Hello World. I like to speak in those terms because the world to me is Universal even though I am addressing a group of people. Why do I think like that? Because I believe one person in the community leading by example can change the whole community and it can flow on to the state, the country and out to the World reaching way up into the Universe the highest power.
My name is Gregory Kable. I am a caseworker; receptionist and I run a website called Greg's Kables. When Frances contacted me to do this lecture I was thinking that I did not have this experience but in fact that is what I do second best in terms of my work at Justice Action.
I said second best because listening to people is what I do best and that is where I pick up lots of ideas. Justice Action is a community-based criminal justice organization consisting of academics, lawyers, students, prisoners, ex-prisoners, victims of crime and other community activists.
Justice Action promotes awareness of the inadequacies and failures of the criminal justice system and actively assists those who suffer.
We maintain ongoing communication with prisoners and monitor their complaints. These communications form the basis of our campaigns to prevent abuses from occurring. When clients ring I offer some good advice if I can but that depends on their demeanor. If they appear despondent sometimes all I do is listen and take notes.
In New South Wales today if you get into trouble with the law you have little or no defence. Unless you're wealthy enough to get yourself a lawyer and even then the odds you will escape justice are minimal because of the infrastructure and resource of the government opposed to your Legal Aid Status. I am not saying Legal Aid cannot help you but I am saying they have become overworked and under resourced.
I know of many cases, where on the day of your trial your lawyer struts up to you and says quietly in court, "What's your name again?" You tell your lawyer your name and watch him/her go back to the bar table where there is a stack of files on top of each other and the lawyer starts to search through looking for your file.
Well that does not give me much confidents in a fair trial and nor should anyone else who has to face not just unequal legal assistance but the media as well.
Like dogs the media are looking for a story and someone to exploit for the politics of media is sensationalism. So if my clients have tension I try to shift them back a gear or two. I remind them of the inequality of being in trouble and how dangerous that is so, next time or during the course of this event the problem does not get any worse or is minimised in the future.
That is where Noble Cause Corruption comes in. Noble Cause Corruption was an idea introduced by the government and a few loose monkeys in the police force. I use the term monkeys becauseof Monkey See Monkey Do.
If police are above the law then so are their family and friends and that is the flaw. Sooner or later because they are autonomous they pick up bad habits and use their resources to help out those they like and associate with.
In 2000 police warlords were working in the suburbs of Sydney un-supervised and Cabramatta was the example. Noble Cause Corruption casts a wide net to catch criminals. So if you did commit a crime it was 5 times worse and instead of one charge there were 20 charges. But if you didn't commit a crime and it wasn't your lot then bad enough you make your own mistakes, let alone gaining a few more problems in your life, just trying to survive.
Justice Action encourages diversion away from prisons because prisons are a space station in terms of the resources of the whole community. Everything obtainable in a space station is multiplied by ten in terms of getting it or developing it whatever that may be.
As a child I suffered from hives because I was allergic to every food and could only eat small portions of everything. Try and eat a small portion of chocolate cake when your siblings get a large piece. So I would sneak out to the fridge at night and get my share whilst everyone was sleeping. My mother would get up in the morning and notice the cake was gone. She would come into my room where I slept with my other two brothers and ask who was eating the cake last night? I couldn't lie because I was covered in hives. You're gonna need an ocean of Calamine Lotion. Hive medicine.
So my concentration for learning was very limited because I was a high-risk child. Math's, Science, and subjects that need a lot of concentration were not going to get through to me. Art, Craft, Cooking, Music and Dressing up were more suitable because I could get away with being creative without too much concentration.
1) I also had predisposing factors in that I did not know whom my father was and was subsequently raised by my stepfather and mother who didn't tell me about my real father.
2) I was belted into submission for making mistakes a form of discipline, which I will go into a little later.
3) And later lost my first child born 500g who lived for just 7 months and died in a humidity crib in Camperdown Children's Hospital his name was Ben.
Solving problems holistically
I learnt to solve problems later in life by searching for the root of the problem I was trying to solve.
An example is if you look at homophobia. People who have trouble with gays. If you set out a policy to prevent this from happening and you get dressed up and go to a gay nightclub then perhaps as it has been for me that I was refused entry because I wasn't gay. Discriminatory? Well I think so because I like dressing up and I like dancing and I was disappointed because I was refused entry even though I don't discriminate and was not in any way homophobic.
So what is the answer holistically? Peoplephobia. Why? Because we are all people first.
I would watch children throwing rocks at the mentally ill behind the wire in the suburbs because they lacked knowledge and understanding about mental illness and that is why they were ignorant towards the mentally ill. It's lack of knowledge that leads to ignorance.
Peoplephobic people lack knowledge, understanding and social skills, in order to relate to the whole community. Gender is another example. If you try solving problems by categorising and labeling people in order to solve a problem then you again get bogged down because of the variety of gender. Male, female, gay, bisexual, lesbian, transvestite, etc.
It is my understanding, that we my friends, are human beings first and to add to that unique individuals. We can be understood with some knowledge and understanding so that we fit into the community and are all accepted by the community.
