Glossary I

 
identity: "The aspect of existing as something in particular, with specific characteristics. An entity without an identity cannot exist because it would be nothing. To exist is to exist as something, and that means to exist with a particular identity." [Importance of Philosophy] "Reason is the faculty that identifies and integrates the material provided by man’s senses." Ayn Rand
The implication in this statement is that "identity" = truth, because if the identity of a thing is not the truth of it, then it has no identity.
 
identity; Law of: "A is A" [Aristotle] Aristotle did not name this axiomatic concept, but in identifying it he stated that everything possesses a certain, definite nature, or essence. This essence is contextual, dependent on the characteristic one is identifying of the object. The apple, for example, is most oftently identified as "fruit." This is not innacurate, so far as it goes, but identification of every item can be carried out, in the style of a "family tree," (called taxonomy) whereby the cultivated "apple" becomes "Malus domestica Borkh., belong[ing] to the Pomoideae subfamily of the Rosaceae, along with pear (Pyrus spp.), quince (Cydonia oblonga), loquat (Eriobotrya japonica), and medlar (Mespilus germanica)." [see] "Fruit" and "malus domestica" and "Rosaceae" are not contradictory; they simply take the "identity tree" further.
 
Each "A" in the taxonomy (identity tree) thus refers to the identical "A" when referred to by different criteria. Thus, rosacaea can be further and more intricately identified as belonging to "Dicotyledonae" which belongs to "Angiosperms", then "spermatophyta", then "plants". Yet, according to different criteria, the "class" Dicotyledonae belongs to the "division" Anthophyta, which belongs to the "grouping" Tracheophytes (Vascular), which belongs to the "kingdom" Plantae. Again, none of these identities is contradictory within the Law of Identity. Each identification, each "A", is simply an identification made using different criteria.
 
In the same manner of taxonomy, none of the identities of "Man" is contradictory: the sub-species is Homo sapiens sapiens; of the species Homo sapiens; of the genus Homo; of the order Primates; of the class Mammalia; of the kingdom Animalia. (These categories are not exhaustive: man also belongs to a tribe, a super family, a phylum, a domain, and perhaps other categories.)

immaterial: does not mean transcendental.
 
integrity: that quality of character about which may be said: "Allow yourself nothing that will impugn your integrity. Without self-esteem, there is no "best" way to live, let along a good way, and to lose your integrity is to lose your self-esteem." Integrity is the "integration" of your values into a cohesive entity without known contradictions, and the correction of contradictions when they become known.
 
"Integrity is loyalty to one’s convictions and values; it is the policy of acting in accordance with one’s values, of expressing, upholding and translating them into practical reality." Ayn Rand: "The Ethics of Emergencies,” from The Virtue of Selfishness, p.46 
 
 
intuition: (Lat. intuere, to look at) The direct and immediate apprehension by a knowing subject of itself, of its conscious states, of other minds, of an external world, of universals, of values or of rational truths. -- Ledger Wood [1][2] This description says nothing of the epistemological means by which such apprehension happens.
 
This Glossary accepts this definition, in this context, as not-supernatural; rather, that a subconscious entity of knowledge or of  speculation integrates with conscious material to present to the consciousness both a comprehensive and immediate metaphysical analysis of the integration. This "integration" is epistemological in nature. [Note: This author [CEC] has had these intuitive moments.]
 
Islamicism: "Islam means submission or surender. People who follow the religion of Islam surrender to the law and will of Allah. Allah is a contraction of Al-llah. Al-llah are two two Arabic words meaning the God." Islamicism The word is used in two ways, and has little to do with the political or religious orientation of the user: 1) a Muslim who is militant in his/her belief that the entire world should follow Islam in submission [see Islamofascism]; 2) someone who believes Islam is the word of Allah but is not militant and respects the rights of other religions. [see The Cultural Roots of American Islamicism; Timothy Marr; Univ. N. Carolina, Chapel Hill]
 
Islamofascism: "refers to use of the faith of Islam as a cover for totalitarian ideology. This radical phenomenon is embodied among Sunni Muslims today by such fundamentalists as the Saudi-financed Wahhabis, the Pakistani jihadists known as Jama'atis, and the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood. In the ranks of Shia Muslims, it is exemplified by Hezbollah in Lebanon and the clique around President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in Iran." from What Is 'Islamofascism'? A history of the word from the first Westerner to use it. by Stephen Schwartz