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Liber XX

Isidore of Seville or their common origin of the Etymologies OF THE BISHOP OF BOOK OF 20

I, From the table. [1] Daedalus was the first table, a chair he hath done. Apicius, some of the preparations for the kitchen was the first compound word, that are upon it with good things had been carried off by a voluntary death is lost; and quite rightly, that he to, who edacitati his throat, and the servants, and the life of the and the body is put to death one. From the table to eat and EATING it came to pass the word; there is no one else has the use of. [2] the bed is said by the herbs, which are plaited on the shoulders adcumbentium subponuntur. With stakes and has been said from the sofa, as if stipadium it: for so before first approached. RECLINING was called from the food, as it were to KEEP a public feast. [3] among the Greeks, from the indulgence is attached to conpotatione, apo tou his account. With us, they are appointed by the banquets with more rightly, or because the conversation has a life. Also a feast by the number of eating together, for the table has been conquered, private, is the banquet was not. Is the mode of the banquet was threefold: at table, eating, and drink?. At table, in order that (Virg. Vanity Fair. 1,708):

Couches to recline on the embroidered couches.

In eating and drinking, in order that (Virg. Vanity Fair. 1,723):

After the first rest feast and the tables removed, they
establish and bowls with a great crown the wine.

2. As for the meats. [1] Food is so called because it is taken of the mouth, as they eat because they set her mouth, is admissible. Defeated, he was called, properly speaking, that a life of it retains, and so also for their food to invite them to call the it is said. [2] mean that these nourishment of his charge, the body is nourished. They receive this for the expansion of the young men, the old men to keep it, for indeed, will be able to subsist be strengthened unless the flesh of refreshment. For the nourishment it is of which we are nourished; of supporting his feeding on his care. [3] to be named as guilty affluence of the exuberance the shedding of too much, more than enough, the measure does not exist. [4] with the help of wealth from the was spoken of, than if you discuss, you will find that it is there way. For how can that the object of his tenderness is too much, or cad when he is often how little? [5] from the tables spread with provisions of the said wealth of things. But the tables spread with innocent about what is necessary in two ways are divided, the bread and the wine, and the two superfluous, what land and the sea search after the cause of to eat. [6] feast of the kings are, let a banquet to private persons. Charms called because it is these men take delight in, and them the things seek the sweetly. [7] called a sausage lying on a small meal, or for the mere besides catapults, or anything else that the admixture of his we take it, it is said, properly speaking, a mess. [8] Now satiety, and they differ in the abundance of: for out of one fill of food it can be said for him, to as is required; but the abundance of from the received the name of the satire, that it was variously compounded by the midst of the preparations of food. [9] Drunkenness is immoderate, GREED, as it were is hardy and good cheer, of which weighed down the heart of undigested food and the stomach as undigested is brought about. But perverseness therein is a fault of GREED for, but that as much [is] of salvation as much as the nature of the support is there be enough. [10] BREAKFAST is the first food which is paid to a fast, and so also the name called. Nigidius (109): 'We ourselves have we polluted with light BREAKFAST fasts. " [11] from the banquet to the of eating and the provision of has been said. Strictly speaking, however old they called dinner food of all the soldiers before the battle and so he is the duke of that speech that: 'our lunch as it were to have dinner, into hell. " [12] merit is the food which is taken the day of the declining, as it were afternoon of supper to be issued and of one another, and hence are called by some entrée. [13] Again, as it were merendare to eat at noon. The price of corn has been drawn from the time of the ancient Romans which they called to cook food. Thus Martial (4,8,6):

Commander in chief to the ninth to break the high up the marriage.

[14] The reason why the Persians, and to this day they do. Supper to be called from the communion of those eating: koinonia common for the Greeks they say, and hence, which is common in communicating to, that is, in like manner, resemble each other. For among the ancients had been wont to eat in a public thoroughfare and which is generally to be merry, lest the singleness of luxury, was engendered. Now there is an evening dinner the meat, he said, "than the ancient vespernam; in the use of they were not there for a meal. [15] The bread of so called because, with the food, shall be added to, and / or that "every beast adpetat him; all the PAN for the Greek it is said. That food is there is one that is given to servants for their food, nor our pleasure. Fermentacius leaven of the worn out. Does not leavened unleavened, for without the leaven of the AZUMOS is, authentic. Slightly SLIGHTLY LEAVENED of fermentation, as it were acroazymus. The bread from the wheat of corn is called the genus of; is siligo For what kind of wheat. Deformation parameters, and refined rubefactus. Baked under the ashes, ashes, the cooked and reversatus: focacius is the same also. Clibanicius, in the skull after being heated. [16] of the bread with water Spungia malaxatus a long time, take a little fine flour and leaven of a little while, and he has more than humectationis all bread is, and so also spungiae got its name. [17] are the things that Placentae spelled, and they are made of. Which by other cakes they say, because what they list, and pleasing to thee. [18] Sweet things there are two types of the work in Pistoia, from the taste of words; For asparso honey is derived. Shell the surface of the loaf: both itself and the fragments, because it is divided, as if shattered. Is called a heat of the leavened bread, from, that more is at the first hour can not be contained; for growing it surpasses. Meal, and scaly eruptions; spelled, and from the so called, of which they are the refuse. [19] of meal, the flower of Amol, a very small, in comparison with the lightness of the casting out of the mill, and so also called, as it were from the meal. Such like. Flour. [20] The flesh of the said that they are flesh; whether from man or by creating, from which KREAS and by the Greeks they were called. Raw, that it is stained with blood, for it is with the blood. [21] boiled in [as though on compulsion, that is, from the fire or water, or the violent manner an act fit for eating usuque]. Yea, and boiled in a long time something is called Adar. [22] you things, that the burn, as it were arsum. Elix, because he was the first boiled in water only. For example, water has stolen away furtively from that which it is said may be absolved of, and so also the solution of lust of luxury, the place, and each one has been moved or strapado'd are said to. [23] fried from the sound has been said when he is burning in the oil. Assa, asparsum salt, as it were, from the midst of syllables demtis [three]. Nauseous from the fault called, and the hoarse that it effects. He hath cut down the use of meat in and put up again, from the felling of so called. [24] with Lard, because he laid up in the house is conserved; For the old houses and home, they said. Yew is the bacon has been said in French. And so also of Afranius in the Rose (284):