So as a human being first. What is the problem and can we solve it? In short we are all in the same boat, if you want to see it that way. John Howard would not decide to drop a bomb on people to fix a problem if the bomb was dropping onto his family. If Bob Carr's family had to live in the High Risk Management Unit at Goulburn Correctional Centre "a box within a box" because someone in his family ended up being taken away from the community and placed into prison then the HRMU would not exist today.
The brutality and savagery at Grafton jail that went on for 34 years with people getting their legs and arms broken running the gauntlet through a line of prison guards with batons. Some of those prisoners who were sent to jail for non-violence and punished went on to commit some of the most heinous crimes of the century.
Close your eyes. What do you see? Nothing? So without you there is no beauty.
So I am special to me! And Everyone Else is Equal to me! So next time you think about your, self-worth? Go on! Tell your friend. Say you're nearly as good-looking as I am because I am special to me. But everyone else is equal to me.
A human being is made up of a percentage of both male and female gender in different ratios. That is how it all becomes so coloured when you try to relate to people from all walks of life.
Plato said, "A human being is two people trying to get together as one."
An example of the root of a human being is empathy.
A group of people can form a circle. Each person placing their hand on the others chest over the heart of the person next to them. By closing your eyes for about a minute and feeling your friends heart beating that can give you a clear understanding about the fact that we are the same. Please try this in your own time if you have never tried it before.
Another example is the root of conscience. Where is that found? My original
understanding was that conscience was born when our mothers smacked us usually about the time we were in our high chair getting bored watching mum do the dishes and by throwing our baby's bottle onto the floor for attention. Smack! Ouch.
But I've since learned that conscience is born when as a baby we first opened our eyes. This is a better thought because there is no threat, or violence imposed in order to form our view.
Parent Effectiveness Training by Thomas Gordon PHD
A child standing alone has one major defence. Fear. So if you raise your voice one-decibel then the child triggers that defence in order to cope with the stress. So too is this defence triggered if you lock a child up in their room or take away the child's privileges?
Justice Alistair Nicholson of the Family Court of Australia recently as last year made a statement in relation to children he said, "Smacking a child ought to be seen as assault."
I agree for many reasons. One reason is Pavlov's Theory of Classical Conditioning. If you show a dog food then over time the dog can be conditioned to salivate over the food. So if you get attention by smacking a child then you get a result of obedience?
Questionable? Because although this does and can work it is flawed. Why? Lets look at why governments or parents threaten and punish first.
If you do not pay this fine we will summons you to court. If you don't pay this fine we will increase the fine. If you still don't pay the fine we will not give you a license to drive. If you still don't pay this fine we will prevent you from registering your motor vehicle. If you don't pay the fine we will send a sheriff out to collect the amount owed from your property.
In the past you went to jail. Jamie Partlick was a good example of what can happen to a fine defaulter in jail. He was bashed and ended up a paraplegic.
Today you don't go to jail for not paying a fine. Parents used this method as well by taking away children's privileges and locking children in their rooms for punishment at the lower end. And at the higher end I can tell you how my three brothers and I were lined up when a rule of the house was broken.
Our pants were pulled down and we were strapped on the bottom one strap at a time consecutively until one of us owned up to the crime.
If a person raising a child uses power then there will be a time when the power becomes equal and that doesn't work any more. Usually about the time the child can leave home and has become equal in strength. The child won't be your friend because you were the judge and metered out punishment.
So how do we get a better response from the child in order to teach the child? To get a long term result in order to teach a child we need to invite the child from a very early age in the decision making process. So the child remains your friend always because the child does not feel judged by you. Both of you have more information about each other in order to decide how to relate not just to you but to everyone else as well once more information has been sought.
Usually if a child is asked how to solve a problem they are causing you or others they can usually tell you how they are going to go about it with respect to you and therefore making a decision themselves. Hence the child is also more obligated to do what you have not ordered them to do and they don't then hate you because you have not judged them here.
Why then if this information is in the current literature do governments who can help set and example for parents and families teach us to threaten and punish people in order to get results that don't work in the long term? Is it because they need short-term results? Or because they don't have the current literature?
I don't mind being wrong I just need to see the literature that proves I am wrong. Until such time I think I am correct in that.
To get long-term results that lead to less inflation for the whole community then discipline, threats and punishment don't work long -term. Discipline, threats and punishment get short-term results and cause the cycle of violence.
Television encourages violence as well. There are three stages in the myth of human life that are described in many forms as examples.
In short from birth to death. Stage one the hero stage Between childhood and youth 0-20 and children are described as bullet proof. Stage two The understanding stage between 20 and 40 working through you understanding of life. Stage three Looking down and not particularly getting involved in nonsense that you have little or no regard for looking down, hopefully impartially and objectively.
If you watch Rambo in the hero stage you could get into serious trouble as the young mind wonders into un-reality, virtual reality thinking it's real.
You may think you can conquer the world. You may think you can solve all or any problems that may arise in order to survive and maintain your ego and pride. It would be a pity though if you used threats or violence to solve your problems that are now compounded by programs on television that invite the possibility that you are bullet proof and you have unrealistic powers.
