Although Walt Disney had been highly involved in planning The Florida Project, The Walt Disney Company began construction on Magic Kingdom and the entire resort in 1967 after his death. The park was built as a larger, improved version of Disneyland Park in California. There are several anecdotes relating to reasons for some of the features of Walt Disney World, and Magic Kingdom specifically. According to one story, Walt Disney once saw a Frontierland cowboy walking through Tomorrowland at Disneyland. He disliked that the cowboy intruded on the futuristic setting of Tomorrowland and wanted to avoid situations like this in the new park. Therefore, Magic Kingdom was built over a series of tunnels called utilidors, a portmanteau of utility and corridor, allowing employees (called "cast members") to move through the park out of sight from guests.
Because of Florida's high water table, the tunnels could not be put underground, so they were built at the existing grade, meaning the park is built on the second story, giving Magic Kingdom an elevation of 107 feet (33 m). The area around the utilidors was filled in with dirt removed from the Seven Seas Lagoon, which was being constructed at the same time. The utilidors were built in the initial construction and were not extended as the park expanded. The tunnels were intended to be designed into in all subsequent Walt Disney World parks, but were set aside mostly because of financial constraints. Future World at Epcot and Pleasure Island each have a smaller network of utilidors.
Magic Kingdom opened as the first part of the Walt Disney World Resort on October 1, 1971, opening concurrently with Disney's Contemporary Resort and Disney's Polynesian Resort. It opened with twenty-three attractions, three unique to the park and twenty replicas of attractions at Disneyland, split into six themed lands, five copies of those at Disneyland and the unique Liberty Square. The Walt Disney Company promised to increase this number with a combination of replicas and unique attractions. While there is no individual dedication to Magic Kingdom, the dedication by Roy O. Disney for the entire resort was placed within its gates.
Since opening day, Magic Kingdom has only been closed for five incidents: Hurricane Floyd, the September 11 attacks, Hurricane Frances, Hurricane Charley, and Hurricane Wilma.
Magic Kingdom had often been used as an unofficial nickname for Disneyland, before Walt Disney World was built. The official tagline for Disneyland is "The Happiest Place On Earth", while the tagline for Magic Kingdom is "The Most Magical Place On Earth". In 1994, in order to differentiate it from Disneyland, the park was officially renamed to Magic Kingdom Park, but is known as Magic Kingdom. Like all Disney theme parks, the official name of the park does not start with an article ("the"), though it is commonly referred to that way, and a sign on the railroad station at the front of the park states "The Magic Kingdom".
Magic Kingdom lies more than a mile away from its parking lot, on the opposite side of the man-made Seven Seas Lagoon. Upon arrival, guests are taken by the parking lot trams to the Transportation and Ticket Center (TTC), which sells tickets to the parks and provides transportation connections throughout the resort complex. It also has a small gift shop and the central lost-and-found facility for all four theme parks.
To reach the park, guests either use the Walt Disney World Monorail System, the Staten Island-style ferryboats, or buses, depending on the location of their hotel. The three hotels closest to Magic Kingdom, Disney's Contemporary Resort, Disney's Polynesian Resort, and Disney's Grand Floridian Resort and Spa, use either the ferry or monorail system to travel to Magic Kingdom. Guests staying at Disney's Wilderness Lodge and Disney's Fort Wilderness Campground can also ride a dedicated ferry boat to the Magic Kingdom docks. The other hotels take buses to travel to the park. The three ferries are clad in different trim colors and are named for past Disney executives: the General Joe Potter (blue), the Richard F. Irvine (red) and the Admiral Joe Fowler (green.) The main monorail loop has two lanes. The outer lane is a direct nonstop loop between the TTC and Magic Kingdom, while the inner loop has additional stops at Disney's Contemporary Resort, Disney's Polynesian Resort, and Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & Spa. Epcot is accessible by a spur monorail line that was added upon that park's opening in 1982.
Resort planners scheduled the Walt Disney World Resort to open in October when the crowds were slower. They wanted everything to move slowly at first, so any problems that sprang up could be fixed with minimal Guest inconvenience. Yet some outside estimates predicted as many as 100,000 people would attend. Extra Florida State Troopers were brought in to deal with snarling traffic jams, but in the end had little to do. The early morning on opening day had Guests driving around the toll plaza over and over again, trying to steer their way in to be the first visitors to the park. Ultimately, though, less than 10,000 Guests visited the park that day.