WEARING A SAGUM a rooster with a fat feeding of Yew.

[25], from his anointing AXUNGE merits. Tallow has been said of his from the, as it were, the Suevi, what is more, the fat that this animal may have. [26] is, properly speaking, a piece of Offa, of the of the teeth, whose diminutive offellam he doeth it. And so also the offarii cooks, and in particular, because, that is, offatim, fused. Now ', he shot howling', which, if it is cast into the mouth of a dog, in check by having his fill at once, and grows quiet. [27] a piece of name, because it is taken from the frumine, for it is part of the grain with the sum of your palate. Pulp is so called because in times past mixed with the porridge he ate. And so also has been said of cooking and a small meal. [28] Lucanian is so called because the first time in Lucania they were made. SAUSAGE the flesh cut up, and mites, which make it farciatur the intestine, that is, inpleatur, with the mixture of other things. [29] Minutal name, because it is made of the fish and isiciis finely cut up, and vegetables. Aphratum, which in Latin is called with foam; foam of the Africans for the Greek it is said. Martisia in a mortar of the fishes, are made: from thence, and named. [30] a fish, a certain Isocem has been said, from the time they were made the first isicia: and although out of another kind of fish come to pass, beginning, however, he gave the name of the fish. [31] from the color of Galatia, named as milk-white; Gala milk, for the Greeks they say. Spherical in shape from the spheres of the Greek name called; For whatever there in a round shape is formed, it is said by the Greeks SFAIRA. [32] The right of the kitchen named the master is required by law, because [it] is the law of his seasoning. Zemam they call this the Greeks. [33] to be called so that it lacks cheese, came too late, as it were they lack too late for him all the weights is derived so that he is accused. Colostrum milk is new, to the genus is that neither have. [34] Lac, derived from the Greek language is it is for the whiteness: white for the Greeks LEUKON they say. But the milk and blood, that nourishes and is nourished by that, for the milk we are nourished, we live in the blood. [35] Quactum, as it were a forced, as it were clotted, and being received with him for other species of coagulate. [36] Honey is the appeal of the Greek it is, that to have a name by the bees is proved, for the bee in Greek is said to Melissa. For till then, were of the dew of honey, into a Reed inveniebanturque leaves. And so also Virgil (Georg. 4,1):

So much for the gifts of honey, a airy.

Indeed, thus far in India and Arabia, is found bound together in the inherent in the likeness of the branches of salt. But every honey for sweetness: the sardius bitter it is for the cause of the wormwood, of which the of the country the supply of bees to nutrition. [37] as the honeycomb to be called because it is eaten, rather than is taken in drink; FAGEIN For the Greeks call to eat. They say that the surgeon, and who was of the book of the natures of the human body, especially a Gal [i] ind of in the books of which the title is in the ÝPERSIE quoÝ, of children, and of young and perfect age of men and women of inborn the heat of the bodies of annoyed as a rule, and urged that the guilty to be these two ages meats that they augment the heat, is conducive to health to eat a cold to take the furniture in a, just as [e] the other hand, for old people who suffer from catarrh and with cold, hot, food and wine to benefit the old.

