Trinity Not Acknowledged by the Apostle Paul

Bible scholars and religionists routinely twist and pervert the apostle Paul’s writings in order to make him “agree” with their own doctrinal positions.

Something is noticeably absent from all of the greetings at the outset of Paul’s 14 epistles. While he references the Father and Jesus Christ in every greeting, he continually overlooks a greeting from the Holy Spirit to the congregation addressed (Hebrews contains no greeting from either Father, Son or Holy Spirit). If the Holy Spirit is indeed a third, full-fledged member of the Godhead, why did Paul consistently omit a greeting from “him”—and thus insult “him”? If they were honest, proponents of trinitarian thought would have to accuse Paul of heresy—if not outright blasphemy—for this omission.

Notice the following eleven introductions:

Romans 1:1, 7-9: “Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God...Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all…”

I Corinthians 1:1, 3: “Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God…Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.”

II Corinthians 1:1-3: “Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God...Grace be to you and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ…”

Galatians 1:1, 3: “Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised Him from the dead)...Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ.”

Ephesians 1:1-3: “Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus…Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ.”

Philippians 1:1-2: “Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus, which are at Phillipi…Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.”

Colossians 1:1-3: “Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God…Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. We give thanks to God and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ...”

I Thessalonians 1:1: Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians… Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.

II Thessalonians 1:1-2: Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians… Grace unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Philemon 1:1, 3: “Paul, a prisoner of Jesus Christ, and Timothy our brother, unto Philemon our dearly beloved, and fellowlabourer…Grace to you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.”

Titus 1:1, 4: “Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness…To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.”

Also, neither of Paul’s letters to Timothy included a greeting from the Holy Spirit. Again, if the Holy Spirit is a full-fledged member of the Godhead, why does Paul so consistently omit greetings from “him”? Come to grips with what is not being said.

Further Scriptural Proof

Now that we have discussed and explained some of the trinity “proof texts,” we can briefly look at some scriptures that prove plainly that God is not a trinity. Because these are simple and clear scriptures, it will not be necessary to have a thorough explanation for each passage. The reader should read each verse and then address each of the questions raised. Note that most of the questions arise over the fact that, when natural opportunities are presented, and the Father is being discussed, the Holy Spirit is overlooked or omitted time and again.

Matthew 27:46: “And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? That is to say, My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” Why would Christ say this if He was a third of the trinity? How could Christ possibly forsake Himself? And is He suggesting that the Father forsook Him, but the Holy Spirit did not? Of course not.

Luke 10:22: “All things are delivered to Me of My Father: and no man knows who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.” When Christ came, He revealed the Father. The nation of Israel never knew the Father. Also, Israel did not know of the Holy Spirit. But why did not Christ also reveal and declare the Holy Spirit, if it is part of the Godhead?

John 17:3: “And this is life eternal, that they might know You the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom You have sent.” If the “only true God” is the trinity, which would include Jesus Christ, why then would Christ have to be mentioned and why was the Holy Spirit not mentioned?

John 17:11: “And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your own name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one, as We are.” Again, there is no mention of the Holy Spirit! Further, examine verses 20 to 22of the same chapter. Verse 11 explains that God and Christ are one just as God’s people are one through the Holy Spirit. It is important to recognize that it is the Holy Spirit that comes into play as the power that allows God’s people to be one unified group—the Church of God. But consider the following: All of the individual human beings in the Church of God around the world are not one single being. Remember, the Father and Christ are one as the brethren are one and vice-versa. God’s people are all separate beings! Thus, God and Christ are separate Beings.

Why, in light of this verse, can people not connect I Corinthians 1:10, which we have already examined, and recognize, for instance, that Paul was not telling the brethren in Corinth to be one single person, simply because he wanted them to be of “one mind,” in the “same judgment” and with “no divisions” among them.

How simple and clear is God’s Word for those willing to read it honestly!

John 20:17: “Jesus said unto her, Touch Me not; for I am not yet ascended to My Father: but go to My brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto My Father, and your Father; and to My God, and your God.” This passage reveals that our relationship to the Father is the same as the relationship that Jesus Christ had. This could not be the case if Christ was a third of the godhead.

John 1:18: “No man has seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.” If Christ has seen the Father, what about the Holy Spirit? As part of the godhead, why would the Holy Spirit not also see the Father, and participate in revealing Him?

I Corinthians 8:6: “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by Him.” Carefully note what is said. There is one God the Father and one Jesus Christ—but there is no mention of the Holy Spirit. Again, why?

I Corinthians 11:3: “But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.” How could the Father be the Head of Christ if they are a trinity in one being? And then the same old question arises once again: Where is the Holy Spirit in this equation?

Numerous other scriptures could be cited here. These are just a sampling of the more simple passages that disprove the trinity. However, despite such basic truth, many still blindly accept and believe this unbiblical doctrine.


Speaking of the “last days,” just prior to the return of Christ, Paul described how people would not seek the truth. Let’s read a warning to God’s people, even those of the true Church: “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; and they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables” (II Tim. 4:3-4).

The trinity is perhaps the most popular, non-biblical fable of all time. You are left to ask yourself whether you will endure the sound doctrine refuting it in this volume.

What we have examined so far is only the beginning of what the Bible teaches about the nature of God. You have seen obvious proof that it does not support a trinity, but the question still remains: The Bible declares that there is only one God. If this is not the trinity, how does this reconcile with the truth of who and what is God?

"If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you" John 15:7.

"To pray in Christ's name means much. It means that we are to accept His character, manifest His spirit, and work His works. The Saviour's promise is given on condition. If ye love Me, He says, keep My commandments. He saves men, not in sin, but from sin; and those who love Him will show their love by obedience" The Desire of Ages, 668.

"If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love" John 15:7.

John 14:21
Whoever has My commandments and keeps them is the one who loves Me. The one who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him and reveal Myself to him."

John 14:23
Jesus replied, "If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make Our home with him.

1 John 2:3
By this we can be sure that we have come to know Him: if we keep His commandments.

1 John 2:6
Whoever claims to abide in Him must walk as Jesus walked.

"As you ask the Lord to help you, honor your Saviour by believing that you do receive His blessing. All power, all wisdom, are at our command. We have only to ask" Pr 16.

The Holy Spirit was sent as the most priceless treasure man could receive. {ML 36.5}

[Godhead truth V/S Trinity Deception] The Personality of the Holy Spirit and Satan's lie: The Personality of the Holy Spirit and Satan's lie

A persons spirit is their mind, will and emotions. It is who you are. So a spirit is not and never can be a literal person in itself. If it were, it would cease to be a spirit.

For instance, in order for a spirit to be another person, it would also have to have its own spirit. In other words, for the Holy Spirit to be a person, it would have to have its own spirit in order to have its own mind, will and emotions. So you would end up with the Spirit of the Holy Spirit.

Along with this false theology introduced by Satan so he could achieve worship, man seems to have lost all touch with the reality of a what a spirit is.

However, while our spirit is within us, God's Spirit can do what ours can't. He can send His Spirit anywhere and is how He and His Son represent “Themselves” where “They” are not personally present.

In other words, the Holy Spirit is their presence and power in you.

Unless of course you have chosen Satan's creation called “god the spirit!” Then you have rejected the Spirit of the Father and Son and have Satan's creation instead!

This is what Satan planned when he created the Trinity doctrine long after the Bible was written.


We have a spirit and our spirit is our personality. 

God has a Spirit and His Spirit is His personality.

When our spirit speaks or grieves, it is us that is speaking or grieving. 

When God's Spirit speaks or grieves, it is God that is speaking or grieving.

It is the same whether it is our spirit or God's Spirit as Paul tells us. We should expect no less. But note Paul states man's spirit is within him while God can send His Spirit anywhere.

“For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man's spirit WITHIN HIM? In the SAME WAY NO ONE knows the thoughts of God EXCEPT the Spirit of God.” 1 Corinthians 2:11

So when God gives us HIS Spirit, He gives us Himself. NOT ANOTHER PERSON!

These are words of CHRIST through HIS prophet! 

