|James, tenth Earl and second Marquess of Abercorn, born
21 January 1811, in Seymour Place, Middlesex, was educated
at Harrow, and matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford, 2
July 1829. He proved his right to vote for Representative
Peers for Ireland 27 March 1833, and was appointed Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the county Donegal, 1844;
Knight of the Garter, 12 December 1844; Privy Councillor,
25 February 1846; and was Groom of the Stole to the Prince
Consort from 1846 to 1859. He was made Honorary LL.D.
of Cambridge, 5 July 1847; D.C.L. of Oxford, 4 June 1856; and
LL.D. of Dublin, 21 April 1868. He was also a governor of
Harrow School; sometime colonel of the Donegal Militia, and
major-general of the Royal Archers, the Queen's Bodyguard
for Scotland. He was served heir-male of the body of the
first Duke of Chatelherault by the Sheriff of Chancery in
Scotland, 13 January 1862, and, as heir-male of the first
Duke, asserted his hereditary right to the original title of
Duke of Chatelherault of 1549. By the edict of Louis XIV.,
May 1711, the descent of French dukedoms was declared to
be to heirs 'descendus de males en males.' Being appointed
Lord Lieutenant-General and General-Governor of Ireland
in 1866, on the 20 July he took the oath of Chief Governor,
and the oaths of Abjuration and Supremacy in the Council
Chamber in Dublin Castle, whereupon the Lords Justices
delivered to him the Sword of State, and invested him with
the Collar of Grand Master of the Order of St. Patrick. He
made his public entry into Dublin in state on the 23 August
following. On the 18 April 1868 he presided as Grand Master
at the installation of His present Majesty, then Prince of
Wales, as a Knight of St. Patrick, which was performed with
great pomp in St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. In consequence of the resignation of the Conservative administration
he left Dublin, 14 December 1868. By privy seal, dated at
St. James's 4 August, and patent at Dublin 10 August 1868,
he was created MARQUESS OF HAMILTON of Strabane,
in the county of Tyrone, and DUKE OF ABERCORN in the
Peerage of Ireland. He was for the second time sworn
Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland on 3 March 1874, and made his
public entry into Dublin on 18 April, and held this office
till 6 December 1876. On 6 January 1875 he was installed
Grand Master of the Freemasons of Ireland. He was Envoy
Extraordinary to Italy for the Investiture, at Rome, 2
March 1878, of King Humbert, with the order of the Garter. In 1881 he was appointed Chancellor of the Royal University of Ireland. He died at Barons Court 31 October 1885.
He married, 25 October 1832, from Gordon Castle, at
Fochabers Episcopal Church, Elgin, Lady Louisa Jane
Russell, second daughter of John, sixth Duke of Bedford, by
his second wife, Lady Georgina Gordon, fifth daughter of
Alexander, fourth Duke of Gordon. She, who was born 8
July 1812, is a Lady (third class) of the Order of Victoria
and Albert. They had issue, seven sons and seven
- 1. James, second Duke.
- 2. Lord Claud John Hamilton, born 20 February 1843, was
member of Parliament for Londonderry city 1865 to
1868, for King's Lynn, 1869 to 1880, for Liverpool, 1880
to 1885, and for West Derby division of Liverpool,
1885 to 1888; a Junior Lord of the Treasury, 1868;
sometime lieutenant and captain in the Grenadier
Guards, and lion, colonel 5th Battalion Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers since 17 January 1891; Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria, 1887; married, 20 July 1878,
Carolina, daughter of Edward Sacheverell Chandos
Pole, of Radborne Hall, in the county of Derby, and
- (1) Gilbert Claud, born 21 April 1879; lieutenant, Grenadier Guards, 28 October 1899.
- (2) Ida, born 27 July 1883.
- 3. Lord George Francis Hamilton, born 17 December
1845; member of Parliament for the county of Middlesex from 1868 to 1885, and for the Ealing division since
that year; Under Secretary of State for India, 1874 to
1878; Vice-President of the Committee of Council on
Education, 1878 to 1880; Privy Councillor, 4 April
1878; First Lord of the Admiralty from June 1885 to
January 1886, and from 1886 to 1892; an Elder Brother
of the Trinity House, 1887; Chairman of London School
Board, 1894 to 1895; Secretary of State for India from
1895 to 17 September 1903; Captain of Deal Castle,
1899; was formerly lieutenant in the Coldstream
Guards, and captain, Tyrone Militia; married, 28
November 1871, Lady Maud Caroline Lascelles, Lady
of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India, daughter
of Henry, third Earl of Harewood, and has:-
- (1) Ronald James, born 26 September 1872.
- (2) Anthony George, born 17 December 1874.
- (3) Robert Cecil, born 31 January 1882; midshipman R.N.
- 4. Lord Ronald Douglas Hamilton, born 17 March 1849, died 6 November 1867.
- 5. Lord Cosmo Hamilton, born and died 16 April 1853.
- 6. Lord Frederick Spencer Hamilton, born 13 October
1856; Second Secretary in the Diplomatic Service,
1883 to 1884; was M.P. for South-West Division of
Manchester, 1885 to 1886, and for North Tyrone, 1892
- 7. Lord Ernest William Hamilton, born 5 September
1858; captain (retired) llth Hussars ; M.P. for North
Tyrone, 1885 to 1892 ; married, 2 June 1891, Pamela
Louisa Augusta Ambrose, daughter of Captain
Frederic Augustus Campbell, and has issue:-
- (1) Guy Ernest Frederic, born 11 November 1894.
- (2) John George Peter, born 15 October 1900.
- (3) Mary Brenda, born 28 March 1897.
- (4) Jean Barbara Bertha Elizabeth, born 6 September 1898.
- 8. Lady Harriet Georyiana Louisa, born 6 July 1834;
married, 10 April 1855, to Thomas George, second Earl
of Lichfleld, who died 7 January 1892, leaving issue.
- 9. Lady Beatrix Francis, born 21 July 1835, married, 23
May 1854, to George Frederick D'Arcy, second Earl
of Durham, and died 21 January 1871, leaving issue.
He died 27 November 1879.
- 10. Lady Louisa Jane, born 16 April 1836, Lady of the Order
of Victoria and Albert (third class), Mistress of the
Robes to the Queen, and formerly to Queen Victoria,
married, 22 November 1859, to William Henry Walter,
sixth Duke of Buccleuch, K.G., K.T., and has issue.
- 11. Lady Katherine Elizabeth, born 9 January 1840,
married, 26 October 1858, to William Henry, fourth
Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, and died 3 September 1874,
- 12. Lady Georgiana Susan, born 7 July 1841, married, 16
March 1882, to Edward, fifth Earl of Winterton, and
- 13. Lady Albertha Frances Anne, born 29 July 1847, married, 8 November 1869, to George Charles, Marquess of Blandford (afterwards eighth Duke of Marlborough,
who died 9 November 1892), and has issue. Her
marriage was, on her own petition, dissolved in 1883.
- 14. Lady Maud Evelyn, born 17 December 1850, Lady of
the Order of Victoria and Albert (third class) and of
the Crown of India, married, 8 November 1869, to
Henry Charles Keith, fifth Marquess of Lansdowne,
K.G., and has issue.