3. OF THE POTV. [1] a Potion of a derivation from the Greek, being called, This is a DRINK A LOT to him, they say. The water in general being called, and that a surface is equal to his: on this side, and the ocean. How we say, because from thence the recent is not useful by the old, such as wine, but are presently being taken up out of the river and source of the well or; fetescit for by the old. [2] Wine from there I was told that opening his veins and could not be quickly filled with blessings. Others say that this, that we pay to the care of, call of Bacchus. The earlier they called the wine of the poison, but after he was found to be the juice of the poison of a death bearing, this wine was called, that poison. And so also the Jerome, in his book which he wrote out of the vow of chastity and: 'the young' he says, "so ought to flee when the wine like poison, of his age was not accepted as a fervent heat of the drink, and then they be lost. ' Hence it is that among the early Romans used to use it the female was not the wine, unless the religious business on certain days. [3] we say that unmixed wine with pure wine, we signify, for whatever we say that a mere pure and uncontaminated, and so does a mere water, to no one at least of the thing which aroused mingled feelings. From this and be found deserving, that of old the young men at that time the laborers for the bread of pure, offered to give or that is meridient at that time, that is that only the and independently, not, as at dinner, or at the supper, at a table. From there we believe that that is a time which is the day in the second half, the South, to be called, that it be pure. [4] Must the new wine is at once taken away from the lake. It has been said In him the new wine, which in itself may have and the land of the dust of a mixed, for we earth, from whence, and the ground. The fervor is so great a power as vessels, although filled with great things from the fact disrunipat at once, without breathing. [5] should the rosy wine, that is to say with shame to take; for a rose red in color. Aminean as if they were without O Lord, that is, without shame to take the; For example, white is. Sucinacium is like precious stones, amber, that is, tawny color. [6] the wine clear, that is easy to be seen, the appearance of obedience by that of water, as it were lymphidum; For example, water is water. Is turbid, as it were terbidum, that is, admixture of earth, which is the dregs. Falernian of the wine was called from the Falernian of Campania, the region, where the vices of the best are born. [7] shall ye worship proper to a vessel in which he called the bring to: Gazzam the true King, from which it is offered; Gaza, is a town is of Palestine. Bring the wine, it is said that the altar is diminished, and it is offered. Filthy, is not lawful to be offered, the water added to, or to whom, is as a bastard, that is, is no pleasure. [8] honorarium wine, the kings, and that the power of their honor the grace of it is offered. Cato, with his own innocence of the (1): 'Since I was in the the province's lieutenant, very many and the consuls to the praetor, the wine they gave honorary: you would never I have received, indeed, even in private life. " [9] of the Cross of wine is harsh drink at all because the slaves. Vinegar, or because a sharp, either because to water; For the wine mixed with water quickly into this delicious calm. And so also the biting, as it were aquidum. Was founded was called, which is not simple, and the mingling of drugs and compounded by the. [10] might be suckled by the drink from the milk. Made up with honey mixed with sweet wine, for it is the drink of water and the honey, which the Greeks call MELIKRATON. [11] Oenomelum new wine mixed with honey and vigorous was carried on in and stirred. Hydromelum, which it is made of water and the evils Matiani. Bathe in filtered water is the liquid of wine being mingled with the dregs of the express and to spread sackcloth. Lore. [12] is so called because oxymel in vinegar and honey, mixed with be drawn up matter; and hence and sweetness, keep it and SOUR TASTE. Rhodomelum mean that these honey, a rose in the juice is mixed with them. [13] Melicratum the wine mixed with honey. The Mede, as it were TUNE, because from the honey is made, just as the calamity for the cadamitas. LEES OF WINE cluster of grapes is rich, as far as boiled down to the consistency of honey and cooled, the useful, the stomach. [14] would permit, and nothing from the raisins passed that place by closing them. But it is said a mile from the suffering: is struck for the grape rather dry and it is boiled down, and from thence is made has suffered. Must boiled down defrudatur has been stated that, and as a fraud to be passive. [15] was lacking in, because he had deprived of part of the fervendo, and one third had been lost for the must part of the remainder is lacking. The opposite of which is thickened and boiled, which have been reduced to the third fervendo has descended. [16] is strong drink, rather, those which are beyond the wine can make a man drunk. Although the name of The Hebrew version it is, it sounds, however, the Latin for that which of the corn with the juice of apple trees or be drawn up, or is the fruit of palmarun are expressed in the liquid, the corn of the water coctisque fatter, as if the juice is, let us cherish, and the same drink strong drink, appropriated. [17] from Ceres, beer, enjoy the fruit of being called, that is to say, for it is rather out of the seeds of corn in various ways fulfilled. [18] The heavens from the heating it was called, for it is rather out of with the juice of wheat in the art of fulfilled. He is raised for the fire power that the bud or when soaked grain, and then dries up and after the have been reduced to a powder with the juice of the soft admiscitur, in which the taste of thanksgiving with leaven, rigor, and the heat of drunkenness it is attached. That is made in these parts of Spain, whose prolific in the place of wine does not exist. Lye has been said, that the vessels themselves emergendo adfigat. [19] fish sauce is the liquid salt fish, who once brought to an end of the fishes, which the Greeks they called FISH SAUCE: and although now out of the infinite kind of fish is made, the name of, however, retains its original from which it took its beginning. [20] him a juice has been said that the soil in the same pickle a little fish in liquid moisture. The liquid is called the SALINITY or of the wall. Strictly speaking, it is said of the wall of the water mixed with salt, in the manner of the result by the taste of the sea. [21] remarks that the juice of the sack are expressed, as barley. Sodden barley, zema, Greek names are BOILING AWAY.