“In giving us HIS SPIRIT, God gives us HIMSELF,” — (E.G. White, 7T 273.1, 1902)

The Holy Spirit is His presence and power. The deceived who push the satanic doctrine of the Trinity claim those with truth teach that the Holy Spirit is a force or like an electric current. This is a disgraceful lie and is a dishonest means to try and discredit the truth which could only come from Satan as it is indeed a lie!

Again, here is the truth from the words of CHRIST through HIS prophet!

“The DIVINE SPIRIT that the world's Redeemer promised to send, is the PRESENCE and POWER of GOD.” — (E.G. White, ST, Nov 23, 1891)

So our spirit has a PERSONALITY which is our PERSONALITY but that does not make our spirit another person. Does it?

And God's Spirit has a PERSONALITY which is God's PERSONALITY as it is His Spirit.

And for even further evidence, below we see the “Holy Spirit” IS the “Spirit of the Father!”

Luke wrote, “take you no thought how or what thing you shall answer, or what you shall say: For THE HOLY GHOST shall teach you in the same hour what you ought to say.” Luke 12:11-12

And below is the same account from Matthew and what he called the Holy Spirit.

“take no thought how or what you shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what you shall speak. For it is not you that speak, but THE SPIRIT OF YOUR FATHER which speaketh in you.” Matthew 10:19-20

Matthew called the Holy Spirit “the Spirit of your Father,” and so is not another being but God's Spirit, and why it is called the Spirit of God. It is not called “god the spirit.” His Spirit of course is Holy and why it is also called the Holy Spirit.

So why did Satan spread the idea of the Holy Spirit as another god? Who wants to be like the most High and be worshipped and prayed to as God? Isaiah 14:12-14 informs us that this is Satan's desire.

By Satan creating the Trinity doctrine, it creates a non-existent third being. Satan can then step into that position he has created and not only receives the worship he desires, but he would also effectively regain the position he lost as the third highest being in heaven. This is known as worship by representation and is what Satan has also done with Sunday worship.

Does it matter if we choose a non–existent god that is a creation of Satan to be the Holy Spirit so he can get worship and have us deny the real Holy Spirit? In other words, does it matter if we have the Spirit of the Father and Son or a creation of Satan and hence reject the real Holy Spirit?

The third person in the Trinity is actually Satan! It should be obvious that if you get this wrong you will not be in the kingdom!

So when the someone says the Holy Spirit has a personality so therefore it must be another person, know that you are being lied to and are trying to indoctrinate you into wrong thinking that will cost you your soul.

The Personality of the Holy Spirit and Satan's lie

A persons spirit is their mind, will and emotion...

"When the character [thoughts and feelings] of Christ shall be perfectly reproduced in His people, then He will come to claim them as His own" COL 69.1.

The Holy Spirit is the Lord Jesus Christ's CHARACTER in us, the living law of God in us! The law of God lived our in our daily little choices, through our TEN fingers and TEN toes! We are to do the TEN Commandments with our TEN fingers, the Holy Spirit is the FINGER of God upon us Luke 11:19-20:

"19 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out? therefore shall they be your judges. 20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you." Luke 11:19-20 KJV.

"27 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges. 28 But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you." Matthew 12:27-28 KJV.

"Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty" 2 Cor 3:17 KJV.

"It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life" John 6:63 KJV.

"And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit" 1 Corinthians 15:45.

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"The Holy Spirit is to be continually present with the believer. We have need more carefully to consider the fact that the Comforter is to abide with us. If we individually comprehended this truth, we should never feel alone. When assailed by the enemy, when overwhelmed by temptation, we are to repose our faith [obedience] in God; for we have his pledged word that we are never to be left to battle alone. Every soul, pardoned of sin, is precious in his sight,--more precious than the whole world. It has been purchased at infinite cost, and Christ will never abandon the soul for whom he has died. The soul may leave him, and thus be overwhelmed with temptation; but Christ can never turn from one for whom he has paid the ransom of his own life" The Faith I Live By, p. 57.6 (Ellen G. White).


Other questions must be addressed before thoroughly examining the true God and His Holy Spirit. Many conclude that if one does not adhere to the trinity, he automatically believes in a teaching called modalism. Is this true? What is modalism? Also, many will adamantly claim that the teaching within this paper is a form of polytheism and goes against the biblical teaching of a monotheistic God. Again, is this true? Is there more than one Being within the Godhead? These questions have confused philosophers and theologians for centuries. Yet this should never have been the case.


Before looking into the issues of monotheism vs. polytheism, there is one specific concept that needs to be addressed—the position of modalism.

Modalism was originally called Sabellianism, after its founder. The beginning of this school of thought goes back decades before the Council of Nicaea. At the time of the Council, the advocates of the trinity were at odds with the supporters of Arian. Sabellianism was associated with Aryanism and was one of the minority factions represented at Nicaea. As was discussed earlier, 300 of the 318-plus delegates at Nicaea were intimidated into voting in favor of the trinity. Anyone not supporting the accepted “orthodox” belief was either exiled or declared a heretic, which could result in death. Modalism and Aryanism eventually disappeared as viable alternatives, since both beliefs were officially viewed as heresy.

Certain theologians have been stuck in the error of Jewish theology, not allowing them to properly understand how God is one. This created a problem. Unwilling to accept classic trinitarianism as compatible with monotheism, these had to come up with an alternative theory that would be compatible. Modalism was their creation.

According to the teaching of modalism, there can be separate modes of a single being. This means that there is only one personage in the Godhead, but this personage can manifest himself as the Father, the Son or the Holy Spirit. In theory, this one being can only be perceived in one mode at a time. (In effect, this idea makes God into a kind of divine schizophrenic.) This approach is an acceptance of a modified version of the trinity and is at best a theoretical abstraction much like the trinity itself. All previous passages that we have explored show that modalism is simply not based on the Bible! This theory only mentions the perceived mode of the three beings that God is supposedly representing Himself to be at any one time, without relating to the actual substance or composition of God. This position is advocated by most Pentecostals and Unitarians today.

Trinitarians try to identify everyone who rejects their philosophy as advocates of some form of modalism. However, it is possible for one to legitimately reject both the trinity and modalism as being equally unscriptural and unfounded. While it is not our purpose to address all the issues of the theory or teaching of modalism, it does set up the question of whether God is one.


Monotheism has long been considered by anthropologists and archaeologists as the mark of an advanced culture. This is based on the assumption that ancient man worshipped numerous gods and slowly evolved into monotheism. The few cultures that adhered to monotheism were considered to be more developed.

However, recent research of ancient history confirms what is recorded in Scripture—that monotheism actually preceded polytheism, the worship of many gods. We know that the patriarch Noah was a worshipper of the true God. Only later, after the time of Nimrod, did polytheism begin to flourish. We find in Genesis 31 that Laban (Jacob’s uncle) possessed idols. In Genesis 35, Jacob ordered his family and servants to put away their idols.

Scriptures Reveal Duality

In order to better grasp the big picture, we must consider a number of other references in the Scriptures concerning God. We discovered that neither the Old Testament nor the New Testament endorses the concept of a trinity, as many have assumed. Certain scriptures that we will examine have been mentioned before, but it is important to revisit them when asking the question, “Is God One?” Recognize that this is necessary repetition in order to bring out other points in the passage related to this question.

First, in John 10:30, recall that Christ stated, “I and My Father are one.” Trinitarians insist this statement confirms the belief that the Father and Son (with the Holy Spirit) constitute a common person or hypostasis. But the question must be asked: How does Christ explain that He and the Father are one? Does He indicate precisely how they are one by an understandable analogy or does he use philosophical jargon to portray some mystical, abstract concept?

We find that Christ does portray how He and the Father are one in a clear and understandable way. The answer is found in John 17:22: “And the glory which You gave Me I have given them; that they [His followers] may be one, even as we are one.” In this scripture, Christ is seen to be one with God in the same way that the disciples (and the Church of God through the ages) were one—were unified! A few verses earlier in John 17:11, we found a similar expression pertaining to those called of God “…that they may be one as we are.”

