The Dissident Movement in the Soviet Union arose in the 1960s and continued into the 70s.  Soviet society began challenging official policies and became an immense contradiction between the people and the government.  Even though only a few thousand individuals were involved with the protests, they still made a difference through their actions and claims. [1]  Vladimir Bukovsky is one of the important founders of the dissident movement in the Soviet Union.  He and many others had public speeches and readings of banned literature, mostly poetry, which spoke out against the government’s wrong doings and repression of individual rights.  He was involved in the January rally in 1967 where dissident members protested against political arrests. Bukovsky’s most important attempt of equality was the campaigned against penalizing psychiatry used by the police force, the KGB.[2]  After his exile to the West in 1976, he got involved in a wider anti-communist network, and became a forceful commentator on Cold War issues; this showed that he had a libertarian political philosophy.[3]

 Individuals participated in an array of ways showing their repressive political leaders that their society was assembling and wanted more freedoms.  Many took action by publicly protesting their views. Found manuscripts from government banned literature covering social and political annotation.[4]  Robert Voren gives us some insight from his close friendships with some of the leading dissidents and we learned about many of the campaigns that transpired for the release of the political prisoners that had been involved with the protests.  Voren describes what his role was like helping with the human rights movement and collaborating with the people who were working for reform society.  He wanted people to respond more to mental health in Eastern Europe.  He uses the emotional sense to affect the reader by describing the fear and pain of watching some of his closest friends being arrested, beaten, imprisoned, and sometimes killed by the KGB for speaking out against the inhuman treatment in the society. [5]

 In the Soviet Union those who were involved in the Dissident Movement did not just cause an uprising on their own home country.[6]  Andrei Sakharov was a Soviet physicist, dissident and human rights activist who tells us how their actions not only affected the Soviet Union but how it affected other parts of the world as well.  The protests caused the rest of the world to get involved; they exposed the country’s problems and government official’s crimes.[7]

The government at this time was being bombarded with issues, protests, outside influence, appeals and people defending arrests, one in which was Dr. Andrei Tverdokhlebov.  Tverdokhlebov  gained a lot of public support because he fought for the good of the people.  He is a notable person due to the fact it was Jews requesting his release after his arrest by the KGB for speaking out against the government.  Tverdokhelbov wrote about how they were suppressing the people for their beliefs and treating them as criminals for it.  He wanted to stand up for what he knew was the right thing to do. [8]

 The Dissident Movement really sorted out who in society only cared about themselves and who wanted to help out their fellow citizens.  It also sorted through if there were any decent reformers in the government and who would willingly imprison or kill an innocent life for standing up for what they knew was right.[9]  The Dissident Movement also gave government officials a look into the future of how society would be.  They now realized that the people were going to do anything and everything they could, regard the cost of lives to get more freedoms and for their government to respect their inalienable rights as humans.[10]

-- Click here for more information







[1] Geldern, James . "The Dissident Movement." Seventeen Moments. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://www.soviethistory.org/index.php?                    page=subject&SubjectID=1973dissidents&Year=1973>.

[2] Kara-Murza, Vladimir. "A Life of Integrity: Vladimir Bukovsky at 70 | FrontPage Magazine." FrontPage Magazine - Inside Every Liberal Is A Totalitarian Screaming to Get Out.. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://frontpagemag.com/2012/vladimir-kara-murza/a-life-of-integrity-vladimir-bukovsky-at-70/>.

[3] Boobbyer, Philip . "VLADIMIR BUKOVSKY AND SOVIET COMMUNISM ." Vladimir Bukovsky 87.3 (2012): 452-487.University of Kentucky. Web. 28 Mar. 2013.

[4] Komar, Vitaly, and Aleksandr Melamid.Komar/Melamid, two Soviet dissident artists. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1979. Print.

[5] Voren, Robert van. On dissidents and madness from the Soviet Union of Leonid Brezhnev to the "Soviet Union" of Vladimir Putin. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2009. Print.

[6] Bonnie, Richard J. . "Political Abuse of Psychiatry in the Soviet Union and in China: Complexities and Controversies."The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law 1 (2002): 136-144. Print.

[7] Rubenstein, Joshua, and Alexander Gribanov. The KGB file of Andrei Sakharov. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005. Print.

[8] "An Appeal from Moscow by Peter B. Reddaway | The New York Review of Books." Home | The New York Review of Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/1975/jun/12/an-appeal-from-moscow/?pagination=false>.

[9] "Dissident Movement: Information from Answers.com." Answers - The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. <http://www.answers.com/topic/dissident-movement>.

[10] Humphrey, Robin. Biographical research in Eastern Europe: altered lives and broken biographies. Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate, 2003. Print.

"This website was created by students in Dr. Gleb Tsipursky's history class at The Ohio State University, Newark Campus."