4. ESCARIIS OF THE VESSELS. [1] The vessels of words from feeding on, some of them in those things shall be added to food. The diminutive a cup, and as it were vescula. [2] of earth may it be with so called because invented by the poets from the earth. To pretend thing to do, and to fashion to form a, and so the potter 's and they are said. And an earthen vessel is said not to made up [in the] that which is there is a lie, but that it is formed, that it may be and may have a some form. And therefore the Apostle says (Rom. 9,20): 'How can the figmentun to him that formed it: Why have you acted this way? " [3] the vessels for the earthenware vessels to the island of Samos was first found for it are reported, was formed out of clay and it was hardened with fire, and so also the vessels of Samian: red ocher, and it was afterwards found to add and from the red clay of fabricating anything. The more ancient But that they were than the use of earthenware vessels of silver, bronze, or the pouring out; "does not that among the ancients of gold, nor silver, but of earth, was held by the vessels of the, just as elaborate, to the tuns of wine, at the waters of amphoras, to the pots with the baths, and the other that is in the wheel, or for human uses, are made or with his hand are fitted. [4] But the clay, with clay being hote receives the word because, while it be more modest than, is effected in roasted, nor do they communicate with this term "of the former kind, since that which is does not exist. [5] The people of Arezzo of its vessels from the town of Arezzo, Italy, are said to, where they become, for they are red. Touching such things as Sedulius (prol.):

Red Riding Hood, adjacent to the shell that serves vegetable.

[6] Some think that the vessels of Samian from the town of Greece to have the name of Samos. Others say that for Italy and that chalk, which were not far from Rome, is born, which is called the Samian. [7] vessels of silver, embossed or of gold are, the symptoms under the most eminent extrave expressed within, from the sky and being called, and which are a sort implement the common people whom they call the cilionen. [8] the vessels of the GOLD gilt; it is a Greek. Carvings, which are engraved above; up the ANO for the Greeks, they say GLUFE the sculpture, that is, a graven upward. [9] had previously Disc scus from species of the shield, and so also a serving dish. Afterwards the disc with a so called because it may give on the meats, shall be added to that is to say: of whom shall And as they sat with these words: apo tou or DISKIN, that is, what should cast. [10] was called to the reapers through a derivation from the table, as it were measurers. DESERT DISH QUADRANGULAR and a vessel of the quadrilateral, that is, things being equal, apses. Paten, patentibusque is that the spread of the mouth. [11] dishes. Gavata, because a hollow stone, 100 for the letter G was placed there. Hence the bases, and lavers; but the former is a hollow stone, the hollow this: so also is the Greeks call these things. A plate with a shield by a decrease of from the, for it is of the same like to them. [12] from the banquet-favors, by the Greeks or by bearing the fruits of [other] something named, for it is perfectly smooth. Fit for a vessel of Salt wit. The same sulzica and, as it were salzica. Acitabulum acetaforum as it were, that the vinegar would allow. [13] from the use of a spoon, and snail has been said before. Hence it is traditions of your predecessors couplet (GOOGLE 14,121):

I am able and snails no less useful a sheep.
Do you know, rather I am said to quur spoon?

[14] Trisceles the name of the Greek, with three feet was in Latin: but he that they attend the four feet are said to also applied, improperly. [15] In the small vessels, three things have questions are asked which please to: hand of the artist, the weight of silver, splendor of the metal.

V. POTATORIIS OF THE VESSELS. [1] of renown for their drinking from the cup of a most, for it is all to drink from every vessel on which is the custom. Is so called because a bowl of glass are made; for the Greek VALOR glass, it is said. [2] of the said bowls of the bowl and / or that are in them, to give drink to we are accustomed to, and / or that the patent are dispansisque lips. [3] bowl, having a cup of the loops of the two, and it is a Greek name. However, there are men depart Bowl of them here, for this bowl, it is said in Latin. And so Persius (2,51):

If ever you have bowls of silver;

Virgil (Aen. 1,724):

Establish and bowls with a great crown the wine.

There were the first from the twigs of connection, and so also the so called apo tou KRATEIN bowl, that is, that which is self shall hold good. [4] also a cyathus, its cups, bowls, and the same there are two types of cups. From these cups, bowls were said to owner of the boat based on a similarity of the ship. Amystis According to which the species of the cup, that is, one spirit, is drunk. Baccea the first by Bacchus, the wine is that, named, afterwards in the uses of water-passed over. [5] The chalice and the baskets at the kinds of cups and in the ladder, previously not made of the tree, from thence, and being called; all manner of trees for the Greeks said, "Kalas. The vial as it were ample boss: the like to their bulls still for it is spherical in shape from the foam of the waters which is created and so are puffed up by the wind.

6. OF THE VESSELS AND THE AQVARIIS wine. [1] WINE-HOLDER, bearing a vessel of wine; is they that prepare a OINOS. Of what is it (Lucil. 139):

Oenophori fundus of turns, the quotation from us.