Consider again. Are these brethren bonded—welded—together into a common person or hypostasis? Obviously not! They are bonded together in the same mindset under inspiration of the Holy Spirit. In this sense, they are “one” just as the Father and Christ are “one.” Confusion and mystery enter the picture when the definitions are supplied by philosophy—human reasoning—rather than what is clearly written in Scripture.

Two Separate Beings

Earlier, we referred to the conversation between two God Beings who comprise Elohim as recorded in Genesis 1:26. In Genesis 3:22, we find these two members of the God Family conversing again: “…Behold, the man is become as one of Us, to know good and evil…” Also notice Genesis 11:6-7: “And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let Us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.” Again, we could ask: Is God schizophrenic?—Is He talking to Himself?

We find the Logos (the Word – John 1:1) and the Father—two separate God Beings—conversing throughout the Scriptures. However, other than these recorded conversations, the existence of the other God Being (the Father) was not revealed to Israel, or to mankind in general, until Christ revealed Him during His ministry. Even in this case, the essential revelation only applied to those called of God (see Luke 10:22 “…and he to whom the Son will reveal Him”). 

Also note Psalm 110:1: “The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit You at My right hand, until I make Your enemies Your footstool.” Here, David refers to a greater Being (the Father—“The Lord”) speaking to David’s Lord (the God of the Old Testament—“my Lord”). In almost every case in the Old Testament, “Lord” referred to Christ, who was the God of the Old Testament (I Cor. 10:1-4). But in this case, it referred to someone of greater supremacy.

Further notice Daniel 7:13: “I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of Man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought Him near before Him.” We find here that the “Son of Man” (Christ) approached the “Ancient of Days” (the Father). Christ was not approaching Himself. What is described here is Jesus Christ being “coronated” and given dominion and power over the nations of earth. This is a prophecy that is to be fulfilled in the near future.

It should be noted here that advocates of the trinity often present conditions, constraints and theoretical parameters established by philosophy. Esoteric arguments exist that a dual Godhead would be severely limited because one deity would have to yield His space and power to another, thus resulting in both becoming supposedly finite, as the argument concludes, whereas a single being would be infinite in space and power. This theory goes on to declare that God cannot be limited or confined to any space, no matter how big—meaning that His boundaries must be the universe and beyond, in other words, wherever space exists. Otherwise, the thought is that He would be seen to have “shape” and would therefore be “composed,” and thus made ofsomething—impossible for spirit.

According to this thinking, there could, therefore, be no more than one infinite being! To have two or more infinite Beings would have them passing through each other—something that is also deemed to be impossible. In reality, all of this is nothing more than pure Greek philosophy set to theology. Somewhere in here the simplicity in Christ disappeared. Again, if you are confused, that is good.

First, remember that such ideas do not originate from Scripture. Second, these ideas derive solely from human reasoning, specifically, again, from the mind of philosophers who are trying to understand the spirit world when it has not been revealed to them.

The truth is that the Godhead is not constrained by, or subject to, such abstract human reasoning.

(For all those who cleave to the idea that God is a kind of amorphous blob permeating all space in and out of the universe, will prove beyond a shadow of a doubt from Scripture that God is not without explicit shape and form.)

Equality within the Godhead?

Trinitarians often cite Philippians 2:5-6 to prove Christ’s equality with the Father. This verse states, “Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God.” Yet, we find elsewhere that Christ expressed that “My Father is greater than I” (John 14:28).

How are these two verses reconciled? If the Father is greater than Christ, how could they be equal—how could they be one?

The statement of Christ being equal to God is understood by looking at an analogy. Consider. A small child has equal rights under the law, as an adult. The baby is on the human level and equal in this respect, but as far as ability and experience the baby is not comparable to a responsible adult. Thus, Philippians 2:5-6 shows that Christ was on the same level as the Father (“in the form of God”) in the sense of existing as a God Being, but certainly not on the same level as being the All-Supreme Father whom Christ acknowledged as being greater than Himself. Christ further acknowledged that “My Father…is greater than all…” (John 10:29)—of course, then, including Himself.

We have seen that Scripture does not present the Father and Christ as being equal. But what about the Holy Spirit? The trinity doctrine places the Holy Spirit on an equal level with the Father and Christ. Again, is this what the Bible teaches?

The following scriptures reveal a giant discrepancy with the false idea that the Holy Spirit is an equal member of the Godhead. First, consider John 13:16: “Truly, truly, I say unto you, the servant is not greater than his lord; neither He that is sent greater than He that sent Him.” This means that Christ is not greater than the Father. But now, consider Psalm 104:30: “You sendforth Your spirit, they are created: and You renew the face of the earth.” Christ, by the instruction of the Father, sent forth the Spirit to renew the Earth. Combining this with John 13:16, it is clear that the Holy Spirit is not equal to God! 

Why Judaism Maintained Monotheism

It is significant to note that “orthodox” Christianity rejected nearly every aspect of Judaism except the premise concerning monotheism. It served the purpose of established Christianity to adopt monotheism, since the concept of one God molded perfectly into their theory of the trinity. Why did Judaism and Trinitarianism adopt monotheism?

Advocates of the trinity turn to Deuteronomy 6:4, referenced earlier, where you find what is generally referred to as the “Shama.” They insist that this verse refers to the nature of God, claiming that it is emphatic about God being one personage or being. Traditionally and historically, this verse has been the definitive statement of the Hebrew concept of monotheism. Therefore, it is vital that we examine it in detail for what it does and does not say. Let’s see if assumptions have been made.

This crucial verse reads, “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord.” A casual reading of this passage appears to emphasize that the Godhead consists of only one Being. However, is this really what it says?

The Hebrew terms from which this verse is translated are written below with the English translation below each Hebrew term. This literal translation will be helpful to bear in mind as we carefully examine each word:

Shama, yisrial Yahweh Elohim Yahweh echad.

Hear, O Israel [The] Lord God [is] Lord alone.

We will briefly discuss two of these Hebrew terms and how they are translated elsewhere in the Bible. The reader will be surprised at what this phrase really means and how it does, in the end, actually refer to the trinity—but not in a way that any trinitarian would expect or want to accept.


Shama means “to hearken; pay attention in order to be instructed; to listen up with a ready mind.” One example of Shama is found in Deuteronomy 4:1: “Now therefore hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which I teach you…” Another example is Genesis 27:8: “Now therefore, my son, obey my voice according to that which I command you.” In this second case, Shama is translated “obey.” One final example is found in Deuteronomy 5:1: “And Moses called all Israel, and said unto them, Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day…” In this verse, Shama is translated as “hear.”

The Hebrew word in the phrase that is most subject to controversy is echad. This word is not always translated to represent the concept of “oneness.” Notice how it is translated in Genesis 1:5: “…and the evening and the morning were the first day.” Here, echad is translated as “first.”Genesis 2:24 is an ideal example of where echad is translated to mean “one”: “Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.” Take careful note. In this case, the man and the woman are two separate and distinct individuals, even though they are bound by the marriage covenant, and the “one flesh” is referring to the sex act within marriage. Though they are at times “one flesh,” they do not constitute the same person or hypostasis. Hence, in Deuteronomy 6:4, the use of “one” for echad would similarly imply that the Godhead consisted of distinct Beings—not constituting the same person or hypostasis.


In Genesis 34:22, echad is translated “one people,” consisting of numerous distinct individuals. Finally, in Isaiah 51:2, echad is translated in the following way: “Look unto Abraham your father, and unto Sarah that bare you: for I called him alone, and blessed him, and increased him.” Here,echad was translated as “alone.” The context in this verse was that of uniqueness.

But in order to further understand Deuteronomy 6:4, we must also examine the context of the verse. In Deuteronomy 5, the restatement of the Ten Commandments is the sole context. Verse 29 states, “O that there were such an heart in them, that they would fear Me, and keep all My commandments always, that it might be well with them, and with their children for ever!” Verse 33 continues, “You shall walk in all the ways which the Lord your God has commanded you, that you may live, and that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you shall possess.”

