John James, 1st Marquess of Abercorn

John James, ninth Earl of Abercorn, only son of the Hon. John Hamilton, was born after his father's death, July 1756. He was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, where he graduated M.A. in 1776, and was elected member of Parliament for East Looe, in Cornwall, on a vacancy in November 1783, and chosen for St. Germans at the general election 1784. He succeeded his uncle in 1789, as Earl of Abercorn in Scotland, Viscount of Strabane in Ireland, and Viscount Hamilton in Great Britain. On 19 July 1790 he took the oaths and his seat in the House of Lords in Ireland. At the general election of the sixteen representatives of the Scots Peerage, 11 July 1790, the clerks refused to receive his signed list, as he had been created a peer of Great Britain since the Union. The question was carried to the House of Lords, where, 13 May 1793, in a committee for privileges, the point was decided in his favour. Meanwhile the Earl was created on 15 October 1790, MARQUESS OF ABERCORN; and was sworn of the Privy Council in Ireland 7 February 1794. He was nominated a Knight of the Garter 17 January 1805, and installed at Windsor on St. George's Day, 23 April following. A curious account of the almost royal progress of the Marquess and his family through Scotland on their way to Baron's Court in August 1813 is given by Sir Walter Scott. He married first, 20 June 1779, Catherine, daughter of Sir Joseph Copley, of Sprotborough, co. York, Baronet, by Mary, daughter of John Buller of Morval, Cornwall, and by her (who died at Stanmore Priory, Middlesex, 13 Sep- tember 1791, and was buried, 19 September, at Stanmore) had six children:-
  • 1. James, Viscount Hamilton, born at Petersham Lodge, 7 October 1786; matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, 24 October 1805; elected member of Parliament for Dungannon, 31 January 1807, and, Parliament being dissolved on 29 April following, elected for Liskeard, 8 May 1807, and sat for that borough until 29 September 1812. He moved the address of thanks for the King's speech in the House of Commons, 20 January 1808. He died in the lifetime of his father, 27 May 1814, having married, 25 November 1809, Harriet, daughter (by Lady Frances Lascelles, eldest daughter of Edward, first Earl of Harewood) of the Honourable John Douglas, son of James, fourteenth Earl of Morton, and by her (who was married, secondly, 8 July 1815, to George, fourth Earl of Aberdeen, and died 26 August 1833) had issue:-
    • (1) James, second Marquess and first Duke of Abercorn.
    • (2) Lord Claud Hamilton, born 27 July 1813; was educated at Harrow, and Trinity College, Cambridge; and was member of Parliament for county Tyrone from 20 January 1835 to 17 July 1837, and from 6 May 1839 to 26 January 1874; Treasurer of the Household, 27 February 1852 to December 1852, and again from 26 February 1858 to June 1859; Vice-Chamberlain to the Household, 10 July 1866 to 11 December 1868; Privy Councillor, 27 February 1852; Lieut.-Colonel Donegal Militia, 19 July 1867; married 7 August 1844, Lady Elizabeth Emma Proby, second daughter of Granville Leveson, third Earl of Carysfort, and died 3 June 1884. She died 24 June 1900, leaving issue:-
      • i. Douglas James, born 23 September 1856; matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, 15 January 1875; major, Irish Guards, 8 October 1900; married, 6 July 1882, Lady Margaret Frances Hely-Hutchinson, daughter of Richard John, fourth Earl of Donoughmore, and has:-
        • (i) Granville, born 13 September 1883.
        • (ii) Claud Richard, born 26 April 1885; cadet R.N.; died 18 February 1901.
        • (iii) Richard George, born 21 July 1886.
        • (iv) Jocelyn Campbell Patrick, born 3 March 1900.
        • (v) Betty Alice Adeline, born 17 May 1889.
      • ii. Louisa Charlotte, married, 29 February 1876, to John Tyndall, LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., who died 4 December 1893.
      • iii. Emma Frances.
      • iv. Mary Stuart, married, 2 October 1878, to Wilbraham Frederick, second Lord Tollemache.
    • (3) Lady Harriet, born 21 March 1812, married, 15 May 1836, to Admiral William Alexander Baillie Hamilton, R.N., who died 1 October 1881. She died 19 March 1884, leaving issue.
  • 2. Claud Hamilton, born 1 November 1787, at Petersham, Surrey; matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, 24 October 1805; elected member of Parliament for the borough of Dungannon at the general election 1807; admitted a nobleman of St. John's College, Cambridge, in October same year; sailed in the Eclipse brig for the Brazils in January 1808, on account of his health, but died at Madeira in June following.
  • 3. Harriot Margaret, whose articles of marriage with the Marquess of Waterford were drawn up, when she died of an inflammation of her throat at the Priory, Stanmore, 30 April 1803, in the twenty-second year of her age, and was buried at Stanmore.
  • 4. Katherine Constantia, born 7 October 1782, died 23 May 1783.
  • 5. Katherine Elizabeth, born 10 January 1784, married at the Priory, Stanmore, 28 July 1805, to George, fourth Earl of Aberdeen, and died 29 February 1812, leaving issue.
  • 6. Maria, born 28 February 1785, died, unmarried, 21 January 1814.
  • The Marquess married, secondly, 4 March 1792, his cousin, Lady Cecil Hamilton, daughter of his uncle George already mentioned, and by her had a daughter.
  • 7. Cecil Frances, born 19 July 1795, married 15 February 1816, to William, fourth Earl of Wicklow, and died 7 July 1860, leaving issue.
  • The Marquess married, thirdly, at her brother Viscount Sudley's house in Dover Street, Piccadilly, 3 April 1800, Lady Anne Jane, relict of Henry Hatton of Great Clonard, in the county of Wexford, member of Parliament for the borough of Donegal, to whom she was married October 1783. She was born April 1763, eldest daughter of Arthur Saunders, second Earl of Arran, in Ireland, by his first wife, the Hon. Catherine Annesley, only daughter of William, Viscount Glerawley. She died, without issue, at Naples 3 May 1827. The Marquess died 27 January 1818; his will, dated 18 March 1809, with four subsequent codicils, was proved in London 9 May 1818, and was succeeded by his grandson.


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