Robert I

After a turbulent interregnum of upwards of nine years the Crown was seized by

Robert I., de Brus, or 'The Bruce,' Earl of Carrick and Lord of Annandale (see these titles): born at Writtle, near Chelmsford, 11 July 1274: chosen one of the guardians of the kingdom 19 August 1299: assumed the sovereignty and was crowned at Scone 27 March 1306. He finally achieved the independence of Scotland, and after an eventful reign of twenty-three years died at Cardross 7 June 1329, and was buried at Dunfermline. He married, first, about 1295, Isabella, daughter of Donald, tenth Earl of Mar, by whom he had an only child.
  • 1. Marjorie, who was married to Walter, High Steward of Scotland. She died 2 March 1215-16, leaving one son, who eventually became king as Robert II.

  • King Robert married, secondly, in 1302, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, who died at Cullen 26 October 1327, and was buried at Dunfermline, by whom he had:-
  • 2. Matilda, married to 'a certain squire' Thomas Isaac. She died 20 July 1353, and was buried in Dunfermline, leaving two daughters:-
    • (1) Joanna, married to John, Lord of Lorn.
    • (2) Catherine, d.s.p.
  • 3. Margaret, who was married in 1343 to William, Earl of Sutherland (see that title), and died some time before November 1347.
  • 4. David, afterwards king.
  • 5. John, died in childhood.

  • King Robert had several illegitimate children:-
  • 1. Sir Robert, killed at Dupplin 12 August 1332.
  • 2. Nigel of Carrick, killed at the battle of Durham 17 October 1346.
  • 3. Margaret, who was married to Robert Glen, and was alive 29 February 1363-4.
  • 4. Elizabeth, who was married, before 1365, to Sir Walter Oliphant of Aberdalgie.
  • 5. Christian of Carrick.