The context of chapter 5, which sets up the Shama, is the all-important issue of obedience to God, through the Ten Commandments, listed there again by Moses. Now, in chapter 6, we should closely examine the three preceding verses and the three following verses. First, we consider Deuteronomy 6:1-3: “Now these are the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments, which the Lord your God commanded to teach you, that you might do them in the land where you go to possess it: that you might fear the Lord your God, to keep all His statutes and His commandments, which I command you, you, and your son, and your son’s son, all the days of your life; and that your days may be prolonged. Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it; that it may be well with you, and that you may increase mightily, as the Lord God of your fathers has promised you, in the land that flows with milk and honey.”

Next, we examine Deuteronomy 6:5-7, the verses following the Shama: “And you shall love theLord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might. And these words, which I command you this day, shall be in your heart: and you shall teach them diligently unto your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise up.”

All-important Context

It is crucial to understand that the context of Deuteronomy 6:4 was not the nature of God. Rather, just as in chapter 5, the focus of chapter 6 was obedience to God by living, submitting to, loving and cleaving to Him, and teaching one’s children the Ten Commandments.

Given the true meaning of the Hebrew words in Deuteronomy 6:4 and the overall context in which it is found, it is now possible to understand its real intent. This passage should read as follows:



The meaning as seen here is very different than what most have supposed—or been willing to carefully examine.

The overall intent and purpose of the passage is that God did not want His people, Israel, to listen to other gods. He wanted them solely focused on hearing and obeying HIM! Recall from earlier in the paper that Israel went on to have a long, checkered history of involvement with, and worship of, other gods. They continually deviated from the first four commandments and rollercoastered in and out of idolatry and worship of the gods of surrounding nations in place of the true God.

Let’s state plainly for emphasis one more time the purpose of the Shama: The true God of the Bible wanted His followers to hear Him and Him alone, and to obey Him and Him alone. As “a jealous God,” He did not want them listening to or obeying the customs and traditions of other gods under any circumstances.

Final Irony

Something else emerges from what we have just learned, and we must make this point most clear before continuing. It has a direct bearing on the doctrine of the trinity and the thinking of trinitarians.

The trinity has been shown to be an entirely different god than the God of the Bible. The very Shama itself condemns the adherence to and worship of the false god of the trinity by, in effect, reinforcing the First Commandment—“You shall have no other gods before Me”—in the strongest possible way.

Plainly stated, through this verse, God directly commands rejection of the trinity!

How ironic that trinitarian scholars and theologians actually turn to a passage that directlycondemns adherence to their god, and use it as support for worship of that god by twisting its meaning. But such is the confusion of minds unwilling to “hear” the God of the Bible—the very purpose of the Shama. Like ancient Israel itself, modern trinitarian theologians refuse to listen to and obey the true God, and have rejected Him in favor of a “mystery” that even they cannot explain. In the end, they have fulfilled Hosea 4:6, rejecting vital spiritual knowledge that they could have known if they had simply believed the Shama for what it really states!

Another scripture that is used by those who believe God is only one Being is Isaiah 44:6, which states, “…beside me there is no God.” The Hebrew word translated “God” is elohim. Again, this means one God Family—not one God Being! This will be covered in more detail in Chapter Ten.

Father Not Yet Revealed

Besides their skewed interpretation of Deuteronomy 6:4, there is another reason that the followers of Judaism embraced monotheism. They were only remotely acquainted with the identity of the God of the Old Testament. The overwhelming majority had never heard of the Father, because it was always Christ Who interacted with the patriarchs, prophets and Israel herself.

The Bible teaches that no man had any knowledge of the Father prior to the time of Christ’s ministry. John 5:37 showed, “And the Father Himself, which has sent Me, has borne witness of Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His shape.” John 1:18 states, “No man has seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.” Next, Luke 10:22 states, “All things are delivered to Me of My Father: and no man knows who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whomthe Son will reveal Him.”

Two distinct God Beings are also identified in the prologue of the gospel of John (1:1-2), just as is the case in the conversation between these two God Beings in Genesis 1:26: “Let Us make man in Our image…” Here, recall that the term “God” derives from the Hebrew Elohim (seen to be a plural term, a collective noun, similar to kingdom, family, or church).

The Father was the All-Supreme Being and the other Personage, the Word, was the Spokesman who created all things (John 1:3; Col. 1:13-17) and later appeared in the flesh as Jesus Christ (John 1:14). He was the God of the Old Testament (I Cor. 10:1-4). It is possible, however, that some of the patriarchs such as Abraham or Moses knew of the Father as distinct from the Lord or Eternal who dealt with Israel and thundered the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai. We have seen that King David knew of this duality (Psa. 110:1), as well as did the prophet Daniel (Dan. 7:13).

Recognize that the picture of the God Family was not fully clear until Jesus Christ revealed the Father. Since the proponents of Judaism rejected Christ and His message, they remain ignorant of this understanding to this day.

One final point must be clarified regarding the definition of polytheism, and whether the idea of two Beings in the Godhead is an equation with two Gods. Understand that the plain teaching of the Bible is that there is one God, comprised of two Persons or Beings. Just as a human family is one family that can be comprised of three, four, five or more people, Scripture reveals that God is a Family now comprised of two Beings. This hard-to-miss fact has been lost for millennia on the minds of people who have been taught to believe that it is blasphemy to think that there could be more than one Being in the Godhead.

The Jews of the time of Christ thought it was blasphemy for Christ to assert His divinity and that he had been in the presence of God (the Father). Tragically, most professing Christians today, including some who once knew otherwise, claim that it is equally blasphemous to accept the ultimate destiny for which human beings are born—what will be seen to be the true salvation revealed in the Bible.

The Bible makes clear that there is one God Family, currently composed of two Beings, and that this Family will expand dramatically in the near future, as will be explained.

But first we must understand more clearly what is the Holy Spirit.


We now come to a central question: Who or what is the Holy Spirit? Many people answer this in the following way: “He is the third person of the Trinity.” However, close examination of Scripture reveals a totally different picture—if one can let go of previously conceived notions.

One must be aware that Satan counterfeits every aspect of true Christianity. The truth about the Holy Spirit would be no exception. It serves the devil’s purpose to deceive people into believing that the Holy Spirit is a person in the Godhead. He understands that if he can convince people to believe this, then they will never be able to understand their own awesome potential. Satan knows that human beings are ultimately to be offered an opportunity that he will never receive.

Is the Holy Spirit a Person?

We learned that the central tenet of the trinitarian god is that all three of its members—“persons”—are actually one being. But is the Holy Spirit a separate person? Some background must be put in place to help us proceed through a variety of different elements related to the Holy Spirit, explained throughout this chapter. As in previous chapters, it is necessary to repeat some earlier points because different issues now apply to them. To explain the full truth of the matter, we must examine many scriptures.

Simply stated, a person is a person. Three persons cannot be more or less than three persons. Each is distinct, separate and unique. If the Holy Spirit is a person, it cannot be part of a triune godhead of one being. Some will say that it is not accurate to label God as a person, however, most trinitarians do. Of course, they then wander off into abstract, philosophical ideas. As stated, it seems as though many have not read II Corinthians 11:3: “But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtlety, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.”

To better understand the fallacy of the argument that the Holy Spirit is a person, and one-third of the Godhead, it would be helpful to read I Kings 3:16-27. In this well-known account, there was a dispute over who was the rightful mother of a baby. Solomon offered the following solution: Cut the baby in two and give each woman half. Obviously, a person cannot be cut in half and live. Likewise, individual human body parts do not regenerate, and will eventually corrupt, if they are cut off.

This is relevant because we have already explained how the trinity concept does not permit Christ to “extricate” Himself in order to come to earth as Savior. Here is the point. Neither can the Holy Spirit be locked into the Father and Son in the same way. If it is a person, it is distinct and separate. However, the rest of the chapter will make plain that the Holy Spirit is NOT a person!

