Mali Empire

Mali Empire (ca.1200-)

Nehemia Levtzion, Ancient Ghana and Mali (New York: Africana Publishing Company, 1980); Kevin Shillington, History of Africa (New York: Palgrave, 2005); Kent Glenzer, Dorothea E. Schultz and Stephen Wooten, “Mali” in the New Encyclopedia of Africa, John Middleton, and Joseph C. Miller, eds., (New York: Scribner’s, 2008); Ari Nave and Elizabeth Heath, “The Mali Empire” in Africana, The Encyclopedia of the African & African American Experience, Kwame Anthony Appiah, and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., (New York: Oxford: University Press, 2005).

Tesfu, Julianna
University of Washington

The Mali Empire was the second out of three West African empires the emerged from the savanna grasslands. They were located between the Sahara Desert to the North and the coastal rain forest in the south. Between the West African Gold mines and the Niger river was the Mali empire. When the political leafers of Ghana fell short and could not reestablish their empires former glory out came Mali and the beginning of it's reign.

Mali's power hpowever would eventually be weakened by imperial power's disagreement on salt and gold trade. The first people to gain the independence from Mali were the Wolof, the lived in present day Senegal. The establioshed their own empire (Jolof Empire) around 1350.

Anthony Frink,
Oct 11, 2011, 10:38 AM