|Malcolm III. 'Ceannmor,' i.e. Great head or Chief. He was the eldest son of Duncan I. by his wife, a cousin of Siward, Earl of Northumberland: Duncan being the son of Crinan the Thane by his wife Bethoc, eldest daughter and heir of Malcolm II. King of Scots. He was born about 1031. Between 1061 and 1093 he led five raids into England, devastating the northern counties and bringing about a great invasion of his own country by William the Conqueror in 1072, and by his son Robert in 1080. In his last English raid Malcolm was defeated and lsain at Alnwick, 13 November 1093. He married, first, about 1059, Ingibjorg, daughter of Earl Finn Arnason, and widow of Thorfinn Sigurdson, Earl of Orkney. He had by her: -
1. Duncan, afterwards king.
2. Donald, died 1085.
A son Malcolm has been assigned to him, but there seems to be no positive proof of this.
Malcolm Ceannmor married, secondly, at Dunfermline 1068-9, Margaret (St. Margaret of Scotland), daughter of Edward Ætheling. By her, who died 16 November 1093, at Edinburgh Castle, and was buried at Dunfermline, he had:-
1. Edward, wounded with his father at Alnwick, and died near Jedburgh 16 November 1093.
2. Edmund, Prince of Cumbria and afterwards a monk; he died at Montague in Somersetshire.
3. Ethelred, Earl of Fife, and Abbot of Dunkeld buried at Kilrimont.
4. Edgar, afterwards king.
5. Alexander, afterwards king, as Alexander I.
6. David, afterwards king.
7. Matilda - the good Queen Maud - was married to Henry I. of England, 11 November 1100, and died 1 May 1118 leaving a daughter Matilda, who was married, first, to the Emperor Henry V., and second, to Geoffrely Plantagenet, by whom she had a son, Henry II. of England.
8. Mary, was married in 1102 to Eustace, Count of Boulogne, and died 31 May 1116, leaving a daughter, Matilda, who was married to Stephen, King of England.