[2] from the Greek Flascae whose name was named. Such was his for riding, bowls, and enshrined the first have been made are present and hence called "; afterwards in the use of wine and they passed, remaining fixed and took the Greek term from which it starts. [3] Sicilia 's vessels, and they are the names of the Greek, and a curved that they happen on the part of the Latin language. For that they Leinster, we CARAFE; SIKELE to him, that we we say that the Sicilian. [4] tankard. The pot of a water kind of vessels being called, through a derivation; UDOR For the Greeks the water they say. Of a bucket, that they thirsted, apt to be to drink; KADON because a vessel of the Greeks call it. [5] dish, an earthen vessel, which is better, it is said neither of the masculine, just as the SALT-CELLAR fit for a vessel is said to wit. Orca is the species of the vessel, whose name was the least of which PITCHER SMALL WATERPOT is diminutive. The cup, in which then washes his hands. [6] orcarum LITTLE JAR is directly and / or the order of an earthen vessel of wine in Syria to the first out of the thought, just as Cilicises called from Cilicia, and so [and] are the first has been carried. [7] the cask. SALESMAN from the Pipes and a capture, as that is, of receiving it, the waters of the called and wine, and so also the inn. Bladders from the womb. MILK PAIL mulguntur every vessel on which the cattle: the same, and the pail, from that which in him mulgitur milk. [8] Lip so called because it labationem to be made in it is the usual custom of infants, of which the lip with a diminutive. The same and white, because in it is the usual custom washing of the to be made. The bowls, so called because on foot: there besides they bathe. [9] Sifon a vessel is so called because the waters of the blowing a pour; For these they use [in] the east. For when they have felt the house to burn, and run with full sifonibus with the waters, and the fire out, but also expressed at the higher camara cleanses the waters.

7. The olive OF THE VESSELS. [1] Hemicadium, the pot is of olives. Whores, the pot is because it is the olives in leather has been said. [2] MONEY FOR PERFUMES an alabaster box of a vessel from a stone, is named of of its own kind, whom alabastriten are those who, uncorrupted ointments preserves it. [3] Boxes you will FEMALE PERFUMER vessels made of boxwood, and, for that we, the box tree, the Greeks call PUKSON. [4] A spot is a vessel of herbs, out of the air, or silver, it came to pass, from the person is anointed it was said: for by these things, and the priests the kings of the cover it with whitewash.

8. COQVINARIIS OF THE VESSELS. [1] All of the items is ready for the cause of digestive COOK are said to. Plautus (frag. 181):

COOK Aeneid has been dried out to me all mercy.

[2] Olla virtue of this that the said ebulliat water, and fire in it a subject, that I go further the vapor is emitted. And so also the boss is the one given in the water within the spirit of the wind they are supported. Plated spreading as it were; a pot, for it is the wider of the mouth. [3] kettles, and cucumber from the sound of fervor was making. This, placed in the Greek and Latin have common names; of the Latin only question is whether the Greeks by the Greeks by the Latins, or the names of mutuassent is uncertain. [4] are of brass, cauldrons, the Greek language is called, for they are less than a kettle for the use of the ready, digestive. [5] FRYING PAN from the din, when the sound of being called, it is burning in the oil. With three feet was so called because it consisting of three legs: the Greeks these tripods they are idle. [6] a Mill from its spherical in shape being called, and apple trees as evil, is: so also is the original Greek. A sieve, which is there the corn may have free course, as it were currifrum. SHOVEL proruendo been said by the dung, or digestive fire, the bread of grace.

9. Repositories OF THE VESSELS. [1] the ark of the treasury is where there are gathered together in the temple of the things of the indigence of the poor are sent. The composite is the name of the language, and a Persian and Greece; treasures were secured for the treasure of the tongue of the Persians, the custody of FULAKION in Greek is interpreted. [2] The ark of drive off the so called because it seemed, and forbidding. From hence the arcivum, on the other a mysterious, secret, that there is a secret by which the rest are kept out. [3] Cibutum Greeks use the name it is, that we say that the ark of us. Locule of the something may be placed in the land of the place was made, or to their clothes or keep the money, and so also by a decrease of it is said. [4] Mozicia, as it were small things, and from which a certain way; Z for 500, as was the custom to say the Italians ozie for this day. Bookcases. [5] from the sack with the said in a cloak, as they had sewed up again becomes a PRESAGING as it were. Purse: the little purse of coins, which the Greeks call MARSIPION. Some things, indeed the names of the Greek into Latin, a little flex for the sake of the Roman the language. [6] Sitarciae the sailors are, from that which they are stitched. Involucre I was told that he holds something in itself, wrapped up. [7] is the little purse of the public purse took it over, and so small baskets and baskets and are said to: have this man to oppressors, and in that they sent to the debt which is paid to the kings of the public. But the purse took it over the first position is, the derivative basket, a basket of diminutive. [8] A basket woven from reeds cleft in two, from which and is called a: and to another a Greek assert. SMALL BOX from the ribs or wood, from the reeds like the, to whom consolidated, a noted. [9] a basket and the vessel was from the strokes, be thou made clean fit for dung, and the land of not carry them. Of which the Psalmist says on behalf of Israel (81,7) 'and his hand is served in baskets.' The appointment was made, however covinus covus as it were, as it were hollow. Corvus of the said, because the curved interweave with rods. [10] and / or that a basket to be made from the hempe is accustomed, or that the transport something. [Sports from the hempe spoken thus, they exported from the as some would have it: for before that out of the hempe were made whole.]