Here there is a difference between boys and girls because of stereotyping. Boys blue. Girl's pink. Boy's trains. Girl's dolls. Boys don't show emotions. Girls show emotions naturally.
Of course that depends on how you were raised. That is how I was raised. Not to show my female side. The percentage that made up my female side remained hidden and devalued up until the age of 35.
As well as that, boys that were raised like me lost social contact with a lot of people. Girls were cooperative because of their additional social skills and social networks helping them to relate better.
Boys were competitive and lost social networks or depended on few social networks in order to relate, in addition to the stereotyping and the bulletproof nature of children, youth, the government and parental malfunction. Teaching us that discipline, threats, and punishing a person works, in order to get a person to acknowledge their offending behavior.
Well that is where I made a major mistake. I was classically conditioned to discipline, threaten, and punish a person when threatened my self with a loss that was high in value and high in principal.
The statement there is one thing stronger than a women's heart. A man's-pride. Now you can see why gender became an issue here. Because people in my day were stereotyped categorised and labeled. Not treated equally as a human being.
I could be wrong
That's fair in love and war because these are only my ideas as well as my experiences, knowledge and understanding.
That is where feedback, which is a life skill, can come in handy. The idea that a bat would be lost without its sound bouncing off objects in order to navigate. Again if a person has the social skill of feedback just one of the skills then a person can learn to relate better with respect to the whole community. A person can only see themselves in two dimensions.
Feedback allows a person to see themselves in four dimensions. That is why the heading is called "I could be wrong" instead of "feedback" because what people feedback could be wrong.
However what people say may have meaning. For example you have body odor. If you reject this information you may lose friends. If you accept that you stink in close contact with people, then if you do something about it you may make more friends.
Check it out first and that may give you more proof. The person may just not like you or your after-shave/ perfume? You may be putting too much on.
All the information given to me as feedback rests onto my shoulders, now, until such time as I can make some or any sense out of it.
Do you remember when you rejected criticism? And found out later what you had rejected was valid information you could use now, but at the time it didn't make any sense. Lucky then if you hung on to it so that it could be used later.
Parents and carers
Some parents and carers, if not all parents and carers are on the run trying to make ends meet and raising children. You are a unique individual so where is the book on how to raise you? There is a tug of war in relation to immediate results between parents and children in the rush of life.
But parents do their best with the skills they have up until the time you are born and about to be raised. Why do parents and carers do their best? Because they have a responsibility to the child and the whole community looking down onto them and the community who is prepared to criticise you if you got it wrong.
An example is when a child falls from a cliff and a parent goes after the child to certain death. The emotional need outweighs the danger.
Again children in a swollen river or a fire attended to by a parent or carer who will go on after you and try to save you. Most parents have in built the need to protect the child from danger because that is what parents do when a child is born. To make sure the child survives.
Your mother and father will always love you. It doesn't matter if you did not have the skills. It doesn't matter if you were a drunk. It doesn't matter if you were a junkie. It doesn't matter if you suffered a mental illness. It doesn't matter if you were disabled. It doesn't matter if you were discriminated against or marginalised. It doesn't matter if people don't forgive you for making your first mistake.
Trial and Error
We learn more from being wrong than we do from being right. Being right means being right all the time. Being wrong and right means being right in the end.
There is no book on how to raise your family. There are many books but your family is unique. There is no book on how you may deal with the loss of your marriage, your relationship, your home, and your children.
There are guides in books but you are as I have said, unique. So what then makes up the balance between the guides and the books and your reality in relating to life's secrets?
Charles Dickens said, "Life is a secret and you haven't got the key and you never will".
So you don't particularly know what lies in your future in order to survive. Also the skills you have are the resources you have to survive events that occur in your life. Some people don't get through it. Some people do. Some people have better results than others do.
So could better social skills help children grow? Inflation is reduced when people have skills because they take fewer risks and use fewer resources in order to achieve their goals.
What happens when you take more risks and use more resources in order to achieve your goals? You could break the law and end up in jail like 5% of the population. Or you could hurt or damage yourself or someone else.
The example or running to many sheep on a small portion of land means you have to replace the land more often. The inflation and the cost of running prisons for example 20 million to build one prison and $60 thousand dollars a year to house just one maximum security prisoner in a 500 cell prison multiply that by 500 comes to about 30 million dollars.
What could the community do with an extra 30 million dollars instead of one maximum-security prison? There are 32 prisons in New South Wales alone. Not all maximum thank the Universe. But I'm not going to quote any more statistics because I am a hopeless mathematician. In fact if I haven't got a calculator I would be doing my 12 times tables on my fingers.
When people don't make it and fall down because they are not infallible then they may break their elbow. Or they may break their neck. It depends on the severity of the fall and the circumstances surrounding the fall.
I had a major fall when I was 32 years of age and committed manslaughter in a crisis situation over the custody of the children of my marriage Clarke aged 4 and Brooke aged just two years at the time.
I served 7 years in prison because at the time I suffered diminished responsibility. Another name for diminished responsibility is not enough social skills to cope with a crisis situation.
