C. Research

As we will "misuse" software for our special 
treatment we should know: 

1.) Some ideas about Creative Conversion & Alienation (Verfremdung)
2.) Howto install a critical perspective

Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917


2 Ways of Misuse (Zweckentfremdung)

1. The proper function of the object is completely rejected resp. lost, see Duchamp's Fountain
2. Next to the main function there is a second use which doesn't effect the main workflow at all.


Non Intentional Design

Design follows use and possibilities of everyday objects. 
Think about objects out of 2 perspectives: The angle of design, and the angle of (real) use. 





More inspirational Stuff: ThereIfixedit.com




From NID We can learn following Instruction


 Use your software in an unconventional way to explore the possibility of its tools.

 Try to seperate an object of your interest out of its context. Liberate it.

 Find an interesting idea for a new contextualisation.



Thinking about your Tool


Your software just carries out instructions (it's a dialogue between the computer and the code). So don't forget that you give the instructions, even if the software has a limited language and an almost fixed procedure.



So what: Installing a critical Perspective


The use of your software to express something in a self-reflecting manner shows the recipient a critical examination of your design process, its expression and tool. This might be your goal! If so, check the "distancing effect" (Verfremdungseffekt) of Bertolt Brecht. 



Excourse: Distancing Effect of Bertolt Brechts "Epic Acting"

Best friend wikipedia tells us: The distancing effect is achieved by the way the "artist never acts as if there were a fourth wall besides the three surrounding him [...] The audience can no longer have the illusion of being the unseen spectator at an event which is really taking place." The use of direct audience-address is one way of disrupting stage illusion and generating the distancing effect. In performance, as the performer "observes himself", his or her objective is "to appear strange and even surprising to the audience. He achieves this by looking strangely at himself and his work." LINK

To ensure that the recipient doesn't get lost in the performance of someone or something (think about getting lost in templates, auto forms, tutorials,... of certain software) an "effect of distancing" (Verfremdungseffekt) is helpful to install a criticial distance to the tool itself. This irritation gives you a challenge to draw your own conclusions and form a own, "reflected" opinion.  

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