also a number of illegitimate sons, eight of whom are named in the records of the time.
  • 1. Sir John Stewart, created Heritable Sheriff of Bute, ancestor of the Marquess of Bute, the Earl of Wharncliff and their cadets.
  • 2. Thomas Stewart, Archdeacon of St. Andrews, Dean of Dunkeld.
  • 3. Alexander Stewart, Canon of Glasgow.
  • 4. Sir John Stewart of Dundonald, Lord of Burley. He was Clerk of the Audit and Captain of Dumbarton Castle, where he was killed in the attack on the town in 1425 by his grandnephew James, son of Murdac, Duke of Albany.
  • 5. Alexander Stewart of Inverlunan.
  • 6. James Stewart of Kinfauns.
  • 7. Sir John Stewart of Cardney.
  • 8. Walter Stewart.
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