So at 32 years of age why was I not prepared to compromise with my wife over custody? Because I did not know what compromise was or how it worked.
Compromise is a social skill and I do know what it is now. Compromise is how you Win, Win. Of course without it you could Win Lose in relation to this event or be a real loser like me at the time of my crisis and Lose Lose.
The cost of this event (crisis) for me was killing a person and going to prison and losing my family for the rest of my life. Expensive? Especially for the deceased. The children's loss of their mother and now both parents.
These were social skills I did not have at age 32 and or ineffective ways of relating to people in the community at age 32. How could this be? After all I had been educated at school up until 15 years of age. My mother did not bash me into submission. So there was love in the family home as I grew up. So I searched for the truth in life from my cell in prison and I read philosophy like Herman Hess and I learnt will to power.
I will learn I said and I would learn what went wrong in my life. Hess seemed to be saying, 'When you're stuck between a rock and a hard place OMB pray and don't react. Hess never said it that way but that is how I interpreted what he had said in his book.
About this time I would usually brainstorm lots of social skills with the class but I guess if you wanted some homework you could do it yourself or with your family. Are there social skills you don't know about or have and understanding of? Communication, conflict resolution, compromise, empathy, forgiveness, to name just a few.
One question I was never asked myself in my whole life was, do I trust myself? Age 32? Boy I needed that.
Whilst in prison I wanted to see my children. An emotional need and a responsibility as a parent. Eventually the prison sent me to a psychologist because logistically if carers or parents don't want to bring children into prison to visit then they don't have to.
I complained I had an emotional need to see them. The psychologist had to try and appease me and he did. Mr Kable he said, "but you're the biological father and that should be enough for you to know that and that fact ought to give you some relief," he said. He was wrong because he upset me or I upset myself over him. I was angry and even more determined to see my children.
Well the next door I opened was the jail psychiatrist who offered me medication that I refused. So I would go down the gym and punch the bag to vent my frustration. The more frustration I had the more social skills I needed to cope with this sad reality.
Academic skills are good but so are life skills because here is a good example why we need skills in order to cope with life's difficulties and differences. The confines and restrictions of the jail and real human emotional need.
Not a pre-learned experience
So because of trial and error we can take it that human beings are not infallible. We could also declare once and for all that a human being is not dogmatic. In fact humans need to make a mistake in order to learn.
So why do we punish people for making their first mistake? If I said go down to the park, there is a jumbo jet ready for you, to take off. Please take Mr and Mrs Jones to the USA for a holiday?
You are a keen employee so you say that you will do what is ask. But if you attempted this job you may have a great deal of trouble carrying it out because you have no previous experience of flying a Jumbo Jet.
An example of why parents or carer's may not pass on social skills to their children could be because their carer's or parents may not have the skills to pass on. Or they may be young single mothers, drug addicted or disabled in some way. What does that mean?
It means you think you have the skills required to get you through life. But you do not have the skills in order to balance your life, so that you can relate to the rest of the community with respect, in order to socialise properly. Especially when life has tension or is complex and complicated.
Social Skills and Life Skills
If you do not have these skills then where do you get them? Let's say you don't have contact with peers and friends who may be able to pass them on. Let's say you have contact with peers and friends but they're too busy. That only leaves the school curriculum and they don't necessarily teach social skills or life skills at school in Australia.
On 11 July 2003 this month the State and territory education ministers say Federal Education Minister Brendan Nelson's heavy-handed threats to school funding will not assist their ambitious initiative to develop consistent school curriculums in key subjects.
The ministers have announced in-principle agreement to work together to produce similar educational outcomes in English, Maths, Science, and Civics and Citizenship and are meeting in Perth later today. In a joint statement, the eight ministers have described it as an historic agreement, which will give parents who move between states greater confidence when their children switch schools.
Okay I know what English, Maths and Science are but what are Civics and Citizenship? CIVICS AND CITIZENSHIP: What is Civics and Citizenship Education? Civics and Citizenship Education focuses on what it means to be a citizen of Australia. NOT WHAT IT MEANS TO RESPECT A CITIZEN OF AUSTRALIA?
How our system of government works. HERE ARE THE RULES! How Australian democracy evolved, and how to take part in the public affairs of Australia. NOT HOW TO RELATE AND HOW TO RESOLVE CONFLICT.
Civics and Citizenship will be the first teaching program for 2003 developed as part of The Australian's resource program for schools. The program provides teachers and students the opportunity to examine and discuss a variety of issues relating to civics and citizenship, including:
The development of the ways in which Australians have been governed since 1788; The role and importance of the United Nations and the International Court of Justice; and Rights and freedoms of Australians compared to those of people from other countries.
John Howard "At least people in this country have a right to protest".
The Civics and Citizenship program provides a wide range of resource materials for teachers including multiple copies of a special 16-page, three-part series, daily class activities, a 48-page Teacher's Handbook with activities and student worksheet masters, and a collection of four wall posters.
The punishment: Is the 'crime'
Some youths and adults do not see their worth because they have had destructive feedback from their peers and are not aware of it consciously. Possessiveness is the result the person cannot let that other person dissolve out of their life until they beat them or killed them trying to get them to stay.
