ICT (Information and Communications Technologies)

ICT Policies

    National IT Committee
    • Founded 1992
    • Chaired by the Prime Minister
    • Comprised of Ministers, permeanent secretaries, high-level officers from both public and private sectors
Thailand’s Information and Communication Technology (ICT) policy for 2001-2010 (IT 2010) places a priority on the role of ICT in social and economic development by emphasizing the improvement of the quality of life and society through developing a knowledge-based society. The policy provided the framework for developing the First ICT Master Plan (2002-2006) which was approved by the Cabinet on 25 September 2002 for adoption by all ministries, departments and state enterprises as the guideline for developing or adapting their ICT master plans in order to ensure consistency.  Summaries of policies and master plans are listed below.

    IT-2000 (1996-2000)

             Agenda 1:  Invest in equitable nationwide information infrastructure to empower human ability and enhance life quality and decrease social and economic gaps.
            Agenda 2:  Build a literate populace and an adequate technology human resource base.
            Agenda 3:  Invest for good governance.

    IT 2010 (2001-2010)

             E-government:  The utilization of IT within the public sector.  Develop good governance that will strengthen the overall competitiveness of the country for a better quality of life for all.
             E-commerce:  Strengthen the competitiveness of Thai industries by means of e-commerce for exports, trad, provision of services, and domestic consumption.
            E-industry:  Promote IT within the private sector to become a knowledge based industry.
            E-education:  Strengthen people capital at all levels to enable a knowledge-based society.
            E-society:  Use IT for quality-of-life improvement, knowledge-based society development, and digital divide reduction.

    First ICT Master Plan (2002-2006)

ICT industry to become a regional leader.  Utilize ICT to enhance quality of Thai lives and society. Reform ICT R&D. Develop human resources, entrepreneurial and leadership strengths to improve national competitiveness. Promote ICT in SME's and utilize ICT for public administration and services.

    Second ICT Master Plan (2009-2012)

The Second ICT Master Plan carries forward policies from the IT 2010 policy framework and the First ICT Master Plan. At the same time, it puts in place new policies and sharpens the focus on certain key areas, in response to technological, economic and social changes that have presented both opportunities and challenges to Thailand. It addresses existing weaknesses and builds up on existing strengths, so that Thailand can maximize benefits from ICT in social and economic development in the most efficient and effective manner, in order to achieve the development goals laid out in the National Economic and Social Development Plan.

Science and Technology Policies

Headed by the Minister of Science and Technology

The current concern of necessity to increase the country's science and technology capability is reflected in several important policy documents:
    • Government policy statement delivered to the National Assembly in March 2005
    • NESDB's Economic and Social Restructuring Framework for Effectiveness and Sustainability
    • The Government Strategic and Action Plan (2005-2008)
    • National Science and Technology Strategic Plan (2004-2513)
S&T issues stated in these documents were formulated from the same template originated in the National Science and Technology Strategic Plan.

    • Develop S&T capability and use it to enhance competitiveness of target sectors covering industrial sector, community economy, and social sector
    Implementation strategies
    • Developing and Strengthening Industrial Clusters, Community Economy and Quality of Life
    • Developing S&T Human Resources
    • Developing S&T Infrastructure and Institution
    • Building Public Awareness of S&T
    • Improving S&T Administration and Management System

ICT Readiness

Thailand is ranked 47th in the ICT Readiness index.  However, within its income group, Thailand is ranked 5th.  Within its income group Thailand trails China (1), Tunisia (2), India (3), and Jordan (4).

Other ICT initiatives
  • Government PC for Education
  • ICT Ministry
    • Tax reduction to companies that donate their used computers to local communities
  • Thai government
    • Offering computers, as well as software applications, bundled with broadband services from government telecoms operators CAT and TOT
  • SIPA (Software Industry Promotion Agency)
    • Led "Buy Thai First" campaigns to persuade local small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) to buy Thai developed software and has lobbied the government to endorse tax incentives for local developers