|Lord Claud Hamilton, fourth and youngest son of James, second Earl of Arran and Duke of Chatelherault was born about 1543. By a papal bull dated 5 December 1553 he was appointed Commendator of the Abbey of Paisley by Pope Julius III. on the resignation of his uncle John Hamilton, a natural son of the first Earl of Arran. The bull calls him fourteen years of age, but as he is found granting a charter on 6 August 1564 with consent of his father as tutor, it is clear he must have been under age at that time, so that he cannot have been born earlier than 1543. He also enjoyed the offices of Dean of Dunbar, Canon of Glasgow and Prebendary of Cambuslang. As was to be expected from his family connections he became a strong adherent of Queen Mary, and on her escape from the castle of Lochleven 2 May 1568 he met her with fifty men and conveyed her first to Niddrie and then to Hamilton, and at the battle of Langside on 13 May following commanded the vanguard of her army. He was in consequence declared a traitor and sentence of forfeiture pronounced against him in Parliament 9 August 1568. The abbey fell into the possession of Lord Sempill, and the former commendator was cast upon his own resources. His uncle the Archbishop of St. Andrews was hanged at Stirling in 1571, and on 4 September that town was surprised by Lord Claud and four hundred companions shouting: "Hamilton, God an the queen, think on the Bishop of St. Andrews." After a temporary success they were repulsed not, however, before the Regent Lennox was shot through the back by a Captain Calder, who afterwards alleged that the deed was done at the instigation of Claud Hamilton and Huntly. Hamilton after this led an active and troubled life for some time vainly endeavouring to get his Paisley possessions under his hands again: at last, in February 1572-3 he was admitted to the benefits of the Pacification of Perth: a pardon was issued to those who had been concerned in the death of the Regent Lennox, and Hamilton was restored to his possessions, though not till force had been used to compel Lord Sempill to give them up. As the Regent Morton grew in power he did not forget his enmity against the Hamiltons, and succeeded in getting an Act of Council passed on 30 April 1579, ordering the immediate execution of the old acts against Lord Claud and his brother John, the seizure of their estates, the apprehension of their persons, and whatever armed action might be necessary for these purposes. These two were really the heads of the great Hamilton party, as their elder brother the Earl of Arran was hopelessly insane. Although they garrisoned their castles of Hamilton and Draffen, they did not dare to remain and resist the overwhelming forces sent against them. Lord Claud after some time fled to the north of England, and threw himself on the protection of Elizabeth, who interested herself so far in the matter as to send an envoy to Scotland to plead for him, but without success. In October 1579 an act of forfeiture was passed on him in Parliament. He joined the party of the 'Banished Lords' in their futile attempt to upset the supremacy of Arran, and his heavy bonds of caution were forfeited. In October 1584 Hamilton succeeded in returning to Scotland by a private arrangement with the king, but he was of too much importance in the eyes of Arran to be permitted to remain, and though eh was virtually in the custody of the Earl of Huntly during his residence in Scotland, he was, on 6 April 1585, ordered to take his departure to France. The fall of Arran, however, soon after this date rendered his stay abroad but short, and on 10 December there was a general act for the restitution of the Banished Lords and their adherents. He was at the same time admitted as a member of the Privy Council. He returned to Scotland in January 1585-6, and took his seat and oaths. He continued to take an active part in the politics of the time. The Abbey of Paisley was erected into a temporal barony, and he was made a peer of Parliament under the title of LORD PAISLEY 24 July 1587. As he grew older he retired from public life, obtaining in 1598 a commission for his eldest son to act for him. In 1597 he was visited at Paisley by the Queen, and on 24 July 1617 by James VI. himself. It is said that at one time he was not unsuspected of witchcraft. He died in 1621, having married, 1 August 1574 (contract dated 15 and 16 June 1574), Margaret, daughter of George, fifth Lord Seton, by Isabel, daughter of Sir William Hamilton of Sanquhar, High Treasurer of Scotland, and by her, who died in March 1616, had issue three children who died in infancy:-
- 1. Margaret, died 23 December 1577, aged three months and twenty-two days.
- 2. Henry, died 15 March 1585, aged three months and two days.
- 3. Alexander, died 21 November 1587, aged eight months and three days. All buried in St. Mirren's Chapel, Paisley Abbey; and the following who attained maturity:-
- 1. James, created Earl of Abercorn.
- 2. Sir John Hamilton, married Johanna, daughter of Levimus Everard, Councillor of State to the King of Spain, in the Province of Mechlin, (who was married secondly, as his second wife, to Robert, fourth Lord Sempill, who died in 1611; thirdly, to Captain Patrick Craffurd of Tredonll, co. Donegal; and fourthly, to Sir George Marbury, and dying 14 June 1638 at Letterkenny, was buried there in Conwall Church), and by her had an only daughter:-
- (1) Margaret, married in 1662, as his second wife, to Sir Archibald Acheson of Clonekearney or Glencairney, co. Armagh, Secretary of State for Scotland, created a baronet of Nova Scotia, 1 January 1628, ancestor of the Earl of Gosford.
