In this chapter I examine the debate around whether audiences identify with characters. Although this topic fits under the umbrella of the previous chapter, the problem has taken on a life of its own. The chapter begins with Carroll's attack on the notion of identification and his argument for the primacy of sympathy. Then, it examines Gaut's defense of identification. Finally I turn to an examination of simulation and empathetic, imaginative identification. Here, the discussion is focused on the arguments of Currie, Wollheim, Smith, and Neil.