March 24, 2009 Trees and Shrubs
 

Assignment – Read< xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" prefix="o" namespace="">

 

Robbins, Harrington, Freire-Marreco, Ethnobotany of the Tewa Indians

 

http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC00987029&id=xUI-JPsYqSAC&pg=PT6&lpg=PT6&dq=tewa+ethnobotany&as_brr=1

 

Pages 38-53

 

Dunmire and Tierney, Wild Plants of the < xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" prefix="st1" namespace="">Pueblo Province

 

Chapter 1 and Chapter 6: pp. 83-121

 

 

What have we learned so far?< xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" prefix="o" namespace="">

 

Principles of Tewa Ethnobiology

 

  1. All biological organisms are interconnected, interdependent, and harmonious.

-         Relationships have a natural history.

-         Human relations (family, society, community) are the model for the moral order in the universe.

 

  1. Tewa are acute observers, not experimentalists.

-         Use all human senses

-         Spiritual quality. Lessons (metaphors) from anthropomorphic animals.

 

  1. Mutual responsibility to care for all organisms and the environment and they will nurture people.

      -     Belief in an animated world

      -     Obligation for humans to maintain order (balance and harmony) in the universe by proper behavior and ritual action (Ortiz).

 

  1. Cycles are the order of the universe and human life and body are models. Birth is a blessing; death is a physical transformation to return to earth and a metamorphosis of the human spirit as an animated force in nature.

 

  1. Technology should be appropriate and reflect balanced relationships to the natural world.

 

(See Gregory Cajete (2000) Native Science, Natural Laws of Interdependence. Clear Light Publishers, < xml="true" ns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" prefix="st1" namespace="">Santa Fe)

 

Tewa Ethnobiology    March 24, 2009

 

Tree                                        tay

Shrub                                      phay, phé¶Øvi

 

            Mountain             p’in

Spruce (Douglas-fir) (Sp. pino real)      Pseudotsuga menziesii   medicine, ceremonies

            ts’ay

 

White fir                                               Abies concolor                 drum, medicine, pipestem

            tényó

 

White pine                                            Pinus flexilis                     sap for cuts

            kaaãyضi¶

 

Engelmann spruce                                 Picea engelmanni             hunt deer

            pØ­ t’oe

 

Ponderosa (yellow) pine (Sp. pinavete) Pinus ponderosa            viga, fuel, food, medicine

            wän

 

Rocky Mountain juniper (Sp. cedro)     Juniperus  scopulorum     firewood, food, medicine

h³üwoe, p’î¶phay

 

Common juniper                                   Juniperus communis         medicine, food

            h³ü tsÐwØ

 

Narrowleaf cottonwood                        Populus angustifolia        fuel

            tayyØ­

 

Quaking aspen                                      Populus tremuloides          corral, medicine, drum

            nana

 

Gambel oak                                          Quercus gambelii              food, tools, plow,

kwØ­                                  digging stick, rabbitstick

           

Chokecherry                                        Prunus virginiana              food, medicine, bows

            ´’avéh

 

New Mexico locust (Sp. uňa de gato)   Robinia neomexicana      food, tools, bows

            múusa phéh

 

Alder                                                    Alnus tenuifolia                 dye

     chun

 

Box-elder (Sp. nogal)                           Acer negundo                pipestems

            te’yi\i

 

Streamside birch                                   Betula fontinalis                  ?

            p’innØ­¶in tewabay

 

Hackberry (Sp. palo duro)                    Celtis reticulata                food, handles                                  phéhkây¶i¶

 

Hill                       okú

Pinyon pine                                           Pinus edulis                        food, medicine, glue

            t’oe                                  stories

 

One-seed juniper (Sp. sabina)              Juniperus monosperma       food, medicine, cordage

h³ü                                  firewood, smudge, torch,   

                                                                                        bows, gum for tooth, beads

 

Sagebrush (Sp. estafiata)                   Artimesia tridentata              medicine, fuel, cordage

            t’óe

 

Mountain mahogany (Sp. palo duro) Cercocarpus montanus    rabbitstick, tools, medicine                   qwØ­                                                                                              dye

 

            Prairie                           ahkon

Cane cholla                                          Opuntia imbricata                ceremony, fodder, food

            yôe                                   medicine, stories

 

Greasewood (Sp. chico)                       Sarcobatus vermiculatus        tools

            tsígu

 

Rabbitbrush                                         Chrysothamnus nauseosus    medicine, dye, basket 

            phüü

 

Four-wing saltbush                               Atriplex canescens               food, fuel, medicine

            ta¶ããy­­                                                                               ashes in cooking

 

River                    p’o¶k’ay

Valley (Fremont) cottonwood   Populus fremontii                 snack, hat, drum,             

            tay                                                                                         medicine, katchina

            te\á (male cottonwood)

     tehkháy (female cottonwood)                                  bud snack

 

Coyote willow (Sp.jara)                        Salix exigua                          basket, latillas, mat,                        

            yán                                   fuel, body paint

 

Salt cedar (intro.1823; 1870s esc.)       Tamarix ramosissima + spp.

           

Russian olive (ca.1900)             Elaeagnus angustifolia          food

oekhüü, “monkey peanut”

 

Apache plume  (Sp. poňil)                    Fallugia paradoxa              broom, arrows, shampoo

            poyï¶

 

            Canal                             kwi¶ónú, kwi¶ôn

American plum                         Prunus americana                  food, medicine

            p’inbay

 

            Field                     nava

Wolfberry (tomatillo)                            Lycium pallidum                     food

            sopa

 

Fringed sage                                         Artemisia frigida                     medicine

            k’é¶yá t’óe

 

                                    Firewood                        son, p’î¶phay

Pitchwood            son kwضi¶, kohsée

              wän

              t’oe

 

          Kindling

              tay

              táa

              te¶okhówa (tree bark)

              kh³ün (corncob)

              taywayekhóe (cottonwood twigs)

              phé¶Øvi (weeds, trash)

              h³ükhówa (juniper bark)

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Indoors                   Outdoors

 

Open          Enclosed         Enclosed      Open   

Hearth (baysu)     Stove (etúpha)       Horno (pânteh)     (phaa)

                                                t’óe

t’oe            h³ü            h³ü            h³ü

     yán                                        phüü

     tay                                         ta¶ããy­­ 

wän

     h³ü                    Pit (pho)

                                  h³ü