I spoke with Ken Marslew (Enough is Enough). I told him that the person who killed his son did not know how much Michael his son was worth because in turn, the person who killed his son did not know how much he was worth.
Three recent cases that are quite extraordinary pop into my mind.
(1), The children are committing crime at a younger age, 13.
(2) A mentally ill prisoner Scott Simpson on remand for
malicious assault who killed anther prisoner on his first day
when he was locked up in Silverwater Remand Prison. The
person he killed had been sent from a strict protection jail at
Junee to Silverwater during transition.
(3) Bilal Skafe who was sentenced to 55-years for gang rape.
Young Labour policy:
"Adult prisoners should be de-socialised then re socialised. Young offenders do not need to be de socialized because they were not old enough." end.
Respect, you only get out what you have put in. What about Life Skills, Communication and Conflict Resolution. Evolution, perhaps some children and adults missed the whole or part of the course? I did, and so how surprised do you think I was when I realised my parents missed the course as well?
Things like compromise, win, win, empathy, and love. Invisible energy and other skills like public speaking, how to relate, assuming, blaming, forgiveness, freedom and discrimination.
This is how I learned respect
If you don't know what it is then how do you relate?
I ran into a friend he was about 60 years of age and I asked Egor a Russian Scientist. "Why do we learn and then die? " He said you have to pass it on. So Grasshopper, how do we plant this seed so that the bin (jail) is a school of life? A university to teach life skills. Instead of emptying out the rubbish in the bin, we turn out compost and fertiliser to promote growth. Nurturers.
How do we create unless we Nurture Nature. Like cradling a baby in your arms, the very same cradle swings below us cradling us, when we care for all living things, great and small, in our wonderful Universe!
I described an injustice to Barbara an elderly lady I met at a Justice Action meeting. I said, "This is not the Australian way ". Barbara said, "Well I think it is". I went numb thinking well I did not want to hear her negative conformation. I still wanted to believe after all I have been through and all I have done that there is an Australian way and that the majority was good.
We cannot defeat evil. We can only balance it hopefully, by the greater good. Why? Because people, (human beings) only learn from trial and error. By making a mistake. So do we punish everyone equally for his or her first error? No, we deal out just desert in relation to the severity of the crime and the enthusiasm of the crowd (the populist view) then we throw them in the bin.
Human beings are not dogmatic yet we take away their ability to learn after they make their first mistake.
I asked Mr Tze a Chinese Triad I use to play chess with in jail I said "Mr Tze how do I defend myself?" He said, " Do not strike." Why? He said, " you will always underestimate your opponent."
"If you project anger you will always get angry people in your life.
If you project happiness you will get happy people in your life.
So don't scare just take two steps back."
I know to that the cat always scratches back.
I met Jimmy Safwan doing 30 years because he was made an example of 30 years ago He carried an oozy into a bank but never fired a shot.
Jimmy told me this myth
Once upon a time this little boy went walking up the cobblestone road where he met a man. The man said "Son go home and cut out your mothers heart and I will give you treasure." So the little boy went home and cut out his mother's heart and went racing up the road holding his mother's heart in his hand. The little boy slipped over grazing his knees on the cobblestones. Just then his mothers heart spoke to him saying, " don't worry son it will be alright."
Two symbols now dominate my wisdom now! The star and the heart. The stars are my brothers and sisters and the heart, my friends, is mercy. Mercy for them all.
Charles Dickens said, "Life is a secret and you haven't got the key and you never will".
But there are keys. For the rest of the keys or at least some more of them please see:
SO WHAT ABOUT A Life-Skills Course to help your students prepare for life?
No child should be left behind....
MANAGEMENT SKILLS PROGRAM
This evidence-based curricula and staff training provides troubled and underserved youth with, easy-to-understand, interactive, statistically proven life-management lessons, that have been shown by a five-year University of Miami study to motivate at-risk youth to become respectful, successful, productive individuals.
The Bensons guarantee ARISE interactive lessons will unlock the true potential of at-risk youth or your money back. ARISE is a nonprofit educational foundation established in 1986, by the husband and wife team of Susan and Edmund F. Benson. To
date, the ARISE group has researched, written, and taught all curricula.
They have also trained and certified over 3,000 life-skills instructors who have gone on to teach more than 500,000 at-risk youth over 2,000,000 (Two Million) documented hours of ARISE Life-Management Skills Lessons across the U.S. no other lifeskills program even comes close.
The ARISE professional lifeskills training course can reduce staff turnover, lessen staff stress, improve staff communication skills, reduce liability exposure, and most of all, provide needed know-how to easily teach ARISE social skills to often reluctant students with serious behavior problems.
A FIVE YEAR EVALUATION (1997-2001)
Life-Management Skills program provides at-risk populations with the information, know-how and guidance they need to survive and succeed.
THE ARISE Foundation IN MIAMI IN THE USA started with an elementary school program in Miami-Dade County public schools in 1986 and has expanded to reach a large number of alternative schools and juvenile justice facilities throughout the State of Florida.
