What to feed, or not to feed

and other essentials 

Pigeon Notes

Feeding-
    Vegetables-
First, many breeders believe that feeding their pigeons greens will make their pigeons droppings watery, well it will. But after 48 hours the pigeons dropping should return to normal. Yet the benefits will last much much longer. Second, many believe that feeding your pigeons greens will give them worms. This can also be true. But if you feed your pigeons alot of greens you should give them a dewormer every week to avoid worms or if they get worms then you should isolate that pigeon and give them a full dose of the dewormer and that should knock the worms out within a week but always make sure before letting them into the main loft again.
Types of Vegetables-
1. Cabbage                Feed in Pieces
2. Lettuce                  Cut into small pieces or feed the whole leaf
                                        -Do not feed lettuce to race birds
3. Leaf Spinach        Cut into or feed the whole leaf
4. Carrots                  Chop into small pieces
5. Dandelions           Cut only the stems into small pieces or
                                     feed the whole dandelion roots and all
6. Water cress           Cut into small pieces or feed the whole leaf
7. Garlic                     Cut into small pieces and place into the pigeons mouth                                               always be sure they are swallowed
8. Celery leaves        Feed whole
9. Alfalfa                    Feed whole
10. Kale                      Chop into pieces
11. Parsley                  Feed whole
12. Turnip Tops         Chop into pieces
13. Chicory                Feed whole
14. Peas                      Feed whole avoid split peas at all costs

Note: Iodized salt, red pepper, or garlic salt/ powder can also be added to the vegetable greens. Not all three at once but one at a time.

    Seeds and Solids-
When feeding your pigeons you should always watch the water count this will always matter because you should avoid watery droppings at all cost. For racers proteins and carbs are very important for energy. For breeders you should give them an excess of protein because proteins are very important for a young pigeon to grow at the right rate. Pigeons are just like humans they need a balanced diet and they need a variety of different grains with different attributes.

Ingredient        Water %    Protein %    Carbs %    Fibre %    Fat %

Alfalfa meal            7.8        20.0        41.1        18.0        2.5
Barley meal            11.0        11.5        66.5        6.0        2.0
Blood meal              9.7        80.0        3.8        1.0        1.0
Brewer's meal        6.3        46.0        35.7        2.8        1.2
Buttermilk (dried) 7.6        32.4        43.3        none        5.0
Maize (corn) meal  15.0        8.9        68.9        2.0        3.9
Cotton seed meal    7.8        41.0        26.3        9.0        7.0
Fish meal                6.4        62.2        4.2        0.7        8.5
Kafir meal               7.1        11.0        71.1        2.5        2.5
Linseed meal          8.8        35.0        36.9        8.1        5.6
Meat scraps (dried) 6.2        60.0        1.1        2.4        8.8
Molasses                   26.0        2.9        62.1        none        none
Oatmeal                    9.3        15.0        64.4        2.0        7.4
Peanut meal             7.2        43.1        23.0        13.9        7.6
Rice                           9.7        12.7        56.6        3.5        11.4
Rye meal                  10.5        12.6        70.9        2.4        1.7
Milk (dried)             5.8        34.7        50.3        0.2        1.2
Soybean meal           9.4        46.1        31.8        5.9        1.0
Wheat-germ meal    7.1        26.0        none        2.5        8.0

Note: Cod liver oil pills is a great supplement that can be given in the water or can be given in individual pills to the pigeons. They can be found at any local health store. You can also cover the seeds you feed your pigeons with cod liver oil but it will be slippery and oily so you should get some Vionate or another powder rich in vitamins and other beneficial ingredients. This will make them less slippery and easier for the pigeons to eat them.
    Common Supplements-
1. Myzon                A powder added to water; very high in vitamins and                                                     preventative medicines
2. Dried brewer' yeast        A powder added to the water; very high in protein
3. Lemon juice            Added to the water
4. Wheat-germ oil             Feed same way as cod liver oil
5. Halibut oil                      Feed same way as cod liver oil
6. Honey                             Add to hot water and let cool; restores energy
7. Herring meal                 Very good source of vitamin B-12
8. Egg shells                        Crush and add to grit
9. Dirt                                  Earth dug from the ground; feed separately
10. Kilpatric's minerals    Feed separately; very high in vitamin and mineral                                                         content
11. Wins more            Add to water; very high in vitamin and mineral                                                                     content
12. Magnesium block        Feed separately

Percentage of Ingredients-
Breeding Season-                Molting Period (only for adults)-
20% Green peas                25% Barley
10% Pigeon peas                15% Green Peas
10% Maize                    10% Wheat
10% Barley                    10% Maize
10% Rolled oats                10% Expanded- wheat pellets
10% Expanded- wheat pellets        7% Maple peas
10% Wheat                    5% Pigeon peas
7% Maple peas                5% Brown rice
5% Brown rice                5% rolled oats
3% Vetch                    3% vetch
3% White sorghum                3% White sorghum
2% Sunflower seeds            2% sunflower seeds

Pigeon Colors- (I am no master my any means just a racer putting down the simple ones he knows)
    Blue-
Light blue bar
Regular blue bar (medium blue)
Blue bar with blue rump
Blue bar or smoky blue
Barless blue (comes in all color varieties above)
    Checkers-
Light blue check
Blue check
Medium dark check
Dark check
Black check
Solid black
Smoky blue check
    Red:
Silver:    Marked as the blue-bar: only the wings are yellowish-brown and the bars are red.
Dun:        The same as a silver, only a darker shade
Mealy:    A mealy is often called a "dun" or "silver." However, the wings, although     colored similar to the dun and the silver varieties, are much darker and have a smeared effect. This may be considered the smoky blue of the reds.
Chocolate: The pattern is the same as in the silver or dun birds, but is chocolate or cocoa-colored
Red Check: The same as a blue check only red in color. Although there may be different shades of red-checks, they are not broken into different categories as are he blue checks.
Solid Red:    A pigeon being solid red in color. The red is in relation to the red check as the black is to the blue check since solid red is the darkest coloring in red birds as black is the darkest coloring in the blues.
Plum:     A very light purple being either checkered or barred. this is often called a "mosaic."
Red Grizzle:A red pigeon having steaks of black, or darker or lighter red, running through its entire body.
Uncommon colors:
There are many uncommon colors not here...