The following is a list of references that are both used on these web pages and relate to the theory and the instrument.

Bogue, R. J., Joseph, M. L., & Sieloff, C. L. (2009). Shared 

governance as vertical alignment of nursing group power 

and nurse practice council effectiveness. Journal of 

Nursing Management, 17(1), 4-14.

Bularzik, A. M. H., Tullai-McGuinness, S., Sieloff, C. L. (2013). Nurses’ perceptions of their group goal attainment capability and professional autonomy: A pilot study. Journal of Nursing Management. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2012.01381.x

Evans, C. L. Sieloff. (1989). Development of a departmental theory of power within Imogene King's framework: Unpublished manuscript.


Hickson, D. J., Hinings, C. R., Lee, C. A., Schneck, R. E., &  Pennings, J. M. (1971). A strategic contingencies' theory of intraorganizational power. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16, 216-229.


King, I. M. (1981). A theory for nursing:  Systems, concepts, process. New York: John Wiley & Sons.


Maas, M. L. (1988). A model of organizational power: Analysis and significance to nursing. Research in Nursing & Health, 11, 153-163.

Peltomaa, K., Viinikainen, S., Rantanen, A., Sieloff, C. L., Asikainen, P., & Suominen, T. (2013). Nursing power as viewed by nursing professionals. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. doi:10.1111/j.1471-6712.2012.0169.x

Sieloff, C. L. (1995). Development of a theory of departmental power. In M. A. Frey & C. L. Sieloff (Eds.), Advancing King's Systems Framework and Theory of Nursing (pp. 46-65). Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications.

Sieloff, C. L. (1996). Development of an instrument to estimate the actualized power of a nursing department. Unpublished dissertation, Wayne State University, Detroit.

Sieloff, C. L. (1999). Sieloff-King Assessment of Group Power within Organizations. Unpublished research report, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan.

Sieloff, C. L. (2003). Measuring nursing power within organizations. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 35(2), 183-187.

Sieloff, C. L. (2007). The theory of group power within organizations – Evolving conceptualization within King’s conceptual system. In C. L. Sieloff & M. A. Frey (Eds.), Middle range theory development:  Using King’s conceptual system (pp. 196-214). New York:  Springer Publishing Company.

Sieloff, C. L.
 (2010). Improving the work environment through the use of research instruments:  An example. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 34(1), 56-60.

Sieloff, C. L. (2008). Content validity of the Sieloff-King Assessment of Group Outcome Attainment within Organizations. Unpublished research report.

Sieloff, C. L., & Bularzik, A. M. (2011). Group power through the lens of the century and beyond: Further validation of the Sieloff–King Assessment of Group Power within Organizations. Journal of Nursing Management, 19, 1020-1027.

Sieloff, C. L., & Dunn, K. (2008). Factor validation of an instrument measuring group power. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 16(2), 113-124.

Viinikainen, S., Asikainen, P., Helminen, M., Suominen, T., & Sieloff, C. L. (2015). Is the First-line Nursing Managers’ Power Congruent with Nursing Group Power? Nordic Journal of Nursing Research, 35(1), 3-9.

Walton, M. (1986). The Deming Management. New York: The Putnam Publishing Group.