The ARISE program consists of over forty life-management skills curricula for pre-kindergarten through 12 grade. Since 1997, the ARISE Life Skills Lessons have been evaluated by two independent reviewers/researchers from the University of Miami (Florida) and from Quees University (Northern Ireland).
The purpose of these evaluations has been twofold:
To examine success rates among various groups of learners. To monitor learner
knowledge of program components closely, at times altering aspects of the program based on evaluation results.
ARISE program data from entry and exit interviews have been collected at six different time periods, from 2,122 learners between January 1997 and June 2001. Data were drawn from several program sites including alternative schools and facilities under the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice.
Since 1997, participants in the ARISE Life-Management Skills program has included African-American, Hispanic and White non-Hispanic learners whose ages have ranged from 13 to 18 years (with the majority of learners falling within the 15 to 17 age category).
Evaluation data over a five-year period show significant improvement in knowledge of issues included in the programs content: violence reduction, goal setting, anger management, drugs and alcohol avoidance and other life management skills.
Based on results found in six evaluation reports covering the five- year period from 1997 to 2001, the data show that the overall test scores improved significantly after program completion. Other evaluation data demonstrated that learners increased their scores for the vast majority of the 30 test items that were included in the entry-exit interviews. The tabular data also include summary evaluation data for ethnic and gender groups.
These data show that test scores improved significantly among learners of all ethnic groups for each of the six time-periods examined. The consistency of this result suggests that the program content is sensitive to and able to reach members of various ethnic backgrounds.
The data also indicate that both female and male learners significantly improved their attitudinal scores after completing the ARISE Life-Management Skills program. It is important to emphasize that since 1997 a number of learners have represented youth from high risk populations.
The results from each of the six evaluations, however, indicate that program test scores improved across all program sites for which a sufficient number of cases was available for analyses, including those facilities that served primarily highrisk youth. To date, the Program has been contained within the State of Florida.
Future plans are to present the ARISE Life- Management Skills program to Departments of Education and Departments of Juvenile Justice around the county, targeting frustrated, bored youth who would rather be any other place than school.
By Gregory Kable 2002 posted 14 November 2003
The Australian public was confronted with similar accusations during 1978 when the NSW Royal Commission into Prisons headed by Justice Nagle found that the NSW Department of Corrective Services and its Ministers of both political persuasions had unofficially sanctioned the systematic brutalisation of prisoners at Grafton Jail from 1943 to 1976. A former Grafton prison guard, John Pettit, testified to the extent of that brutalisation:
REPORT: NSW Department of Corrective Services 2004
Drug Free Centre, Pat Down Searches, Claims For Compensation, Public Relations And Media, Assaults, Complaints About Assaults, Taxi Fares, Private Prisons, and Toxic Waste At Silverwater Jail.
REPORT: NSW Department of Corrective Services 2004
Recidivism: The Hon Peter Breen: Is it the case that New South Wales has the highest prisoner recidivism in Australia? 6 Month sentences: The Hon Peter Breen: Do you agree with abolishing short-term sentences?
REPORT: NSW Department of Corrective Services 2004
Gender, Bullying and Harassment: Why do women leave the department five times the rate of male employees?
REPORT: NSW Department of Corrective Services 2004
BUDGET, ASSETS? AND PRISONER STATE: In 2004-05 financial year, the total expenses of Department of Corrective Services Totalled $705.3 million.
NSW Prison staff have been accused of attacking and sexually assaulting 38 NSW inmates in the past year, new figures show.
Inquest into the death in custody of Scott Simpson
On the first day of the inquest into the death of a prisoner Scott Simpson, then 36, who was found hanging in his segregation cell [solitary confinement cell] at Long Bay jail in 12-wing area 2, at approximately 8.45 pm on 7 June 2004, the court heard evidence that there was a bureaucratic problem that may have led to his death.
Workers exploit NSW prisons: Daily Terror?
A WARNING that 'workers' and in this case a Muslim 'preacher' allegedly disguised as sleepers may have been 'planted' inside NSW jails as 'workers' with 'access to prisoners' was ignored by the State Government for more than four years says, the daily terror.
The journalist who's facing gaol for talking to a prisoner
BRISBANE: Journalist and documentary-maker Anne Delaney would probably rather be working on her latest project than sitting in the Inala magistrate's court, facing a possible two year stretch in a Queensland gaol.
Pentridge Prison Memorial
*Ricky Morris* 29/10/2005-18 Years Later "Thinking Of You And Missing You" Gone But Never Forgotten. It all started back in May-05 when I decided to do a website on the memory of my brother 'Ricky' and that's when it all began for myself a journey I never imagined. From that date forward to this I have received a lot of information and spoken to all sorts of people from high up to general people whom either knew nothing or some that knew it all.
Darwin prison riot threat alert
PRISONERS threatened to riot at Darwin jail after complaining about overcrowding and the quality of food, it was learnt yesterday.
New rules in Goulburn prison
The following outline is provided as a guide to ensure a consistent and effective approach in dealing with charges and applying sanctions applicable to failed urine tests.