Although everyone else called the opening day a bomb, those in charge of the resort felt it was a good beginning. No major problems cropped up, and all operations ran smoothly.
The dedication of the Magic Kingdom Park was held on October 25, 1971. Many celebrities were on hand for the festivities, as well as Walt's entire family. Arthur Fiedler conducted the World Symphony Orchestra at the base of Cinderella Castle. Roy O. Disney stood with Mickey Mouse in Town Square and read the dedication plaque:
WALT DISNEY WORLD is a tribute to the philosophy and life of Walter Elias Disney . . . and to the talents, the dedication, and the loyalty of the entire Disney organization that made Walt Disney's dream come true. May Walt Disney World bring Joy and Inspiration and New Knowledge to all who come to this happy place . . . a Magic Kingdom where the young at heart of all ages can laugh and play and learn together.
Dedicated this 25th day of October, 1971
The plaque still rests below the Town Square flagpole on Main Street, U.S.A. On October 1, 1991, Roy E. Disney, Roy O. Disney's son and Walt's nephew, rededicated the Walt Disney World Resort by reading the same plaque his father read almost twenty years before.
Slow but steady crowds came into the park during the ensuing weeks. The Magic Kingdom Park was barely a month old when on the day after Thanksgiving, the parking lots filled up quickly and the staff reluctantly closed the gates. Cars were backed up on the four-lane interstate for miles in what many locals called one of the worst traffic jams in history.
And it proved that the Walt Disney World Resort was a success.
Shortly after the Walt Disney World Resort opened, two side-wheel steamboats made nightly moonlight cruises around Bay Lake and the Seven Seas Lagoon. Guests could enjoy music, cocktails, and a quiet, serene view of the illuminated resorts.
Some ideas for the resort made by Imagineers worked better on paper than in reality. Several attempts to make a wave machine work near the Polynesian Village Resort resulted in failure. The plan was to have artificial waves crash along the resort's beach like real Pacific Island beaches. At one point during testing, the waves were large enough for surfing; however, they also caused massive beach erosion, and the wave machine was permanently switched off only a few months after the resort opened. Parts of it still lie beneath Seven Seas Lagoon as a habitat reef for resident fish.
Seven Seas Lagoon and Bay Lake also became a vast, watery stage at night for the Electrical Water Pageant. Colorful creatures of the deep and mythical characters floated past the hotel and park shores every evening. Giant wire screens were built on fourteen separate barges and supported by an intricate electrical system. On each screen are hundreds of Christmas lights arranged in a particular shape, such as a dragon's head, a munching apatosaurus, or playful dolphins. A large sound system has stereo speakers set up on each barge, so that each character making its appearance has its own theme. At the end of the "parade" is a star-spangled salute to America, with flags and twinkling stars. For several seasons, fireworks were shot over the lagoon during the finale. The parade is a favorite for resort and park Guests alike. Only canceled during high winds or bad weather, it has been running since October 26, 1971.
Its colorful appeal and synthesized music inspired the same show designers to create a whole new nighttime presentation for Disneyland Park and later the Walt Disney World Resort: the "Main Street Electrical Parade." Floats representing many Disney images tell several stories along the park's parade route. There is a circus, a walk-through Wonderland, a pirate ship, a royal procession for Cinderella, and so forth. Synthesized music accompanies each segment, and is tied together with an overall score called "Baroque Hoedown."
The floats themselves are small, battery-powered vehicles covered in wire mesh frames. The frames were fashioned into many shapes, like animals, bugs, and clock towers, then covered in dark or reflective cloth to hide drivers, speakers, and equipment. Tiny colored light bulbs were attached to the frames in massive strands, creating lighted outlines of these fantasy characters.
The "Main Street Electrical Parade" made its Disneyland debut in 1972 and continued until 1996. The Walt Disney World version premiered June 11, 1977, and continued until 1991.
The first hotels in Lake Buena Vista opened in 1972 and early 1973. The hotels of Dutch Inn (10/72), Royal Inn (10/72), Travelodge (11/72), and Howard Johnson Hotel (2/73) formed the Motor Inn Plaza, which later became the Hotel Plaza. These hotels were not owned by the Disney company. The entire complex eventually became part of the Disney Village Resort.
A collection of vacation villas, tree house villas, and a golf course became the Disney Village Resort in 1972. They were joined in 1975 with a relaxing, waterside collection of shops called the Lake Buena Vista Shopping Village (later called the Disney Village Marketplace and now Downtown Disney Marketplace).