X. LVMINARIORVM OF THE VESSELS. [1] from the fires of the ancient trees of the till, to be called the hearth, trench and for the Greek, in Latin is a fire, from which some of the philosophers, and according to all be begotten. And in truth nothing is born without heat, so much so that out of the north side, [the poet] need I say (Lucan. 4,108):

Not barren, cold, any thing is generative.

But Varro, remarks that the hearth he said they were supporting fires, for the very flames of the fire is and whatever is the fire fosters, is called the focus, or is the altar of, or anything else that the fire in which their nursery. [2] The light from the lamp was spoken of, and so also is a brief light, the Persians (5,181):

Arranged temples pour forth the rich of the cloud of the lamp.

For if from the light would be said, would not stand line. Licinius, and as for nightingale, for it is GLOW-WORM of the lamp. [3] The candlestick has been said from the candles, as if candelaforum, that a candle would allow. Wax candle hallowed through a derivation from wax out of which has a name that is formed. Out of which a certain (GOOGLE 14,42):

When you waxen candle, the fire of the night will guarantee that:
[For] withdraw from the the light of the light of the other am I to thee.

[4] hanging panels of the ceiling [are] the light, which lucanaria, that is, in the air of lighting. [5] ATTACHED TO A CORD things are those which are within the wax, the said he had made previously with the cords from the use of the wax paper, they had been surrounded by a greater, and so a corpse, and they are said. ATTACHED TO A CORD scolaces But they say the Greeks, that they are scoliae, that is, and the twisted. The ropes and the Roman general ATTACHED TO A CORD call him. ATTACHED TO A CORD candlesticks that among the ancients they had a sting to BENT IN above water, to whom this kind of wax or portions to the food they have forgotten they pitched the light. The same, therefore, to the stimulus, the very sharp ATTACHED TO A CORD that were said. [6] The lamp is on the top of the flame is a shining light, so called because the motion of licking up to show may be seen. Fax hearths do is so called because: a lamp, whose diminutive. [7] got a lantern from thence, is called the inner light that has closed. For it is made of glass, unclosing within the breath of the light, so that the wind can not come to, and in order to provide the light of all places, give easily be carried around. [8] by Lamplight name, because it shine on in the shadow of, for it is a moderate amount of fire, who is used to tow ceraque from humble to be formed. [9] pears that there is in the manner of altars is wont to be constructed of wood to be burned; a pure for the fire it is said. But is the very pears a heap of wood when he had not yet glows with the fire is the funeral pyre, when he begins to burn; funeral pyre for several But when at length it burned up is called Adar. [10] Farum a large tower, which the Greeks of the Latin in common the use of the thing itself from the farum flamnarum because they appealed to the information of them that sail be seen from far, as we have (15,2,37) we said before, such as Ptolemy to Alexandria, built according to the talents of eight hundred and is laid down. Experience, it is his course of the night the fires of ships, he shows that for entrance into the haven of the fords be pronounced, lest the darkness have been deceived be invaded by sailing on the rocks, for the treacherous shoals Alexandria, deceitful, that we have gained access. Hence, then, in his breaches to the engines of war constructed with the ministry of the praelucendi of Pharos they say, for the trench and is light, the vision of it is said Oros. And so also the FOSFOROS in Greek is called the Morning Star.

