Djing/Turntablism Elective Class: Mixing
Four, 2 hour per week workshop classes
Prerequisite of Introduction to Djing/Turntablism
Lesson one- The student will be asked show a basic mixing review of
what he or she already knows. The student will practice blending two
records which is matching the tempos of two different songs to make
them mix. He/she will learn about b.p.m. (Beats Per Minute) and how
to use those numbers to make two songs match tempos. New techniques
the student will be learning include using two hands to manipulate the
turntable in order to get a mix/blend synched quickly and not let it
fall off beat.
Homework: The student will be asked to use records from home or The
Lab to create a five record mix. He/she needs to write down the b.p.m.
of every song and the percent of pitch change required to match the
two records. This is to be done outside of class. It should also be
practiced, prepared and ready to present and the beginning of the next
Lesson two- The student will present their home work from the previous
week. The instructor and student will discuss the mix afterwards and
continue to practice blending his/her chosen songs. The student will
be introduced to vocal and instrumental remixing. To do this the
student will be required to take the lyrics or acapella from one song
and blend it with the beat or instrumental from another track. The
student will learn how to match lyrics to instrumentals. He/she will
also practice mixing instrumentals then putting their desired lyrics
on their desired beat. Students lastly will learn to identify
different parts of the record and start to practice dropping the
needle not on the beginning of the track but at a specific point in
the record. (the break/chours/verse).
Homework: The student will be asked to incorporate vocal and
instrumental remixes into another five record mix. Students may use
the same records from the first homework if they have instrumentals
and acapellas. He/she will need to play a record, mix in lyrics then
mix in another instrumental and then mix lyrics to that beat. They
should be able to repeat this with five instrumentals and five
acapellas. The student will also be required to write down the b.p.m.
of every song and the percent pitch change required to make the
records blend. This is to be done outside of class and should be
practiced, prepared and ready to present at the beginning of the next
Lesson three- The student will present their mix using vocal and
instrumental remixes. The instructor and student will discuss the mix
afterwards and continue to practice anything the student does still
not feel confident in. New techniques the student will learn include
how to change tempos in a mix and different ways to mix songs
together. He/she will work on mixing techniques other than blending
such as fade-drops, power-downs, back-spins and kill-switches. They
will also work on setting up mixes so that the pitch faders are not at
their extremes and the volume as well as the EQ is correct.
Homework: Students will be asked to plan another five record mix that
will require them to use a different mixing technique between every
song. The student will be asked to pick new records and will not be
allowed to use any from his/her previous two mixes. They will be
required to write down what technique they are using to transition
from song to song. This should be done outside of class and should be
practiced, prepared and ready to present at the beginning of the next
Lesson four- The student will present their mix using different mixing
techniques. The instructor and student will discuss the mix and
review and techniques the student is still not comfortable with. The
student will then be asked to do a speed mixing drill/test. He/she
will try and mix as many records as he/she can within five minutes.
The only mixing technique they will be allowed to use is blending.
New techniques the student will learn is how to mix different time
signatures such as ½ time into 4/4 time. He/she will also be
introduced to scratching in mixes and using doubles of the same
record. The course will conclude with a review of any areas that
still need work, how mixing will help in other areas of
Djing/Turntablism and help make you a better Dj.
Djing/Turntablism Elective Class: Scratching
Four, 2 hour per week workshop classes
Lesson one- The students will be asked to show a basic review of the
scratches that he/she is familiar with. The students will be
introduced to scratch notation. They will learn how to write out
certain scratches such as the chirp, flare and tear. This will help
them visualize how to manipulate the record to achieve the desired
sound or rhythm. After learning a preset pattern the student will
then be asked to start coming up with his/her own rhythms.
Homework: The student will be asked to come up with a scratching
rhythm of their own that should be from one to four measures long.
The rhythm should use at least one of the preset pattern techniques
but should not consist of only those patterns. The goal is to create
a one to four measure ?scratch song?. The student will need to also
be able to notate their rhythm using scratch notation. They should
experiment with writing out a scratch and then seeing if they can
manipulate the record to their notation as well as trying to write out
rhythms that they might have already practiced. The students rhythm
should be practiced outside of class and be ready to present at the
beginning of the next class.