The Golf Resort at the Palm and Magnolia Golf Courses opened in 1973. These courses were already made famous hosting the Walt Disney World Golf Classic, which began in 1971. The resort's name changed to The Disney Inn in 1986, and then to Shades of Green on the Walt Disney World Resort in 1994, when the U.S. Army leased the hotel from the company in a 100-year contract. It is now reserved for vacationing military personnel.
Old-time steam trains chugged through the woods of the Fort Wilderness Campground for the first time in 1973. A form of interior transportation for campers, they were eventually decommissioned in 1977. Parts of the track can still be seen around the campground.
Discovery Island, located in Bay Lake between Disney's Contemporary Resort and Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort and Campground, was originally called Blackbeard's Island, but did not open to Guests until 1974, as a relaxing bird retreat renamed Treasure Island. Its name was changed for the final time in 1976. It became a zoological park in 1979 when it received accreditation from the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums. Discovery Island is home to many exotic birds and animals, and participates in international Species Survival Plans for endangered animals. There is also a training colony of Capuchin Monkeys for the Boston program, Helping Hands: Simian Aids for the Disabled.
In late 1975, construction began on the first "mini" theme park opened at the Walt Disney World Resort. River Country, a Disney version of an old-fashioned swimming hole, rests on the edge of Bay Lake in Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort and Campground. It features flume and raft rides, a nature trail, and a large beach. This park gets its water supply from an intake/filter pipe in Bay Lake. Water is sent along the lake bottom into a pump system located inside River Country's artificial mountain. From there it is forced down the flume troughs at about 8,500 gallons per minute, providing water for the flumes, and continually replenishing River Country's water supply. A large rubber "bladder" separates the park's water from regular lake water, with the help of a sensor system that keeps it inflated exactly six inches above the lake. Excess water from River Country spills over the bladder, replenishing Bay Lake. River Country opened in June 1976.
Magic Kingdom is divided into six themed "lands." It is designed like a wheel, with the hub in front of Cinderella Castle, pathways spoke out across the 107 acres (43 ha) of the park and lead to these six lands. The Walt Disney World Railroad runs along the perimeter of the park and makes stops at Main Street, U.S.A., Frontierland, and Fantasyland.
Main Street USA
Symbolically, Main Street, U.S.A. represents the park's "opening credits," where guests pass under the train station (the opening curtain,) then view the names of key personnel along the windows of the buildings' upper floors. Many windows bear the name of a fictional business, such as "Seven Summits Expeditions, Frank G. Wells President", with each representing a tribute to significant people connected to the Disney company and the development of the Walt Disney World Resort. It features stylistic influences from around the country. Taking its inspiration from New England to Missouri, this design is most noticeable in the four corners in the middle of Main Street, where each of the four corner buildings represents a different architectural style. There is no opera house as there is at Disneyland; instead, there is the Town Square Theater. Also, this is where Christopher George Weaver, the "mayor" of Main Street U.S.A., and one of the park's most important figures, resides.
Main Street is lined with shops selling merchandise and food. The decor is early-20th century small-town America, inspired by Walt Disney's childhood and the film Lady and the Tramp. City Hall contains the Guest Relations lobby, where cast members provide information and assistance. A working barber shop gives haircuts for a fee. The Emporium carries a wide variety of Disney souvenirs such as plush toys, collectible pins and Mickey-ear hats. Tony’s Town Square Restaurant and The Plaza Restaurant are table-service locations. At the end of Main Street is Casey's Corner, where guests enjoy traditional American ballpark fare including hot dogs and fries while watching old cartoons on the bleachers. The Main Street Confectionary sells sweets priced by their weight, such as candied apples, crisped rice treats, chocolates, cookies and fudge. Most windows bear the name of people who were influential at Disney parks. An example of a classic Main Street, U.S.A. attraction is the Walt Disney World Railroad, which transports guest throughout the park, making stops at Main Street, U.S.A. Fantasyland, and Frontierland. The railroad's previous stop at Mickey's Toontown Fair was replaced by the Fantasyland stop in 2012.
In the distance beyond the end of Main Street stands Cinderella Castle. Though only 189 feet (55m) tall, it benefits from a technique known as forced perspective. The second stories of all the buildings along Main Street are shorter than the first stories, and the third stories are even shorter than the second, and the top windows of the castle are much smaller than they appear. The resulting visual effect is that the buildings appear to be larger and taller than they really are.