God expects Christians to “grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ” (II Pet. 3:18). If the Holy Spirit is a person, how would it be increased within the Christian who has it? In order for a person to increase the amount of the Holy Spirit within him, he has to exercise it. How could this be done if the Spirit were a person? It is either present or it is not, with no way to be increased or decreased. Take a moment and read the parable of the pounds found in Luke 19:11-26. In this parable, Christ is instructing His listeners to increase the amount of the Holy Spirit within them. (To learn more about how the Spirit of God grows in a person, read our vital article “Exercise God’s Spirit!”)

In Psalm 51:11, confessing his sin, King David implored God, “Take not Your Holy Spirit from me.” If the Holy Spirit were a distinct personage, with a mind and consciousness of its own, would David have not said, “Holy Spirit, do not leave me”? Would the Holy Spirit not have the power to come and go as “He” pleases? Luke 11:13 makes plain that the Holy Spirit is given by God to those who ask for it. Therefore, the Holy Spirit is not a person that comes of its own volition, but rather is seen to be something that God gives.

In this regard, notice that in Acts 8:18-20, Peter did not rebuke Simon Magus for referring to the Holy Spirit as power, as opposed to a person, when this man sought this “power” for himself. He rebuked Simon because he thought that he could “purchase” such a power with money.

Christ Revealed the Father, Not the Holy Spirit

As we have seen, an important aspect of Christ’s ministry, overlooked by many, is the fact that He revealed the Father. We can now ask: How was this done?

Before Christ’s time, the world was not aware of the Father. Israel had been worshipping the Word—Jesus Christ before He became flesh—and they were led out of Egypt by Him, not the Father. Referenced earlier, now notice: “Moreover, brethren, I would not that you should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea [the Red Sea, upon leaving Egypt]; and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; and did all eat the same spiritual meat; and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of thatspiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ” (I Cor. 10:1-4).

Christ revealed what the Father is like, and He did this through the power of the Holy Spirit. Consider. If the Holy Spirit were a person, would not Christ have also revealed “Him”? We might then ask: How could He reveal the Holy Spirit through the Holy Spirit? This would make no sense and, of course, Scripture makes no mention of such a thing.

The Holy Spirit was dwelling in Jesus Christ. Therefore, it would make no sense for Christ to utter any of the following statements, if the Holy Spirit (as a person) were the one doing the works within Him. Notice the stark omission of any reference to the Holy Spirit or its “work” in the following passages:

·        “If you had known Me, you should have known My Father also: and from now on you know Him, and have seen Him” (John 14:7).

·        “Jesus said unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet have you not known Me, Philip? He that has seen Me has seen the Father; and how say you then, show us the Father?” (John 14:9).

·        “Believe you not that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me? The words that I speak unto you I speak not of Myself: but the Father that dwells in Me, He does the works” (John 14:10).

As you can see, in all of these passages, Christ speaks of the Father. Again, where is the Holy Spirit mentioned? If the Spirit were a person, would not that have been a good time to announce this? Think of the insult to the Holy Spirit that Christ committed by such blatant omission time and again of all that this “person” was supposedly doing within Him.

Instead of looking at Scripture that supposedly identifies the Holy Spirit as a person, trinitarians should systematically observe the many scriptures that omit any mention of “Him” when such mention would seem so necessary.

Holy Spirit is Not the Father

Trinitarians have a very difficult time logically explaining the following verses about the place of the Father in Christ’s life and the very different role of the Holy Spirit as the agent or begetting power of the Father. When studied together, a question naturally arises: Who exactly is Christ’s Father?

·        “But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, you son of David, fear not to take unto you Mary your wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy [Spirit]” (Matt. 1:20). (Also, take a moment and readLuke 1:35 for more detail.)

·        “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld His glory, the glory as ofthe only begotten of the Father) full of grace and truth” (John 1:14).

How many ever consider these verses? They seem to be contradicting one another. And, of course, if one believes the trinity doctrine, they do. Was Christ begotten by the Father or by the Holy Spirit? If Christ was “conceived” by the Holy Spirit as a person, then “he”—the Holy Spirit—would be Christ’s father. And if the Holy Spirit were a person, then “he” would be our father also.

Let’s just permit basic logic to prevail. A human father is called a father because he is the one who IS the father! No one is confused about this, just as they are not confused about whether a human baby has two fathers. In this regard, a baby does not have a “human” father and a “sperm” father, because the sperm did the begetting. The sperm came from the human father, who is the one who did the begetting. The same is true of the Spirit Father of the newly begotten true Christian who merely received the Father’s “seed” in the form of the Holy Spirit sent for the purpose of performing the begettal.

We can also notice Peter’s statement that Christians are begotten by the Father: “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to His abundant mercy has begotten usagain unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead” (I Pet. 1:3). The only difference is that unlike Christ, one is spiritually begotten after his physical birth, not before.

Peter says, “begotten us again” because these were begotten the first time by their physicalfather and born physically. Then, at conversion, they are begotten a second time by theirspiritual Father, later to be born again.

When these verses are pieced together, it becomes most obvious that the Father in heaven begat Christ through the power of His Holy Spirit. Keep it simple—do not allow theologians and scholars, impressed with their own erudite theories, to impress you with a variety of illogical, nonsensical arguments that, in the end, only prove that they do not know what they are talking about.

Take a moment to read the second half of Romans 16:18 as powerful warning to all!

Holy Spirit Is Not a Proper Name

In the Old Testament, the word “holy” is translated from the Hebrew word qodesh, meaning “a sacred place or thing”—and “spirit” is translated from the Hebrew word ruach, meaning “wind, breath, or life.” In the New Testament, “holy” is translated from the Greek word hagios, meaning “sacred”—and “spirit” is translated from the Greek word pneuma, meaning “current of air, breath, or breeze.”

Notice how these are not names like people or the Father and Christ have. In this case, the words Holy and Spirit merely describe what the thing is—holy (because it is God’s) and spirit(because it is like wind).

Unlike the Father and Christ, who are both composed of spirit, have names and are clearly portrayed as having form and shape, nowhere in Scripture is the Holy Spirit given a name or mentioned as having such form. Take a moment to read Matthew 3:16 and John 14:16, and then think logically: Is the Holy Spirit really a “dove,” and is “comforter” an actual name?—or are these words used to convey meaning?

Angels and demons are spirits beings, and they have names, can talk and have forms. Notice:

·        “And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto you, and to show you these glad tidings” (Luke 1:19).

·        “And the Lord said unto Satan, From where come you? Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it” (Job 1:7).

Where in Scripture is the Holy Spirit shown to be doing such things? Where is “He” shown to be interacting with other beings like the examples above? The answer is nowhere! And if it were a person, why would it not have an actual name as does every other spirit being—including Satan—that we read about in Scripture? Using trinitarian logic, Satan should be called “the unholy spirit.” But since Satan is a person, he has a name. So do the “Father” and the “Son, Jesus Christ.”

Stop and ponder what you have read so far before continuing.

Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost?

Because the terms “Holy Spirit” and “Holy Ghost” are both found in the King James Version (KJV) of the Bible, some have concluded that two different spirits are being discussed. However, “ghost” is an archaic translation of the original Greek wordpneuma, from which both terms are translated.

When referring to God’s Spirit, pneuma (which literally means “breath”) is properly translated “Spirit,” as is the case in Luke 11:13, Ephesians 1:13 and 4:30, and many other verses.

At the time of the first printing of the KJV (1611; over 1,400 years after the New Testament was first written in Greek), the English words “spirit” and “ghost” had the same meaning. This made it natural for the translators to render the one Greek word as both English words. Though their inconsistency was not intentional, it resulted in the misunderstanding that the “Holy Ghost” and “Holy Spirit” are two separate spirits.

To clarify the matter, the term “Holy Spirit” could be used in all instances in which the Spirit of God or Spirit of Christ is referenced. A good example is Romans 8:9, which mentions both the “Spirit of God” and “Spirit of Christ.”

As Ephesians 4:6 shows, when a person receives the Holy Spirit, it is one Spirit: “One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.” Also notice John 10:30, 14:8-9 and Amos 3:3.

This problem is rectified in the New King James Version, in which the Greek expression hagios pneuma is consistently translated “Holy Spirit.”

Why Is the Holy Spirit Referred to as “He”?