11. In a litter, OF THE SADDLES. [1] from the litter in beds of herbs, called. Stratus stem from the the said, as if storiatus. In the These are the only ancient adcubabant to sleep, but not yet with straw, woolen discovered. Store, that it is the land of the couch. [2] Cama had this short and around the earth; common father of a writ for the Greeks they say. Cubandi the place is their bed. The bed it is a Greek. Baianula was chosen to baiolatur in the way of those who, from the baiolando, that is to say, carry off. [3] of the rich is the pulpiness, read: from thence, and cushions. Spingae are those in which they are spingatae image is there, we say that those whom we griffins. Punic chosen few, and the first from the humble and meek coming by Carthage, and from thence named. [4] couch, bed or pluto. Out of which Rutilius Rufus, about his life (13): "In the first, 'he said,' contrary to the custom for the emperor himself had been read he used a litter." [5] But the exterior of the frame and chosen from their sheds the interior. The marriage bed, are they that, properly speaking, girls were swept marriages; for producing of the said, but the for their children. [6] are the cradle of the little children to bed 'in which to lay the usually are, so called because her time are to be employed, as it were cynabula, for the Greek? KUEIN overcome it. [7] the bier mean that these should be carried in him the dead: and it is the name of a Greek, for it is said FERETRON apo tou FEREIN, that is, from bearing it. For coffee it is said in Latin, so that above the heads of men is to be issued. Thus Plautus says (Mil. 628): 'FIT FOR A COFFIN an old man,' that is a neighbor that a coffin. [8] Benches are the things that had been read that are set before the higher; And from the climbing to the said [that is, to ascend]. Hence, and a footstool, who had been read or small on account of the going up of saddles that are set before. But a footstool for subpedaneum and it is said, for the Greeks UPOPODION on what is called, they said a footstool for the Latin, and others [they said] the steps, and is under the feet of that. Scansilia degrees of a place where they sit on the seats of honorable. [9] of the said See is among the early Romans, for there was no adcumbendi the use of, and so and to sit on that were said. Afterwards, as Varro says of the existence of the people of the Roman, the men began to sit down to meat, and the women to sit down, since "Base in the woman he was seen by LYING. See, properly speaking, the singular number, of the kingdom, which in Greek is said to THRONE. Also, the throne of the Greeks, they say, we, by ourselves. Indeed the rest were courts of law, teacher 's chair of the doctors. [10] the sun, to sit for the sake of whom the kings of protection of her own body,, according to some has been said from the firmness, as it were solid, according to the others through the antistichon, sodium hydroxide, as it were, from the seats. And so also the Zadok the chair was spoken of as it were, and benches, as it were subseddia. [11] it was in the chair of office to whom the rights of magistrates sitting in the cottage. Is named from the curule, because the praetors that among the ancients and the consuls of the journey far with his chariot, the forum provehebantur; chair gave way, however, which rode after them, They sat down to say was wont to swear, from the chariot, are named as chair gave way and the curule. [12] LITTLE BENCH tripods are, and have a three feet. But the tripod, and the candlesticks are, because similarly to the three have no feet.

12. OF THE VEHICVLIS. [1] of Carrum from the hinge and of the wheels has been said, and so also the chariot of what was said that the wheels of the seem to have the. But the wheel, so called because the rush on, and round was called from the wheel. [2] carts of the kind of vehicles the four wheels. These retas the ancient used to say, that they should have for the sake of the wheels of the. [3] a chariot to kind of vehicles with state [is], as it were a cart loaded with state. The cart, the vehicle of two of the wheels which charge borne by the animal: the cart and it was said, because he rolls along, as if to say pilastrum. Caracutium the highest vehicle of the wheels, a cart loaded as it were a sharp. Caps on every side, having been covered by plow, as if the chest is. [4] or carriages having been covered by the four wheels COACH conveyance, where matrons used to use it in times past. Virgil (8,666 Aen.): carriages mothers [in the] soft. Horace (Sat. 1,6,104):

Several sutlers, seeing the and the horse
of feeding, should marry a COACH.

And they were before, the color of the Venetians, carriages, and not, as now are, russati, whom, but a chaste married women could not use it, just as neither fillets. [5] Basternae vehicle [of the journey, as it were the way RUSTY, these made up with straw, clothed in soft, was transported from the two animals].

13. IN THE OF THE RELIQVIS United HABENTVR VSV. [1] that inventor of the stick by the Pearl is said to the vine was found, in which people moved relying on wine. For just as from a staff of Pearl, so by a stick by a decrease of a stick. [2] Faster, into the land of that stand in the prefix, which the country folk call stakes; for a crime, which brought the young are wounded. The hands of so called because the bars vectentur, and rocks from which the doors of the and pulled with. [3] with shears: In its etymological sense, if they are called from the Son, and F is placed, as with shears, which are a tailor, if from the pestle, P, that are even shorn, which are forpices; if from of receiving it, 100, as tongs, because they may take the form of, which are the workman 's. [4] For the form of the ancients said hot, and so also a beautiful man. Razor [because he is to be innovated the face of the]. Mean that these scallops pexos, and they do the hair of proportion. Curling the needle, is one which grew warm and with the use and so distorts the meaning heats his hair. [5] And so also are called calamistrati who cut his hair to turn. Key of so called because it shut: and he can open. Chained, and that by taking hold. Clocks, which is there for we read, the hours, that is, we assemble the, for it is in the top of the house has been assumed, where a is running by the lines, the stern is the shade to any hour of the day make a display.

14. OF THE INSTRVMENTIS RVSTICIS. [1] Superior aspect so called because the ground none to deliver them by force, or from evomendo the earth. Out of which Lucretius (1,314):

Vncus the plow
iron of soul, a secret away in the fields decreases.

[2] by the Sumitque from the considerable damage to the splendor of the plow in plowing the land was called, as it were araterrium. Curvamentum Buri is the plow, it was said OURA boost as it were, that it is in the likeness of the tail of an ox. Tion, is the first part of the plow, in which, as it were beneath the plow is induced as a god. [3] a knife, from the worship of the said, because he had some of them in a tree, the pruning of old used to use it and the vine, ye in the sickles before they were found. [4] 's knife is that by which the trees are thought to be, and avoid making the said that, if they' s knife, but his first campaign when they were wont to cut off the grass, fern. And so is that (GOOGLE 14,34):

Peace be to me, "Do the duke of calm fell upon his for the uses of:
I now have been agriculae of the soldier I once was.

