Resources and References

Articles and Blog Posts

Angeles, Michael. 2004. Using a Wiki for Documentation  and Collaborative Authoring. Overview of many common uses of collaborative authoring.

Downes, Stephen. 2010. How this Course Works. PLENK 2010.

Videos and Multimedia

Books and Academic Publications


Downes, Stephen. 2010. Social OS and Collective Construction of Knowledge. orward written for El Proyecto Facebook y la post-universidad. Sistemas operativos sociales y entornos abiertos de aprendizaje (The Facebook Project and Post-University. Social OS and Open Learning Environments), Editors: Alejandro Piscitelli, Iván Aidaime, Inés binder.

Academic publications

Bell, F. (2011) Connectivism: Its Place in Theory-Informed Research and Innovation in Technolgy-Enabled Learning. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. Volume 12, Number 3. Retrievable from web (accessed 20 May 2011).

Cormier D, Siemens G (2010) Through the open door: open courses as research, learning, and engagement. EDUCAUSE Review; 2010; 45(4): 30-9.

de Waard, I., Koutropoulos, A., Gallagher, M. S., Keskin, N., Hogue, R., Rodriguez, O. C., Abajian, S. (2011) mLearning and MOOCs in understanding Chaos, Emergence and Complexity in Education: The search for equilibrium and a new educational order. (paper to be published at IRRODL November 2011)

de Waard, I., Gallagher, M. S., Hogue, R., Koutropoulos, A., Rodriguez, O.C., Keskin, N., Abajian, S. (2011). Exploring the MOOC format as a pedagogical approach for mLearning. Proceedings of mLearn2011 (to be published October 2011).

Downes, S. (2006). Learning networks and connective knowledge. Instructional Technology Forum: paper 92. Retrieved from web (accessed 12 April 2011)

Downes, S. (2007). What Connectivism Is. Connectivism Conference, University of Manitoba. Retrieved from web (accessed 26 May 2011)

Kop, R. & Hill, A. (2008). Connectivism: Learning theory of the future or vestige of the past? International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, Volume 9, Number 3. Retrieved from web (accessed 18 May 2011)

Mackness, J., Mak, S., & Williams, R. (2010). The ideals and reality of participating in a MOOC. Paper presented at the Seventh International Conference on Networked Learning, Aalborg, Denmark. Retrievable from web (accessed 24 May 2011)

K. Masters : A Brief Guide To Understanding MOOCs. The Internet Journal of Medical Education. 2011 Volume 1 Number 2. Retrievable from web (accessed 29 June 2011; accessed new URL 11 August 2017)

Mc Auley, A., Stewart, B., Siemens, G. & Cormier, D. (2010). The MOOC Model for Digital Practice. Retrieved from (20th May 2011).

Siemens, G. (2004). Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, January 2005, Volume 2 Number 1. Retrieved from web (accessed 18 May 2011).