A universally favored piece of “evidence” used to “prove” the Holy Spirit’s personage is the usage of the masculine pronoun “He,” found in certain verses in John’s gospel account. However, when properly examined, this evidence is proven to be strictly circumstantial and of no “trinity-conclusive” value. The irony of this claim is that the scholars teaching it are supposedly versed in the Greek language of the New Testament. Unlike English, Greek nouns are always assigned gender. They are either masculine, feminine or neuter. This is completely arbitrary, having nothing whatsoever to do with any actual defining quality of the person, place or thing being referred to, unless a specific human being is being referenced. And pronouns must agree in gender with the nouns for which they are substituted.

In order to back up their claims, trinitarians will quote John’s gospel for defense of their position. The words “He” and “Himself” are used extensively in reference to the Holy Spirit. However, the inspired Greek words can also be translated “it” or “itself.”

Case in point: “Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you” (John 16:7).

Compare this verse with Romans 8:16: “The Spirit itself bears witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God.” The exact same Greek word autos is translated two entirely different ways in these two verses (“him” and “itself”). When studying difficult biblical subjects, a careful study of the originally inspired language is sometimes necessary to avoid drawing wrong conclusions.

In John 16:8 and 16:13, the phrases “he will show” and “he will reprove” are actually translated from the Greek words elegcho and anaggello respectively; and they mean: “to confute or admonish” and “to announce.” The word “he” was used by translators for gender agreement, not because John was trying to establish the trinity doctrine.

Many will also cite the word “Comforter” as referring to a person. Of course, this is ridiculous. A comforter on your bed is obviously not a person. It is called such because of what it does, the same being true of the Holy Spirit.

Notice other examples of gender being assigned to non-gender items:

·        “And He had in His right hand seven stars: and out of His mouth went a sharp two edged sword: and His countenance was as the sun shines in his [the sun’s] strength” (Rev. 1:16).

The above verse is an example of how gender could unwittingly be attributed to something that obviously has no gender. The possessive pronoun “his,” referring to the sun, is strictly a grammatical tool. Such use of gender-specific pronouns in reference to inanimate objects is found in other languages as well, such as French and Spanish. In these languages, the gender of a possessive pronoun agrees with its object, not its subject. Again, it is a grammatical tool. In the case of Revelation 1:16, obviously, neither “sun” nor “strength” has any inherent gender. Consider two more scriptures:

·        “Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her [the earth’s] place, in the wrath of the Lord of hosts, and in the day of His fierce anger” (Isa. 13:13). Is the earth female?

·        “Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her [the moon’s] light” (Matt. 24:29). Again, is the moon female?

This section is not intended to be a lesson in Hebrew or Greek grammar. But, when examined from the perspective of overall biblical usage, the way pronouns are translated is irrelevant. The real issue is the inconsistency found in theological arguments. Do trinitarians attribute literal gender and consciousness to the sun, moon or earth? Of course not—that would be ridiculous. So why assign gender to the Holy Spirit?

One does not have to be a grammarian, historian or scholar to understand the Bible. In fact, the Bible shows that those who study it for the simplicity it contains (I Cor. 1:27; II Cor. 11:3; John 4:23), without adding their own “theological” conjecture, are the ones God is calling and working with (John 6:44, 65).

Is Man’s Spirit a Person?

The book of Job makes a fundamental statement about another spirit that we have only briefly touched upon. Notice the following: “But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty gives them understanding” (32:8).

Then notice this passage, also referenced earlier: “For what man knows the things of a man, save [by] the spirit of man which is in him? (I Cor. 2:11).

These two passages plainly reveal that there is a spirit within all people. That spirit is what differentiates human beings from animals, and is what gives people a concept of self. However, it is not this spirit that permits human beings to comprehend the truths of God. Notice the rest ofverse 11 above: “…even so the things of God knows no man, but [by] the Spirit of God.

With the human spirit present, people can understand physical knowledge and things, and this is done through use of the five senses. But without the Spirit of God leading a person, it isabsolutely impossible to understand God’s truth—including the nature of the true God who is the One Who must give that Spirit to reveal Himself.

Now think about this: God has a Spirit, and man has a spirit. According to trinitarians, the Holy Spirit is a person. Using their convoluted logic, one could conclude that man’s spirit is a person, which means that there would be another “person” dwelling within each person. Obviously, this is ridiculous!

Can the Holy Spirit Feel Grief?

Paul recorded, “And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed unto the day of redemption” (Eph. 4:30).

What does it mean to “grieve the Holy Spirit”? Does this passage mean that the Holy Spirit can “feel” pain or grief? Also, can something be grieved if it is not a person? Trinitarian reasoning argues “no.”

But consider, for example, the expression, “Don’t stress the system.” What does this mean? Who is going to feel the stress? What is the “system”? The “system” is the embodiment of the world as we know it. It is not something with a literal objective or agenda of its own. This is commonly understood. The connotation is that something is being done in a way that makes things run less than smoothly. But does the “system” actually feel “stressed”? When someone says, “I’m going to beat the system,” what does this mean? Does the “system” have a name, a face? Is it personal?

When Paul writes, in Romans 8:22, “…the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now,” does anyone believe that planets, stars, trees, rocks, etc.—part of the creation—actually “groan and travail in pain”? Of course not! In I Corinthians 11:14, Paul asked, “Does not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him?” Is nature running an academic curriculum? Again, of course not.

Paul should be able to make such statements without inviting overanalysis of his words, with the reader coming to unfounded conclusions. For purpose of teaching, Paul is simply attributing emotion to things that obviously have none. Poets do this all the time. Their writings are generally not overanalyzed to the point of gross contortion of the basic intended meaning. So we ask: Why are not Paul’s other writings examined in a consistent light? This is because another spiritual element comes into play when the words of God, as opposed to a poet or prose writer, are the subject of the study. Recall: “the carnal mind is enmity [hostile] against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be” (Rom 8:7). Human beings naturally do not want to obey God.

Two Characteristics of the Holy Spirit

When one stops and considers the Bible-defined characteristics of the Holy Spirit, it becomes abundantly clear that it cannot be a person. Let’s examine certain characteristics of the Holy Spirit and ask whether they can be those of a person.

For example: Can a person be distributed? The obvious answer is no. However, the Holy Spirit can be. Notice: “And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance” (Acts 2:4).

On the Day of Pentecost, many were filled with the Holy Spirit. This marked the beginning of the New Testament Church. If the Holy Spirit were a person, this miracle could not have taken place, as it is not possible to be filled with a person. Also make note again here that many believe that one either has the Holy Spirit or does not—the amount cannot vary. If this is the case, all Christians in every age would have to be filled with the Spirit. Acts 6:3 and Matthew 25:8 (“gone” there should be translated “going”), among others, reveals the fallacy of this thinking.

Do not allow an intellectual trinitarian response to this such as “the Holy Spirit is God, so normal rules do not apply” to confuse you. On such a basis, no Bible passage could ever mean what it said because every passage came from God.

In Acts 2:17-18, Peter, quoting Joel 2:28-29, said, “And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, I will pour out of My Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: and on My servants and on My handmaidens I will pour out in those days of My Spirit; and they shall prophesy.”

Can a person be poured out? Are Christ and the Father ever referred to as being poured out? Again, do not fall for an intellectual dismissal of this with the simple assertion that “the Holy Spirit is God, so forget all rules.” We will revisit points in this section a little later.

More Aspects of the Holy Spirit

The Greeks believed that the gods were in everything. This is what led them to “create” their own “gods many and lords many,” believing they had to put a separate god in every conceivable kind of inanimate object. (Recall that the Greeks had at least 30,000 gods.)

The true God—the Father and Christ—are in one place, but can be everywhere at once (omnipresent) through the power of the Holy Spirit. Their bodies are not spread throughout the universe like a kind of amorphous nebula. Notice what David wrote in the Psalms: “Where shall I go from Your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from Your presence? If I ascend up into heaven, You are there: if I make my bed in [the grave], behold, You are there. If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; even there shall Your hand lead me, and Your right hand shall hold me” (Psa. 139:7-10).

