The Basics of Roller Derby
Roller derby is a contact sport played by two teams of Five member roller skating in the same direction around a track. Game play consists of a series of short matches ("jams") in which both teams designate a scoring player (the "jammer") who scores points by lapping members of the opposing team. The teams attempt to assist their own jammer while hindering the opposing jammer, in effect playing both offense and defense simultaneously.
Roller derby is played by more than 1,200 amateur leagues on every inhabited continent.While the sport has its origins in the banked-track roller skating marathons of the 1930s, Leo Seltzer and Damon Runyon are credited with the basic evolution of the sport to its initial competitive form. Professional roller derby quickly became popular with more than 5 million spectators in about 50 U.S. cities in 1940. However, in the ensuing decades, it became a forms of sports entertainment where the theatrical elements eclipsed the athleticism until the 21st century with a revival of the grassroot elements of the sport. Although some sports entertainment qualities remain, such as player pseudonyms, creative numbers, and colorful uniforms, scripted bouts with predetermined winners were abandoned.
Roller Derby Rules
Each game of the derby (called a "bout") is played between two teams, each with five players in a lineup at one time on the track. Each lineup is made up of one pivot, three blockers, and a jammer. The pivot is recognized by her striped helmet cover, the jammer wears a helmet cover emblazoned with a star on each side, and the blockers have no helmet covers at all (but are often covered with a plethora of stickers). Each game is 60 minutes, made of two 30-minute periods that are further broken down into two minute jams.
Although some of the terms and rules are explained below, there is a whole slew of regulations that govern game play and what is and isn't allowable. Clarks-Villain Roller Girls plays by the official Women's Flat Track Derby Association rules, which can be found here.
Roller Derby Positions