Scotland, House of Stewart, Kings of

The traditional account of the descent of the family of Stewart from Banquo, Thane of Lochaber, and through him from the ancient kings of Scotland, is now generally discredited. The research of recent years makes it more certain that the Stewarts or Stuarts are of Breton origin, descended from a family which held the office of Senescal or Steward of Dol, under the Counts of Dol and Dinan, in Brittany (to whom it is supposed they were related) in the eleventh century.

In the Chartulary of the Abbey of St. Florent we find in 1080 and again in 1086 'Alanus Senescallus' or 'Alanus Dapifer Dolensis,' witnessing grants of land to the Abbey, of which he was himself a benefactor, as is proved by a deed (ante 1080), to which his brother Fledaldus consents, granting to the Abbey a site for a church. From another deed it appears he had a third brother Rivallon, who entered into religion as a monk at Mezuoit. Alan the Senescal engaged in the crusade of 1097, and died apparently without issue. The lands and office of Senescal of Dol reverted to Fledaldus or Flaald, who had a son:

Alan Fitz-Flaald
son:
Walter, 1st High Stewart
son:
Alan, 2nd High Stewart
son:
Walter Stewart, 3rd High Stewart
son:
Walter Stewart, 4th High Stewart
son:
James Stewart, 5th High Stewart
son:
Walter Stewart, 6th High Stewart
son:
Robert II
son:
Robert III
son:
James I
son:
James II
son:
James III
son:
James IV
son:
James V
daughter:
Mary, Queen of Scots
son:
James VI
son:
Charles I
son:
Charles II
brother:
James VII
son:
James Francis Edward Stuart