Paul exhorted Timothy to “stir up the gift of God, which is in you by the putting on of my hands” (II Tim. 1:6). Here, the Holy Spirit is referred to as a gift, one that must be stirred up within a Christian’s mind. Can a person be literally stirred? Is the Holy Spirit some kind of “genie in a lamp,” lying asleep until summoned by rubbing the lamp and the utterance of a magic incantation?

Also consider that, at baptism and conversion, Christians are given a “measure” of the Holy Spirit (Eph. 4:7). Can a person receive a measure of a person? No, but they can receive a measure of power, which must be continually exercised in order to grow. Paul wrote, “For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ” (Phil. 1:19). A Christian is one who has been given a supply of the Holy Spirit. If it is not constantly replenished, that Spirit will run out, potentially until it is completely gone (Heb. 6:4-6).

As Matthew 25:14-30 shows, those who do not exercise God’s Spirit and “bring forth much fruit” (John 15:5, 16) will not be given eternal life in God’s kingdom. II Corinthians 4:16 shows that through enduring trials and sufferings, a Christian increases his supply of the Holy Spirit: “For which cause [being “always delivered unto death for Jesus’ sake” – vs. 11] we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day.”

Notice also that the Holy Spirit is something that needs to be renewed: “Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Spirit” (Titus 3:5). This verse is referring to the Holy Spirit at work inside a Christian’s mind. To renew something is to keep it active or current.

When someone renews his driver’s license, it is so that he can continue to legally operate an automobile. The license itself cannot drive, but empowers the individual to do so. And, unless it is renewed every three to four years, he will lose his driving privilege. Figuratively, the Holy Spirit is the same way. Unless it is renewed, one will lose the privilege of receiving eternal life.

A person cannot be renewed. But, if it is an “amount” of something, it has to be renewed or replenished. Yet, if it is a person, it is either there or it is not! There can be no in-between.

Blaspheming the Holy Spirit

In Matthew 12:31-32, Christ stated, “Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy [Spirit] shall not be forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaks against the Holy [Spirit], it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.”

What does this mean—what is the sin that Christ warns against?

To speak against the Holy Spirit (often called “the unpardonable sin”) is to knowingly deny the power of God. Notice the context of Christ’s warning. He had just cast out a demon (vs. 22)—and the Pharisees accused Him of performing this miracle by the power of Satan (vs. 24). They recognized that Christ was from God, yet accused Him anyway. Notice John 3:2: “[Nicodemus] came to Jesus by night, and said unto Him, Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that You do, except God be with him.”

Nicodemus said, “we know.” He was referring to himself and the other Pharisees. Since these leaders were well aware of the power by which Christ performed miracles, He warned about blasphemy against the Holy Spirit behind them.

The other way in which one can commit blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is by allowing it to be quenched after having received it. Notice: “For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy [Spirit], and have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, if they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put Him to an open shame” (Heb. 6:4-6). Being enlightened (understanding the truth) can only happen when one has received the Holy Spirit (John 14:17; 15:26; 16:13; I Peter 1:22).

“Falling away” is not instantaneous. When one’s eyes have been opened to God’s truth and he continues to sin willfully—to ignore warnings from God’s Spirit within his mind—he will eventually lose it. Once this happens, he has committed the unforgiveable sin. Christ was warning against far more than the utterance of blasphemous words. (You are urged to read our thorough booklet Just What Is “The Unpardonable Sin”? to fully understand.)

Analogies of the Spirit

The Bible uses many analogies to show how the Holy Spirit works within a Christian’s mind. None of them attribute any qualities of “personhood.”

(1) God’s Word likens the Holy Spirit to wind: “And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting” (Acts 2:2).

Christ likened those born as Spirit beings into the kingdom of God to wind: “The wind blows where it lists, and you hear the sound thereof, but cannot tell [from where] it comes, and where it goes: so is every one that is born of the Spirit” (John 3:8).

Wind can be powerful, as in the case of a tornado or hurricane, or it can be gentle. The same is true of the Holy Spirit. God created the heavens and the earth with it; but He also can use it to gently mold our character into perfection.

(2) The Holy Spirit is also compared to oil. As a spiritual “lubricant,” it is comforting (John 14:26) and keeps God’s people cool. Oil is also burned as a fuel to create fire, produce light (Matt. 5:14;25:1-8) and generate heat (Rev. 3:15). Christians are to be the lights of the world and the Holy Spirit is the fuel that powers them. (Again, review Matthew 25:1-12.)

We are also anointed by the Spirit, just like an anointing of oil: “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon Me; because the Lord has anointed Me to preach good tidings unto the meek; He has sent Me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound” (Isa. 61:1). Also see I John 2:27, describing conversion itself as an anointing.

(3) The Holy Spirit is likened to fire. Notice: “And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them” (Acts 2:3-4).

Again, II Timothy 1:6 shows that, like a fire, the Holy Spirit must be constantly stirred up within each Christian: “Wherefore I put you in remembrance that you stir up the gift of God, which is in you by the putting on of my hands.”

Paul also exhorted, “Quench not the Spirit” (I Thes. 5:19). Quenching the Spirit is like quenching thirst or fire—when you quench either, you extinguish it. In the case of the Holy Spirit, this is done by “smothering it” with wrong thoughts, or by continual sin. Obviously, a person cannot be “quenched”!

(4) God’s Word also likens the Holy Spirit to water. Nobody can live physically without water, and nobody can live spiritually (or eternally) without the Holy Spirit. Christ stated, in John 7:38-39, “He that believes on Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (But this spoke He of the Spirit, which they that believe on Him should receive: for the Holy Spirit was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)”

(5) By-products of the Holy Spirit are compared to fruit. Fruit helps to cleanse the physical body. The Holy Spirit helps to cleanse His children spiritually. Fruit also provides instant energy to the body: “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance: against such there is no law” (Gal. 5:22-23). Allowing the mind to be guided by the Holy Spirit automatically yields the above “fruit,” which cleanses one of “spiritual toxins,” and provides power to continue.

Just as no one can live physically without food, Christians must feed upon the fruits of the Tree of Life (the Holy Spirit) in order to live spiritually (I Cor. 15:21-22; John 6:30-35; Rev. 2:17).

(6) The Holy Spirit is also a gift: “Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit” (Acts 2:38). The Holy Spirit then brings with it potentially a whole series of gifts (I Cor. 12:1-11).

(7) Also, to show that Christians are to be gentle and peaceable, we saw that the Holy Spirit is likened to a dove. Notice: “And Jesus, when He was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him” (Matt. 3:16).

Genesis 8:8-12 records that Noah sent out a dove “to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground,” so that he could be led in what to do. In like manner, Christians are guided by the Holy Spirit in their minds.

Exactly What Is the Holy Spirit?

We have seen many examples demonstrating that the Holy Spirit is neither one-third of a single, amorphous god-being, nor a separate entity of a triune god. But, we may ask further, what is it?

The Holy Spirit is the life (and very mind) of God. Jesus Christ lived by the Spirit of the Father dwelling within Him. Just as the Father dwelled within Christ through the Holy Spirit and gaveHim life, Christ lives within His followers through the Spirit and gives them life—eternal life. Notice Christ’s description of His relationship with the Father:

·        “As the living Father has sent Me, and I live by the Father: so he that eats Me, even he shall live by Me” (John 6:57).

·        “For as the Father has life in Himself; so has He given to the Son to have life in Himself” (John 5:26).

With this eternal life (the Holy Spirit) dwelling inside God’s people, they can also become one with Christ and the Father. As the Father and Son are of the same mind and of the same accord, so are Christians to be (Phil. 2:2).

Becoming one with the Father and Christ is only possible through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. Take time to really ponder the following scriptures:

·        “I and My Father are one” (John 10:30).

·        “But if I do, though you believe not Me, believe the works: that you may know, and believe, that the Father is in Me, and I in Him” (John 10:38).

·        “At that day you shall know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you” (John 14:20).

·        “And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your own name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one, as We are” (John 17:11).

·        “That they all may be one; as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that You have sent Me” (John 17:21).