- 3. Sir Claud Hamilton of Shawfield, co. Linlithgow, a Gentleman of the King's Privy Chamber, appointed 11 February 1613 a member of the Privy Council in Ireland, was granted as an undertaken the small proportions of Killeny and Teadane or Eden, containing together 2000 acres in the barony of Strabane and county of Tyrone to hold for ever as of the Castle of Dublin in common soccage. A warrant was issued for a new grant 16 August 1614, but he died in Dublin 19 October 1614, administration of his estate, wherein he is described as of Baldony in the county of Tyrone, being granted to his son William 28 November 1629. He married Janet, daughter and heir of Sir Robert Hamilton of Leckprevick and Easter Greenlees, and by her (who died in September 1613) had six sons and three daughters:-
- (1) Sir William of Manor Elieston, co. Tyrone, was born about 1604, being about fourteen years old when the King, on 20 October 1618, directed the judges to admit him to suffer a common recovery against him and his heirs, being informed that it was the intention of Sir Claud to confer his lands on his second son, Alexander, but the King by his letter, dated at Westminster, 20 May 1625, directed him to be restored to the two proportions of Killeny and Teadan notwithstanding the fine and recovery suffered against him and his heirs by his uncle, Sir George Hamilton, Knight, to the use of his brother Alexander and Sir George Hamilton, inasmuch as the privy seal, dated 20 october 1618, was obtained from want of due information and upon false and scandalous suggestions, he being only a minor fourteen years of age. These lands were by patent, dated 20 November 1629, granted to Sir William, being at the same time erected into the Manor of 'Eliestowne,' so named from the lands of that name, co. Linlithgow, which belonged to Sir William. He died 16 May 1662. He had a charter on 28 June 1611 of the lands of Scheillis and others, co. Lanark. By his will, dated 1 May 1662, and proved 12 February 1664, he ordered his body to be buried in the Church of Baldony or Gortin, as he should afterwards appoint. He married first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Johnston of Johnston by Sarah Maxwell, eldest daughter of William, sixth Lord Herries (see that title and Annandale), and by her had two sons and two daughters:-
- i. Sir James of Manor Elieston, who is styled lieutenant of a company of foot in the castle of Stirling on 4 September 1686, when he received a grant from King James VII. of a yearly pension of £100. He married first, Mary, daughter and heir of Sir Robert Jacob, Solicitor-General for Ireland 1606 to 1611, and had a son:
Sir James of Maor Elieston married secondly, Eleanor, daughter of Sir James Innes of Thurston, and is said to have had issue.
- (i) William of Manor Elieston, who married Deborah, daughter of ... and died without issue, his will, dated 5 June 1700, being proved 14 July 1705.
- (ii) John of Castle Damph, county Tyrone, died without issue.
- ii. William of Leat, in the co. Tyrone, who is said to have married Mary, daughter of ... Walkingshaw, and had issue.
- iii. Sarah, married to John Hamilton of Dulata, co. Tyrone, ancestor of John Stewart Hamilton, created a Baronet of Ireland 2 December 1780.
- iv. Margaret, married (contract dated 1 November 1661) to Walter Innes or Ortoun.
Sir William married secondly, Beatrix, daughter of ... Campbell, and by her, whose will, dated 11 June 1667, was proved 6 July following, had two sons and a daughter:-
- v. Claud of Montalony, High Sheriff of the county Tyrone 1671 and 1683, whose will, dated 1 October 1692, was proved 31 August 1695, married Isabella, daughter of ... and had issue, with five daughters, two sons:-
- (i) William of Beltrim, county Tyrone, whose will, dated 2 May 1739, was proved 2 April 1747, ancestor of the family of Cole-Hamilton of Beltrim.
- (ii) Claud of Strabane, High Sheriff of the county Tyrone 1714, whose will, dated 11 June 1736, was proved 15 June 1737, grandfather of Sir John Hamilton of Woodbrook, county Tyrone, created a Baronet of the United Kingdom 27 December 1814.
- vi. Archibald.
- vii. Elizabeth, baptized 29 July 1650.
- (2) Alexander, died young. In his mother's testament he is named next after William. So also in a bond by Sir George Hamilton, his uncle and tutor, of date 9 March 1615, which gives the sons in the order as named.
- (3) Robert, died before 1657, leaving two sons, living in 1663:-
- (i) Claud.
- (ii) Alexander.
- (4) Claud.
- (5) James, died unmarried.
- (6) George, died unmarried.
- (7) Margaret married, first, to Sir John Stewart of Methven, natural son of Ludovic, second Duke of Lennox; and secondly, to Sir John Seton of Gargunnock.
- (8) Grizel, married to Sir William Baillie of Lamington.
- (9) Janet, named in her mother's testament with her sisters Margaret and Grizel.
