|George, fourth Earl of Aberdeen, K.G., K.T., was born
28 January 1784 in Edinburgh, and was served heir to his
grandfather 16 May 1806. During his minority he was a
ward of Mr. Pitt and Viscount Melville, and was early
initiated to political life, and in 1813 was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary to the Emperor of Austria. He signed
the Treaty of Paris on behalf of His Britannic Majesty 1814.
Having previously served as a representative peer he was
on 1 June 1814 created VISCOUNT GORDON OF ABERDEEN in the County of Aberdeen in the Peerage of the
United Kingdom. As a mark of affection for his first
wife's family he obtained a royal warrant authorising
him to assume the additional surname and arms of
Hamilton. His lordship, who was in political association
and intimate friendship with the Duke of Wellington and Sir
Robert Peel, was Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
1828-30 and 1841-6, Secretary of State for the Colonies
1834-5. Upon the fall of the Earl of Derby's administration
in December 1852 the Queen commissioned Lord Aberdeen
to form a Government. The well-known coalition between
Sir Robert Peel's free trade party and the Whigs then took
place, and the Earl of Aberdeen became First Lord of
the Treasury and Prime Minister. The Government
resigned in February 1855 on a vote of censure in connection with the conduct of the Crimean War, and the Earl of
Aberdeen, who was inclined to a policy of non-intervention,
did not again take office. He had been created a Knight of
the Thistle in 1808, and was elected a Knight of the Garter,
being invested at Windsor 7 February 1855. He was,
as a mark of special favour, directed to retain both orders.
He was also a knight of the Hungarian Order of S. Stephen,
a unique distinction for a British subject. The earl was
Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire, Chancellor of Aberdeen
University, Fellow of the Royal Society, and a trustee
of the British Museum. He married first, 28 July 1805
at the Priory, Stanmore, Middlesex, Lady Katherine Elizabeth Hamilton, eldest daughter of James, first Marquess
of Abercorn. She died 29 April 1812 at Argyll House,
and was buried at Stanmore. She left issue, besides a son
who died shortly after his birth in 1810,
The earl married, secondly, 8 July 1815, at the Priory,
Harriet, Viscountess Hamilton, widow of James, Viscount
Hamilton, eldest son of the said Marquess of Abercorn, and
sister of George Sholto Douglas, Earl of Morton. She
died at Argyll House 26 August 1833, and was buried at
Stanmore, leaving issue:-
- 1. Jane, born 11 February 1807, who died unmarried at
Stanmore 18 August 1824, and was there buried.
- 2. Caroline Katherine, born 28 March 1808. Died unmarried at Argyll House 24 July 1818. Buried at Stanmore.
- 3. Alice, born 12 July 1809. Died at Argyll House in
April 1829. Buried at Stanmore.
The Earl died in his house called Argyll House, near
Regent Street, 14 December 1860, and was buried at
- 1. GEORGE JOHN JAMES, fifth earl.
- 2. General the Honourable Sir Alexander Hamilton-Gordon, K.O.B., Knight of the Legion of Honour,
and had the order of the Medjedie; Colonel of the
first battalion Prince of Wales' Leicester Regiment.
Sir Alexander served in the Crimea, was afterwards
A.D.C. to Queen Victoria. He had been equerry to
H.R.H. the Prince Consort, and A.Q.M.G. at the
Horse Guards 1854-9. He sat as M.P. for Aberdeenshire 1875-85. He was born 11 December 1817, died
19 May 1890, and was buried at Hanley, county
Middlesex. He married, 9 December 1852, at St.
James', Piccadilly, Caroline, eldest daughter of Sir
John Herschel, Baronet, appointed, 8 December 1855,
one of the women of the bedchamber to Queen
Victoria. By her he had issue:-
- (1) Alexander Hamilton Gordon, Lieut.-Colonel, R.A., born 6
July 1859, married 15 October 1888 Isabel, daughter of
Major-General George Newmarch, R.E., and has issue.
- (2) Francis Henry, born 19 March 1861, died 11 May 1885 in
Ceylon, and there buried.
- (3) William Reginald, first West Indian Regiment, born 28
November 1864, died 12 January 1890.
- (4) Ernest Arthur, born 27 June 1866.
- (5) George Herschel, born 16 May 1872.
- (6) Victoria Alberta Alexandrina, born 25 July 1855, to whom
H.M. Queen Victoria and H.R.H. the Prince Consort were
sponsors, married, 25 April 1876, to Victor Alexander Ernest
Garth Marshall of Monk Coniston (also a godchild of
Queen Victoria). They have issue.
- (7) Caroline Augusta, born 9 September 1856, married, 14 February 1885, to Arthur John Lewis Gordon, C.M.G. of Ellon
Castle. They have issue.
- (8) Louisa.
- (9) Kathleen Isabella.
- 3. The Reverend and Honourable Douglas Hamilton-
Gordon, born 13 March 1824; successively rector of
Stanmore, vicar of Earls Gift, county Tyrone, vicar
of Northolt, Middlesex, Canon of Salisbury Cathedral,
and Chaplain in Ordinary to Queen Victoria. He
died at Salisbury (having resigned his preferments)
6 September 1901, and was buried there. He married,
15 July 1851, at St. James', Piccadilly, his cousin,
Lady Ellen Douglas, daughter of George Sholto,
17th Earl of Morton. They had issue:-
- (1) Douglas George of Tedworth Square, London, late Captain
Second Middlesex R. V., born 7 August 1852, married, 7 June
1877, Edith, daughter of the Reverend Walter Trevelyan
Bullock of Faulkbourn Hall, Essex, and has issue.
- (2) George William, born 15 June 1854.
- (3) William Hugh of Bywater House, Lymington, Hampshire,
a clerk in the House of Lords, born 1 October 1855, married,
6 August 1890 Florence Evelyn, daughter of Thomas
Edward Vickers, C.B., of Bolsover Hill, Sheffield, and has
- (4) Catherine Ellen.
- (5) Ellen Louisa.
- 4. Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, Baron Stanmore, G.C.M.G.,
born 26 November 1829 at Argyll House, in the parish
of St. James, and there baptized. He was Private
Secretary to his father as Prime Minister 1852-5,
governor of New Brunswick 1861-6, of Trinidad
1866-70, of Mauritius 1871-4, of the Fiji Islands 1875-80,
of New Zealand 1880-2, and of Ceylon 1883-90. He
was created, 21 August 1893, Baron Stanmore of
Great Stanmore, co. Middlesex. He married, 20
September 1865, at St. Martin's in the Fields, Rachel
Emily, eldest daughter of Sir John George Shaw-
Lefevre, K.C.B., who died at Malta 26 January 1889,
and was there buried, leaving issue:-
- (1) George Arthur Maurice, born in Eccleston Square, London,
3 January 1871, baptized at the Chapel Royal, Savoy.
- (2) Rachel Nevil, born 13 July 1869, in Eaton Square, baptized in
the crypt of St. Stephen's Chapel, in the Palace of Westminster.
- 5. Frances, born 1819. Died unmarried in Argyll House
20 April 1834.