Custody as the challenge to corrections
Despite their problematic nature, however, recidivism figures do not suggest that the prison component of a sentence improves prospects for deterrence or rehabilitation, by comparison with other sentencing options.
'A Nice Day Out' From Risdon Prison
Arranged for maximum-security prisoner 43637 Trustrum, Thomas Edward, by Justice Pierre W Slicer, Tasmania's Supreme Court human-rights an social-justice crusader.
NEW INDEPENDENT RISDON PRISON REPORT
Justice Action and Prison Action & Reform are not satisfied with the review and will present an independent report to Parliament in August, based upon interviews with prisoners, prison staff and concerned community members.
The reason the Richmond recommendations failed
The reason the Richmond recommendations failed is because the supported community accommodation and therapeutic programs that were envisaged as replacing the nut houses were never funded, unlike in the Scandinavian countries Richmond studied during his inquiry and which have had a very successful experience of psychiatric deinstitutionalisation.
Prisoner total rises 15% in six years
England and Wales are continuing to jail offenders at a higher rate than any other major country in western Europe, it emerged today. New research indicates that the government's use of prison as its main tool of penal policy has increased by 15% since 1999.
Adler punished for being in prison
NSW: Sydney businessman Rodney Adler has been transferred to a higher-security prison as punishment for allegedly attempting to conduct business activities from jail even though people are sent to prison for punishment not to be punished?
Department of Corrective Services fails to rehabilitate offenders
NSW: Unpopular people will be forced to wear tracking devices at a cost of $5,000 dollars per unit because the NSW Department of Corrective Services failed to rehabilitate those offenders at a cost of $65,000 a year while they were held in custody for many years.
Parole Board Membership
NSW: The Law Society is aware that two former long standing police officers Mr Robert Inkster, an Mr Peter Walsh, were appointed to the Parole Board as Community Members for a period of three years from 17 January 2005 until 16 January 2008.
Corrected or Corrupted
A psychiatrist from the prison Mental Health Team attached to Queensland Health made the comment that 25 per cent of inmates suffer from a diagnosed mental illness.
Tasmanian prison support visit
Prisoners from Risdon Prison and Prison Action & Reform (PAR) in Tasmania have requested support from the Australian Prisoners Union and Justice Action following the siege in the prison ending on May 9.
Prison Action & Reform challenge the Attorney General
Members of Prison Action & Reform are furious with the latest lies from the Attorney General -- Judy Jackson, and demand that she produce evidence to support her ludicrous claims.
Tasmania PAR banned from Risdon
Since then, she and other PAR volunteers, have brought to the public's attention scandalous and inhumane events that have occurred in the prison - which Judy Jackson would have otherwise covered up.
Chronology of a Tasmanian Prison System: A Documented Report
We believe that the people of Tasmania - both victims of crime and the general public - have the right to know that the Tasmania Prison Service is delivering a humane and just system of containment that is conducive to the reintegration of inmates back into Tasmanian society.
Association for the Prevention of Torture
The Optional Protocol requires 20 ratifications to enter into force. All States Parties to the UN Convention against Torture should seriously consider ratifying the OPCAT as soon as possible. National Institutions and others promoting the human rights of people deprived of their liberty need to be informed of their potential role as national preventive mechanisms under the OPCAT.
PRISON ACTION & REFORM INC: Tas Prison Complaints
TASMANIA: Prison Action & Reform was formed in response to the five deaths in custody that occurred between August 1999 and January 2000. Chris Wever, Vickie Douglas, Rose Macaulay, Judith Santos and others came to together to fight for reform in an outdated, increasingly cash-strapped and uncaring system. Of the original members, three lost loved ones to the Tasmanian prison system.
MISTREATED IN CUSTODY - NO ACCOUNTABILTY
I was in custody in NSW six weeks ago, and was a victim of an aggravated assault incited by a prison officer. Despite this happening in front of many witnesses, including correctional services officers and other detainees, and under mandatory video surveillance, a formal complaint to the NSW Commissioner of Corrective Services an his Professional Conduct Management Committee only revealed that as far as they were concerned, this didn't happen.
ICOPA XI International Conference on Penal Abolition
We are excited to announce that ICOPA X1, the eleventh International Conference on Penal Abolition will happen in Tasmania, Australia from February 9 - 11,2006. Please pass this onto all networks.
Ex-Prisoner Locked Out of Prison
The NSW Department of Corrective Services (DCS) has revealed a policy which bans ex-prisoners from entering prisons.
Justice Action: Access to our community
NSW: Justice Action went to the NSW Supreme Court before the last Federal election on the constitutional right for prisoners to receive information for their vote. The government avoided the hearing by bringing prisoners' mobile polling booths forward. We pursued it after the election. This is the report.
Risdon prisoners' seize prison to protest mistreatment
Apparently one prisoner had been mistreated and held in isolation in an SHU (Segregation Housing Unit) [Solitary Confinement] because, he'd had and altercation with a screw. SHUs cause severe mental harm - regarded as torture - and are a cruel, inhumane and degrading way to keep prisoners.