[5] on the analogy of Falcastrum 's knife was called: and it is being a crooked iron tool with a long handle, to the density of the felling of went ahead to clear. They and the runcones of the saying, the briers, which are cut, freed of weeds from the of the said. [6] SMALL SAW is VERY HIGH-PITCHED of iron plates, of teeth biting resecans trees or the branches. Also from the rake, or be shaved off the earth? Or of teeth from the scarcity of the words. Spades, because the earth lighten, as if Levon. [7] Scudicia so called because he, that about the Code of the earth to open them: and although its use in the rest of the works should be, the name of, however, from the book the details. This they call the others in general a digger, a pit that do so, as it were fovessorium. [8] his rake. There are, however simple or two horned or. Agriculae trenched ground they call the tool of iron legs which the seeds of panguntur. And so also a repastinari of it were said of the vineyard which refodiuntur old. [9] a stone is a smooth cylinder in the manner of the column from the nimbleness of his, who got his name. Out of which Virgil (Georg. 1,178):

The area must be leveled with the first great Cylinder,
and kneaded with the hand.

[10] flail the kind of vehicles from which the corn is trampled down, and because of this so called. Pala, which fan is It is commonly said, from the straw fan named. [11] LITTLE FORK these so called because he celluntur the corn, that is, they are moved. And so also said to swing from that which cillantur, that is, they are moved, pray. For it is to move maidservant. [12] passwords there are some, designated by the number of corn. Press mill of Olives. Press tread down the cluster of grapes which the beam is pressed, from the pressure, was called, press, as it were. Press, in which the oil is pressed. A lake, in which dissolved flow of blood, by which the growth of olives from the grapes or to torture the wine to wash the oil is required. [13] from the Verennes could convey, that is, export, name. What kind of baskets of colaque fight the battles of the new wine flows by whom, from the colando freedom. Fisclum fiscolum as it were, from the colando the oil has been said, or as it were a basket of oil.

15. OF THE INSTRVMENTIS HORTORVM. [1] wheel, so called because it too, it fall as it were: for it is the machine out of the river out of which the water is extracted. Lucretius (5,517):

In the river to turn the wheels of the Austral, and we see them.

[2] of the South, that is, the wheel that the said water from the auriendo. Girgillus, that it will become in a circle: for it is the cross piece of wood in the mobile comes from the perch of the rope with which the bucket, or into the pit of a vessel of water is left to the cause of auriendae. [3] the receipt of custom a gardener a long piece of wood which they call the auriunt of the waters. And it was said the length of the receipt of custom; CUSTOMS HOUSE For whatever it is said, according to the Greeks would take too long, and so they call and weasels mouse, as it were long. This weapon of defense they say the Spaniards a stork, for the sake of that let him imitate a bird of the same name, lifting up their water and took down their beak, while the sound of the. Love. [4] The wolf, who is also a little dog, is as an iron arpax, because, if he fell down into the pit of what, it draws and I will draw, and so also got its name. But the so called because it Arpax he seized him; arpe For [is] in Greek s belongings. His rake.

16. OF THE INSTRVMENTIS EQVORVM. [1] Phaleron, are the ornaments of horses: and it is the word of the Greeks. Is so called because they received horses began to clamor for forced him, or that this frendant of the horse [that is, inprimant] the teeth, and obmordeant. And so also of the said nefrendes before they are weaned young of a wild boar, which has not yet frendant something, that is, crush the teeth. From hence the FRISLAND, a bean, which is ground. [2] The piece of a bridle are of very filthy prostitute: I have said from the filthy prostitute but a lupine with the teeth, they are not level, who, from whence also we greatly foes to their death. Camus. [3] have to the said, having a good, because in these horses, we may have, that is, let us hold fast, and so [and] of the said horses were capable of. These and the hawser from the retaining. Lora. [4] with a Halter from the head of the said cattle. And Zillah, from the sitting, as it were Zadok the. Antela antesella as it were, just as the postela postsella girdle as it were acceptable to both the human race once is true, for the feminine kind of animals I call these girdles. [5] The saddle, which is commonly Salma corruptly it is said, is called from the bed, the curtains, and hence sagmarius caballus, a she-mule sagmaria. By taking the rope from the handle, reaching to, as they had a wild beasts of burden be taken. [6] Spurs called because they are tied at the end of man, that is, in the hinder part of the foot, stimulates the horses, which had either, or the fight must be to run, for the sake of the sluggishness of animals or of fear. For out of the fear of the stimulus, called, even though they are of lust and stimulus. [7] from the in wiping the scrapers, called, because in these tergantur of the horse. WARM is a character which the marks of the iron blasted with cattle: the Greek for CHARAKTER, it is said in Latin "forma. [8] A cautery cauturium has been said as it were, that in order to burn and provident be upon him; of strict guarantee is given that, while it seems, whose it shall be, "" Avarice be curbed. For a sign, that sometimes, at times for the care is used, the violence of the disease so that heat of the fire is dried vp.