The park contains two additional tributes: the Partners statue of Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse in front of Cinderella Castle and the Sharing the Magic statue of Roy O. Disney sitting with Minnie Mouse in the Town Square section of Main Street, U.S.A. Both were sculpted by veteran Imagineer Blaine Gibson. In 2012, Disney replaced the shop in the Firehouse with a sign up for the Sorcerers of the Magic Kingdom game.
Instead of being a replica of a small Midwestern American town, Main Street at Walt Disney World features some stylistic influences from around the country, such as New England and Missouri. This is most noticeable in the "four corners" area in the middle of Main Street where each of the four corner buildings represents a different architectural style. There is also no Opera House as there is at Disneyland; instead there is the Exposition Hall. Main Street is lined with shops selling merchandise and food.
The decor is early-20th-century small-town America, inspired by Walt Disney's childhood and the film Lady and the Tramp. City Hall contains the Guest Relations lobby where cast members provide information and assistance. A real working barber shop gives haircuts for a fee. The Emporium carries a wide variety of Disney souvenirs such as plush toys, collectible pins, and Mickey-ear hats. Tony's Town Square and the Plaza Restaurant are sit-down restaurants. Casey's Corner is at the end of Main Street and sells traditional American ball park fare including hot dogs & fries. In the distance beyond the end of Main Street stands Cinderella Castle.
Though only 189 feet (55m) tall, it benefits from a technique known as forced perspective. The second stories of all the buildings along Main Street are shorter than the first stories, and the third stories are even shorter than the second, and the top windows of the castle are much smaller than they appear. The resulting visual effect is that the buildings appear to be larger and taller than they really are. Main Street is considered the opening credits for the Magic Kingdom. You pass under the train station (the opening curtain), and then you view the opening credits on the upper stories of the main street buildings.
Each window has a business name on it, such as "Seven Summits Expeditions, Frank G. Wells President", each of these people has a connection to Disney. The windows/credits are ordered as they would be for a movie. In addition to the bronze "Partners Statue" of Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse in front of Cinderella Castle, there is also the "Sharing the Magic Statue" of Roy O. Disney sitting with Minnie Mouse near the park's entrance. Surrounding the "Partners Statue" at the central hub, are several iconic Disney characters featured throughout the park. Some of these include; Minnie, Donald, Br'er Rabbit, Goofy, Chip and Dale, etc.
Adventureland represents the mystery of exploring foreign lands. It is themed to resemble the remote jungles in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, South America and the South Pacific, with an extension resembling a Caribbean town square. It contains classic rides such as Pirates of the Caribbean, Jungle Cruise and Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room.
The Adventureland here is divided into two main sub-areas, one being the Arabian Village and the other one being Caribbean Plaza, which is home to Pirates of the Caribbean. The original Polynesian motif is still visible with the prominence of jungle surrounding the Swiss Family Treehouse and Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room. The 1930s adventurer/explorer vibe is clear with the background music heard over loud projecting speakers recently installed throughout Adventureland with a different vibe than that of Disneyland's, but with similar Big Band music and witty announcements. The Magic Carpets of Aladdin attraction is unique to this version of Adventureland.
In Frontierland guests can relive the American Old West, from the romanticized cowboys and Native Americans, to exploring the mysteries of the Rivers of America. It contains classic attractions such as Big Thunder Mountain Railroad, Splash Mountain, and the Country Bear Jamboree.
The land opened with only three attractions: the Walt Disney World Railroad station, Davy Crockett's Explorer Canoes (which operated until 1994) and the world debut of the Country Bear Jamboree. Tom Sawyer Island opened in 1973. The northwestern end of the park was supposed to receive a massive, pavilion-style "E ticket" attraction, which was never built: Western River Expedition. The area sat empty until Big Thunder Mountain Railroad premiered in 1980.
Few changes would be made over the next decade. Construction began on Splash Mountain in 1991, and the western end of the land with the exception of Big Thunder Mountain Railroad was demolished and rebuilt from scratch, including the existing Walt Disney World Railroad station and parade access road. Splash Mountain and a new two-story railroad station opened in October 1993. Frontierland borders Adventureland on the south, Liberty Square on the east, and the Rivers of America on the north.
Liberty Square is based on an American Revolutionary colonial town. The Magic Kingdom's Rivers of America hosts the Liberty Belle riverboat. Liberty Square is home to The Haunted Mansion and the Hall of Presidents and a sign up location for Sorcerers of the Magic Kingdom behind the Christmas shop.