No Safe Place
In a brief four month span from August 1999, five men died in Tasmania's Risdon prison. Their deaths have put the state's corrections system in the dock and led to the planned demolition of a jail which even the State's Attorney-General now calls an "appalling facility".
MORE PRISONERS LOCKDOWNS HAVE OFFICERS ON EDGE
NSW POLICE Commissioner Ken Moroney has issued an ultimatum as well, to the lawless youths holding Sydney's streets to ransom?: Learn some respect or face jail?
Tough line on crime fills jails
The tough law-and-order policies of governments around the nation are behind an explosion in the prison population by almost 80 per cent in the past two decades.
FAMILIES OF PRISONERS FORUM
14,500 children in NSW go to bed each night with a parent in prison!
LEGAL VISITS AT PARKLEA PRISON
I am a prisoner in NSW and I am currently held in Parklea Prison. I am concerned about what is going on in NSW prisons and this is my story.
Parklea Prison: No calls for six days
The last calls that were made out of Parklea Correctional Complex by my partner, an inmate in remand at Parklea, was on Wednesday 2 February. The phone lines for the inmates have been out of service to this date.
Prison visits in crisis in NSW
The reason I am writing today is to address a difficult situation that my husband and my family are going through. My husband is currently serving a sentence at Lithgow Correctional Centre in NSW.
Prison boom will prove a social bust
Hardened criminals are not filling NSW's prisons - the mentally ill and socially disadvantaged are, writes Eileen Baldry.
The prison system requires assiduous oversight
As NSW Attorney General Bob Debus noted in 1996: "The kinds of complaints which occur in the system may seem trivial to outsiders but in the superheated world of the prison, such issues can produce explosive results."
Where the Norm is Not the Norm: HARM-U
In the absence of public policy, this paper is an attempt to shine a light through the rhetoric and test for coherency in the policy and function of NSW’s only supermax prison, the High Risk Management Unit. Its present use will be compared with the ‘vision’ flogged by the Premier and the Department of Corrective Services (the Department) at its inception in 2001.
Crime and Punishment
Mark Findlay argues that the present psychological approach to prison programs is increasing the likelihood of re-offending and the threat to community safety.
People: 'Prisoners' of Drugs'
People who are addicted to heroin usually take the drug because it relieves them of problems such as low self-esteem, distrust and fear of abandonment. They may have poor communication skills & poor relationship skills.
Justice Denied In NSW Corrective Services
There used to be a (VJ) or Visiting Justice who would go into the prison and judge any claim or accusation that was made by any prisoner or prison guard. If it were found that a prisoner had offended then punishment was metered out.
Prison guards test positive for drugs
NSW prison visitors banned from using the toilet The visit is only for about one hour and any thing less than that is an insult. If it's proved that a visitor has broken the rules the punishment should apply to them. But collective punishment on all visitors should not be made general when others haven't broken the rules especially if it restricts all visitors from normal human needs like using a toilet.
NSW prison visitors banned from using the toilet
The New South Wales Government has introduced several initiatives to stop contraband getting into prisons they said last Friday. But under the guise of "stricter rules" the department had also introduced banning all visitors including children from using the toilet unless they terminate their visit at any NSW prison after using the toilet.
Watchdogs slaughtered in NSW
On Tuesday the Carr Government reduced transparency and accountability yet again and New South Wales is in danger of becoming entrenched with cronyism and intimidations with the Carr Labor Government that continues to slaughter the watchdogs.
Sexual Abuse: Testimony
I'm Debbie Ingraham, and I'm an activist for Restorative Justice. I'm also a former litigant who filed an unsuccessful civil suit against a family member for incest, and a former victim advocate. I bring a 30 year personal perspective of "real life" experiences that come from living with the effects of sexual abuse.
NSW prisons - primary industry bailed up!
In many quiet regional centres around NSW there is a new primary industry shaping up. It has something to do with Bail but not with bales. The minister for Agriculture Richard Amery who also has the prisons portfolio is now committed to farming prisoners.
NSW Parliament Bitter Pills To Swallow?
One delusion pill: So people who investigate their own mistakes make sure there was no mistake or someone else made the mistake. Perhaps you're not biased and you will be honest about it.
The Government is likely to abolish the Inspector General of Corrective Services position The Mulawa inspection report recommendations below strictly illustrate how important he is.
The Separation of Powers Doctrine is nowcontaminated witharangeofcolours, now leaving us with a black shirt on a once blue bridge that crossed that thin blue line. The 'Amery and Woodham show'.
Prison Mind Games-Do they exist?
Directives are given inside the prison system that are not consistent with the law in NSW. And not in the good interests of the health and well being of the prisoners.
Chronology - A History of Australian Prisons
[Allegedly:] The events that have shaped NSW prisons - from convict days through royal commissions, to the Supermax of today. [I say allegedly because no one should trust Four Corners [Walls], why? Because they spill out the propaganda of the day for the Government, whether it be wrong or right. A government that lies and has no remorse about it.]
Labels: 2003, australia, crime-prevention, education, planting-seeds, prisons-and-punishment, social-skills, suicide-prevention
NSW COMMUNITY NEWS NETWORK ARCHIVE
Politics, Police, Prisons