Lesson two- The student should be prepared to showcase their
scratching rhythm. The instructor and student will discuss the rhythm
and continue to practice any techniques the student is not fluent
with. He or she will continue to practice their created pattern and
will be asked to start coming up with more different rhythms. The
students will practice scratching their patterns so that they can be
repeated over and over. They will also start to practice doing
patterns at different speeds, tempos and pitches.
Homework: The student will be asked to put different patterns that
he/she has practiced together to form different parts of a scratching
song (chorus/verse/bridge). The student will be required to notate
all parts of his/her song. The song should consist of a chorus, one
verse and a repeat of the chorus. This should be written out,
prepared and practiced outside of class. The student will be asked to
present it at the beginning of the next class.
Lesson three- The student will present their scratching song. They
will be asked to submit a written notation of their song. The
instructor and student will discuss the scratch song and practice
anything the student is still unsure of. New techniques the students
will learn include using multiple samples to scratch. They will use
samples of a drum such as a kick and snare to recreate drumming
through scratching. He/she will also learn how to scratch notate
Homework: The student will need to come up with his/her
own rhythms using two or more samples. The rhythm should be at least
one measure long and should consist of some of the preset patterns or
some of the students own patterns. He/she will also need to write
down their rhythm in scratch notation. This should be practiced and
prepared to present at the beginning of next class.
Lesson four- The student will present their rhythm that uses two or
more samples. They will also be asked to submit their notation of
that rhythm. The instructor and student will discuss the rhythm and
practice anything the student is still unsure of. Students will learn
about scratching in-between mixes and how to highlight their mix with
scratching. He/she will start to practice using scratching the
acapella of a song to its instrumental. The student will learn when
and when not to scratch during a mix or performance. The course will
conclude with a review of any scratches, patterns or rhythms that the
student feels still need practice. We will also discuss how
scratching applies to all the other aspects of Djing/turntablism and
how scratching will help you be better a Dj as a whole.
Djing/Turntablism Elective: Battling
Four, two hour per week workshop classes
(prerequisite of Intro to Djing/Turntablism, Mixing and Scratching
Lesson one- The student will begin by learning about the history of
battling, its innovators and originators as well as what makes a
battle set and how it is different than a regular Dj set. The student
will learn about break and battle records and how to use them in a
battle routine. He/she will begin to pick records out to use in a
battle routine that is to be finished by the end of the course.
Homework: The student will need to listen to certain parts of records
to be used in a Battle routine. These can be any kind of record. The
sample they should look for should fit the battle mentality. The
object of a battle routine is to show everything you know how to do
with the turntables. Students should be looking for instrumental
samples, lyrical samples as well as tone, sounds or anything else they
think that they can utilize. The student should pick out at least 3
records. In addition to picking out records the student will be asked
to watch an old battle routine and write a page about what makes the
routine unique and why they liked it so much.
Lesson two- The student will be asked to hand in their review on the
battle routine they watched as well as present the specific parts they
want to use in the records they picked out. The students will be
introduced to beat juggling. Beat juggling is taking two of the same
samples on the same record and manipulating the time and delay as well
as which samples are being played in order to create something new and
different. They will practice beat juggling specific samples and
creating new/different beats or rhythms. They will also learn where
to place beat juggling in their battle set.
Homework: The student will need to select a certain sample to beat
juggle and create a new beat or rhythm from. The object is to be able
to make a new rhythm and then be able to repeat that rhythm and be
consistent. The student should begin to think of how and where their
beat juggling falls into their battle routine.
Lesson three- The student will present his/her beat juggling routine.
The instructor and student will discuss the routine afterwards and
find where it can fit into their full battle routine. The students
will start to practice doing body tricks while performing their battle
routine. They will learn how to make their set look flashy and unique
without sacrificing preciseness. They will practice body tricks with
scratching, mixing and juggling.
Homework: The student will need to find places to put body tricks
into his/her routine. He/she will need to find ways of making the
battle set their own. This can include anything from singing along to
the song, using original samples, dancing, and anything that makes the
routine unique to them.
Lesson four- The student will be asked to perform his/her finished
battle routine. The routine should be over 3 minutes and constitute
everything that can be done with turntables. The student should show
stylized mixing, scratching and beat juggling in a practiced set. The
instructor and student will discuss the routine afterwards and will
practice any elements that still need practicing. The course will
conclude by learning how a battle routine can be used in a regular DJ
set and how beat juggling and other battle elements can apply to all
forms of DJing.