Related Reading

Binimelis, Pengue and Monterroso in Geoforum, 2009 (in press).

"In fact, the evolution of weed herbicide resistance has neither decreased herbicide use nor increased non-chemical practices, but rather intensified herbicide consumption – the so-called 'herbicide treadmill...By 2006, eight [glyphosate-resistant] weeds were already confirmed worldwide; three cases were associated with the use of herbicide-resistant [GM] crops'...although aiming to overcome the effects of the previous [glyphosate-resistant] crop generation, this ‘‘new generation” of GM crops strengthens the same paradigm. As a new magic bullet, this process may represent a new form of herbicide intensification: the 'transgenic treadmill'”.