Now answer the following: Are these verses in any way referring to the trinity? And if they are, how is this reconciled with the fact that Christians are to become one with the Father and Christ, with no mention of the Holy Spirit—particularly when the Holy Spirit is supposedly the only one of the three persons that is in us? As explained, it is silly to think that Christians could become one with each other in the same manner of the Father and Christ—if they are two-thirds of the trinity. Yet, if the above-mentioned verses are taken at face value, that is exactly what one must conclude. It is obvious that Christ is talking about being of the same mind with He and the Father.

But, again, the Holy Spirit is also the power of God. When the term “power” is used today (for instance: “By the power vested in me…”), it never implies that that power does something of and by its own accord. It is understood that someone is using that power, wielding it—exercising it—distributing it—to accomplish a defined objective. Does electricity have a mind of its own? Does nuclear energy? Does solar power? These and other sources of power are used to do various kinds of work and must be continually replenished. It is the same with God’s Spirit.

Notice an example of this power flowing from Christ in Mark 5:25-30: “And a certain woman, which had an issue of blood twelve years, and had suffered many things of many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was nothing bettered, but rather grew worse, when she had heard of Jesus, came in the press behind, and touched His garment. For she said, If I may touch but His clothes, I shall be whole. And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she felt in her body that she was healed of that plague. And Jesus, immediately knowing in Himself that virtue [Greek: dunamis, meaning power] had gone out of Him, turned Him about in the press, and said, Who touched My clothes?”

Consider the following analogy: When you work hard and perspire, your body loses vital nutrients, which must be replenished. In a sense, this is what happened to Christ. The Holy Spirit was indeed a “vital nutrient” that flowed from Him, and it had to be replaced. Also take notice of the following verses, and think about them in the context mentioned above:

·        “Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Spirit” (Rom. 15:13).

·        But you shall receive power, after that the Holy [Spirit] is come upon you: and you shall be witnesses unto Me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth” (Acts 1:8).

It is this very power that allowed Christ to perform the many miracles that He did. The Father was with Christ through the Spirit dwelling in Him. Christ had no power in and of Himself to do anything:

·        I can of Mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and My judgment is just; because I seek not Mine own will, but the will of the Father which has sent Me” (John 5:30).

·        “Then said Jesus unto them, When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then shall you know that I am He, and that I do nothing of Myself; but as My Father has taught Me, I speak these things” (John 8:28).

Having emptied Himself from the Godhead to become a human being, Christ needed the Holy Spirit, and so do you and I. If He could not do anything in and of Himself, how much can we do of ourselves? Absolutely nothing.

Reasons the Holy Spirit Is Given

Most understand (at least somewhat) that Jesus Christ is our example (John 13:15; I Pet. 2:21), and that we are to copy His life in our own. The way He lived, His sufferings and His overcoming the world are all things that we must be aware of and partake of. Let’s consider His birth, death and Resurrection as examples from which to learn the role of the Holy Spirit in God’s Plan for mankind.

As we have seen, Christ was begotten by the Father through the power of the Holy Spirit. Unlike human beings, He had no physical father. What we can glean from this event, however, is that the Holy Spirit is the means by which the Father begets His sons. Just as Christ was begotten by the Father, Christians also are begotten by Him. The only difference is that Christians are begotten outside the womb. We do not possess the Holy Spirit until after baptism (Acts 2:38). Once we are baptized and receive the Holy Spirit, we become begotten sons of God—not yet born. But the time will come when we will be raised from the dead by the power of the Holy Spirit dwelling within us—just as Christ was.

It is through the power of the Holy Spirit that God teaches us: “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, [it] shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you” (John 14:26). “Howbeit when [it], the Spirit of truth, is come, [it] will guide you into all truth…” (John 16:13).

We repeat: A mind without the Holy Spirit cannot comprehend spiritual things and has no hope of understanding God’s Word—the Bible. It is only through the indwelling of the Spirit that one is able to understand the mind of God. Take a moment to reread I Corinthians 2:9-16.

The above scriptures, including I Corinthians 2:9-16, can be summarized in the following way: Those who are being guided by the Holy Spirit can understand spiritual things, and those who are not being led by the Holy Spirit cannot understandit is impossible! Just as you cannot know the thoughts and ways of another man, neither can you know the thoughts and ways of God. If one could somehow “project” his spirit into the mind of another person, then he could know that person’s thoughts. In a sense, it could be said that the “projection” of God’s Spirit into our minds is what allows us to comprehend “the things of God.”

The Holy Spirit also strengthens Christians in a number of important ways. The following longer scripture is one of the most inspiring in the entire Bible, and best describes how God’s Spirit directly empowers—strengthens—those who have it: “That He would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with might by His Spirit in the inner man; that Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that you, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of Christ, which passes knowledge, that you might be filled with all the fullness of God. Now unto Him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that works in us…” (Eph. 3:16-20).

Christ gives His servants the strength needed to overcome what could be called the three “S’s”—self, Satan and society, which are the three things that produce a fourth “S,” sin. All real overcoming is done by the power of the Holy Spirit. Just as Christ could only overcome by the Father dwelling within Him through the Spirit, it is through that Spirit dwelling within a person, that overcoming anything spiritual is made possible.

Why Some WILL NOT Understand!

At this point, an inset must be added, and it will explain why some people literally cannot possiblyunderstand what is contained in this volume. This point is connected to an earlier section, which discussed how the Holy Spirit is poured out and can fill people, thus disqualifying it to be a person.

Here is an example of how some will take that easy-to-understand explanation, and dismiss it by bringing in wrong “facts,” wrong logic, wrong reasoning and/or wrong understanding—thus trapping themselves in wrong teaching.

Some have suggested that Psalm 22:14 proves that a person can be poured, because Christ said that He was “poured out” and He was a person. The conclusion then is that the Holy Spirit can also be poured out and still be a person.

In this passage, Christ is speaking, describing His crucifixion. Let’s read it: “I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.”

It is probably immediately obvious to most that Christ is talking about how all of His blood poured out of His body, ending His life. Christians of every belief know that numerous verses reveal Christians are forgiven, or justified, by Christ’s shed blood (Rom. 5:9; Eph. 1:7; 2:13; Col. 1:14;Heb. 9:12). Isaiah 53:12 states that He “poured out His soul unto death.” Obviously, soul here means His blood—His life. (See Leviticus 17:11.) This passage does not prove that the Holy Spirit is a person that can also be poured out. To conclude such is a complete logical “disconnect”—but it is probably one such people will not be able to acknowledge.

We must ask: Why cannot the logic explained in the earlier section be accepted by some people?Why do some, indeed most, feel compelled to fight sound analysis, sound reasoning and sound logic when they see it? Why also will the plain explanations found throughout this paper upset and confuse many of its readers? The answer lies in the fact that these things alone—sound analysis, sound reasoning and sound logic—are not sufficient to defeat the illogic of a mind to whom God has not revealed Himself (Rom. 1:28; 8:7). Remember, this paper has explained several times how God must call a person (John 6:44, 65) and must reveal Himself to that person for him to be able to grasp spiritual truths and spiritual principles (I Cor. 2:11).

Therefore, it must be understood that this paper is not written to or for the majority who may read it. At least grasp this point! Do not miss it. For you, the reader, to truly comprehend all that you are studying here, God must be opening your mind through the power of the very Holy Spirit discussed in this chapter. Otherwise, there is no hope of understanding. Perhaps take the time to read Matthew 7:7, however, for what you can also do.

All Are Deceived

The Bible is literally filled with instruction about the Holy Spirit. But in a world completely overcome with Satan’s “wiles” (Eph. 6:11) and “devices” (II Cor. 2:11), it is only through God’s help that you can be an exception.

But you must be willing to admit that the realm of traditional Christianity (and the world in general) has remained ignorant of what the Holy Spirit is. Naturally, this has directly contributed to why the nature of God so completely escapes their comprehension.

Just as the world has not understood the Holy Spirit or its role, or the Father and who He is, it has not understood the true Jesus Christ of the Bible. The apostle Paul warned of those who unknowingly follow “another Jesus.”