Originally conceived as an annex to Main Street USA for Disneyland in Anaheim, the idea was revisited when the Magic Kingdom was being designed in the late 1960s. The need arose for an area analogous to, but distinct from, New Orleans Square at Disneyland. Walt Disney Imagineering decided on an early American, eighteenth century theme, with special concentration on the American Revolutionary War, as the Bicentennial would occur soon in 1976.
Liberty Square opened as part of the Magic Kingdom and Walt Disney World's grand opening on October 1, 1971 as one of the original six themed lands. It is located in the northwest corner, bordering Fantasyland and Frontierland. The Square also has bridges to the park's central hub, as well as Adventureland. Forming its western border is the Rivers of America, on which the Liberty Belle travels. It is also the smallest land by guest area in the Magic Kingdom.
As of 2013, it is the only land yet to undergo a major refurbishment. All of the attractions, original from October 1, 1971, still exist in some form or another. No major additions have been made. The theming in the Square is comprehensive and accurate to the time period, from major architectural and engineering homages to the small antiques and artifacts peppered throughout the many attractions and dining locations.
Liberty Square begins an architectural progression through history and geographically across the United States. This progression begins with the Haunted Mansion (1670s or '80s, upstate New York) and travels clockwise around the Rivers of America into Frontierland terminating at Big Thunder Mountain Railroad (1880s, southern California).
- A replica of the House of Burgesses features Paul Revere's lanterns signifying "two if by sea" in an upstairs window.
- The Liberty Tree is an actual 100-year-old oak found on the property and transplanted, with a younger oak grafted into the base.
- The Liberty Bell replica was cast from the mold of the actual Liberty Bell in Philadelphia. It is the only bell ever cast from these molds.
- There are architectural representations of each of the original 13 colonies.
- The state flags of each of the original 13 states, as well as the American flag, fly in a plaza in the center of Liberty Square.
Fantasyland is themed in a medieval-faire/carnival style, in the words of Walt Disney: "Fantasyland is dedicated to the young at heart and to those who believe that when you wish upon a star, your dreams come true." Attractions include "it's a small world", Peter Pan's Flight, The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, Mickey's PhilharMagic, Prince Charming Regal Carrousel, and Mad Tea Party.
Storybook Circus, part of Fantasyland, is located at the former site of Mickey's Toontown Fair, and is based on elements from Dumbo and the Mickey Mouse universe. Attractions include The Barnstormer and Dumbo the Flying Elephant, which was removed from its former location on January 8, 2012. Also included is a stop on the Walt Disney World Railroad, and a Casey Jr. Splash n' Soak Station (a water play area themed to Casey Jr., the train from Dumbo.) Storybook Circus began soft openings on March 12, 2012, with more parts opening on March 31.
Mickey's Toontown Fair closed permanently in February 11, 2011 to make way for Storybook Circus. Some elements of Mickey's Toontown Fair were demolished, and others were re-themed to fit the circus concept. An expanded Dumbo the Flying Elephant ride was built, with an interactive queue, and a second Dumbo ride was built next to it, in order to increase capacity. The Barnstormer at Goofy's Wiseacre Farm was re-themed to "The Great Goofini". A big top area was built for meet-and-greets, called Pete's Silly Sideshow. This attraction features Goofy as a stuntman, Minnie as a magician, Daisy as a fortune-teller, and Donald as a snake-charmer.
With the completion of Storybook Circus and Enchanted Forest, Magic Kingdom park is now a 133-acre theme park.
Included is a new dark ride themed to Disney's 1989 film, The Little Mermaid, that originally opened at Disney California Adventure. There is also an area, themed to Disney's 1991 film, Beauty and the Beast featuring the Beast's Castle with a new dining experience, Gaston's Tavern, and Belle's cottage. Snow White's Scary Adventures was removed to build Princess Fairytale Hall, a meet-n-greet. This portion of the New Fantasyland officially opened on December 6, 2012. Opening in 2014 will be another part of the New Fantasyland featuring an attraction themed to Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, which will feature Snow White's cottage and The Seven Dwarfs Mine Train roller coaster ride, the first roller coaster to move in a wobbling motion on track.
The land went under a large expansion and renovation. "The New Fantasyland was constructed in phases and opened December 6, 2012."