- 4. Sir George Hamilton of Greenlaw, in the county of Tyrone, and of Roscrea, in the county of Tipperary, was granted the middle proportion of Largie alias Cloghogenall and the small proportion of Derriewoone, but this grant was never enrolled. In 1611 he was resident at Derriewoone with his wife and family, and had built a good house of timber, sixty-two feet long by thirty feet wife. Being a recusant papist, the king directed the Lord Deputy of Ireland to call him before him, and in the event of his not conforming, to remove him out of the kingdom. He was in 1627 appointed a commissioner for assessing the sum of £1000 English on the county of Donegal. He died before 1657. His wife, on 24 February 1609, was Isobel Leslie, who is named as his wife at that date in an edict of executry to her sister Agnes Leslie, both being daughters of James Leslie, Master of Rothes. He married also, probably as his second wife, Lady Mary Butler, sixth daughter of Walter, eleventh Earl of Ormonde, and had an only surviving child.
- (i) James, who died unmarried, his will being proved 2 February 1658-9, and execution granted to George, Lord Strabane, the sole executor.
- 5. Sir Frederick Hamilton, a gentleman of the King's Privy Chamber, was in early life in the service of Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden. He was, on the 8 December 1621, nominated by King James I. to have the command of the first company of Horse or Foot which fell vacant in Ireland; this direction was renewed 10 September 1623 and 29 January 1627, after which date his name appears on the Irish Establishment as a captain of fifty Foot. He obtained a commission, dated at Greenwich 30 June 1631, authorising him to enlist 1200 men for the service of the King of Sweden, but the death of that monarch at the battle of Lutzen, 16 November 1632, terminated Sir Frederick's service with him. By patent, 18 March 1620, he had a grant of the quarter of land called Carrowrosse, in the barony of Dromahere and county of Leitrim, and other lands in the same county, amounting in all to 6549 acres, to hold in capite by knight's service, the whole being created the Manor of Hamilton. IN 1627 he was one of the commissioners for assessing the sum of £400 English on the county of Leitrim. The king by his letter, dated at Southwick 18 August 1628, granted him, on his petition, the right to nominate two baronets of Ireland, and by his letter, dated at Westminster 12 January 1630, directed the Lords justices of Ireland to accept a surrender of all his lands in the county of Leitrim, as well as those formerly granted as those he had purchased, and to regrant the same. He accordingly surrendered on 17 May 1630, and had them regranted the next day, with letters of denization, the whole being erected into the manor of Manor Hamilton, with the usual privileges, to hold to him, his heirs, and assigns for ever. Under the commission of remedy for defective titles he had new confirmation of his estate, 19 December 1636. He died 31 March 1646, or end of May 1647, when administration of his estate and that of his son James was granted, 5 June 1658, to a creditor. He married, first, Sidney, daughter and heir of Sir John Vaughan, a Privy Councillor of Ireland, and Governor of the city and county of Londonderry, and had three sons and one daughter:-
Sir Frederick married, secondly, Agnes - who married secondly, before 29 March 1661, John Maxwell.
6. Margaret, who was married (contract 11 July 1601), as his first wife, when he was only twelve years old, to William, first Marquess of Douglas, and died 11 September 1623, aged 38.
- (1) Frederick, died unmarried before his father, being killed in the wars in Ireland. He was allotted £2337, 9s. 1d. for his service.
- (2) James of Manor Hamilton, died 27 December 1652, married in 1647 or 1648, his cousin Catherine, daughter of Claud, Lord Strabane, and by her (married secondly, before 29 March 1661, to Owen Wynne of LUrganboy, in the county of Leitrim, who died in 1670; and thirdly, to John Bingham of Castlebar, in the county of Mayo), had two daughters and co-heirs:-
- i. Sidney, born in 1648, died at Dublin 20 January 1685-6, and was buried 24 January in the chancel of St. Michael's Church, married before October 1668 to Sir John Hume of Castle Hume, in the county of Fermanagh, Baronet, and left issue.
- ii. Hannah, born in 1651, died at Dublin 16 May 1733, and was buried in St. Mary's Church, married to Sir William Gore of Manor Gore, co. Donegal, Baronet, and left issue.
- (3) Gustavus, born in 1642. Entered Trinity College, Dublin, as a Fellow Commoner, 17 April 1661, aged nineteen, was a captain in the army in the reign of Charles II. had the degree of Doctor of Laws conferred upon him by the University of Oxford 6 August 1677, was sworn a Privy Councillor in Ireland in 1685, became brigadier-general 30 May 1696, and major-general 1 November 1703. He was created, 20 October 1715, Baron Hamilton of Stackallan, in the county of Meath, and Viscount Boyne 20 August 1717, both in the peerage of Ireland, and died 16 September 1723. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Brooke of Brookeborough, county Fermanagh, by whom he was ancestor of the present Viscount Boyne.
- (4) Christiana, married at Coleraine in 1649, as his second wife, Sir George Monroe of Newmore, and had issue two sons and eight daughters. She died after 1700, and was buried within the Newmore chapel in the churchyard of the parish of Roskeen.