Recent conceptual artwork for the expansion shows several new additions and changes. Included is a new dark ride themed to Disney's 1989 film The Little Mermaid (also located at Disney California Adventure), and an area themed to Disney's 1991 film Beauty and the Beast featuring the Beast's Castle with a new dining experience, Gaston's tavern, and Belle's cottage.
Snow White's Scary Adventures closed on May 31, 2012. The original ride was removed and Princess Fairytale Hall, a new Disney Princess "meet and greet", will be established where the attraction previously existed. An area themed to Disney's 1937 film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs will subsequently be built. It will feature the dwarfs' cottage and a new roller coaster ride called the Seven Dwarfs Mine Train. The coaster will feature a first-of-its kind ride system with a train of ride vehicles that swing back and forth, responding to the twists and turns of the track. Although not part of the original plans for the new Fantasyland, this attraction will take the place of several proposed interactive Disney Princess meet and greets. These have been removed from the updated plans for the expansion. There will also be a Tangled meet and greet area, as well as an interactive queue for Peter Pan's Flight.
Mickey's Toontown Fair was closed on February 11, 2011 in order to build the Storybook Circus area of the Fantasyland extension. Some elements of Mickey's Toontown Fair were demolished and others were re-themed to the new area. Storybook Circus is based from elements of the film Dumbo and other characters from the Mickey Mouse universe. The Dumbo the Flying Elephant ride was removed from Fantasyland and rebuilt in Storybook Circus, the new version doubling the capacity of the old ride and introducing an interactive queue. The Barnstormer at Goofy's Wiseacre Farm was renamed The Barnstormer featuring the Great Goofini.Storybook Circus has been completed and became fully open to the public on October 4, 2012. The first stage was completed on March 12, 2012 ("The Barnstormer," the renovated Storybook Circus train station, and the first half of the new Dumbo ride). The second phase of Storybook Circus (the second half of Dumbo, the indoor queue area, and the Casey Jr. Splash 'n' Soak Station) opened in July 2012. The third and final phase (Pete's Silly Sideshow and Big Top Souvenirs) completed Storybook Circus on October 4, 2012.
Tomorrowland is set in an intergalactic city, a concept of the future as seen from around the 1950s: rockets, UFOs and robots, etc. In the words of Walt Disney: "Tomorrow can be a wonderful age. Our scientists today are opening the door of the Space Age to achievements that will benefit our children and generations to come. The Tomorrowland attractions have been designed to give you an opportunity to participate in adventures that are a living blueprint of our future." Classic attractions include Space Mountain, Walt Disney's Carousel of Progress, Astro Orbiter, Tomorrowland Transit Authority PeopleMover and the Tomorrowland Speedway. Other current attractions include Stitch's Great Escape, Buzz Lightyear's Space Ranger Spin, and Monsters, Inc. Laugh Floor.
Like at Disneyland, the land was opened unfinished. But by 1975, the entire land was completed, and much more closely resembled Walt Disney's vision for Tomorrowland. Some of the most popular Disney park attractions premiered here, such as Space Mountain, which opened in 1975 and is now part of every Tomorrowland around the world. This Tomorrowland was very art deco and somewhat resembled Disneyland's Tomorrowland at this time. Large waterfalls greeted the guests as they entered this land. Tokyo Disneyland's Tomorrowland entrance looks like a stripped down version of how the entrance used to be.
Tomorrowland went through a drastic change starting in 1994. It now resembles Discoveryland (Disneyland Paris) slightly, but with more color. Many of the attractions changed. Some classic Tomorrowland attractions that have closed in Disneyland still live on at the Magic Kingdom Park include the Tomorrowland Transit Authority PeopleMover and the Carousel of Progress, which was moved from Disneyland to Walt Disney World in 1975. Walt Disney's model display of the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, the first incarnation of what would become Epcot, is also used as a display visible only from the Tomorrowland Transit Authority.For most of its history, Tomorrowland's color scheme was predominantly white with soft blues, creating a retro-modernist landscape. Huge monolithic towers, spires, and clean lines completed the futuristic look. In 1994, using inspiration from Discoveryland at Disneyland Paris, Tomorrowland was completely re-built and altered to resemble a galactic spaceport as it would have been envisioned by the science-fiction comic strips of the early 20th century, like Flash Gordon and Buck Rogers. Tomorrowland has since been given a much more metallic look, along with new darker blues and purples, especially along its main concourse leading from the central hub.